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a. The subject or predicate of a verb; as, “ To live is to think." b. The object of a verb; as, “ The general refused to surrender." c. The object of a preposition; as, “The ship is about to sail.d. As an appositive; as, “Delightful task! to rear the tender thought."

HISTORY.-I. a. For his disastrous march through Florida; his discovery of the lower Mississippi; his further unsuccessful march and his death and burial in the river which he discovered. 6. For his voyage through the chain of the great lakes, and through the great length of the Mississippi river. c. For his celebrated storming of the Heights of Abraham and the defeat of Montcalm, though at the loss of his own life. d. As the financier of the Revolution, whose personal sacrifices and great skill in monetary matters saved the Continental Congress from financial ruin. e. As the author of the Kansas-Nebraska Act; the Democratic candidate for President against Lincoln, and for his patriotic aid and advice to the latter at the breaking out of the Rebellion.

2. In 1778-9 Clarke crossed the Ohio river from Kentucky and captured Vincennes and conquered the territory now Indiana and Illinois for Virginia, which state called it the County of Illinois. No settlements were made for many years. The determined resistance of Maryland especially to great claims in the West made by many of the colonies led to the cession of the Illinois County and the Northwestern Territory by Virginia in 1784. In 1787 the celebrated Ordinance was passed for the government of this territory, whose provisions can not be annulled, by which freedom and education must always be provided for. The territory became the scene of many conflicts between the English and Indians on one side and the Americans on the other. The celebrated battle of Tippecanoe was fought. In 1800 it was erected into a Territory with Gen. Harrison as Governor. In 1816 it was admitted as a State with Jonathan Jennings as Governor. Since then its progress has been marked to an especial degree, it reaching 6th in population in the country. . Amongst those who have been noted in the state may be mentioned the names of Harrison, Jennings, Posey, Hendricks, Morton, Baker, Lane, Whitcomb, Wright, and a long list of worthies.

3. a. By cession of the Northwest Territory. b. By the Louisiana Purchase. c. By the annexation of Texas. d. By the Mexican War. 6. By the Spanish cession of Florida.

4. Burgoyne entered New York from Canada, compelling General Schuyler to retreat. He captured Ticonderoga. Schuyler in his retreat destroyed bridges and placed all obstacles in Burgoyne's way possible, and finally encamped on some islands at the mouth of the Mohawk river, where Burgoyne feared to attack him. Portions of Burgoyne's army were destroyed in various side engagements, when he finally tried to retreat to Canada. In this he was frustrated by Gates, who had succeeded Schuyler, and eventually surrendered to him at Saratoga. The results of this victory weakened the power of the English, but especially gave the Americans great moral courage in prosecuting the war.

5. The President of the United States is elected by the College of Electors, who are elected on-general ticket by the people of the several States; the electors of each state being equal to the number of representatives that state has in the two houses of Congress.

GEMS OF THOUGHT.

MAMMA TO PHILIP.

New YEAR:

Once a careless little boy

Lost his ball, at play,
And, because the ball was gone,

Threw his bat away.
Yes, he did a foolish thing-

You and I agree-
But I know another boy

Not more wise than he.
He is old, this other boy-

Old and wise as you.
Yet, because he lost his kite,
He lost his temper, too.

R. H. HUDSON,
In Our Little Men and Women for October.
Ring out, wild bells, to the wild sky,
The flying cloud, the frosty light;
The year is dying in the night,-
Ring out, wild bells, and let him die.
Ring out the old, ring in the new;
Ring, happy bells, across the snow;
The

year is going, let him go;
Ring out the false, ring in the true.
Ring out a slowly dying cause,
And ancient forms of party strife;
Ring in the nobler modes of life,
With sweeter manners, purer laws.
Ring out old shapes of foul disease,
Ring out the narrowing lust of gold;
Ring out the thousand wars of old,
Ring in the thousand years of yeace. [Tennysow -

INDIANA STATE TEACHERS' ASSOCIATION.

2.

XXXIII Annual Sessiou-To be held at Plymouth Church, Indiana

polis, December 28, 29, and 30, 1886.

GENERAL PROGRAM. TUESDAY, DEC. 28, 7: 30 P. M. 1. Opening Exercises. 2. Address of retiring President, E. E. Smith, formerly of Purdue University. 3. Inaugural Address, “ The Needs of our Profession,” C. W. Hodgin, Principal Richmond Normal School. 4. Miscellaneous BusinessAppointment of Committees.

WEDNESDAY, 9 A. M. 1. Opening Exercises. Paper—“ The Great Poets as Moral Teachers," James Baldwin, Supt. of Greencastle schools. Discussion: J. R. Starkey, Supt. of Martinsville schools; Miss Frances C. Simpson, of Jeffersonville schools. General discussion. 3. “ The Error of School Work,” Arnold Tompkins, Normal Department, Asbury University. Discussion: S. E. Miller, Superintendent of the Michigan City schools; George F. Bass, Supervising Prin. Indianapolis schools. 4. “Scientific Temperance Instruction," Mrs. J. R. Nichols, President W. C. T. U. 5. Report of Committee on the Office of Township Trustee, E. A. Bryan. President Vincennes University.

Afternoon, 2:00.--1. Paper: “Education and the Labor Problem," A. D. Mohler, Supt. Huntington county. Discussion: A. B. Woodford, Indiana University; M. Seiler, State Normal School. General discussion. 2. Report of Board of Directors of the Indiana Reading Circle, R. G. Boone, Chair of Pedagogy, Indiana University. Discussion: W. W. Parsons, Pres. Indiana State Normal School. General discussion. 3. Report of Committee on County Superintendency, W. H. Elson, Supt. Parke county. 4 Appointment of Committee on Officers.

Evening, 7:30.-Evening Address, “Character in the School,'' Geo. Howland, Supt. Chicago schools.

THURSDAY, 9 A. M. 1. Opening Exercises. 2. "Physics in the Elementary Schools, with Illustrations,”' D. W. Dennis, Chair of Nat. Science, Earlham College. Discussion of Circular No. 7, 1884: H. A. Hustan, Chair of Physics, Purdue University. General discussion. 3. Report of Committee on Culture of the Æsthetic Element in Child Nature, Mrs. Emma Mont. McRae, Prin. Marion High School. General discussion. 4. Suggestions on Legislation and Administration of Indiana School System, Ex-State Supts. B. C. Hobbs, J. H. Smart, and Supt. J. W. Holcombe. 5. “Necessity of Political Education,” Miss Laura Donnan, Indianapolis High School. Discussion: R. I. Hamilton, Supt. Anderson schools; W.O. Warrick, Supt. Worthington schools.

Afternoon, 2:00.-1. Annual Address, “In my Mind's Eye, Hors-tio," E. C. Hewett, Pres. Illinois State Normal University. 2. Re ports of Committees. 3. Miscellaneous Business.

Papers limited to thirty minutes; Leaders in discussion ten minutes. Reports of committes limited to thirty minutes, except Reading Circle. which is given one hour. Leaders of discussion are at liberty to use manuscript if desired.

Executive Committee.-W.H. Sims, Chairman, Goshen, Ind.; Miss Margaret M. Hill, Rensselaer; James H. Henry, Martinsville; Dale J. Crittenberger, Anderson,

SPECIAL PROGRAMS.

HIGH SCHOOL SECTION. TUESDAY, DEC. 28, 9 A. M. 1. “Mathematics in the High School,“ J. A. Carnagey, Principal Madison High School. 2. “Limitations in Pedagogical Psychology," Jas. R. Hart, Supt. Union City schools. 3. “Psychology in its Relation to English Literature," A. M. Huycke, Prin. Wabash High School. 4. “Some Observations on Teaching Latin in the High School," George W. Hufford, Indianapolis High Schools.

Afternoon, 2:00.-1. “Zoology in the High Schools," 0.P. Jenkins, Prof. Biology in De Pauw University 2. “Report of Committee on Course of Study for High Schools,” W. N. Hailman, Supt. La Porte schools. 3. Miscellaneous Business.

The discussions of these papers will be general instead of by specially appointed persons, thus giving opportunity to a greater number to participate. It is hoped that high school teachers will come expecting to add to the interest and profit of the meeting by brief, pointed expressions of their thoughts upon the sentiments of the papers.

The discussion of the Report on a Course of Study will occupy the greater part of the afternoon.

R. A. OGG. Ch'n Er. Com.

COUNTY AND VILLAGE SECTION.

TUESDAY, DEC. 28, 9 A. M. 1. “Supplementary Reading," R. M. Garrison, Morgan county. Discussion: E. A. Ogden, Parke county; Ed. Barrett, Hendricks county. 2. “ The Township Principal,” Jas. M: Boyd, Daviess county. Discussion: W. B. Carpenter, Knox Co. 3. “Is a Uniform Course of Study Possible and Desirable?” T. B. Felter, Harrison county. Discussion: A. C. Fleshman, Harrison Co.

Afternoon, 2:00.-1. “Township Institutes as a Means of Professional Improvement,” Lewis C. Chamberlain, Jay county. General discussion. 3. “Libraries for District and Village Schools,” Charles L. Kinney, Elkhart county. General discussion.

RAILROADS.-Railroad facilities are first-class. Reduced rates on all the roads in Indiana. The uniform rate will be one and one-third fares for the round trip.

Each delegate must purchase a first-class ticket to Indianapolis, for which full fare will be charged, and upon request the ticket agent will issue him a certificate of such purchase. Tickets for return will be sold, by agent at Indianapolis, for one-third fare, to all those presenting certificates countersigned by the Railroad Secretary of the Association. Ask local agent for certificate. If through tickets can not be purchased at your local station, pay to nearest point where such tickets can be procured.

Inquire for certificate at your local station in time to send to Railroad Secretary for them, in case they can not be procured from local agent.

If further information is desired, addresss T. G. Alford, Railroad Secretary, South-Side High School, Indianapolis, Ind.

HOTELS.-Headquarters at the Grand Hotel. Rates $2.00 per day. Positive arrangements insure these reduced rates only to those having certificates showing payments of annual dues.

NOTICE.—Please to have this program printed in the local papers of your county, and in every way in your power interest teachers in the work of the Association. If additional programs are desired, address

W. H. SIMS, Ch'n Ex. Com., Goshen, Ind.

MISCELLANY.

THE ILLINOIS STATE NORMAL, of which Edwin C. Hewett is President, was never before so large as it is this term.

IF vexed with a child when instructing it, try to write with your left hand. Remember a child is all left hand---7. F. Boyes.

AN “Outline of Oral Lessons in the Cincinnati District Schools," just issued by the new Supt., Hon. E. E. White, is suggestive and what would be expected from its author.

THE INDIANA NORMAL COLLEGE, at Covington, is getting fairly started. It has over fifty students present, and the different departments are being well organized. J. V. Coombs is principal.

EVERY man who has kept school for ten years ought to be made a Major-General, and have a penshun fur the rest of his nateral days, and a hoss and a wagon to do his going round in.-- Josh Billings.

EDINBURG.–The schools are reported in excellent condition. Supt. Eagle has a new feature in his high school course—the study of the Theory and Practice of Teaching. Why is this not a good feature?

GEOLOGY OF INDIANA, a neat map, on a card 3 x 5 inches, may be had by sending a two-cent stamp to Prof. J. C. Branner, of the State University, at Bloomington. It indicates the great geological sections.

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