upon the tradition, although it does not entirely coincide either in the names or number of the vassals by whom Bruce was as. sailed, and makes no mention of the personal danger of Lorn, or of the loss of Bruce's mantle. The last circumstance indeed might be warrantably omitted.

According to Barbour, the king, with his handful of followers, not amounting probably to three hundred men, encountered Lorn with about a thousand Argyleshire men in Glen-Douchart, at the head of Breadalbane, near Teyndrum. The place of action is still called Dalry, or the King's Field. The field of battle was unfavourable to Bruce's adherents, who were chiefly men at arms. Many of the horses were slain by the long pole-axes, of which the Argyleshire Scottish had learned the use from the Norwegians. At length Bruce commanded a retreat up a narrow and diffi cult pass, he himself bringing up the rear, and repeatedly turning and driving back the more venturous assailants. Lorn, observing the skil and valour used by his enemy in protecting the retreat of his followers, “ Methinks, Murthokson," said he, addressing one of his followers, “ he resembles Gol-mak-morn, protecting his followers from Fingal.”-A most unworthy comparison, ob. serves the arch-deacon of Aberdeen, unsuspicious of the fu. ture fame of these names; he might with more propriety have compared the king to Sir Gaudefer de Larys, protecting the foragers of Gadyrs against the attacks of Alexander. * Two

* This is a very curious passage, and has been often quoted in

brothers, the strongest among Lorn's followers, whose names Barbour calls Mackyn-Drosser, (interpreted Durward, or Porterson) resolved to rid their chief of this formidable foe. A third person (perhaps the Mac-Keoch of the family tradition) associated himself with them for this purpose. They watched their opportunity until Bruce's party had entered a pass between a lake (Loch-Dochart probably) and a precipice, where the king, who was the last of the party, had scarce room to manage his steed. Here his three foes sprung upon him at once. One seized his bridle, but received a wound which hew. ed off his arm ; a second grasped Bruce by the stirrup and leg, and endeavoured to dismount him, but the king, putting spurs to his horse, threw him down, still holding by the stirrup. The third, taking advantage of an acclivity, sprung up behind him upon his horse. Bruce, however, whose personal strength is uniformly mentioned as exceeding that of most men, extricated himself from his grasp, threw him to the ground, ard cleft his skull with his sword. By similar exertion he drew the stirrup from his grasp whom he had over

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the Ossianic controversy. That it refers to ancient Celtic tradition, there can be no doubt, and as little that it refers to no incident in the poems published by Mr Macpherson as from the Gaelic. The hero of romancc, whom Barbour thinks a more proper prototype for the Bruce, occurs in the romance of Alexander, of which there is an unique translation into Scottish verse in the library of the honourable Mr Maule of Panmure, See Weber's Romances, vol. I. Appendix to Introduction, p. lxxiii. VOL. IX.


thrown, and killed him also with his sword as he lay among the horse's feet. The story seems romantic, but this was the age of romantic exploit ; and it must be remembered that Bruce was armed cap-a-pie, and the assailants were half-clad mountaineers. Barbour adds the following circumstance, highly characteristic of the sentiments of chivalry. Mac-Naughton, a baron of Cowal, pointed out to the Lord of Lorn the deeds of valour which Bruce performed in this memorable retreat, with the highest expressions of admiration. to give thee pleasure,” said Lorn, “ that he makes such havoc among our friends.”-“ Not so, by my faith,” replied MacNaughton ; “ but be he friend or foe who achieves high deeds of chivalry, men should bear faithful witness to his valour ; and never have I heard of one, who, by his knightly feats, has extricated himself from such dangers as have this day surrounded Bruce.”

" It seems

Note VI.
Wrought and chased with rare device,

Studded fair with gems of price.-P. 57. Great art and expence was bestowed upon the fibula, or broach, which secured the plaid, when the wearer was a person of importance. Martin mentions having seen a silver broach of an hundred marks value.

“ It was broad as any ordinary pewter plate, the whole curiously engraven with various animals, &c. There was a lesser buckle, which was wore in the middle of the larger, and above two ounces weight ; it had in the center a large

piece of crystal, or some finer stone, and this was set all round with several finer stones of a lesser size.”- Western Islands.

Pennant has given an engraving of such a broach as Martin describes, and the workmanship of which is very elegant. It is said to have belonged to the family of Lochbuy.--See Pen. NANT's Tour, vol. III. p. 14.

Note VII.
Vain was then the Douglas brand,

Vain the Campbell's vaunted hand.P. 59. The gallant Sir James, called the Good Lord Douglas, the most faithful and valiant of Bruce's adherents, was wounded at the battle of Dalry. Sir Nigel, or Niel Campbell, was also in that unfortunate skirmish. He married Marjorie, sister to Robert Bruce, and was among his most faithful followers. In a manuscript account of the house of Argyle, supplied, it would seem, as materials for Archbishop Spottiswoode's History of the Church of Scotland, I find the following passage concerning Sir Niel Campbell :-“ Moreover, when all the nobles in Scotland had left King Robert after his hard success, yet this noble knight was most faithful, and shrinked not, as it is to be seen in an indenture bearing these words :-Memorandum quod cum ab incarnatione Domini 1308 conventum fuit et concordatum inter nobiles viros Dominum Alexandrum de Seatoun militem et Dominum Gilbertum de Haye militem et Dominum Nigellum Campbell militem apud monasterium de Cambusken. neth 9° Septembris qui tacta sancta eucharista, magnoque

juramento facto, jurarunt se debere libertatem regni et Rober. tum nuper regem coronatum contra omnes mortales Francos Anglos Scotos defendere usque ad ultimum terminum vitæ ipso

Their sealles are aprended to the indenture in greene wax, togithir with the seal of Gulfrid, Abbot of Cambusken



Note VIII.
Vain Kirkpatrick's bloody dirk,

Making sure of murder's work.-P. 59. Every reader must recollect that the proximate cause of Bruce's asserting his right to the crown of Scotland, was the death of John, called the Red Comyn. The causes of this act of violence, equally extraordinary from the high rank both of the perpetrator and sufferer, and from the place where the slaughter was committed, are variously related by the Scottish and English historians, and cannot now be ascertained. The fact that they met at the high altar of the Minorites or GreyFriar's church in Dumfries, that their difference broke out into high and insulting language, and that Bruce drew his dagger and stabbed Comyn, is certain. Rushing to the door of the church, Bruce met two powerful barons, Kirkpatrick of Closeburn, and James de Lindsay, who eagerly asked him what tidings ? “ Bad tidings,” answered Bruce, “ I doubt I have slain Comyn.”

.” “ Doubtest thou ?” said Kirkpatrick; “ I make sicker,” (i. e.) sure. With these words, he and Lindsay rushed into the church, and dispatched the wounded Comyn. The Kirkpatricks of Closeburn assumed, in memory of this deed, a

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