were told, in 1793, that they had to may be assured, that there are now left choose between temporary privations and very few persons indeed, who will not atheism and bloodshed. They were made laugh at your ránt about " rather seeing to believe, that they would all kill one “ the empire perish in honourable ruin, another, if they did not go to war with the 66 than sink into a miserable existence.' French infidels and republicans. George Sir, those who, by such Rolla-like rant, Rose told them, a few years later, that were induced to burn Tom Paine in effigy; they were a sensible people ; for that they those who subscribed their spoons and teahondre. do.svg up a puitur thout pro puis in ouer muito be deprived of the perty rather than be deprived of the blessed comforts of religion;" those who is blessed comforts of religion ;” and, now, were made to believe, that the people of wlien the French are become royalists again, England would cut each other's ihroats if and go to mass as regularly as ever, we Messrs. Tooke and Hardy and their assoare told that we have to choose between ciates were not hanged for endeavouring to want of food and the loss of independence, destroy rotten boroughs ; even those perthough, at the very same time, the Emo sons, Sir, are not now to be made believe, peror of France, so far from proposing to that the country is to be sunk into " a miencroach upon our independence, is willing serable existence" by peace, on a basis to leave us in full possession of all the many that will leave her in possession of the and extensive and populous islands and avowed object of the war, together with all countries that we have conquered during the conquests which she has made during the war; and, over and above all these, that war, and the bare expense of the illuthat island of Malta, for the possession of minations and of the firing of the Park and which this war was avowedly undertaken. Tower guns, on account of which conquests' He is ready to yield even the plume ; even would go no small way in feeding the fathe point of honour. He is ready to give mishing manufacturers. No, Sir ; even up that for which the contest began ; he, those persons are not to be inade believe, with all the charges of mad ambition and that such a peace would sink their country pride and haughtiness and insolence, which into a state of " miserable eristence.. our ministers and their adherents are con- Equally inapplicable to the occasion was all stantly preferring against him; mad, am Mr. Sheridan's bombast about our maritime bitious, proud, haughty, and insolent as rights. By war," said he, 66 Buonahe is, he is ready to yield up the prize for " parté never, thank God, can deprive us which he has been so long contending ra- 6 of those rights ; and I trust in God, that ther than not have peace. And, in an- 66. he never will by negociation (hear! swer to such a proposition what do we " hear!). He complains of our zeal in hear? Why, new charges of ambition “ behalf of those rights; of our zeal to and of insolence ; and, we are asked, whe- preserve

inviolable the inheritance left us ther we prefer being conquered to "lempo-" by our brave ancestors, and to transmit rary privation." No, Mr. Sheridan, " it unimpaired to our posterity. Let hiin we do not prefer being conquered to o show to us any other country possessed of temporary privation; Do, we do not " the same rights and privileges as England, prefer this; but, we do preser, or, I, at 6 and exercising them with the same modeleast, prefer, a peace that would leave “ ration /hear!). I should be glad to see (not England in possession of all she holds, “ that it could be matter of much gratificaand put Portugal and Sicily into the hands ortion either) but if this temperate conof their sovereigns ; I prefer a peace like “ queror were to be invested with similar this, with the usual accompaniments of " rights and privileges, I should be cupeace, to the continuation of a war which " rious to see the practical rebuke inflicted has produced that state of things which is " on English rapacity, by the characternow in existence in England. I prefer a 66 istic self-denial, and moderation of the peace that would leave us in possession of French ruler. (Hear! hear! hear!) all our conquests and that would make no " England might challenge him to say, 'he stipulations about our maritime rights, to 66 could have done what she had on similar a war that may yet reduce hundreds of " circumstances. He could be what she thousands 10 beggary and despair, and " was Esne Qualis eram ? But rather than may, eventually, leave us neither conquests

66 concede what it would be dishonour to nor security. This, Mr. Sheridan, is the yield; rather than stoop that Aag that way to state the alternative, and not the " had waved high for England in every way in which you have stated it; and, you quarter of the world, would scullle the


island, and let in the ocean to overwhelm | Letters,” which you, in the name of your

them and it, sooner than consent to a respective Meetings, have been requested " surrender of that charter to which nature to write to me, be pleased to accept of my had set her seal, and which seemed to best thanks; and of my assurance, that “ have been secured by the guarantee of these marks of your approbation, coming, “ PROVIDENCE itself!" Pious as they do, accompanied with such indu6 to the last !" This is such fustian as bitable testimonials of your wisdom and tamight extort cheers from a dozen or two lents, will not fail to operate as a great enhalf drunken sailors in a booth at ron. down fair, where there are hundreds of that, as to those * effusions of ENVY, them at this moment under the diverting by which you perceive me to be assailed influence of showmen and mountebanks of from so many quarters, and which you all degrees of skill and of all prices; but, I seem to look upon as calculated to excite must regard it as a pretended and not a real disgust, I assure you, that they have with speech of Mr. Sheridan, as far as relates to me a precisely contrary effect, as, indeed, this passage. If we could regard it in any they ought ; for " effusions of ENVY" other light, what must we think of all this were never yet called forth without a toletalk about the flag " waving high for Eng- rable share of merit in the object ; and, if land, and about scultling the island;" | I am sensible, that I am envied beyond my what must we think of this Jack Tar-like merit, I ought to be the more anxious to slang; what must we think of all this in make myself worthy of the honour that is the

way of answer to a proposition, which thus involuntarily conferred upon me. said not one single word about our flag, or I thank you most sincerely for your kind our navy, or our maritime rights ?- -Not wishes as to my family and domestic cononly did the Emperor of France propose cerns; and I hope that not a man of you, nothing hostile to our maritime rights, but and that no one belonging to you, will ever he expressly proposed to leave us in pos- krow distress, though that is, alas ! too session of all those conquests, which our much to hope with the prospect that we navy had enabled us to gain, and the conti- now have before us. nued possession of which necessarily im

I am your faithful friend, plied a naval superiority in every part of

WM. COBBETT. the world. Why, then, does this bireling news-writer (for the thing must be his) at Bolley, July 29, 1812. tempt to make the people believe, that Napoleon has proposed to deprive us of our maritime rights ? The reason is, that

PUBLIC PAPERS. he sees the government has rejected the ENGLAND and France.- -Overtures for overture of France ; and, it is his business Peace by the Emperor Napoleon. to justify that rejection. I shall return to the subject in my next; and, in the

(Continued from page 128.) mean while, I think, I can rest satisfied, French and King of Italy, with respect to a that the people of England do, or will very system of Licenses to be introduced into soon, see the matter in its true light ; and Russia, in the same manner as in France; will not be long at a loss to discover the it being always understood, that it cannot real cause of the rejection of an overture so be admitted till it has been ascertained that manifestly fair, and to England so honour- it is not calculated to augment the deterioable and advantageous.

ration already experienced by the trade of WM. COBBETT.

Russia.His Majesty the Emperor of all Bolley, July 28, 1812.

the Russias will engage also by this Con

vention, to treat, by a particular arrangeTo Messrs. Wm. Barry, Preses, and Mr. ment, for certain modifications, such as may

John M.Naught, Secretary to the Meel- be desired by France for the advantage of ing held at Puisley, at the Salulation her trade in the Custom duties imposed by Inn, on the 9th of July, 1812, lo cele- Russia, in 1810.-Finally, his Majesty brate the terminalion of my imprison. will also consent to bind himself to conclude ment; and also to Mr. John Williams, a treaty of exchange, of the Duchy of Ol. one of a company of tradesmen met on denburgh for a suitable equivalent, which the same day, and for the same purpose, shall be proposed by his Majesty the Emat Oxford.

peror and king, and in which his Imperial Gentlemen,

Majesty will declare the protest withdrawn In answer to the “ Congratulatory | which he was about to publish, to support the rights of his family to the Duchy of Ol- for me to indulge such hopes, because you denburgh. Such are, my Lord Duke, the yourself, my Lord Duke, had constantly in grounds which I have been ordered to point the course of the first interviews which folout, and the admission of which, in what lowed my coipmunications, encouraged them, relates to the evacuation of the Prussian by the justice which you did to the spirit in States and Swedish Pomerania; the reduc- which those communications were conceivtion of the garrison of Dantzic to its esta-ed, at once conciliatory and pacific, and blishment, previous to ihe 1st of January ..chiefly directed to satisfy his dijesty the 2011 ; and due promise of a negocrator with Emperor Napoleon, with respect to all the Sweden can alone render possible an ami- requisitions he has hitherto made of Russia. cable arrangement between our Courts. His Majesty the Emperor and King, in the It is with much regret, notwithstanding the course of the audience granted me on April time which has elapsed since I communi- 27, having desired that I should immedicated them verbally to your Excellency, ately discuss with your Excellency the prothat I still find myself altogether uncertain positions which I was directed to make, had with respect to the effects of my proceed- induced ine to contemplate the possibility ings. —Notwithstanding the favourable of giving an account to the Emperor, my inferences which I was happy. to draw. from master, after the lapse of a very little tune, the interview which his Imperial and Royal of the reception his offers had met with. Majesty was pleased to grant me on Mon- Never did circumstances of a more urgent day, as well as the assurances I received nature justify a desire, and entreaties confrom your Excellency, I cannot forbear to sequent thereon, to receive a speedy aninform your Excellency anew of that which swer; nevertheless, my Lord Duke, I have I represented to his Majesty the Emperor, not yet received one. My pressing and reas well as formerly to you, viz. that if to iterated applications, my daiiy visits to my great regret the intelligence should your Excellency, have been attended with reach me that Count Lauriston had quitted no other resuli but your refusal to enter Petersburg, I would conceive it my duty to into an explanation with respect to the proapply immediately for passports, and quit positions in question, grounded on a want Paris. PRINCE ALEX. KURAKIN. of orders to that effect from his Imperial

and Royal Majesty. It is impossiole, my Copy of a Nole from Prince Kurakin to the Lord Duke, io deceive oneself as to the

Minister for Foreign Relations.-Paris, fatal effects which such delays as these must 230 April (7th of May) 1812.

inevitably produce. The daily increasing My Lord Duke,- Near fifteen days have proximity of the armies of his limperial elapsed since I have made the communica and Royal Majesty and his Allies to the tions enjoined by my last instructions, Russian Empire, may, in a moment, bring brought by Baron Serdobin, and which I about events, after which all hope of the hastened to submit to you two hours after preservation of peace must vanish; and I had received them. I had the honour which, indeed, at this very time have depersonally to inform his Imperial and Royal stroyed the probability of preserving it. Majesty, in the course of the audience The only method by which Europe may be granted on Monday, the 27th of the same saved from the evils which menace ner, is month, of those propositions of the Empe- the acceptance of the conciliatory offers ror, my august master, which constituted which the Einperor, my master, las orthe immediate object thereof. The hopes dered me to make. Yet not only no answer which I had reason to entertain, from all that from your Excellency has informed ine chat his Majesty was pleased to say, in the course they were accepted, but you have also hiof the audience, with respect to his anxious therto refused to enter into the explanation desire to prevent, by conciliatory steps, a

I have solicited, and sull solicit, with rerupture, which threatens Europe with a spect to the manner in which those offers new war, induced the agreeable expecta- , are viewed, or to what, in the aggregate tion that my proceedings would succeed 10 of our propositions, may not have proved the satisfaction of the Emperor, my master, agreeable io the Emperor. Amidst the whose wishes have never been other than critical circumstances in which the two Emfor the preservation of peace, and his alli- pires are placed, the prolongation of such ance with France, and to have the essen- delays to explanations calculated to produce tially equitable and moderate mode, through reconciliation, admits of no other interpreme, become the basis of an amicable ar- tation than a pre-conceived resolution not to rangement. It was the more reasonable enter into any explanation of the kind, and

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consequently an election of war, I must not | ing to your Excellency fresh assurances of conceal from your Excellency, that as this my high consideration. is the point of view in which I must consi.

· THE DUKE OF BASSANO. der any new delays which may prevent my receiving a categorical answer to the communications which I have made, pursuant

Copy of the Answer of Prince Kurakin lo

the above Note. to the orders of the Emperor, my master;

- Paris, April 27,

( May 9,) 1812. Duke, that if, in the course of the inter- My Lord Duke-I have just received a view which you have fixed for to-morrow, letter from your Excellency, dated this I should be still so unfortunate as to find day; and you will permit me to evince my you unprovided with instructions from the great surprise at the question it contains, Emperor to give me an answer to my pro- and which I imagined i had completely positions, and that an answer assuring me obviated by the frankness with which í that they are accepted without any modifi- had communicated, without any reserve cation whatsoever (for your Excellency is whatever, the final instructions which I fully aware that I am not authorized to ad- received from His Imperial Majesty my mit of any), I shall in that case find my- | august master. Your Excellency is aware self, in consequence of the departure of his of the conciliatory propositions which forin Majesty, the Emperor and King, which is the object of them, and which clearly and announced for to-morrow, and which will decisively prove the anxious wish of my preclude all hope of the expected answer, august master, to preserve peace and his placed under the necessity of considering alliance with the Emperor Napoleon. I the withholding of such answer as an indi- am always ready to arrange with you as to cation of an election being made of war, the most proper form to give them, by a and my further stay at Paris is altogether Convention which I will sign with you, superfluous ; and deeply regretting that I sub spe rati, although unprovided with have not been able to contribute to the pre- particular and special powers for the purservation of that peace and alliance, in the pose ; and I can safely answer your Exestablishment of which it has been the cellency, in consequence of the perfect greatest happiness of my life to have par- knowledge I have of the intentions of the ticipated for the last five years, I shall be Emperor, my master, and of the intelliobliged to demand passports from your Ex- gence I have received of his design to cellency, to enable me to quit France ; and transmit to me full and special powers, I earnestly request that in such case you that in the event of the basis proposed by will obtain orders from his Imperial and me being agreed to by His Majesty the Royal Majesty to grant them without delay. Emperor and King, the arrangement which

Receive, my Lord Duke, assurances I shall sign, will be ratified by His Imof my high consideration.

perial Majesty. I must observe to your PRINCE KURAKIN.

Excellency, that even if I were in possession of, at this time, full special powers

for the purpose, according to established Copy of a Nole from the Minister for Fo- custom, still the ratification of the (wo

reign Relations lo Prince Kurakin, the Sovereigns would be necessary, before the Russian Ambassador. Paris, 9th act. could receive full and complete vaMay, 1812.

lidity. I have to express my deep regret,

that, in the midst of such urgent circumSir-I have received the Notes which stances, when every instant may produce. you did me the honour to address to me on the commencement of hostilities, the silence the 10th of April and the 7th of May. which has been observed by the Minister Before I can possibly answer them, I must of His Imperial and Royal Majesty, during inquire of your Excellency whether you the long period of fifteen days, with rehave lull powers vested in you to form, spect to the manner in which His Majesty conclude, and sign an arrangement of the viewed the basis of arrangements which I differences which have arisen between the have been ordered to present to him, should two Powers; and in case you have received have so considerably retarded the possibisuch powers, I must beg, that, in con- lity of concluding them.--I must exformiiy to the Custom of all Cabinets, you press to your Excellency my astonishment, will make a preliminary communication to at your thinking the explanation into which that effect. I have the honour of offer. I have entered, or rather repeated, neces

sary (as I have had already the honour of which you think should determine me to very explicitly detailing in our former in- prolong my stay at Paris, and not to press terviews every thing that constitutes the for my passports.

This silence, on your present question), before you could answer part, places me exactly in the same situamy notes of the 30th of April and the 7th tion as when I first required them. --Not of May.—- Your Excellency does not men- having been able to obtain from you the oftion that of the 6th of May, to which I ficial and written explanation which I rehave an equal right to require, and do quired, of the reasons which should induce equally require an answer.

---I earnestly me to postpone my departure an explaanswers as soon as possible. They must submit to the notice of my august master, contain explanations which are indispensa- in order the more fully to acquaint him of bly necessary to enable me to fulfil the the hope which you entertained of the still very positive duties imposed upon me by existing possibility of an accommodation the situation in which I am placed. 1-I find myself compelled to renew my? Receive, my Lord Duke, fresh assurances most pressing solicitations for passports, of my high consideration.

grounded upon the unhappily too great cerPRINCE ALEX, KURAKIN. tainty that my presence here can be of no

longer use. I beg your Excellency may Copy of a Lelter from Prince Kurakin to have the goodness to make his Royal and

the Minister for Foreign Relations.- Imperial Majesty acquainted with this forParis, 29 April (11 May), 1812. mal requisition, on my part, the first time My Lord Duke-I intended going this

that you may have any communication with morning to your Excellency's, for the pur- him. I indulge a hope, that his Majesty is pose of reminding you that I had not re- too well aware of, and will too readily call

ceived an answer to my letter of yesterday, to mind, the personal attachment which when I received that which you did me the has caused me so zealously to fulfil my duty, honour to write me last night, some hours in endeavouring to preserve peace and conprevious to my departure, which, from cord between the two empires, to admit of what you had the goodness to state to me, his supposing, that the requisition I make I did not suppose would have taken place for permission to quit my post is grounded for two or three days longer. Although upon any thing but the complete and painyou are so kind as to say I shall have the ful certainty I feel, that every hope of being passports which I required, I have received able, in the character of a negociator, to only that for the Gentleman of the Chamber, bring about a reconciliation is cut off.Kologrivoff, on which even it is not noted Although I have to acknowledge many perthat it is for a courier going to Petersburg. sonal obligations to your Excellency, Í shall

-I beg your Excellency to send me the consider it as a greater proof of friendship three others which you promised me for than you have yet honoured me with, if you the persons attached to my chapel and will exert yourself to enable me to quit a household, and who are tó set off with place which you must be aware it cannot bę carriage drivers for Vienna, already en otherwise than extremely painful to me to gaged for the purpose, and with respect continue in, since the departure of his Royal to whom not being able to send them away and Imperial Majesty, and that of your at the appointed time, I have suffered a loss Excellency, deprive me of the satisfaction of the price agreed on with them for the of thinking that I am capable of effecting carriage from here to Prody.--Your Ex- any thing useful. -I am about to quit cellency has not thought proper to answer Paris, never to return thither. I shall rethe three communications, made to you on

main at my country-house at Sevres, till the 30th of April and the 6th and 7th of your Excellency shall have sent me my May, with respect to the more important passports. I shall there anxiously expect objects of our intercourse, notwithstanding your Excellency's answer to enable me to the established custom of answering every.

set off, having already made every necesofficial communication made by an Åmbas-sary arrangement for the purpose, and sent sador, in a manner so authentic, and under away

household as I could such pressing circumstances. Neither have dispense with, only retaining the few seryou written to me, according to promise, yants who are to accompany me on my to acquaint me with the motives which in journey.- -I renew, my Lord Dukė, the duce you to consider an arrangement be assurances of my high consideration. tween the two Powers as yet possible, and

such part


of my

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