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Copy of the Answer of Count Ronanzoff to shall give to them, and which we are de
the Nole of the Minister for foreign Re- sired by Prince Kurakin to expect, will de lations of the 25th April. Wilna, May tinitively settle the important question of 7 (19), 1819.
peace or war. The moderation which My Lord Duke,—The Count de Nar- marks that I have now the honour of adbonne has given me the dispatch which dressing to you, offers you, my Lord Duke, your Excellency confided to him. I have ample security that any overture that may not delayed a moment to place it before be made of a pacific nature, will be the Emperor: Tits trajet, at voy
... amxiously accenter, Hia. Miesty is ful to the line of conduct which he origi- niuch pleased with the step which has beca nally marked for himself, always persever
taken with respect to the British Govern:
ment. ing in a mere system of defence, in short, He is grateful for the attention of always more moderate in proportion as the the Emperor Napoleon in informing him developement of his power enables him to thereof. He will always duly appreciate repulse with greater 'vigour such attempts the sacrifices which that Sovereign shall as might be inade against the interests of make, in order to promote the conclusion his Empire, and the dignity of his Crown, of a general peace, for the attainment of is satisfied to adhere to the wish with which which great and attractive object, no sacriyou, my Lord Duke, conclude the interest-fices can, in his opinion, be too considering communication of your Court. Con-able.
I have the honour to offer to your stantly seeking to prove how much he has Excellency, &c. &c. it at heart to avoid every thing which
COUNT DE ROMANZOFF. might infuse into his connexion with France a spirit of animosity and acerbity: Gopy of a Letter from the Minister for Fo. such as would endanger its continuance, he has directed me not to enter into any resu
reign Affairs to Count Lauriston, Am
bassador of his Imperial and Royal Ma. tation of alleged grievances, nor to oppose
jesty, at St. Petersburg.- Dresden, May assertions which, for the most part, are
20, 1819. grounded upon imputed facts, quite destirute of probability, and upon hypothesis al- I have the honour, Count, to send you together gratuitous. The dispatches ad copies of two notes from Prince Kurakin, dressed to Prince Kurakin, by the Baron de dated the 30th of April and 17th of May, Serdobin, have partly anticipated the an- of a note which I addressed to that Ambasswer to all the accusations which have been sador on the 9th of the same month, and of made.- They have represented, in its the answer which he returned to me on the true light, the loyal conduct which the Em same day; and, lastly, of a note of the 11th peror has observed in all his relations with of May, which reached me yesterday, and France. They have given, with respect to by which Prince Kurakin renews, in the our armaments, explanations, confirmed in most pressing manner, his demand of his such a degree, as appear to have even out- passports. His Majesty, Court, could stripped the hopes of the Emperor Napo- never have believed that this Ambassador leon. Since, notwithstanding the menacing would have taken so much upon himself: movements of his armies beyond a line, he thinks it fit that you should, by a note, where, for the security of our frontiers, addressed to the Count de Soltikoff, dethey ought to have stopped, affairs continue mand passports for yourself, in order to here in the same state as at the time of the proceed to the Count de Romanzoff to departure of the last Courier. Indeed, Wilna, or to any other place of meeting not a single man has entered the territory that shall be appointed. You will anof Prussia, or that of the Duchy of War- nounce to Count Soltikoff, that the comnnusaw, and no new obstacle has tended on nications with which you are charged, and our part to prevent the continuance of which you cannot make but to the Chancelpeace.- On the contrary, the last instruc- lor or to the Emperor himself, are as imtions which Prince Kurakin has received, portant as they are urgent. You will furnish him with ample means of termi- show Count Romanzoff all the documents nating all differences, and of opening the which I transmit to you. You will express negociation which your Court desires. - the astonishment which his Majesty must We have learned with satisfaction, the re- have felt, when I gave him an account of ception which our propositions have met proceedings so unexpected, and so conwith on the part of the Emperor Napoleon. trary to the dispositions which the Emperor The official answer which your Excellency Alexander manifested to yourself: wheu he perceived, that in the notes of the Russian sions to his Majesty, has been unable to obAmbassador, the evacuation of Prussia tain permission to pass the frontier into his was put forward as a condition upon which States, and that it has been necessary for France was not even to deliberaie--a con- him to turn back.- -Acts so extraordinary dition such as his Majesty had never pro- require to be cleared up. His Majesty, not posed after the greatest victories; when, in being previously apprized of the nature of fine, by the demand of the independence of the commụnications with which your ExcelPrussia, his independence was violated, in- lency is charged, faithful to his own sysasmuch as the destrutin hoe hoon insistor tam. Link: full. va vetinavy course on of those political engagements which he of things in the relations of the two Cabi, has contracted in the exercise of the right nets, invites you, Mr. Ambassador, to which belongs to all Sovereigns. You choose rather not to quit St. Petersburg, will, Count, make it be felt sensibly, how and to have the goodness to do me the homuch the notes of Prince Kurakin are, in nour to address to me, in writing, the
comtheir form, and by their contents, opposed munications which you have to make, or to those pacific dispositions, of which that else to convey them, in writing, directly to Ambassador had given the assurance; by his lanperial Majesty, at your own option ; what spirit of conciliation his Majesty is and in order to afford you the means of so induced to suppose, that in presenting their doing, his Majesty has commanded me to notes and combining to them the demand of place, for this purpose, at your disposal, his passports, he has trangressed the the Sieur Baereus, an Officer in the corps of bounds prescribed to him, and with what Field, who will have the honour to deliver regret, if they were really the expression you this letter. I entreat your Excelof the intentions, and the result of the lency, &c. COUNT DE ROMANZOFF, Orders of the Court of Petersburg, his Majesty would see every hopé vanish, of suc- Gopy of a Leller from Count de Lauriston. ceeding, by a negociation, which he has
to Count Romanzoff.- St. Pelersburg, been constantly soliciting for nearly two
31st May (12th June), 1812. years, in the adjustment at last of the differences that divide the two countries.- Sir, Count,- The goodness which I have You will insist, Count, on obtaining expla- experienced on the part of his Majesty the nations which may still leave the way open Emperor Alexander, the marks of congifor an accommodation. I have the honour dence with which he had condescended to to be, &c. &c.
honour me, prevented me from foresecing
any obstacle to the journey which I proposed Copy of a Letter from Count Romanzoff to to make to Wilna. I had, therefore, made Count Lauriston.-Wilna, 27th Maying the very violent rheumatic pains which
arrangements for my journey, notwithstand(8th June), Evening, 1812.
I have suffered for many days, sensible of Mr. Ambassador,–His Imperial Majesty all the importance of the communications has just been informed by Count Sollikoff,
which I was charged to make to his Mathat your Excellency had demanded pass- jesty, or to your Excellency, under circumports, for the purpose of altending his Ma- stances when the smallest delay might be jesty, with a view to execute in person the injurious.—What, then, was my astoorders which you had received from the nishment on receiving your Excellency's Emperor, your master. -Though, in the letter! I saw all my hopes vanish; I saw. midst of his troops, his Majesty would have that I had deceived myself in the idea I had felt pleasure in withdrawing himself for of the confidence which I supposed his Maa short time from his present occupations, jesty would be pleased to conler on me, inin order to receive near his person the Am- | asmuch as he refuses me any direct commubassador of a Sovereign, his Ally; but a nication either with himself or with your circumstance, totally foreign to all his Ma- Excellency, at a moment when this confijesty's thoughts, prevent him. He has dence, which i believed I had merited by just learned that the course of the post by my conduct, by my invariable zeal for the letters between his Empire and foreign na
maintenance of the alliance, might be, as tions, has been suspended at Memel, and, I have no hesitation to say it would have according to every appearance, all commu- been, of the greatest adyantage to the two nication with his Empire prohibited. Empires. The reasons even which your He has since been informed, that one of his Excellency has put forward to prevent my Couriers, returning from one of his mis
(To be continued.)
As illustrated in the Prosecution and Punishment of
WILLIAM COBBETT. 159]
(160 In order that my countrymen and that the two sureties in the sum of 1,000 pounds each ; world may not be deceived, duped, and cheated that the whole of this sentence has been executed upon this subject, I, WILLIAM COBBETT, upon me, that I have been imprisoned the two of Botley, in Hampshire: upon record years, have paid the thonsand pounds TO THE
pub- and Peter Walker, Esqrs
. being my suretices; lished in a London news-paper, called the that the Attorney General was Sir Virary Gibbs, COURIER:“ The Mutiny amongst the LO. the Judge who sat at the trial Lord Elienborongh, « CAL MILITIA, which broke out
at Ely, was the four Judges who sat al passing sentence Ellen“ fortunately suppressed on Wednesday by the borough, Grose, Le Blanc, and Bailey; and that « arrival of four squadrous of the GĚRMAN the jurors were, Thomas Rhodes of Hampstead « LEGION CAVALRY from Bury, under the Road, John Davis of Southampton Place, James
command of General Auckland. Five of the Ellis of Tottenham Court Road, John Richards “ ringleaders were tried by a Court-Martial, and of Bayswater, Thomas Marsham of Baker Street, “ sentenced to receive 500 lashes each, part of which Robert Heathcote of High Street Marylebone, “punishment they received on Wednesday, and John Maud of York Place Marylebone, George
a part was remitted. A stoppage for their knap- Baxter of Church Terrace ancras, Thomas « sacks was the ground of the complaint that ex- Taylor of Red Lion Square, David Deave of St.
cited this mntinous spirit, which occasioned John Street, William Palmer of Upper Street
the men to surrondd their officers, and demand Islington, Henry Favre of Pall Mall; that the “ what they deemed their arrears. The first Prime Ministers during the time were Spencer “ division of the German Legion balted yesterday Perceval, until he was shot by John Bellingham,
at Newmarket on their return to Bury.”- and after that Robert B. Jenkinson, Earl of LiThat, on the 1st July, 1809, I published, in the verpool; that the prosecution and sentence took Political Register, an article censuring, in the place in the reign of King George the Third, and strongest terms, these proceedings ; that, for so that, he having become insane during my impridoing, the Attorney General prosecuted, as sedi. sooment, the 1,000 pounds was paid to his son, tious libellers, and by Ex-Officio Information, the Prince Regent, in his behalf; that, during my me, and also my printer, my publisher, and one imprisonment, I wrote and published 364 Essays of the principal retailers of the Political Register; and Letters upon political subjects; that, during that I was brought to trial on the 15th June, the same time, I was visited by persons from 197 1810, and was, by a Special Jury, that is to say, cities and towns, many of them as a sort of depuby 12 men out of 48 appointed by the Master of ties from Societies or Clubs; that, at the expirathe Crown Office, found guilty ; that, on the tion of my imprisonment, on the 9th of Jaly, 1812, 20th of the same month, I was compelled to give a great dinner was given in London for the purbail for my appearance to receive judgment; pose of receiving me, at which dinger upwards of and that, as I came up from Botley (to which 600 persons were present, and at which Sir place I had returned to my family and my farm Francis Burdett presided; that dinners and other on the evening of the 15th), a Tipstaff went parties were held on the same occasion in many down from London in order to seize me, per other places in England; that, on my way home, sonally ; that, on the 9th of July, 1810, I, toge. I was received at Alton, the first town in Hampther with my printer, publisher, and the news.shire, with the ringing of the Church bells; that man, were brought into the Court of King's a respectable company met me and gave me a Bench to receive judgment; that the three dinner at Winchester; that I was drawn from former were sentenced to be imprisoned for more than the distance of a mile into Botley by some months in the King's Bench prison; that I the people; that, upon my arrival in the village, was sentenced to be imprisoned for two years in I found all the people assembled to receive me; Newgate, the great receptacle for malefactors, that I concluded the day by explaining to them and the front of which is the scene of numerous the cause of my imprisonment, and by giving hangings in the course of every year; that the them clear notions respecting the flogging of the part of the prison in which I was sentenced to be Local Militia-men at Ely, and respecting the emconfined is sometimes inhabited by felons, that ployment of German Troops; and, finally, which fetons were actually in it at the time I entered is more than a compensation for my losses and all it; that one man was taken out of it to be trans- ny sufferings, I am in perfect health and strength, ported in about 48 hours after I was put into the and, though I must, for the sake of six children, same yard with him; and that it is the place of feel the diminution that has been made in my confinement for men guilty of unnatural crimes, property (thinking it right in me to decline the of whom there are four in it at this time ; that, offer of a subscription), I have the consolation to besides this imprisonment, I was sentenced to see growing np three sons, upon whose hearts, I pay a thousand pounds TO THE KING, and to trust, all these facts will be engraven. give security for my good behaviour for seven
WM, COBBETT. years, myself in the sum of 3,000 pounds, and Botley, July 23, 1812.
Published by R. BAGSHAW, Brydges-Street, Covent-Garden.
LONDON: Printed by J. M'Creery, Black Horse-Court, Fleet-street.
Vol. XXII. No. 6.]
LONDON, SATURDAY, AUGUST 8, 1812.
“ I implore your Royal Highness to reflect on the manifold miseries that may arise from this “ cause, and tó be pleased to bear in mind, that, to yield hereafter upon force or menace, will be “ disgrace; whereas to yield now would indicate a sentiment of justiee.”- -Letter to the Regent, Vol. XXI. Pol. Reg. p.789. 161]
(162 TO THE PRINCE REGENT,
Highness verbally; but, how wretchedly
have the nation and you been deceived ! ON THE DISPUTE WITH AMERICA. The state of affairs between the two coun.
tries now stands thus: There exists a DisLETTER VII.
pute on the subject of our Orders in Couna Sir,
cil, on that of the Impressment of Ameriif I have now to refer to the proofs of can Seamen, and on the possession of the the correctness of those opinions which I Floridas. There are some other matters of addressed to your Royal Highness many inferior importance, but they would admit months past, upon the subject of the Dis. of easy arrangement. With regard to the pute with America, I beg you to be assur-Orders in Council, your Royal Highness ed, that I do it not in the way of triumph, was advised to issue, on the 21st of April but in the hope, that even yet my advice, last,* a Declaration, stating that you would most respectfully offered to your Royal not repeal the Orders in Council, until Highness, may have some weight with France, Officially and Unconditionally, by you, and may, in some small degree, tend some public promulgation, repealed her to avert that last of national evils, a war Berlin and Milan Decrees. France, so far with America, a war against the children from doing this, has, in the most public of Englishmen, a war against the seat of and solemn manner, declared, that she will political and religious freedom.
never do what your Declaration required, In 'my former Letters I took great pains though, at the same time, she has repeated to endeavour to induce your Royal Higliness (and she has done no more) what she had to distrust the statements in our public said to the American Goveroment in 1810, prints as to the power of the English party and what was then communicated to our ja the American States. I assured you, Government by the American Minister in what the venal press in England was en London. Nevertheless, you were afterjaged in promulgating a series of deceptions wards advised to repeal the Orders in with regard to the opinions of the people of Council, though the conditions of the DeAmerica. I took the liberty to point out claration before issued were not at all satisto your Royal Highness the mischiefs which fied, but were, in fact, set at open defin must result from listening to the advice of those whose language might correspond This repeal, which took place on the 23d with that of this press; and, in short, 1 of June last,t was, however, too late in its showed, that, if the endeavours of that adoption to prevent war. The American pernicious, partial, and corrupt press had Government, who had been making their their intended effect, war with America preparations for many months, and which must be the consequence. By this press preparations had been the subject of mock(the vilest instrument of the vilest corrup: ery with the venal press in England, detion that ever existed in the whole world) clared war on the 181h of June last. The the people of England were induced to ap- intelligence of this having been received in prove of the measures which have now pro- England, your Royal Highness was advised duced a war with America; or, at least, to issue, on the 31st of July, an Order in they were induced to wink at them. They Council for an embargo on all Ainerican were made to believe, that our measures of vessels in our ports, and also for capturing hostility against America were useful to us, and detaining all American vessels ai sea. and that the American Government had not the power to resent them by war. The
* See Register, Vol. XXI. p.735. same, I doubt not, was told to your Royal + Register, Vol. XXI. p.815.
This is the state of affairs between the clusive of the wars in India. He has been two countries; and the main question now not only the greatest warrior, but the greatappears to be, whether, when the Ameri- est conqueror of any European prince that can Government hears of our repeal of the ever lived. Napoleon is nothing to him as Orders in Council, they will revoke their a conqueror; and yet the Americans have declaration of war. This is a question of dared to declare war against him. But, great interest at this moment; and, leven now, now that she has actually deshall, therefore, proceed to lay before your clared war, and that, too, by an Act of Royal Highness my sentiments with respect Congress, by a law passed by real repreto it.
sentatives of the people; by men elected by The same sort of infatuation that has the free voice of the nation; by an un prevailed here, with regard to American bribed, unbought, unsold, unenslaved as. affairs, for many months past, appears still sembly, not by a set of corrupt knaves to prevail. Indeed, Sir, I can call it no whom the President can at any time twist other than insolence; an insolent contempt about by means of the people's money; of the Americans, thought by those who even now, when she has declared war in hate them, and who would, if they could, this solemn manner, the hireling newskill them to the last man, in revenge for papers in London would fain make us betheir having established a free government, lieve, that the whole thing is a mere makewhere there are neither sinecures, jobs, or belief, that it is a mere feint, and " will selling of seats. This insolence has induced " end in smoke." At the least, they tell people to talk of America as a country inca- us, that when the news of the repeal of our pable of resenting any thing that we might Orders in Council reaches America, there do to her; as being a wretched state, un- must be a revocation of the declaration of supported by any thing like vigour in go- war. They seem to forget, that the declavernment; as a sort of horde of half-sa- ration of war in America is an Act of Con. vages, with whom we might do what we gress, and that to do away the effect of that pleased; and, to the very last minute, the Act, another Act must pass. They seem great mass of the people here; ninety-nine to forget, that it is the people who have de
out of every hundred, firmly believed, that clared war; and that the people must be ✓ America would never go to war with us. consulted before that declaration can be an
They left provocations quite out of the nulled, or revoked. But, Sir, the fact is, question. They appeared to have got into that these writers talk miserable nonsense
. their heads a conclusion, that, let us do We are at war with America; and, before what we would to America, she would not we can have peace with her again, we must go to war with us.
have a treaty of peace. This way of thinking has pervaded the But, the main question for rational men whole of the writings upon the subject of to discuss is : “Will the repeal of our Orthe Dispute with America. At every stage " ders in Council be sufficient to induce in the progress towards war, the corrupt « America to make peace with us,
without press has asserted, that America knew beller " including the redress of her other grievthan to go to war with us. When she " ances ?" This is the question that we went so far as to pass Acts for raising an have to discuss ; it is a question in which army and equipping a fleet, and that, too, hundreds of thousands are immediately inwith the avowed intention of making war terested; and it is a question which I think against us ; still the hirelings told the peo- may be answered in the negative ; that is to ple, that she dared not go to war, and that say, Sir, I give it as my opinion, that the she only meant to bully. I could fill a large repeal of our Orders in Council will not volume with assertions from the Times be sufficient to restore us to a state of peace news-paper alone, that we should not yield with America, and, I now proceed respecta billle, and that America would not dare to fully to submit to your Royal Highness the go to war. · But, the fact is too notorious to reasons, upon which this opinion is founded. dwell upon. There is no man, and espe- In my last Letter (at p.787, Vol. XXI.) cially your Royal Highness, who can have I had the honour to state to your Royal failed to observe the constant repetition of Highness, that there was another great these assertions. ·
point with America : namely, the ImpressAt last, however, America has dared to ment of American seamen, which must be go to war, even against that great warrior adjusted before harmony could be restored George the Third, nearly three-fifths of between the two countries; and, as you whose reign has been occupied inwars, ex- must have perceived, this subject of com.