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ously.-Royal Horse Gaards Blue, Lieutenant 'shall, severely; Lieutenant Armstrong, slightly; Colonel Elley, A A. G. slightly.-88th Foot, Lientenant Johnson, severely; Envigns Thatcher, Captain Tryon, D. A, A. G. severely.-13th Wartun, slightly; Ensign Le Mesurier, right Light Dragoons, Captain White, D. A. O. M. G. arm amputated.-530 Foot, 2d Batt. Lieutenantseverely, since dead.--29th Foot, Lieutenant Colonel Bingham, Brigadier Lieutenant-Colonel Hay, Aid-de-Camp to Lieutenant-General Leith, and Captain Robinson, Captain Fehrsen, seslightly.-6th Dragoons, Captain Dawsoi), extra verely; Captain Poppleton, slightly ; Captaius A. D. C. to Lieutenant-General Leith, severely. Fernandez, Blackall, M'Dongal, Lieutenants 5th Dragoons, Captain Aiken, severely; Lieu- Hunter, Nicholson, severely; Ensign Bunworth, tenant Christie, severely.—4th Dragoons, Lieu. Adjutant Carss, slightly.-60th Foot, 5th Batt. tenant Norcliffe, severely.—1st Hussars, King's Lieutenant-Colonel Williams, slightly; Major German Legion, Captains Muller and Decken, Galitfe, Ensign Lucke, severely.-- 1st Foot, ist slightly; Lieutenant Fueto, severely; Lieute- Batt. Major Downing, Caplains Oke, M'Leod, nant Cordemann, slightly; Cornet Behrends, Green, severely; Captain Faville, severely (since slightly.-Coldstream Guards, 1st Batt. Ensign dead); Lieutenant Falkener, severely; LienteHotham, slightly.-30 Guards, 1st Batt. Cap. nant Daniel, slightly; Lieutenant Chapman, setain White, severely.-1st Foot, or Royal Scots, verely; Lieutenant Chipchase, slightly; LieuteLieutenant-Colonel Barnes, severely ; Captain nant Furnace, severely; Lieutenant Gloster, Logan, slightly; Lieutenants Kellett, O'Neil, slightly; Lieutenant Collis, severely; Lieuteand Falk, severely; Lieutenant M‘Killigan, nant Wolfe, slightly ; Lieutenants Brackenburg, slightly; Lieutenant Clarke, severely; Ensign Royal, Toole, Ensigns Whyte, Beere, Singleton, Stoyte, severely.-2d Fout, or Queen's, Brevet severely.-68th Foot, Captain and Brevet Major Lieutenant-Colonel Kingsbury, severely ; Major Millar, severely; Captain North, slightly.-74th Grabam, severely; Captain Scott, severely; Fool, Captain and Brevet Major Thompson, Lieutenant Gordon, severely; Lieutenant Wil Lieutenant Ewing, severely.--831 Foot, 2d Batt. liams, slightly; Lieutenant Hudson, severely.- Lieutenant Gascoigne, severely ; Lientenant 4th Foot, 1st Batt. Major O'Halloran, slightly. Evans, slightly.--88th Foot, 2d Bitt, Captain -5th Foot, 1st Batt. Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel Adair, Lieutenants Nichols, Meade, severely; Bird, slightly ; Captain Simcocks, severely ; Lieutenant Kingsmill, slightly, — 94th Foot, Lieutenants Macpherson and Gunn, severely; Lieutenant Colonel Campbell

, Captain Cooke, Ensign Hamilton, slightly; Ensign Pratt, se Lieutenant Griffiths, severely.-1st Light Batt, verely.--5th Foot, 2d Batt. Lieutenant O'Dell, King's Gernian Legion, Captain Hiilseman, severely; Lieutenant Hilliard, slightly.— 7th Lieutenant Hartwig, severely,--2ů Light Baut. Royal Fusileers, Captain Hammerton, slightly; Ditto, Captain Haassman, slightly:-2d Line Lieutenants Huichinson and Hartley, severely; Batt. Ditto, Captain Scharnhorst, Lientenant Lientenants Wallace, Nantes, Johnson, Knowles, Repke, severely.-5th Ditto, Ditto, Captain Henry, and Hannam, slightly; Adjutant Hay, Langresher, severely.—Brunswick Oels, Capseverely.-9th Foot, 1st Batt. Lieutenant Ack- tain Lueder, severely ; Licntenant Griesliam, land, slightly.-11th Foot, 1st Batt. Lieutenant- slightly.—1st Royal Scots, Volunteer M'Alpin, Colonel Cuyler, Major M'Gregor, Captains Por- severely.- 9th Foot, 1st Batt. Volunteer Perry, ter, Hamilton, and Gualy, severely; Lieutenant severely.-53d Foot, 2d Batt. Volunteer MorfDonovan, slightly; Lieutenants Rynd, Williams, shell, severely, and Stephens, severely; Lientenant Daniel, (Signed)

JOHN WATERS, slightly; Lieutenants Walker and Smith, se

Lieut. Col. and A. A, G. verely; Lieutenant Stewart, slightly; Lieutenants Gethen and Read, severely.—230 Royal Welch Fusileers, Lieutenant-Colonel Ellis, Major Names of the Officers killed and wounded on the Dalmer, Lieutenants Enoch, Fryer, Cloyde,

23d of July, 1812. severely; Lieutenant Macdonald, slightly. KILLED.—1st Dragoons, King's German Le. 27th Foot, 3d Batt. Lieutenant Philip Gordon, gion, Lieutenants Voss and Heagell.-2d ditto, slightly.-30th Foot, 2d Batt. Lieutenant Garvey, ditto, Captain Usslar, slightly.-320 Foot, 1st Batt. Captains Rosiew Wounded.-Royal Artillery, Lieutenant-Coen, Toole, slightly; Lieutenants Greaves, Eason, lonel May, A. A. G. severely:- 1st Dragoons, severely; Lieutenant R. Robinson, slightly; King's German Legion, Capiain Decken, CorLieutenants Bowes, Butterworth, Ensign New- net Tappe, severely.--2d ditto, ditto, Lieuteton (20) severely; Eosign Blood, slightly.-36th nant Fumeite, slightly. Foot, 1st Batt. Captain Fox, slightly ; Lieutepants Price, Hewart, Ensign Bouchier, severe Abstract of Killed, Wounded, and Missing of the ly.-38th Foot, 1st Batt. Lieutenant-Colonel Army under the Command of the Earl of WellingMiles, severely; Captains Wilshire, Gallie, ton, near Castrajon, on the 18th July, 1812. slightly; Captain Fullarton, severely; Lieute

Killed. Wounded. Missing. nant Ince, slightly; Lieutenant Peddie, right British

297 amputated; Lieutenant Laws, Ensiga Portuguese • 34 96 27 Wheatley, severely; Ensigns Magie, Wilcocks, slightly; Ensign Byam, severely; Ensign Freer,

Total

393 54 slightly. -38th Foot, 2d Batt. Lieut. M'Pherson, Ensign Anderson, severely.-40th Foot, 1st Abstract of Killed, Wounded, and Missing of the Batt. Lientenants Gray, Hudson, severely ; Allied Army, under the Command of General the Lieutenants Brown, Turton, slightly ; Adjutant Eurl of Wellington, in the Battle fought near Bethel, severely.-430 Foot, 1st Batt. Liente Salamanca, on the 22d Day of July, 1812. pant Ridout, slightly.—451h Foot, 1st Batt.

Killed. Wounded. Missing. Major Greenwell, severely; Lieutenant-Colonel

British Forbes, Captain Lightfoot, Lieutenant Coghlan,

1552

Portugnese 304 slightly ; Ensign Rey, severely.—48th Foot, 1st Batt. Captain Thwaites, Lieutenant Stroud,

Spanish slightly; 'Lieutenants Leroux, Vincent, Mar

Total

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Abstract of Killed, Wounded, and Missing of the or returning with the honest proceeds of

Allied Army, under the Command of Lord Wel them, wrested from their lawful destinalington, in an Affair with the Enemy's Rear |tions, confiscated by prize courts no longer Guard near La Serna, on the 230 July, 1812.

the organs of public law, but the instruKilled 51 Wounded 60 Missing 6

ments of arbitrary edicts; and their unforReturn of Ordnance, &c. taken at the Castle of tunate crews dispersed and lost, or forced Salamanca, July 22, 1812.

or inveigled" in British ports into British 6 French eight-pounders, 1 French four-ponnd- fleets ; whilst arguments are employed in er, 3 Spanish four-pounders, 1 Freuch six-inch support of these aggressions, which have howitzer.-Total 11.

no foundation but in a principle equally 5 tumbrils with ammunition. The exact quantity of ammunition carried on supporting a claim to regulate our external each tumbril not yet ascertained.

commerce in all cases whatsoever. We (Signed) HOYLET FRAMINGHAM. behold, in fine, on the side of Great BriLieut. Col. Royal Artillery.

tain, a state of war against the United States; and on the side of the United

States, a state of peace towards Great BriOFFICIAL PAPERS.

tain. -Whether the United States shall AMERICAN STATES.- Message of President continue passive under these progressive

Madison to the Congress, ist June, 1812, usurpations, and these accumulating wrongs; relative lo the dispute with England. or, opposing force to force, in defence of Continued from page 222.)

their natural rights, shall commit a just

cause into the hands of the Almighty Disterpositions heretofore furnished by the of- poser of events; avoiding all connexions ficers and agents of that Government. which might entangle it in the contests or Such is the spectacle of injuries and indig- views of other powers, and preserving a nities which have been heaped on our coun- constant readiness to concur in an honourtry; and such the crisis which its unex- able re-establishment of peace and friendampled forbearance and conciliatory efforts ship, is a solemn question, which the conhave not been able to avert. It might at stitution wisely confides to the Legislative least have been expected, that an enlight- Department of the Government. In recomened nation, if less urged by moral obliga- mending it to their early deliberations, I tions, or invited by friendly dispositions on am happy in the assurance that the decision the part of the United States, would have will be worthy the enlightened and pa. found in its true interests alone a sufficient triotic councils of a virtuous, a free, and a motive to respect their rights and their powerful nation. Having presented this tranquillity on the high seas; that an en- view of the relations of the United States larged policy would have favoured the free with Great Britain, and of the solemn aland general circulation of commerce, in ternative growing out of them, I proceed which the British nation is at all times in- to remark that the communications last terested, and which in times of war is the made to Congress on the subject of our rebest alleviation of its calamities to herself, lations with France will have shown, that as well as the other belligerents; and more since the revocation of her decrees as they especially that the British Cabinet would violated the neutral rights of the United not, for the sake of a precarious and sur- States, her Government has authorized illereptitious intercourse with hostile markets, gal captures by its privateers and public have persevered in a course of measures ships, and that other outrages have been which necessarily put at hazard the inva- practised on our vessels and our citizens. luable market of a great and growing coun- it will have been seen also, that no indemtry, disposed to cultivate the mutual advan- nity had been provided, or satisfactorily tages of an active commerce.Other pledged, for the extensive spoliations comcouncils have prevailed. Our moderation mitted under the violent and retrospective and conciliation have had no other effect order of the French Government against the than to encourage perseverance, and to en- property of our Citizens seized within the large pretensions. We behold our sea- jurisdiction of France. I abstain at this faring citizens still the daily victims of law-time from recommending to the considera. less violence committed on the great and tion of Congress definitive measures with common highway of nations, even within respect to that nation, in the expectation, sight of the country which owes them

pro that the result of unclosed discussions betection. We behold our vessels, freighted to

tween our Minister Plenipotentiary at Paris with the products of our soil and industry, and the French Government, will speedily

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enable Congress to decide with greater ad- minions, together with all persons and efvantage, on the course due to the rights, the fects on board all such ships and vessels ; interests, the honour of our country.

and that the Commanders of His Majesty's ships of war and privateers do detain and

bring into port all ships and vessels belongAct of Congress, declaring War against ing to the citizens of the United States of England.

America, or bearing the flag of the said An Act, declaring War belween the United United States, except such as may be fur

Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, nished with British licenses, which vessels and the Dependencies 'thereof, and the are allowed to proceed according to the te

nor of the said licenses; but that the utmost United States of America, and their Territories.

care be taken for the preservation of all and

every part of the cargoes on board any of b. Be it enacted, by the Senate and House the said ships or vessels, so that no damage of Representatives of the United States of or embezzlement whatever be sustained ; America, in Congress assembled, That and the Commanders of His Majesty's ships War be and the same is hereby declared to of war and privateers are hereby instructed exist between the United Kingdom of Great to detain and bring into port every such Britain and Ireland, and the Dependencies ship and vessel accordingly, except such as thereof, and the United States of America, are above excepted: and the Right Hou. and their Territories ; and that the Presi- the Lords Commissioners of His Majesty's dent of the United States be and he is Treasury, the Lords Commissioners of the hereby authorized to use the whole Land Admiralty, and Lord Warden of the and Naval Forces of the United States to Cinque Ports, are to give the necessary dicarry the same into effect; and to issue to rections herein as to them may respectively private armed vessels of the United States,

appertain.

CHETWYND. Commissions or Letters of Marque and General Reprisal, in such form as he shall By the Commissioners for executing the think proper, and under the Seal of the

Office of Lord High Admiral of the United United States, against the vessels, goods, Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, and effects of the Government of the said &c. United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, and the Subjects thereof..,

Whereas by an Act, passed in the 43d

year of the reign of His present Majesty, June 18, 1812.- Approved,

for the better protection of the trade of the JAMES MADISON.

United Kingdom during the present hostili. Washington, June 18, 4 o'clock, þ.m. ties with France, a power is vested in us to

grant license to sail without convoy; and

we have, in pursuance of the said Act, Sloppage of American Vessels in England. granted sundry licenses accordingly; and

At the Court at Carlton House, the 31st whereas we see fit to revoke certain of these of July, 1812, present his Royal Highness licenses, as hereinafter specified, we do the Prioce Regent in Council:- It is this hereby revoke, and declare null and void, day ordered, by his Royal Highness the and of no effect, all licenses granted by us Prince Regent, in the name and on the be- to any ship or vessel to sail without convoy half of his Majesty, and by and with the to any port or place of North America, advice of His Majesty's Privy Council, that Newfoundland, the West Indies, or the no ship or vessel belonging to any of His Gulph of Mexico, which ship or vessel Majesty's subjects, be permitted to enter shall not have cleared out before this revoand clear out for any of the ports within cation shall be known to the Collector or the territories of the United States of Ame other officer of the Customs of the port at rica, until further order; and his Royal which such ship or vessel shall be. Given Highness is further pleased, in the name under our hands, and the seal of the office and on the behalf of his Majesty, and by of Admiralty, the 31st of July, 1812. and with the advice aforesaid, to order,

MELVILLE, that a general embargo or stop be made of To all whom it may WM. DOMETT. all ships and vessels whatsoever, belonging

Geo.J. Hope. to the citizens of the United States of America, now within, or which shall hereafter By command of their Lordships, come into any of the ports, harbours, or

J. W. Croker. roads, within any part of His Majesty's do.

(To be continued.)

concern.

As illustrated in the Prosecution and Punishment of

WILLIAM COBBETT. 255]

[256 In order that my countrymen and that the two sureties in the sum of 1,000 pounds each; world may not be deceived, duped, and cheated that the whole of this sentence has been executed upon this subject, I, WILLIAM COBBETT, upon me, that I have been imprisoned the two ef Botley, in Hampshire, put upon record years, have paid the thousand pouds TO THE the following facts; to wit: That, on the 24th KING, and have given the bail, Tinjothy Brown June, 1809, the following article was pub and Peter Walker, Esqrs. being my sureties; lished in a London news-paper, called the that the Attorney General was Sir Vicary Gibbs, COURIER: “ The Mutiny amongst the LO- the Judge who sat at the trial Lord Ellenborough, « CAL MILITIA, which broke ont at Ely, was the four Judges who sat at passing sentençe Ellen"furtunately suppressed on . Wednesday by the borough, Grose, Le Blanc, and Bailey; and that « arrival of four squadrons of the GERMAN the jurors were, Thomas Rhodes of Hampstead « LEGION CAVALRY from Bury, under the Road, John Davis of Southampton Place, James « command of General Auckland. Five of the Ellis of Tottenham Court Road, Join Richards “ ringleaders were tried by a Court-Martial, and of Bayswater, Thomas Marshani of Baker Street, “ sentenced to receive 500 lashes each, part of which Robert Heathcote of High Street Marylebone, * punishment they received on Wednesday, and John Maud of York Place Marylebone, George k a part was remitted. A stoppage for their knup- Baxter of Church Terrace Pancras, Thomas “sacks was the ground of the complaint that ex. Taylor of Red Lion Square, David Deave of St,

cited this mutinous spirit, which occasioned John Street, William Palmer of Upper Street “ the men to surround their officers, and demand Islington, Henry Favre of Pall Mall; that the “ what they deemed their arrears. The first Prime Ministers during the time were Spencer "division of the German Legion halted yesterday Perceval, until he was shot by John Bellingham, « at Newniarket on their return to Bury." and after that Robert B. Jenkinson, Earl of Lin That, on the 1st July, 1809, I published, in the verpool; that the prosecution and sentence took Political Register, an article censuring, in the place in the reign of King George the Third, and strongest terms, these proceedings; that, for so that, he having become insane during my imprádoing, the Attorney General prosecuted, as sedi. sonment, the 1,000 pounds was paid to his son, · tious libellers, and by Ex-Officio Information, the Prince Regent, in his behalf; that, during my me, and also my printer, my publisher, and one imprisonment, I wrote and published 364 Essays of the principal retailers of thc Political Register; and Letters upon political subjects; that, daring that I was brought to trial on the 15th June, the same time, I was visited by persons from 197 1810, and was, by a Special Jury, that is to say, cities aud towns, many of them as a sort of depaby 12 men ont of 48 appointed by the Master of ties from Societies or Clubs; that, at the expira the Crown Office, found guilty; that, on the tion of my imprisonment, on the 9th of July, 1812, 20th of the sanje month, I was compelled to give a great dinner was given in London for the pura bail for my appearance to receive judgnient; pose of receiving me, at which dinoer upwards of and that, as I came up from Botley (to which 600 persons were present, and at wbich Sir place I had returned to my family and my farm Francis Burdett presided; that dinners and other on the evening of the 15th), a Tipstaff went parties were held on the same occasion in many down from London in order to seize me, per other places in England; that, on my way home, sonally ; that, on the 9th of July, 1810, I, toge. I was received at Alton, the first town in Hampther with my printer, publisher, and the news shire, with the ringing of the Church bells; that man, were brought into the Court of King's a respectable company net me and gave me a Bench to receive judgment; that the three dinner at Winchester; that I was drawn from former were sentenced to be imprisoned for more than the distance of a mile into Botley by some months in the King's Bench prison; that the people; that, upon my arrival in the village, was sentenced to be imprisoned for two years in I found all the people assembled to receive me Newgate, the great receptacle for malefactors, that I concluded the day by explaining to them and the front of which is the scene of numerous the cause of my imprisonment, and by giving hangings in the course of every year; that the them clear notions respecting the flogging of the part of the prison in which I was sentenced to be Local Militia-men at Ely, and respecting the em. confined is sometimes inhabited by felons, that ployment of German Troops; and, finally, which felons were actually in it at the time I entered is more than a compensation for my losses and all it; that one man was taken out of it to be trans-my sufferings, I am in perfect health and strength, ported in about 48 hours after I was put into the and, though I must, for the sake of six children, same yard with him; and that it is the place of feel the diminution that has been made in my confinement for men guilty of unnatural crimes, property (thinking it right in me to decline the of whom there are four in it at this time ; that, offer of a subscription), I have the consolation to besides this imprisonment, I was sentenced to see growing np three sons, upon whose hearts, I pay a thousand pounds TO THE KING, and to trust, all these facts will be engraven. give security for my good behavionr for seven

WM. COBBETT. years, myself in the sum of 3,000 pounds, and Botley, July 23, 1812.

Published by R. BAGSHAW, Brydges-Street, Covent-Garden.

LONDON: Printed by J. M'Creery, Black Horse-Court, Fleet-street.

COBBETT'S WEEKLY POLITICAL REGISTER.

VOL. XXII. No.9.] LONDON, SATURDAY, AUGUST 29, 1812.

[Price lse

257]

[258 N.B.-The Indexes and Tables to Vo: to have excited half so much joy as was exa lume XXII of the Register are published, cited by the death (not the killing) of the as usual, and to be had, of course, through late prime minister Perceval; at which I the same channels that the Register is had. rather wonder, because, as I have before

observed, the victory is something for us to be proud of, whatever it may lead to

and it is the more worthy of our applause, BATTLE OF SALAMANCA.

as it forms such a contrast with the eventę BATTLE OF SALAMANCA. -The rejoic of the campaigns on the continent, which ings, on account of the result of this battle, ended at Dunkirk and the Helder. Our though very loud and long immediately army has here beaten a French arnıy. We under the eye of the government, do not were, it may be said, greatly superior in appear to have reached very widely over numbers. I do not mind ihat; for we the country, for which I can, however, see were not so much superior in numbers as to no reason, except that of a conviction in the prevent a French Marshal from giving us people's minds, that the victory only tended battle. Our army has beaten å Frencia to prolong the war; for, in point of glory, army, and our General has beaten a French it is certainly the greatest victory that has Marshal. We have, top, taken 7,000 mers been gained by England in our day, and, prisoners of war, with a due proportion of indeed, sitice the reign of Queen Anne. Officers. This is, therefore, a victory, and, By sea we have been accustomed to beat in a military point of view, something to be every body. Battles at sea are much more proud of; but, while I think the country matters of skilt than of personal valour. has received the victory rather coldly, i The men engaged scarcely see their enemy. must say, that the hired news-papers have The danger may be as great, but it is not been as indiscreet on the other side. To seen. Men in a ship are like men in a for- hear them, one would think that England tified place. A battle at sea is an affair of never won a victory before; that this was ropes and sails and rudders. The victory her first-born in the way of victories; and depends, in a great measure, upon the that, in short, she was beside her senses dexterity of the parties engaged. But, in with joy upon the occasion. Reflection a land battle, the result generally depends , should make them more moderate ; for, afupon the degrees of personal courage poster all, Marshal the Duke of Albufera has sessed by the parties engaged. In a sea sent to France at least six times as many battle no man can skülk from his post if he prisoners as all our, generals put together would. The greatest coward is as efficient, have taken during the whole war. The generally speaking, as the bravest man. boastings, therefore, should have some But, in a land battle, men may generally bounds; for, if we are thus to boast at the skulk if they will. · There are so many op- taking of 7,000 prisoners, what would the portunities of avoiding bodily danger, that French be justified in doing at the taking of a coward will seldom fail to avail himself of more than 100,000 prisoners in this same some one or other of them. From a ship war of the Peninsula ? And what would there is no deserţion during a battle; from they be justified in doing at the taking of an army there may be much. For these the more, perhaps, than two millions of reasons I am always inclined to be more prisoners, whom they have taken since the proud of victories (I mean real ones) gained commencement of their revolution ? Our by land, than of victories gained by sea, hired writers should think of these things though in the sea service ii often happens in the midst of their excessive joy, or, rathat there are occasions for performing pro- ther, their affectation of that joy; for, its digious feats of valour.---- Nevertheless, it to any feeling upon the subject, they have is certain, that, throughout the country, the no more than the table upon which I amnews of the victory of Salamanca has been writing. -There was one transaction, revery coldly received. It does not appear lating to the London rejoicings, which I

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