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their forlorn situation; of the cruelties ex- / and proceeded to Poland. By this moveercised against them by the French. In ment Russia sacrificed Wallachia and Molshort, they were held out to us as objects davia. -When the Russian armies were of compassion. But, now, faith, we are united and formed, a Protest against France, to listen to accounts of their merits ; appeared, which was transmitted to every of their skill; of their valour. We have Cabinet. Russia by that announced, that How to behold them put in high com- she felt no wish even to save appearances. mands; in short, to behold them command- All means of conciliation were employed ing English regiments, English generals, and on the part of France—all were ineffectual. English territory.---The provision, rela - Towards the close of 1811, six months tive to Roman Catholics, has been several after, it was manifest in France that all times noticed in and out of parliament ; this could end only in war. Preparations but, it has always been said, in answer, were made for it. The garrison of Dantzic that there can be no great danger from was increased to 20,000 men. Stores of this, because confined to a few foreign every description, cannons, muskets, powCorps, whereas our own Roman Catholics, der, ammunition, pontoons were conveyed if they were admitted, would find their to that place; considerable sums of money way into all the regiments in the service, were placed at the disposal of the departand might possess many

of the
great com-

ment of engineers for the augmentation of mands on the Staff. What, however, will its fortifications. The army was placed be said now?. Mr. Perceval's interpreta- on the war establishment. The cavalry, tion of the act of 1804 allows the King to the train of artillery, and the military put Roman Catholics into all the Military baggage train, were completed. In Commands, provided only that those Ro- March, 1812, a treaty of alliance was man Catholics be FOREIGNERS! This concluded with Austria ; the preceding makes the indignity upon our own. Catho- month a treaty had been concluded with lics ten thousand times greater than it was Prussia.- -In April the first corps of the before. It is well known, that the volun- Grand Army marched for the Oder, the tary services of many of our own Roman second corps to the Elbe, the third corps Catholic noblemen and gentlemen have to the Lower Oder, the fourth corps set been absolutely refused; and yet, do we out from Verona, crossed- the Tyrol, and see these foreign Catholics admitted, as we proceeded to Silesia. The Guards left are now told they legally are, not only into Paris. On the 22d of April, the Emany of our native corps, but to the com- peror of Russia took the command of his mand of large portions of our army in our army, quitted St. Petersburg, and moved own country? If what has been done in his head-quarters to Wilna.--In the this way be lawful, if Mr. Perceval's in- commencement of May the first corps arterpretation of the Act of 1804 be allowed rived on the Vistula, at Elbing, and Mato be good, German Catholics may com- rienburg; the second corps at Marienmand all the regiments and garrisons and werder, the third corps at Thorn, the districts in Ireland, while an Irish Catholic fourth and sixth corps at Plock, the fifth can have no such cominand That is corps assembled at Warsaw, the eighth quite enough. Not another word need be corps on the right of Warsaw, and the sesaid upon this part of the subject. The venth corps at Pulawy.--The Emperor reader will now judge for himself what set out from St. Cloud on the 9th of May; law there is for the employing of these fo- crossed the Rhine on the 13th, the Elbe on reigners in English regiments and the the 29th, and the Vistula on the 6th of staff.

June.

OFFICIAL PAPERS.

Second Bulletin of the Grand Army, WilNORTHERN WAR. - Bulletins, of the

kowiski.June 22, 1812. Grand French Army. -First Bullelin, All means of effecting an understanding dated at Gumbinnen, June 20, 1812. between the two empires became imposTowards the end of 1810, Russia alter- sible. The spirit which reigned in the ed her political system--the English spirit Russian Cabinet hurried it on to war. regained its influence—the Ukase respecting General Narbonne, Aid-de-Camp to the Commerce was its first act. -In Fe- Emperor, was dispatched to Wilna, and bruary, 1811, five divisions of the Russian could remain there only a few days. By army quitted the Danube by forced marches, that was gained the proof, that the demand,

equally arrogănt and 'extraordinary, which she, then, consider us degenerate? 'Are we had been made by Priuce Kurakin, and in no longer to be looked upon as the soldiers which he declared, that he would not enter of Austerlitz? She offers us the alternative into any explanation before France had of dishonour or war. The choice cannot evacuated the territory of her own Allies, admit of hesitation. Let us, then, march in order to leave them at the mercy of forward. Let us pass the Niemen. Lèt Russia, was the sine quá non of that Ca. us carry the war into her territory. The binet, and it made that a matter of boast second war of Poland will be as glorious to to Foreign Powers. The first corps ad- the French arms as the first : but the peace vanced to the Pregel. The Prince of Eck- which we shall conclude will be its own muhl had his head-quarters, on the 11th of guarantee, and will put an end to that June, at Konigsberg.__-The Marshal proud and haughty influence which Russia Duke of Reggio, commanding the second has for fifty years exercised in the affairs of corps, had his head-quarters at Wehlau; Europe. che Marshal Duke of Elchingen, commanding the third corps, at Soldass ; the Prince

Third Bulletin of the Grand Army. Viceroy, at Rastenburg ; the King of West

Kowno, June 26, 1812. phalia, at Warsaw, the Prince Ponia. towski, at Pultusk. The Emperor moved On the 23d of June, the King of Naples his head-quarters, on the 12th, to Ko-|(Murat) who commands the cavalry, transnigsberg, on the Pregel ; on the 17th to ferred his head-quarters to within two Insterburg; on the 19th to Gumbinnen. leagues of the Niemen, upon its left bank.

-A slight hope of accommodation still This Prince has under his immediate orders remained. The Emperor had given orders the corps of cavalry commanded by Geneto Count Lauríston to wait on the Emperor rals Counts Nansouty and Montbrun; the Alexander, or on his Minister for Foreign one composed of the divisions under the Affairs, and to ascertain whether there command of Generals Counts Bruyeres, St. might not yet be some means of obtaining a Germain, and Valance; the other consistreconsideration of the demand of Prince ing of the divisions under the orders of Kurakin, and of reconciling the honour of General Baron Vattier and Generals Counts France, and the interest of her allies, with Sebastiani and Defrance.- Marshal Prince the opening a negociation. The same d'Eckmuhl, commanding the first corps, spirit which had previously swayed the moved his head-quarters to the skirts of the Russian Cabinet upon various pretexts, great forest of Pilwisky. The second prevented Count Lauriston from açcom- corps and the Imperial Guards followed the plishing his mission; and it appeared for line of march of the first corps.

- The the first time, that an Ambassador, under third corps took the direction by Mariencircumstances of so much importance, was pol; the Viceroy, with the 4th and 6th unable to obtain an interview, either with corps, which remained in the rear, marchthe Sovereign or his Minister. The Secre- ed upon Kalwarry:--The King of Westtary of Legation, Prevost, brought this in- phalia proceeded to Novogrod with the telligence to Cumbinnen; and the Emperor 5th, 7th, and 8th corps. The first Ausissued orders to march, for the purpose of trian corps, commanded by the Prince of passing the Niemen. * The conquered,' Schwartzenberg, quitted Lemberg on the observed he, assume the tone of con

made a movement on its left, and querors : fate drags them on ; let their des- drew nearer to Lublin.The pontoon tinies be fulfilled. His Majesty caused train, under the orders of Gen. Eble, arthe following proclamation to be inserted in rived at the advanced posts near Kowno; he the Orders of the Army: -SOLDIERS : took a Polish cloak and cap from one of the The second war of Poland has commenced. light cavalry, and inspected the banks of The first was brought to a close at Fried- the Niemen, accompanied by Gen. Haxo, land and Tilsit. At Tilsit, Russia swore of the engineers alone. At eight in the eternal alliance with France, and war with evening the army was again in motion. At England. She now violates her oaths. ten, Count Morand, General of Division, She refuses to give any explanation of her passed over three companies of voltigeurs, strange conduct, until the Eagles of France and at the same time three bridges were shall have repassed the Rhine, leaving, by thrown across the Niemen. At eleven, such a movement, our allies at her mercy. three columns debouched over the three Russia is dragged along by a fatality! Her bridges. At a quarter past one, day began destinies must be accomplished. Should to appear. At noon, General Baron Paj

drove before him a cloud of Cossacks, and on the heights of Traka. At day-break took possession of Kowno with a single bata of the 28th the King of Naples put himself talian. On the 24th the Emperor pro- in motion with the advanced guard, and ceeded to Kowno. -Marshal the Prince the light cavalry of General Count Bruyeres. of Eckmuhl pushed forward his head-quar- The Marshal Prince of Eckmuhl supported ters to Roumchicki, and the King of Naples him with his corps. The Russians every to Eketanoni.— -During the whole of the where retired. After exchanging some 24th and of the 28th, the army was defiling cannon-shot, they crossed the Vilia in all by the three bridges. In the evening of haste, burned the wooden bridge of Wilna, the 24th, the Emperor caused a new bridge and set fire to immense magazines, valued to be thrown over the Vilia opposite Kowno, at many millions of rubles: more than and directed Marshal the Duke of Reggio 150,000 quintals of flour, an immense supto pass it with the second corps. The Po-ply of forage and of oats, and a great mass kish light horse of the guards crossed the of articles of clothing, were burned. A river by swimming. Two men were great quantity of arms, in which Russia is drowning, when they were picked up by in general deficient, and of warlike stores, two swimmers of the 26th light infantry was destroyed and thrown into the Vilia. Colonel Guéhèneac having imprudently ex -At mid-day the Emperor entered Wil. posed himself to afford them assistance, had na. At three o'clock the bridge over the nearly fallen a sacrifice bimself; a swim- Vilia was re-established. All the carpenmer of his regiment saved him. On the ters of the city repaired to it with zeal, and 25th, the Duke of Elchingen pushed on constructed a bridge, while the pontoneers to Kormelon: the King of Naples advanced at the same time constructed another.to Jigmuroui. The enemy's light troops The division of Bruyeres followed the enemy were driven in and pursued on every side. by the left bank. In a slight affair with

-On the 26th, Marshal the Duke of their rear, about 80 carriages were taken Elchingen arrived at Skoroule. The light from the Russians. There were some men divisions of cavalry covered the whole plain killed and wounded; among the latter is the to within ten leagues of Wilna.-Mar-Captain of Hussars, Segur. The Polish shal the Duke of Tarentum, who commands light horse of the guard made a charge on the 10th corps, composed in part of the the right bank of the Vilia, put to rout, Prussians, passed the Niemen on the 24th, pursued, and made prisoners a good sum at Tilsit, and moved upon Rossiena, in ber of Cossacks. On the 25th, the Duke order to clear the right bank of that river, of Reggio had crossed the Vilia, by a bridge and to protect the navigation. Marshal thrown over near Kowno. On the 26th he the Duke of Belluno, commanding the 9th marched upon Javou, and on the 27th on corps, and having under his orders the di- Chatoui. This movement obliged the visions Ileudelet, Lagrange, Durette, and Prince of Vittgenstein, Commandant of the Partonneaux, occupies the country between first corps of the Russian army, to evacuate the Elbe and the Oder. The General of all Samogitia, and the country lying beDivision, Count Rapp, Governor of Dant-tween Kowno and the sea, and to retire zic, has under his orders the division Daen- upon Wilkomir, after obtaining a reindels. The General of Division, Count forcement of two regiments of the Guards. Hogendorp, is. Governor of Konigsberg. -On the 28th a rencounter took place.

-The Emperor of Russia is at Wilna The Marshal Duke of Reggio found the ene with his guards, and one part of his army my drawn up opposite Develtovo. A canoccupying Ronikontoni and Newtrooki. nonading commenced; the enemy was

driven from one position to another; and Fourth Bulletin of the Grand Army

passed the bridge with so much precipitar Wilna, June 30.

tion, that he could not set fire to it. He

lost 300 prisoners, among whom are seve On the 27th the Emperor arrived at the ral officers, and about 100 killed or woundadvanced posts at two in the afternoon, and ed. Our loss amounts to about 50 men. put the army in motion for the purpose of The Duke of Reggio praises the briapproaching Wilna, and attacking the Rus- gade of light cavalry, commanded by Genssian army at day-break of the 28th, should ral Baron Castex, and the 11th regiment of it wish to defend Wilna, or retard its cap- light infantry, composed entirely of Frenchture in order to save the immense magazines men from the departments beyond the Alps. which it bad ere. One Russian division The young Roman conscripts have shewn a occupied Troki, and another division was great deal of intrepidity. The enemy

set fire to his grand magazine at Wilkomir. great number of intercepted fetters, the folUp to the last moment the inhabitants were lowing are remarkable: the one from the pillaging some barrels of flour; we succeed - Intendant of the Russian army, who comed in recovering a part of it.--- On the municates, that Russia having already lost 29th the Duke of Elchingen threw a bridge all her magazines of the 1st, the 2d, and over the Vilia, opposite Souderva. Some 3d lines, is reduced to the situation of columns received a direction of march by forming new ones in all haste; the other the roads of Grodno and Volhynia, for the from Duke Alexander of Wirtemberg, purpose of coming up with various Russian which shews, that after a campaign of a few corps that were cut off and scattered. days, the provinces of the centre are already Wilna is a city containing from 25 to declared in a state of war. In the pre30,000 souls, with a great number of con sent situation of things, had the Russian vents, fine public buildings, and inhabi- army believed that they had any chance of tants full of patriotism. Four or five hun- victory, the defence of Wilna would have dred young men of the University, above been equivalent to a battle; and in all eighteen, and belonging to the best families, countries, but particularly in that where we have requested to form a regiment. The now are, the preservation of a triple line of enemy is retiring upon the Dwina. A magazines should have determined a Genegreat number of Officers of the Staff and of ral to risk the chances of it.-Manoeuvres, estafettes are daily falling into our hands. then, alone have placed in the power of the We are obtaining proofs of the exaggeration French army a considerable portion of the of all that Russia has published with re-Polish provinces, the capital, and three gard to the immensity of her means. Only lines of magazines. The magazines of two battalions to each regiment are with Wilna were set on fire with so much precithe army: the third battalions, the state- pitation, that we have been unable to save a nients of the situation of many of which great many things. have been found in the intercepted corres. pondence of the officers of the depots with Fifth Bulletin of the Grand Army.-Wilna, the regiments, do not amount for the most

July 6. part to 120 or 200 men. -The Court set off from Wilna 24 hours after being ap The Russian army was posted and organprized of our passage at Kowno. Samogitia, ized in the following mander at the comLithuania, are almost entirely liberated, mencement of hostilities : The first The centralization of Bagrathíon towards corps, commanded by the Prince Wittgenthe North has very much weakened the stein, consisting of the 5th and 14th divitroops which were to defend Volhynia. sions of infantry, and one division of cavalThe King of Westphalia, with the corps of ry, amounting in the whole to 18,000 men, Prince Poniatowski, and the 7th and 8th including artillery and sappers, had been corps, must have entered Grodno ou the a considerable time at Chawli. It had since 29th. -Different columns have set out to occupied Rossiena, and was, on the 24th of fall upon the Hanks of the corps of Bagra- June, at Reydanoni.---The second corps, chion, which, on the 20th, received orders commanded by General Baggawont, conto proceed by forced marches from Prouja-sisting of the 4th and 17th divisions of innoni towards Wilna, and the head of which fantry, and one division of cavalry, constihad already arrived within four days' march tuting the same force, occupied Kowno. of the latter city; but events have forced it The third corps, commanded by General to retreat, and it is now pursued.Hi-Schomoaloff, composed of the ist division therto the campaign has not been sanguin- of grenadiers and one division of infantry, ary; there have been only maneuvres : we and a division of cavalry, amounting to have made in all 1000 prisoners. But the 24,000 men, occupied Nov-Trockl.enemy has already lost the capital and the The 4th corps, commanded by General greater part of the Polish provinces, which Tutschkoff, composed of the 11th and 23d are in a state of insurgency. All the ma- divisions of infantry, and one division of gazines of the first, second, and third lines, cavalry, in the whole 18,000 men, was the result of two years' care, and valued at stationed on the line from Nov-Trocki 10 more than 20 inillions of rubles, are con- Lida.

-The Imperial Guards were at -sumed by the flames, or fallen into our Wilna.The sixth corps, commanded

In fine, the head quarters of the by General Doctorow, consisting of two diFrench army are in the place where the visions of infantry and one of cavalry, Court was for six weeks. Amidst the amounting to 18,000 men, had formed a

part of the army of Prince Bagration. In Tesch.---The immense magazines which the middle of June this corps arrived at Lida the Russians had in Samogitia have been from Volhinia, in order to reinforce the burned by themselves, which has occasionfirst army. It lay at the end of June be- ed an enormous loss, not only to their tween Lida and Grodno. The fifth finances, but still more to the subsistence corps, composed of the second division of of the people. The corps of Doctorow, grenadiers, of the 12th, 18th, and 26th di- however, viz. the 6th corps, was still on visions of infantry, and two divisions of ca- the 27th of June without any orders, and valry, was on the 30th at Wolkowisk. had made no movement. On the 28th it Prince Bagration commanded this corps, assembled and put itself in motion, in order which might probably amount to 40,000 to proceed to the Dwina by marching on its 'men. Lastly, the 9th and 15th divi- flank. On the 30th its advanced guard ensions of infantry, and a division of cavalry, tered Soleinicki. It was charged by the commanded by General Markow, was at light cavalry of General Baron Borde Soult, the extremity of Volhinia. - The passage and driven out of the village. Doctorow, of the Vilia, which took place on the 25th perceiving that he was anticipated, turned of June, and the movement of the Duke of

(To be continued.) Reggio upon Janow, and towards Chatoui, obliged the corps of Wittgenstein to pro'ceed towards Wilkomir and on its left; and the corps of Bagawont to make for

OFFICIAL PAPERS. Dunabourg by Mouchnicki and Gedroitse. * These two corps were thus cut off from

Continued from page 286.) Wilna. --The third and fourth corps, AMERICAN STATES.-—Correspondence on and Russian Imperial Guards, retired from

the Orders in Council. - Mr. Monroe Wilna upon Nementschin, Swentzianoui,

to Mr. Foster. - Washinglon, June 4, and Vidzoni. The King of Naples pressed

1812. them vigorously along both banks of the Vilia. The tenth regiment of Polish hus- can be of no avail either in the support or sars, which were at the head of the column violation of maritime rights. This conof the division of Count Sebastiani, came struction is the more justifable, from the up near Lebowo with a regiment of Cos- consideration that it is supported by the sacks who covered the rear-guard, and corresponding acts of the French Governcharged at full gallop, killed nine, and ment, continued from the time of the remade about a dozen prisoners. The Polish peal, and by communications to the Minis

up to this moment have en ter Plenipotentiary of the United States at gaged in a charge, have shown rare resolu-. Paris to the date of that report. I beg tion. They are animated by enthusiasm you, Sir, to be assured, that it is painful to and passion. On the 3d of July the me to have imposed the least embarrassKing of Naples marched upon Swentziani, ment on you, by the correspondence on the and there overtook Baron Tully's rear- difference between the tenor of Lord Casguard. He gave orders to General Mont-tlereagh's letter to you, and your's founded brun to charge, but the Russians did not on it to me. I continue to persuade mywait the attack, and retired with such pre- self, however, that you will become sensicipitation, that a squadron of Huhlans, ble, that with a knowledge of the extent which was returning from a reconnoisance given by your Government to the condion the side of Mihailetki, fell in with our iions on which alone its orders will be reposts, It was charged by the 12th Chas- pealed, and that this extent was always seurs, and the whole either taken or slain. contemplated by your Government, it was Sixty_men were taken with their horses. impossible for the President to be inattenThe Poles, who are amongsi these prison- tive to the fact, or to withhold it from the ers, have applied to serve, and have been legislative branch of the Government; I taken, full mounted, in the Polish troops. have to add, that had it been proper for

On the 4th, at day-break, the King of him so to have done, the late hour at which Naples entered Swentziani, the Marshal your note was received, not till the noon of Duke of Elchingen entered Maliatoni, and the 1st instant, was not in time to be consiMarshal Duke of Reggio, Avanta.--On dered in relation to the Message sent to the 30th of June, Marshal the Duke of Ta-Congress on that day. With great rerentum arrived at Rossiena : he proceeded spect and consideration, I have the honour beyond that to Ponevieji, Chawli, and to be, &c.

JAMES MONROE.

troops, which

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