« most every article of use to the life of you why, Rev. C. Cotton; I'll tell you • man.. You would not restore, any thing why you did not give us this'assurance ; • grinding, and would merely give us your • it was because it would have let the peo. • Excise and Custom-House laws, which, ple, the “ most thinking people," of • however, have provided the punishments England into the secret, that we have no • of forfeiture, fine, imprisonment, and tithes to pay, while they have; that we death, for different degrees of offence in have, by our revolution, got rid of lithes ; • smuggling. -And, Rev. Sir, you would and this is a secret that you did not wisla • not give us the lorturing wheel ;but to communicate to that thinking people,

would, doubtless, content yourself with that " most thinking people." This hanging us by the neck, cutting us down one article, Rev. Sir, might have solved before we were dead, ripping out our your question :

" WHAT ARE • bowels before our faces, chopping off our • FRENCHMEN FIGHTING FOR?"

heads, cutting us into four quarters, and 'They are fighting because they would placing those quarters at the disposal of not be restored to their former state. the king ibat you would put over us, . They are not fighting for “ a Corsican ;":

agreeably to the sentence lately passed they are not fighting for “ an usurper;"! • and executed upon some of your coun they are not fighting for “ an upstart ;' trymen, who, strange as it may seem,


are fighting for no game laws, no had, at the Isle of France, voluntarily tithes, no gabelle, no corvée, no feudal, quited the service of your king for that ecclesiastical or regal tyranny; and

of this very Napoleon whom you describe though they submit to the cominands of • as such a terrible tyrant; or, perhaps, one of themselves placed at their head, • in minor cases, you would give us that they feel that all that nine-tenths of them

which Sir Francis Burdett has said so much possess is held by the same tenure that he • about. These are what you would give us are holds his authority,' - This answer • they? Thank you, Rev. Sir ; we will cake would, I imagine, puzzle the Rev. C.

the will for the deed. - In place of Letters Cotton a little. But, indeed, I question of Cachet and a Bastile, you would, I whether he knows any thing at all of the suppose, give us occasional suspensions state of France. He, perhaps, has taken

of the Habeas Corpus Act and Solitary up his notions wholly from the hired newsImprisonment. Thank you again, Rev. papers, which have been constantly in the

Sir.But, Rev. Sir, there are two habit of publishing false accounts of the • things, and those of great importance, state of that country, and which, upon this • and such too as you might have been ex- subject, have promulgated his till their • pected to have uppermost in your mind, editors, probably, believe them to be true. • which you have wholly omitted ; I mean The Rev. Poet seems to be as much out in • the GAME LAWS and THE TITHES. his geography as in his political views ; . It is surprising, that, when you were and, to be sure, it must make Frenchmen

telling us of what you did not wish to laugh to see an Englishman pitying them . restore, you should have left out of your on account of the fickleness of the climate of

list these two grievances, which were their country; but, even this is not quite 6

more powerful than all the others put so absurd as an attempt to persuade a whole • together in producing our revolution, and nation of proprietors of land, that it is • rather than see which restored, French- beller for them to have a tenth part of their • men would perish to the last. Now we crop taken from them than to retain the • know and feel, that no man in France whole crop. In a parson one might have • can be prevented from killing game upon excused an assertion that it was as good;

his own land or upon the land of any but an attempt to make them believe that • other man by that other man's consent. it was belter was too much to go down, • We know, that, in France, to be able - There is one view of the subject, I to kill, or possess, game requires no qua- mean of the consequences of the death of

lification of any sort, and, we also know, Napoleon, that the friends of our system • that no man's crop is liable to a deduc- never seem to take. They always appear 6tion of a tenth part. Why did you not, to suppose, that, if he were to die, or be * Rev. Sir, assure us that you would not re- killed, there would be a great change, and store tithes? Why did you not give us I think there can be no doubt of that; but this assurance, of inore importance to us then, they rush on to a further conclusion, than ever, because so many of us are now and take it for granted, that that change become proprietors of the soil? I'll tell would be in favour of the restoration of the

old government, in which, I think, they And yet, I dare say, that Mr. George are deceived. The first consequence of the Chalmers would undertake to set up an death of Napoleon would, in all human affected horse-laugh at any one who should probability, be a state bordering upon say, that the paper was depreciated! anarchy; but, the republic would revive. Here is a clear depreciation of more than The republicans would again bear sway; 30 per centum. Nobody but Mr. Chalmers and, if we had good memories, we should or somebody in pay wilt deny this. And be very well assured, that much was not this is the grand object to keep one's eye to be gotten by the change. If our sto- upon. At this rate about 65 or 66 LIGHT mach for fight did not get the better of our guineas are worth a hundred pounds in Bank recollection, we should not be exceedingly of England paper. Nay, though there is glad to see a new race of Jourdaius and a law against selling full-weight guineas Pichegrus and Brunes come forth against for Bank of England paper, there is no us. The people of Europe would see law against selling them for country bank such a change with feelings that I need not paper; so that people may, and they do, describe ; and their sovereigus would, in sell them daily and hourly, and the last my opinion, have more ground for appre- stragglers are now going out of the country. hension than they now have. Therefore, -I have 64 guineas;. I want to sell it appears to me possible, to say the least them; I sell them for £100. in country of it, that the death of Napoleon is what bank notes. That done I go to the country no high-flying royalist ought to wish for; bank and make them change their notes or, at least, that, if he should hear of into London Bank notes ; and thus is my that death, he ought to moderate his joy. 1 operation as complete as if I had sold them

I have, however, I must confess, at once for Bank of England Notes.I another principle according to which i know, that there are people who laugh at judge of the good or evil of Napoleon's this, and say that all will come about again. death. I see all the hireling news-writers That it certainly will; but, it must all unexpressing their anxiety 10 hear of his dergo the proper process. Things are not death; I perceive that his death is wished restored without a process. The paper is for by all those whom I know to be the going down. It must go lower yet; and, country's worst enemies ; by all those who afterwards, things will, in one shape or hate every thing like freedom in the coun- another, take a new turn. I know of a try, by all the sons and all the daughters REMEDY. I have said so before. But, of corruption. And, as I cannot refrain I will not tell the remedy. I have as much from believing, that they wish him dead right to keep my secret to myself as any because they think that his death will be other possessor of valuable secrets. I would good for them, and, as I am convinced rather tell it to Mr. Varsittart than to such that whatever is for their good must be in a man as Perceval; but, I will not tell it jurious to the country, I conclude that the yet. When the pinch comes I will make death of Napoleon would be injurious to it known.Suffice it, for the present, England, and, thereupon, I make up my to say, that I have never yet seen my remind to wish that he


live. -I know medy so much as hinted at in print. My that I shall be abused for this ; but I com- remedy is a strong one ; but, if ever apfort myself with the reflection, that lo re- plied, it will be efficacious, I'll warrant vile is not to refule. I have given my it. Whenever the proper time comes, I opinion very frankly, and shall not be will make a fair bargain with the public: offended with any one who may differ from no cure, no pay. But, perhaps, it may me. I do not wish for the death of Na- be thought " base lucre' in me to sell my poleon. That I say distinctly.

remedy. Very well, then, shall I say,

I'll keep my remedy to myself, and keep PAPER AGAINST Gold. The rise in you your disease. You canuot get my rethe price of bullion has created some little medy out of me, if you were to rip me up. alarm; but, the time is not yet come. --People may laugh at these pretensions The war in the Peninsula, and a few more of mine; but they will, if we live but a subsidies; these will settle the matter in little longer, see that these pretensions have due course. The Gold is now sold at Five some foundation. I say I could tell the pounds and five shillings an ounce, and the ministers how to cure the depreciation; Silver at Sir shillings and eight pence an I say I could tell them how to set all to

The real value of the former is rights again. I say I will not tell them £3. 175. 10'd, and of the latter 5$. 2d. how to do it; and if they laugh at me, I



can laugh at them. Let them go on with charter-party, bills of loading, invoices, war and subsidies, and they will soon letters, and other documents and writings, come to my shop I warrant them. found on board ; the said papers to be pro. Others have written upon this subject, and vided by the affidavit of the Commander of many have well written ; but the first man the captured vessel, or some of the persons to say, in print, in England, that Bank present at the capture, to be produced as Notes were depreciated, was

they are received, without fraud, addition, WM. COBBETT. subduction, or embezzlement. By the

command of the President of the United Bolley, 9th Seplember, 1812.



An Act lo prohibit American Vessels from AMERICAN STATES.-Instructions for the proceeding to or trading with the Ene

Privateer Armed Vessels of the United mies of the United States, and for other Slates.

purposes. 1. The tenour of your commission, under Be it enacted by the Senate and House of the Act of Congress, entitled, “An Act Representatives of the United States of concerning Letters of Marque, Prizes, and America, in Congress assembled, That no Prize Goods,” a copy of which is hereto ship or vessel, owned in whole or in part annexed, will be constantly in your view. by a citizen or citizens of the United States, The high seas referred to in your Commis- shall be permitted to clear out or depart sion, you will understand generally to ex- from any port or place within the limits of tend to low water mark, but with the exa the United States, or territories thereof, to ception of the space, neither one league nor any foreign port or place, till the owner, three miles from the shore of countries at agent, factor, freighter, master, or compeace both with Great Britain and the mander shall have given bond, with suffi. United States; you may, nevertheless, exe- cient security, in the amount of such ship cute your commission, rather than detain or vessel, and cargo, not to proceed to or the shore of a nation at war with Great trade with the enemies of the United States. Britain, and even on the waters within the And if any ship or vessel, owned as afore jurisdiction of such nation, if permitted so said, shalí depart from any port or place to do.-2. You are to pay the strictest within the limits of the United States, or regard to the rights of neutral powers, and territories thereof, for any foreign port or usages of civilized nations ; and in all your place, without giving bond with security proceedings towards neutral vessels, you are aforesaid, such ship or vessel, and cargo, io give them as little molestation or inter- shall be forfeited to the use of the United ruption, as will consist with the right of States ; and the owner or owners, freighter, ascertaining their neutral character, and of factor, or agent, master, or commander, detaining and bringing them under regular shall severally forfeit and pay a sum equal adjudication, in proper cases.

You are

to the value of such ship or vessel, and particularly to avoid even the appearance cargo; and the said master or commander, of using force or seduction, with a view to if privy thereto, and being thereof convictdeprive such vessels of their crews and of | ed, shall be liable to a fine not exceeding their passengers, other than persons in the one thousand dollars, and imprisoned for a military service of their country.-3. term not exceeding twelve months, in the Towards every vessel, and their crews, you discretion of the Court. -Sect. 2. And are to proceed in exercising the rights of be it further enacted, That if any citizen or war with all the justice and humanity citizens of the United States, or person inwhich characterizes the nation of which you habiting the same, shall transport or atare a member.-4. The Master, and one tempt to transport, overland or otherwise, or more of the principal persons belonging in any waggon, cart, sleigh, boat, or otherto a captured vessel, are to be sent, soon wise, naval or military stores, arms, or the after the capture, to the Judge or Judges of munitions of war, or any article of provithe proper Courts of the United States, to sion, from any place of the United States, be examined on oath touching the interests to any place in Upper or Lower Canada, or property of the captured vessel and her Nova Scotia, or New Brunswick, the waglading; and, at the same time, are to be de- gon, cart, sleigh, boat, or the thing by livered to the Judge, or Judges, all passes, which the said naval or military stores,

arms, or munitions of war, or articles of vessel with dispatches destined for the Unitprovisions, are transported or attempted to ed States, and which shall have departed be transported, together with such naval or from any port or place in the United Kingmilitary stores, arms, or munitions of war dom of Great Britain and Ireland or its deor provisions, shall be forfeited to the use pendencies, on or before the 1st day of of the United States, and the person or September next, shall not be liable to be persons aiding or privy to the same, shall captured or condemned, but the same shall severally forfeit and pay to the use of the be permitted to enter and depart from any United States, a sum equal in value to the port or place in the United States ; prowaggon, cart, sleigh, boat, or thing, by vided, that nothing herein contained shall which the said naval or military stores, be construed to affect any cartel or vessel arms, or munitions of war, or articles of with a Aag of truce.Sec. 6. And be it provision are transported, or are attempted further enacted, That the President of the to be transported; and shall inoreover be United States be, and he is hereby authoconsidered as guilty of a misdemeanour, rized to give, at any time within six months and be liable to be fined in a sum not ex after the passage of this act, passports for ceeding 500 dollars, and be imprisoned for the safe transportation of any ship or other a term not exceeding six months, in the property, belonging to the British subjects, discretion of the Court : provided that no and which is now within the limits of the thing herein contained shall extend to any United States.--Sec. 7. And be it furtransportation for the use or on account of ther enacted, That every person, being a the United States, or the supply of its citizen of the United States,, or residing troops or armed force. Sec. 3. And be therein, who shall receive, accept, or obit further enacted, That the Collectors of tain a license from the Government of the several ports of the United States be, Great Britain, or any officer thereof, for and the same are hereby authorized to seize leave to carry any merchandise, or send and stop naval and inilitary stores, arms, any vessel in any port or place within the or the munitions of war, or any articles of dominions of Great Britain, or to trade provision, and ship or vessel, waggon, cart, with any such port or place, shall, on consleigh, boat, or thing by which any article viction for every such offence, forfeit a sum prohibited as aforesaid is shipped or trans- equal to twice the value of such ship, merported, or attempted to be shipped or chandise, or articles of trade, and shall transported, contrary to this act. -Sec. 4. moreover be deemed guilty of a misdemeaAnd be it further enacted, That no ship or nour, and be liable to be imprisoned not vessel belonging to any citizen or citizens, exceeding twelve months, and to be fined subject or subjects of any state or kingdom not exceeding one thousand dollars. in amily with the United States, except

H. CLAY, such as at the passing of this act shall be Speaker of the House of Representatives. long to the citizen or citizens, subject or

WM. CRAWFORD, subjects, or such a state or kingdom, or President of the Senate, pro tempore. which shall hereafter be built in the limits of a state or kingdom in amity with the

Approved, JAMES Madison, United States, or purchased by a citizen or July 6, 1812. citizens, subject or subjecis of a state or kingdom in amity with the United States aforesaid, from a citizen or citizens of the

OFFICIAL PAPERS. United States, shall be admitted into any port or place of the United States, unless French account of the Battles of Salamanca forced by a stress of weather, or for neces

and Castella. sary repairs; and any ship or vessel belong BARCELONA, Aug. 1.-On the 27th of ing to a citizen or citizens, subject or sub- July, at three o'clock in the morning, an jects of any state or kingdom in amity with expedition, consisting of the brigades Lathe United States aforesaid, except such marque, Devaux, and Clement, marched ships and vessels as are above excepted, from this, and arrived in the evening at which shall, from and after the first day of Martorell. Orders were then given to the November next, enter or attempt to enter, troops to march all night, and to attack any port or place aforesaid, the same, with Monserrat at the break of day. Some musher cargo, shall be forfeited to the use of ket shots discharged by the sentinels of the the United States. -Sect. 5. And be it insurgent army apprized the enemy of our further enacted, That any British packet or approach, and at day-light we found our

selves in front of the entrenched position of enemy was disconcerted by so unexpected Casa Masana, where the corps of Manso an attack, and consented to capitulate. By was drawn up in order of battle. Disposi- the capitulation, which was signed by the tions were instantly made to carry the en- Adjutant Commandant Ordonneau, Chief trenchments. The enemy was overthrown of the Staff, and the English Colonel and pursued to the gates of Manresa. Our Green, the garrison were to be prisoners of troops then moved rapidly upon the con- war, and to be conducted to Barcelona. vent, the approaches to which had been -The loss of the enemy has been very recently strengthened with works. The considerable, as well at the attack of Casa road is commanded by a fort which the Masana as at that of the fort of Dimas, of English had caused to be constructed at the Colbato, and Menistrol. These actions hermitage of St. Dimas, higher up than will have the most fortunate results; they the convent, in a position almost inaccessi- have been extremely brilliant for all the ble. Our troops passed under the fort, troops, which clambered up, under the notwithstanding the multitude of balls, enemy's fire, those rocks which appeared stones, and fragments of rocks which the to be inaccessible. The 29th and 30th Anglo-Catalan regiment stationed there were employed in destroying and blowing showered down upon them. M. Lafaille, up the fort, the works of the enemy, and a Chief of the battalion of Engineers, entered part of the Convent. Thus the insurgents, the convent with the foremost of the troops; who had prepared one of the finest religious but they were continually under the fire and edifices in christendom, by transforming it the projectiles from the fort of St. Dimas. into a fortress, and in making it an arsenal

The column of the Chief of Battalion Sar- and a depot for all articles necessary for rere, advancing by Colbato, drove away war, are alone to blame for the destruction every enemy that opposed it, and arrived of this celebrated monument, the object of on'one of the points of the mountain in the ancient veneration of the people.front of the fort, from which it greatly an- We have brought to Barcelona the English noyed the garrison by a well-supported fire Colonel Green, one Lieutenant-Colonel, 15 of musketry. - The Adjutant Command officers, and 260 non-commissioned officers ant, Ordonneau, aud M. Lafaille, Chief of and privates of the Anglo-Catalan force, the battalion of Engineers, with a detach- which were formed, paid, and commanded ment of the Voltigeurs of the 111th regi- by the English. This was the basis of ment of the line, clambered up to the gate that corps on which the authors of the of the fort, by steps cut nearly perpendi- Catalonian insurrection founded their greatcularly in the rock, and in which a few re- est hopes. solute men would have easily arrested the progress of the strongest columns. The VALENCIA, July 20.-For a considerable enemy called in their outer posts, and de-time past, a combined attack upon the army stroyed the bridge which led to the fort of Arragon, and a descent upon the coasts across a precipice. Major Chevalier, of either of Catalonia or Valeneia, has been the 11th of the line, then advanced upon contemplated at Majorca and Alicant. On the suinmits of the rocks situated in front of the 10th, the Marshal Duke d'Albufera had the fort, and summoned the English Com- an interview at Reus with the Commander mander to surrender; but received an an- in Chief Decaen. The junction of their swer in the negative. General Clement columns upon the coast drove Lacy off, and then directed Lafaille, Commandant of En- frustrated the expedition from Majorca. A gineers, to reconnoitre the position in which part of the flect was separated from the our twu pieces of mountain cannon would whole. On his return to Valencia, on the be placed with advantage. These guns had 12th, the Marshal found Villacampa at the been brought by 150 men of the third light gates of Lina, with 1,000 men; while regiment, of the 11th and 115th, and ar- Passecour, at the head of 1,500, was emrived at the position at two in the morning ployed in the attack of Cossentes and Reon the 29th. The remainder of the night guena ; and Ouda and Segorba were meivas employed in the construction of batte- naced by a small body of troops. His Exries, which began to play at day-break. cellency ordered-General La Fosse to march They were placed within less than musket with the 121st, the 8th Neapolitan, and shot from the fort. Our voltigeurs, sta some cuirassiers ; at the head of these he tioned in the highest points of the rocks, routed the enemy. In the mean time the kept up a continual fire on the works, and army of Murcia, which had effected a juncfavoured the action of the artillery. The lion, and had been reinforced, seemed dis

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