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enlightened clergy. The Provisional Sovereigns is resident within its walls, Government cannot better announce to the within which also are assembled the prinpeople the benignity of the Great Napoleon, cipal citizens of our country. A youthful who has been led by Providence into Li- and impetuous race have arranged themthuania, nor choose a better channel to selves under the Polish Eagles; it is here make them acquainted with the amelioration proper to mention the names of those zeaof their lot, than by confiding this great lous children of Lithuania who were the interest to the Clergy.-We therefore or- first to take arms and equip themselves at der the people to assemble for the purpose their own expense. In the guard of honour of returning thanks to God, who has been we find Prince Oginski, its chief; Count graciously pleased to send us this saviour Plater, M. M. Pilgudski, Briot Bemco, of Poland, and to pray that he will further Romer, Chlewiski—(here follows several the successes of his arms.—The Clergy will other Polish names).-In the Lithuanian afterwards endeavour to cherish proper Guard, commanded by Brigadier Konosentiments in the people, so that, support phill, we find M. M. Magelonki, Narbut, ed by their religion, they may continue and Michalowisk, completely equipped. with their agricultural labours. The pea- A great number of young persons are busantry must not be remiss in the perform- sily employed equipping themselves. We ance of their duty. Their safety and hap- have no doubt but that the Lithuanians will piness depend thereon.—They may dis- seek the opportunities to distinguish themcover in the abundant harvest before them, selves as the gallant fellows of the regithe evident assistance afforded by Provi- nent, commanded by Count Knadinski, dence to Napoleon the Great.-Let them did at Som, Sierra, and Benevente.—The peaceably gather in their crops, as in or- Bishop of Korakowski has had the honour dinary times. Circumstances even require of being twice brought to Court to say an increase of zeal, and it cannot be doubt. mass in the Imperial Chapel. He received ed, that with the feelings by which they a diamond ring as a present. The Priests appear to be now actuated, but that they who accompanied him had also presents. will be eager to shew the utmost.- Done The grand national festival was celebrated the 71h July, 1812.
here yesterday with universal enthusiasm. SIGNED BY THE COMMISSIONERS. -At eleven o'clock all the Clergy were
assembled in the porticos of the Church, to July 15.-We still enjoy the presence receive the Constituted Authorities.-At of His Majesty, who rides out' every day, noon a numerous procession, consisting of attended by a very few persons.—The day the Members of the Provisional Commisbefore yesterday His Majesty gave audience sion, the Deputies of the Grand Confedeto the Polish Deputies, the Senators War- ration, the Commission of Administration, vedon, Wibiski, Wladislaus, Count Ja- the Members of the Tribunals, the Subrousky, &c. They have been comunission- Prefect, the Mayor, the Municipality, the ed by the General Confederation of Poland Guard of Honour, the Officers of the Gento bear their homage to His Majesty. They darmerie of the City, finally, of all the were presented by His Excellency the Duke Public Functionaries, arrived at the Caof Bassano, Minister of Foreign Affairs. thedral, where they were introduced by The President of the Deputation, the Se- the Clergy.-Bishop Korakowski officiated; nator Warvedon Wybiski was spokesman. when Te Deum was sung, the President of
- The answer of His Majesty was couched the Provisional Commission delivered a in the most gracious terms. --The same very eloquent discourse, and published the day, the 11th, some inhabitants of the Act of Confederation of Poland. When Duchy of Samogitia, M. M. Bilwuz, Bra- the reading of the Act was over, cries of losewo, Jellemshy, and other Officers, Long live the Emperor Napoleon the having at their head, the old Marshal of Great,” a thousand times repeated, filled the Court of Zietgua, had the honour of the spacious arches of the church.-Salvum being admitted to His Majesty's presence, fac imperatorem Napoleonem, -was then they assured him how much the Samogi- sung; after this ceremony all the authotians wish to partake in the honour enjoyed rities proceeded to the residence of His by their brethren at Wilna.--His Majesty Excellency the Duke of Bassano, to present conversed with them on all matters, re- to him the Act of Confederation, and beg lating to the interests of their country:
that he would submit it to His Majesty. Our city was never so brilliant as it has it was announced the same day that the been for the last 15 days. The greatest of
(To be continued.)
As illustrated in the Prosecution and Punishment of
WILLIAM COBBETT. 351).
(352 In order that my countrymen and that the two suréties in the sum of 1,000 pounds each; world may not be deceived, duped, and cheated that the whole of this sentence lias been execnted upon this subject, I, WILLIAM COBBETT, upon me, that I wave been imprisoned the two of Botley, in Hampshire, put upon record years, have paid the thousand pounds TO THE the following facts; to wit: That, on the 24th KING, and have given the bail, Timothy Brown June, 1809, the following article was pub- aud Peter Walker, Esqrs. being my sureties; lished in a London news-paper, called the that the Attorney General was Sir Vicary Gibbs, COURIER: “ The Mutiny amongst the LO- the Judge who sat at the trial Lord Ellenborough, “ CAL MILITIA, which broke out at Ely, was the four Judges who sat at passing sentence Elen. “fortunately suppressed on Wednesday by the borough, Grose, Le Blanc, and Bailey; and that « arrival of four squadrons of the GERMAN the jurors were, Thomas Rhodes of Hampstead « LEGION CAVALRY from Kary, under the Road, John Davis of Southampton Place, James a command of General Auckland. Five of the Ellis of Tottenham Court Road, John Richards “ ringleaders were tried by a Court-Martial, and of Bayswater, Thomas Marsham of Baker Street, “ sentenced to receive 500 lashes each, part of which Robert Heathcote of High Street Marylebone, “punishment they received on Wednesday, and John Maud of York Place Marylebone, George “ a part was remitted. A stoppnge for their knup Bagster of Church Terrace Pancras, Thomas “ sucks was the grourd of the complaint that ex- Taylor of Red Lion Square, David Deane of St. 4 cited this mutinous spirit, which occasioned John Street, William Palmer of Upper Street “ the men to surround their officers, and demand Islington, Henry Fayre of Pall Mall; that the « what they deemed their arrears. The first Prime Ministers during the time were Spencer “ division of the German Legion halted yesterday Perceval, until he was shot by John Bellingham, “ at Newnjarket on their return to Bury.”. and after that Robert B. Jenkinson, Earl of LiThat, on the 1st July, 1809, 'I published, in the verpool; that the prosecution and sentence took Political Register, an article censuring, in the place in the reign of King George the Third, and strongest terms, these proceedings; that, for so that, he having become insane during my impridoing, the Attorney General prosecuted, as sedi. sonvient, the 1,000 pounds was paid to his son, tious libellers, and by Ex-Officio Information, the Prince Regent, in his behalf; that, during my me, and also my printer, my publisher, and one imprisonment, I wrote and published 364 Essays of the principal retailers of the Political Register; and Letters upon political subjects; that, during that I was brought to trial on the 15th June, the same time, I was visited by persons from 197 1810, and was, by a Special Jury, that is to say, cities and towns, many of them as a sort of depuby 12 men ont of 48 appointed by the Master of ties from Societies or Clubs; that, at the expirathe Crown Office, found gnilty ; that, on the tion of my imprisonment, on the 9th of July, 1812, 20th of the same month, I was compelled to give a great dinner was given in London for the parbail for my appearance to receive judgment; pose of receiving me, at which dinner upwards of and that, as I came up from Botley (to which 600 persons were present, and at which Sir place I had returned to my family and my farm Francis Burdett presided; that dinners and other on the evening of the 15th), a Tipstaff went parties were held on the same occasion in many down from London in order to seize me, per- other places in England; that, on my way home, sonally ; that, on the 9th of July, 1810, I, toge. I was received at Alton, the first town in Hampther with my printer, publisher, and the news.shire, with the ringing of the Church bels; that man, were brought into the Court of King's a respectable company met me and gave me a Bench to receive judgment; that the three dinner at Winchester; that I was drawn from former were sentenced to be imprisoned for more than the distance of a mile into Botley by some months in the King's Bench prison; that I the people; that, upon my arrival in the village, was sentenced to be imprisoned for two years in I found all the people assembled to receive me; Newgate, the great receptacle for malefactors, that I concluded the day by explaining to therd and the front of which is the scene of numerous the cause of my imprisonment, and by giving hangings in the course of every year; that the them clear potions respecting the flogging of the part of the prison in which I was sentenced to be Local Militia-men at Ely, and respecting the emconfined is sometimes inhabited by felons, that ployment of German Troops; and, finally, which felons were actually in it at the time I entered is more than a con pensation for my losses and all it; that one man was taken out of it to be trans- my sufferings, I am in perfect health and strength, ported in about 48 hours after I was put into the and, though I must, for the sake of six children, same yard with him; and that it is the place of feel the diminution that has been made in my confinement for men guilty of unnatural crinies, property (thinking it right in me to decline the of whom there are four in it at this time ; that, offer of a subscription), I have the consolation to besides this imprisonment, I was sentenced to see growing up three sons, upon whose bearts, I pay a thousand pounds TO THE KING, and to trust, all these facts will be engraven. give security for my good behaviour for seven
WM. COBBETT. years, myself in the sum of 3,000 ponnds, and Botley, July 23, 1812.
Published by R. BAGSHAW, Brydges-Street, Covent-Garden.
LONDON: Printed by J. M'Creery, Black Horse-Court, Fleet-street.
Vol. XXII. No. 12.]
LONDON, SATURDAY, SEPT. 19, 1812.
“ If I were asked what ought to be done to prevent war with America, I should say: first repeal
the Orders in Conncil; but, I am far from supposing, that that measure alone wonld be suffiW cient. Indeed, it seems to me, that the impressment of Americau seamen must be abandoned." -Pol. Register, Vol. XXI. page zro, Feb. 15, 1812. 353]
(354 war; and that such war would, in all proPRINCE REGENT,
bability, be very calamitous to England.
While I was telling you this, your late ON THE Dispute with AMERICA.
minister, Perceval, was laughing at the idea
of America going to war; and his opinion Letter VIII.
was upheld by all the venal scribes in the Sir,
kingduni ; that is to say, by nineteen twenDuring the time that I was imprisoned tieths, perhaps, of all those who write in for two years in Newgate for writing about news-papers, and other political works. the flogging of the Local Militia, in the That we really are at war with America, towu of Ely, and about the enıployment of however, the following document clearly German Troops upon that occasion, I ad- proves. The American Congress declared dressed to your Royal Highness several war in due form; they passed an Act making Letters, the object of which was to prevent war against your Royal Sire and his people; this country from being plunged into war their government issued Letters of Marque with America. I took great pleasure in of- and Reprisals ; but, still our hirelings said fering to you advice, which I thought would that there was no war. The following be beneficial to my country; and, of course, proclamation, however, issued by an AmeI have experienced great sorrow at seeing rican General from his head-quarters in that that advice has not been followed, and Canada, which province he has invaded, that, in consequence of its rejection, we puts the fact of war beyond all doubt. are now actually in a state of war with our brethren across the Atlantic.
" By William Hull, Brigadier-General and Those corrupters and blinders of the peo « Commander in Chief of the North Westple, the hired writers, do yet attempt to ern Army of the United States. make their readers believe, that we are not at war with the Republic of America.
"A PROCLAMATION. They it is, who have hastened, if not ac 66 Inhabitants of Canada! - After thirty tually produced this war; for, they it was, years peace and prosperity, the United who reviled the American President, and “ States have been driven to arms. The who caused it to be believed here, that he " injuries and aggressions, the insults and and the Congress dared not go to war. I " indignities of Great Britain, have once What pains, alas ! have I taken to convince“ inore left them no alternative but manly your Royal Highness of the folly and false- resistance or unconditional submission.hood of these opinions! Though my mind “ The army under my command has invadwas busied with the means of raising the “ ed your country, and the standard of thousand pounds fine to pay TO THE “ Union now waves over the territory of KING (and which you have received from “ Canada. To the peaceable, unoffending me in his behalf), I let siip no occasion to “ inhabitants, it brings neither danger nor caution you against believing these repre difficulty: I come to find enemies, not sentations. I told you (and you might as " to make them. I come to protect, not to well have believed me), that the American “ injure them.-Separated by an im. people were something; that they had a say mense ocean and an extensive wilderness in the measures of government; that they “ from Great Britain, you have no particiwould not suffer themselves to be plunged " pation in her councils, no interests in her into war for the gain of a set of lazy and conduct ; you have felt her tyranny, you rapacious fellows; but that, if their coun s have seen her injustice ; but I do not ask try's good demanded it, they would go to you to avenge the one or redress the
“ other. The United States are sufficient “ and relentless system of retaliation. I " ly powerful to afford every security con "doubt not your courage and firmness“ sistent with their rights and your expec " I will not doubt your attachment to liof tations. I tender you the invaluable " berty. If you tender your services vo“ blessings of civil, political, and religious" luntarily, they will be accepted readily. • liberty, and their necessary result, indi “ The United States offer you peace, liber" vidual and general prosperity. That li ty, and security; your choice lies between “berty which gave decision to our councils, “ these and war-slavery and destruction. " and energy to our conduct, in a struggle “Choose, then, but choose wisely; and " for independence, and which conducted may He who knows the justice of our
us safely and triumphantly through the cause, and who holds in his hand the et stormy period of the revolution, that li “ fate of nations, guide you to a result the ** berty which has raised us to an elevated" most compatible with your rights and in“ rank among the nations of the world; terests, your peace and happiness. " and which afforded us a greater measure
" By the General,
provement, than ever fell to the lot of “ States' Regiment of Infantry and
persons, property, and riglits. Remain " at your homes- pursue your peaceful He, Sir, who will not believe in this, " and customary avocations-raise not your would not believe though one were to rise " hands against your brethren. . Many of froin the dead. This is an animating ad" your father's fought for the freedom and dress, and, it is, at least, possible that it “independence we now enjoy. Being may prove the fore-runner of the fall of “ children, therefore, of the same family Canada, which, when once gone, will ti with us, and heirs to the same heritage, never, I believe, return to the English " the arrival of an arıny of friends must Crown. “ be hailed by you with a cordial welcome. The fact of war being now ascertained “ you will be eniancipated from tyranny beyond all doubt, the next thing for us to so and oppression, and restored to the dig- think of is, the means' by which we are to " nified station of free men.
with this new and inost formie 66 doubt of eventual success, I might ask dable enemy. The hired writers, unable $6 your assistance, but I do not.
I come any longer to keep from their readers the "s prepared for every contingency-I have fact that war has taken place, are now af. o à force which will look down all opposi- fecting to treat the matter lightly; to make “ tion, and that force is but the van-guard the people of England believe, that the 66 of a much greater. If, contrary to your Americans will be driven out of Canada; s own interests, and the just expectation that the people of America hate the war ; s of my country, you should take part and that, at any rate, the Congress will be " in the approaching contest, you will obliged to put an end to the war wken tie 66 be considered and treated as enemies, intelligence of the repeal of our Orders in 56 and the horrors and calamities of war will Council shall arrive at the seat of the Am:is stalk before you.
If the barbarous and rican government. " savage policy of Great Britain be pur These being the assertions now most in os sued, and the savages let loose to murder vogue and most generally listened to, I will on our citizens and butcher our women and give your Royal Highness my reasons for “ children, this war will be a war of exter- disbelieving them. 66 mination. The first stroke of the loma First, as to the probability of the Ame" hawk, the first attempt with the scalp ricans being baffled in their desigus upon so ing knife will be the signal of one indis- Canada, if the contest was a contest of man "scriminate scene of desolation. No white lo man, upon ground wholly neutral, I " man found lighting by the side of an 1a- should say, that the advantage might be on "o dian will be taken prisoner; instant de- our side; but, I am not sure that it would; 's struction will be his lot. If the dictates for, the Americans have given repeated “ of reaso!), duty, justice, and humanity, proofs of their courage. They are, indeed, cannot prevent
the employment of a force known to be as brave as any people in the " which respects no rights, and knows no world. They are, too, volunteers, real
wrong, it will be prevented by a severe volunteers, in the service they are now
-Had I any
the injuries which she alleges she has sus, the statesmen who adorn, and who have tained? If, there were in existence no adorned your and your royal Sire's court; ground of dispute other than that of the and, I do not know of any maxim in pubOrders in Council, it appears to me, that lic law, or in diplomacy, that forbids a America could (especially with our par-republic any more than a monarchy to make liamentary evidence before her) never think such a demand. If we do allow that Ameof peace without a compensation for the rica has just cause of complaint, we canvessels seized illegally, as she says, under not well refuse her iridemnity at least; if the Orders in Council. Otherwise she we do not allow that she has just cause of tells the world, that she may be always complaint, we do wrong, we act a base injured with impunity; because, the ut- and cowardly part, if we desist from doing most that any nation has to apprehend from that which she complains of. her hostility is to be compelled to cease to Upon what ground it is, then, that Mr. violate her rights. Upon this principle Brougham expects an immediate cessation she may be exposed to a like attack the next of hostilities on the part of America I am day after she has made peace. Either, at a loss to discover. I am at a loss to therefore, she complains without cause; discover upon what ground it is that he or, the mere repeal of our Orders in Coun- has made his pledge, or, at least, the cil ought not to satisfy her.
pledge which has been attributed to him. Besides, Sir, it appears to me, that, Either he must look upon the Orders in even supposing that there were no other Council as the sole ground of the American ground for the war, on her part, than the declaration of war, or he must suppose existence of our Orders in Council, she is there to be other grounds. If he looks bound, in fairness towards the Emperor upon them as the sole ground, he must, I Napoleon, to obtain some kind of compen- think, suppose that America will not lay sation for what she has suffered from the down her arms without obtaining indemexecution of our Orders in Council after nity for such heavy losses as those Orders the time that he repealed his decrees. If have occasioned her; and, if he looks upon she make peace with us, and place us 'up- the declaration as having been partly proon the same footing with Frarice, without duced by other subjects of complaint, he obtaining such compensation, he will as- must necessarily suppose, that an adjustsuredly allege partiality against her, since ment as to those grounds of complaint she will have suffered us to continue to do must precede a cessation of hostilities. with impunity, for a year and a half, that Whatever pledges may have been given which she made him cease to do. It was, by any persons, it is for your Royal Hightherefore, I repeat it, matter of great sur ness to lend an ear to the voice of reason; prise with me, that Mr. Brougham should and, I ain greatly deceived if that voice
ve given the pledge above-inentioned ; will not recommend to you an expression, though I hope your Royal Highness will as speedily as possible, of your readiness he advised better than to pursue measures to cause the officers of the fleet to cease to that shall put him to the test.
impress any persons out of American ships. Compensation for the property seized This, as I have before had the honour to under our Orders in Council will, I think, assure your Royal Highness, is the combe demanded; and, if the Orders be re- plaint which has, at last, in reality, procognized as a violation of the rights of duced the war between us and our AmeAmerica, I do not see upon what ground rican brethren. There have been many such compensation could be objected to; subjects of difference ; many grounds of but, Sir, as far as relates to ourselves, i quarrel, but this is what finds its way to trust, that the means of making such com- the bearts of the American people. They pensation would not be demanded of the would, I verily believe, have endured all people, but would be taken from those but this ; this, however, I knew they who have received the amount of the pro- would not endure, and I told your minisperty seized. With this, however, Ame- ters and the public so long ago. If I am rica has nothing to do: she can only de- asked whether I think, that the ceasing to mand compensation; but, she may extend impress people on board of American ships that demand to the amount of her expenses would cause many of our sailors to desert, I in fitting out ships of war and in raising answer, that I do not know; but, that I and sending forth an army. " Indemnity do not see why it should ? I do not see why “ for the past and security for the future” Englishmen should like the American seris, Sir, a phrase not unknown amongst vice better than our own. And, really, I