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VOL. XXII, No. 15.1 LONDON, SATURDAY, OCTOBER 10, 1812. [Price Is.
[450 Winchester, '71h Oct. 1812. sion of assuring you, that, I will never, My readers, when they have read the either by myself, or by any dependent on following Address, will, I am sure, think mé, receive in any shape, or under any it natural and right, that I should devote name, a single farthing of the people's the whole of the time between this and next money. I am actuated by no motive of Tuesday (the day of Nomination) to the vanity or ambition. I think it my duty to important duty which I am about to per- endeavour to assist in saving my native form. It has always been my opinion, country from that total ruin which hangs that the people cannot reasonably be blamed over it; and, the tender of my services to for making a bad choice, if no other is pre- you is made in the performance of that sasented to them. It has also always been
cred duty my opinion, that every man should labour I am, Gentlemen, your faithful friend, for the public weal in that way which he
WILLIAM COBBETT. thinks most likely to prove efficacious, Botley, October 1, 1812. whether it may comport with his taste, or interest, or not. And, it being my firm conviction, that an earnest endeavour to supplant the late Members for the county
VESTMINSTER ELECTION. in which I live is the way in which I can employ a week or two with the
A numerous meeting of the Electors of bability of doing service to the public, 1 Westminster, “ Friends of Purity of Elechave resolved in that way to employ them, tion;" was on Monday lield, pursuant to and to devote my whole time and attention public advertisement, at the Crown and to that object.
Anchor Tavern, for the purpose of consi
dering of proper persons to be returned to To the Freeholders of the County of
Parliainent as Representatives of the City
of Westminster. Southampton.
Mr. STURCH having been called to the Gentlemen,
chair, addressed the assembly as follows: That House of Commons, who voted –“Gentlemen Electors, the adrertisement that they would not inquire into a direct which I now hold in my hand, and which charge against some of their own Members has been published in several of the newsfor trafficking in Seats in their own Assem- papers, sufficiently expresses the intention bly; that House of Commons, who voted with which this meeting has been called, their approbation of the Walcheren Expe- by a few of those persons who advocated dition; that House of Commons, who voted the cause of Parliamentary Reform at the that Bank Notes are still equal in value to last election.-(Mr. Slurch here read the Guineas in the estination of the people; advertisement):-Gentlemen, it will be seen that House of Commons, who have added by the terms of this notice, that this was upwards of Seventy Millions to the National not intended to be a meeting of the Electors Debt, and who have added nearly one in general, but only of that description of fourth to the amount of our Taxes ; that Electors who are friends to the Purity of House of Commons being, thank God, now Election—the friends of corruption and unno more, and an opportunity being afforded due influence are not to be understood as you of choosing as your Representatives men having been invited; and if, therefore, who have not concurred in such votes, I there be any person present who is not offer myself to you in that capacity. On friendly to reform--if there be any person the day of Nomination, at Winchester, 1 within hearing who wishes that corruption propose to do myself the honour of stating inay be able to keep its ground--who preto you more fully my opinions and any fers the wide-wasting desolation of war, the views; but, I shall not omit even this occa- government of incapable Ministers, and the
consequent decay of trade and prosperity, all elections, like other things, are necessato liberty, security, and peace-it may be rily attended with expense. It is true, proper to remind such person, that he that the expense has lately been very much comes without being invited. Applause.) reduced. At the last election, no disburse-- Gentlemen, I persuade mysell, that all ments were made, except those which were those who are now assembled, are of a very absolutely necessary. By a late Act of different description indeed. I persuade Parliament, the expenses to the candidates myself, that, while you are all zealously are clearly defined, and what cannot be deattached to the Constitution, every heart manded is also pointed out. According to beats high with the love of freedom and in that Act it appears, that even when there is dependence (applause )—which constitutes no contest whatever, we cannot walk over the very life and soul of purity of election. the course, without incurring an expeuse of I am convinced, that all who are now as 8001. This we consider as a great hardsembled, are clearly of opinion, that, if ship and one, small as the sum may seemi, this country, in its present deplorable state that ought to be remedied; and I hope to of distress, is to be saved at all, it must be see the day when this obnoxious act will be by the adoption of those principles which repealed. The debt thus incurred must were manfully supported by the Electors fall either on the eleclors or the elected. during the last struggle. Applause.)- Now, our principle has been to send our Gentlemen, it is the pleasure of His Ma- Representatives to Parliament free of exjesty's Ministers, at this time, to indulge pense—which is the true principle of the us with an opportunity of electing our Re. constitution; because no man should have prescatatives for the ensuing Parliament, the pretence to say, that, having purchased which they might, if they pleased, have his interest in Parliament, he was obliged put off for a year longer, and which they to reimburse himself by selling his vote to would have put off, if they thought it would the Minister. And, if we were to abandon have answered certain purposes, which it is that principle for one moment, we should not now necessary for me to state. We do have undone all our work-obliterated, and, not exercise this invaluable right so often as he might add, annihilated, the great and we are entitled to do. By the words of glorious example which, five years ago, we ancient statutes, and from the very reason set to the electors of Great Britain and Ireof the thing, we should exercise the right land—and which is doing so much good in of election once in the year, and oftener, various parts of the United Kingdom.if need be."---- Applause.)-These are the I hold it, therefore, necessary, that this express words of the statute. But by an principle should be steadily adhered to, Act of modern times, which cannot be too and that the sum of 8001. should be submuch reprobated—which is, in fact, little scribed. When I consider the smallness of short of treason against the liberties and the sum, contrasted with the great number constitution of the country, we are restrain- of electors, I conceive it very easy to deed in the exercise of that right, which is fray the expense, by each elector advancing granted but once in seven years, unless, as a trifle towards that object; and I hope in the present instance, we are permitted that no man, who prides himself on being to make use of it, by the special grace and an elector, who feels the dignity of his sifavour of His Majesty's Ministers.-(Laugh- tuation, and desires to be fairly represented ler).—This, however, is no reason at all in Parliament, will refuse to put down his why we should neglect a duty, when it de- mite towards the creation of a proper fund. volves on us. The duty we have to per. As most of you are, like myself, men of form on the present occasion, is to select business, I will not detain you much lontwo gentlemen to represent us in Parlia- ger. I will not relate what you yourselves ment, whom we shall have every reason to did five years ago—it is fresh in your re. believe will be the firm supporters of that collection. You then demanded and obportion of liberty which we now enjoy, tained the service of a man, exactly of the and the pledged advocates of those rights description I noticed in the beginning of and privileges of which we have been this address—the firm defender and supforcibly and unjustly deprived. It is not porter of those rights and liberties which for me to dictate what you are to do. Iwe still possess, and the strenuous advocate have only to state what I apprehend to be for a restoration of those which we have the general principle on which we are to lost. Perhaps it may be said, that being proceed. There is one thing to which I placed by you in the situation of chairman, must not omit calling your attention, that I ought to speak impartially; but I should
be unworthy of the honour you have done himself to the satisfaction of the assembly me, if I affected to conceal the first wish of whom he could assure, that he had undermy heart. I sincerely hope, that of all the taken the task for the benefit of his counElectors, who, five years ago, gave their try, and not from any private aim or gravote in favour of the Honourable Baronet, tification of his own. They would, in a there is not one now living who will not be very few days, be called on to elect two ready, if it should be again necessary, to persons' to represent them in the ensuing come forward on this occasion, and do the Parliament, which was at all times a very same. And to them, I trust, I may be able important duty, but particularly so at the to add thousands of others, who, since that present period, when we were threatened time, have had an opportunity of examin- by an overwhelming taxation at home, and ing and scrutinizing the parliamentary con- by an implacable enemy abroad. At such duct of Sir Francis Burdett-/applause) - a time they were imperatively called on to and must have seen in it all that could ren- examine scrupulously those persons whom der a Representative respectable, or endear they sent to Parliament-for there, and him to the hearts of his Constituents. He there only, the evil can be cured. It was has displayed extraordinary talents, incor- stated by their worthy Chairman, with ruptible integrity, undaunted courage, and great force and propriety, that the persons she most sound constitutional principles, elected ought not to be loaded with ex( Applause):-I understand, that, with re- pense. This position was perfectly corgard to your last Representative, Sir Francis rect; for if Members of Parliament imBurdett, he does not come forward, solicit- paired their fortunes in expensive contests, ing your votes, as a candidate. I am told, what could their Constituents expect, but for I have had no communication with Sir that they would endeavour to pay themFrancis, that he considers it the duty of the selves out of the pockets of the people, by Electors to look out for, and support, such selling theinselves to Ministers ? persons as they think best calculated to re- should not, therefore, send their reprepresent them, and not the business of Can- sentatives in on such conditions, but
perdidates to push themselves personally for- fectly free, to prevent the smallest excuse ward. I will not take upon me to say for a dereliction of their duty. They cerwhether this is or is not a correct principle; tainly possessed the ability, and they had but, if Sir Francis Burdett conceives it to exercised it, of sending their Representabe right, he, as an honest man, must act lives into Parliament without puuing them upon it. The same feeling does not appear to any expense. He doubted not that the to sway the Noble Lord (Cochrane), who, Electors of Westminster would, on this for the purpose of proving his political prin occasion, set a good example to the country ciples, has written two letters, which have in general.— Books were then open in the come into the hands of Mr. Brooks, the room, and some money had already been gentleman so well known as the treasurer of subscribed; and he trusted every man, the former election. Those letters were , according to his means, would endeavour addressed “To the Gentlemen composing to further the great object they had in the Committee for promoting the Purity of view. Mr. Harris then proceeded to read Election,” and contained an explanation of the Resolutions. his Lordship's political opinions and senti 1st, That the Election of Members of nents, which, I suppose, the meeting would Parliament ought to be conducted accord wish to have read. Having stated the ob- ing to the principles of old English Freeject in view, if any gentleman has a propo- dum, which declare that Elections should sition to make, I shall be very happy to be free and without corruption. hear him.”
2d, That the City of Wesminster will Mr. HARRIS then rose and said, having not disappoint the expectation of the Counundertaken to submit certain Resolutions to try, but, following up the great example the Meeting, he was under the necessity it has set, return its Represent:rives to of throwing himself on their indulgence, Parliament free of expense. and trusted that they would not impute to 3d, That Subscriptions be entered into presumption, his thus coming forward on to defray the expense of the ensuing Elecso important an occasion. He felt himself tion, and that Samuel Brooks, Esq. be placed in a most awkward situation, in Treasurer of the Fund; to the support of addressing them, when there were so many which it is the bounden duty of every older, wiser, and better men in the room. Elector and friend to purity of Election 10 He would, however, endeavour to acquit contribute.
It was almost unnecessary for him to say | hostile to it; but, I am now inclined to a word in praise of the individual to whom grant the Claims of the Catholics of Irethe next Resolution referred. His conduct land, provided they are content to receive in Parliainent had been such as justly en- the privileges of Englishmen, and to retitled him to their unanimous choice and linquish their predilection in favour of the support.
jurisdiction of the Pope, which they seem 4ih, That Sir Francis Burdett, Bart. anxious to establish in that part of these having with unshaken firmness invariably kingdoms."-On the subject of a Naval expressed the sense of the people in evil Officer being a Representative for Westreport and good report, and lent his best minster, lie observes " One half of the assistance to restore to them those inesti- taxes levied on the people of England is mable blessings of the Constitution, of disbursed on the navy—for objects which which they have been deprived, by a long the ability of all the civil Members of series of fraud and hypocrisy, by endea- Parliament cannot detect to be erroneous, vouring to obtain for them a full, fair, and from the inspection of accounts,” and free representation in Parliament, and thence infers the necessity of having permaintaining the right to Trial by Jury.in sons acquainted with nautical affairs in the all cases whatever, even at the cost of Per House of Commons. And, lastly, on the SONAL IMPRISONMENT, is a fit apd proper subject of flogging, he says—" I am no person to be again returned one of the advocate for fogging; although I mainRepresentatives in Parliament for the City tain, from a knowledge of facts, that your of 'Westminster. -(Loud and reiterated Aleets could not be governed at present if applause).
the power did not exist—a power which Before he read the 5th Resolution, which will cease to be abused when Parliamentary related to Lord Cochrane, he thought it influence shall cease to place fouls and would be proper that the two letters, ex. boys in command." planatory of his Lordship’s political prin After the applause excited by his Lordciples, should be read, which was accord- ship's letters had subsided, Mr. Harris ingly done by Mr. Richter.
read the two following Resolutions :The first was dated the 28th of Sept. 5th, That the Right Hon. Lord Coch1812, and set forth that his Lordship had rane, by his manly support of Sir Francis never used the trust reposed in him to his Burdett, and his prompt attention to the private advantage, or to promote the in- wishes of the Electors at the time of his terests of those with whom he was con- Commitment to the Tower by the late nected by the bonds of consanguinity or House of Commons; for his assertion of friendship. It then proceeded to point the Right of the People to Trial by Jury, out the good effects which would have re- and having pledged himself to assist in sulted from a compliance with his Lord procuring a full, fair, and free repreship’s motion (soon after he had been re- sentation of the People in Parliament, the turned to Parliament) for a list of the correction of the gross and scandalous cosplaces and pensions held by Afembers of ruptions and abuses in various departments the House of Commons and their relations. of the Government, and the enjoyment of It next adverted to his Lordship's exer- religious liberty, is a fit and proper pertions to carry into effect the provisions of son to represent this City in Parliament. the Acts relative to prize concerns, by 6th, That the Resolutions of this Meetwhich two-thirds of the navy now employ- ing be communicated to Sir F. Burdett ed would be rendered more efficient than and Lord Cochrane by the Chairman. the whole at present is. And concluded The Resolutions were then put by the by attributing his Lordship's absence from Chairman, serialim. The four first were the House of Commons solely to ill health. carried unanimously ;-on the fifth being The second letter is dated Sept. 30. In proposed, this his Lordship pledges himself to vote, Major CARTWRIGHT rose aud spoke to on all occasions, for Parliamentary Re- the following effect :-“I am not aware form, and to support every measure for of any necessity that I shall be under of the abolition of sinecures. With respect opposing the resolution declaratory of the to the Catholic Question, his Lordship fitness of Lord Cochrane to be one of your says—“ So long as its (the Catholic Re- Representatives; but notwithstanding the ligion's) inquisitorial auricular confession, many pledges given to this Meeting, I and ils principles, so favourable to des- think we want from him one other pledge, potism, prevailed on the Continent, I was of more importance than all the others
in one of those pledges to which I allude, consideration, in case of being elected to he makes mention of certain plans, sug- Parliament as one of the Representatives gested by him for the annoyance of the of Westminster." enemy, and which plans it is probable Mr. Walker seconded the Resolution. will require the personal attendance abroad Mr. RichardSON rose to oppose the of his Lordship to carry into execution. Resolution. He said, he did not presume At a crisis like the present, highly as I to stand before them as an orator.—Laughs estimate the zeal, the courage, the enthne and hisses. )-Gentlemen might oppose his siasm, the character, the professional skill being heard; but though he could not disof my Lord Cochrane, I can by no means play much oratory, he could speak his consent to dispense with the services of the opinions. — (Interruption.— The resoluNoble Lord in Parliament; because it is tion of the venerable Mover goes to snatcha my opinion that, in the next Parliament, a mau from a profession, which, however the struggle is to be made, that shall de- honourable in itself, he has exalted !--to cide whether our political liberties shall rob him of that glory which awaits him, stand or fall. It is, therefore, of great and which he has so dearly earned !--to importance to know if Lord Cochrane destroy the fair prospects of fame and forwould leave England in case he should be tune, which have led him through a laordered abroad by the Minister, for I borious life of peril and privation-nay, hope you are all convinced that the great more, it calls on him to disgrace himself, battle, that battle on which your all de- by abandoning a profession in which the pends, is to be fought, not in the Medi- Noble Lord has reaped so much honour terranean, but in St. Stephen's chapel. himself, and has contributed, in so large a Applause.) I am not preaching doctrines proportion, to the glory of the nation: that I do not practise. I was a naval He proceeded to observe, that such a officer, and in the American war I refused pledge would be an inducement to Mito serve, and threw up my commission, nisters to give the Noble Lord a ship, as because I considered that service incom soon as he was returned to Parliament, so patible with my other duties—Applause). that his Lordship would be obliged to -Should Lord Cochrane be returned as resign his commission or his seal, and thus one of your representatives, I have two perhaps be prevented from serving his powerful reasons for objecting to his being country in either capacity. employed on foreign service. The first is, Mr. Walker supported the motion. If that the Minister would gain a very able there were two duties to be performed, officer to assist in the prosecution of this one abroad and one at home; the latter, rollen-borough war ; and that he would he conceived, would be paramount. It by the same stroke lop off one of the arms was very properly stated by the Gentleman of representation in Westminster.- Ap- who preceded him, that Westminster plause:)-Should the Noble Lord be in ought not to be deprived of one of its arms. the room, I hope he will appear, and give They must all recollect the upright conduct the meeting an answer on the subject of Lord Cochrane in the House of Com
Applause) - [Lord C. did not appear, mons, in opposing the insult offered to the and the Major proceeded]-I have not Electors of Westminster, in the person of been much in the political world of late ; their other Representative; but what would but I am informed that gentlemen from have been the consequence if he had not distant counties have been invited to be been on the spot ? Who, then, could come Candidates for the City of West- have spoken their sentiments ? minster (Mr: Sturch the Chairman said Mr. Gibbon opposed the motion-If, as No!).--Well, then, I have but one other Lord Cochrane stated, there was a system observation to make, and that renders me of corruption in every department of the still more anxious to see Lord Cochrane in State, and if, by going abroad, he might the room.
A relation of his Lordship not only serve his country against the lately called on me, and informed me that enemy, but devise means of rectifying a frigate was fitting out to carry his Lord abuses in the profession which he so greatship to the Mediterranean, as his health ly ornamented, he could see no just reason was so precarious that he could not pos. why he should be deprived of his seat in sibly live in England. The Major then Parliament.
It would be most preposmoved a Resolution
terous to find fault with him under such .66 That Lord Cochrane be called on to circumstances —when, perhaps, he was pledge himself not to quit England on any achieving a greater benefit thau' he could