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As illustrated in the Prosecution and Punishment of
WILLIAM COBBETT. 479]
[480 In order that my countrymen and that the two sureties in the sum of 1,000 pounds each ; world may not be deceived, duped, and cheated that the whole of this sentence has been executed upon this subject, I, WILLIAM COBBETT, upon me, that I have been imprisoned the two of Botley, in Hampshire, put upon record years, have paid the thonsand pounds TO THE the following facts; to wit: That, on the 24th KING, and have given the bail, Timothy Brown June, 1809, the following article was pub- and Peter Walker, Esqrs. being my sureties; lished in a London news-paper, called the that the Attorney General was Sir Vicary Gibbs, COURIER: “ The Mutiny amongst the LO. the Judge who sat at the trial Lord Ellenborough, “ CAL MILITIA, which broke out at Ely, was the four Judges who sat at passing sentence Ellen“ fortunately suppressed on Wednesday by the borough, Grose, Le Blanc, and Bailey; and that "arrival of four squadrons of the GERMAN the jurors were, Thomas Rhodes of Hampstead « LEGION CAVALRY from Bury, under the Road, John Davis of Southampton Place, James « command of General Auckland. Five of the Ellis of Tottenham Court Road, John Richards “ ringleaders were tried by a Court-Martial, and of Bayswater, Thomas Marshani of Baker Street,
sentenced to receive 500 lashcs each, part of which Robert Heathcote of High Street Marylebone, “punishment they received on Wednesday, and John Maud of York Place Marylebone, George « a part was remitted. A stoppage for their knup Bagster of Church Terrace Pancras, Thomas “ sacks was the ground of the complaint that ex. Taylor of Red Lion Square, David Deane of St. “ cited this mutinous spirit, which occasioned John Street, William Palmer of Upper Street “ the men to surround their officers, and demand Islington, Henry Favre of Pall Mall; that the “ what they deemed their arrears. The first Prime Ministers during the time were Spencer “ division of the German Legion halted yesterday Perceval, until he was shot by John Bellingham, 6 at Newmarket on their return to Bury." and after that Robert B. Jenkinson, Earl of LiThat, on the 1st July, 1809, I published, in the verpool; that the prosecution and sentence took Political Register, an article censuring, in the place in the reign of King George the Third, and strongest terms, these proceedings; that, for so that, he having become insane during my impridoing, the Attorney General prosecuted, as sedi. sonment, the 1,000 pounds was paid to his son, tious libellers, and by Ex-Officio Information, the Prince Regent, in his behalf; that, during my me, and also my printer, iny publisher, and one imprisonment, I wrote and published 364 Essays of the principal retailers of the Political Register; and Letters upon political subjects; that, during that I was brought to trial on the 15th June, the same time, I was visited by persons from 197 1810, and was, by a Special Jury, that is to say, cities and towns, many of them as a sort of depuby 12 men out of 48 appointed by the Master of ties from Societies or Clubs; that, at the expirathe Crown Office, found guilty; that, on the tion of my imprisonment, on the 9th of July, 181%, 20th of the same month, I was compelled to give a great dinner was given in London for the purbail for my appearance to receive judgment; pose of receiving me, at which dinner upwards of and that, as I came op from Botley (to which | 600 persons were present, and at which Siç place I had returned to my family
and my farm Francis Burdett presided; that dinners and other on the evening of the 15th), a Tipstaff went parties were held on the same occasion in many down from London in order to seize me, per other places in England; that, on my way home, sonally, that, on the 9th of July, 1810, I, toge. I was received at Åltou, the first town in Hampther with my printer, publisher, and the news shire, with the ringing of the Church bells; that man, were brought into the Court of King's a respectable company met me and gave me a Bench to receive judgment; that the three dinner at Winchester; that I was drawn from former were sentenced to be imprisoned for more than the distance of a mile into Botley by some months in the King's Bench prison; that I the people ; that, upon my arrival in the village, was sentenced to be imprisoned for two years in I found all the people assembled to receive me; Newgate, the great receptacle for malefactors, that I concluded the day by explaining to them and the front of which is the scene of numerous the cause of my imprisonment, and by giving hangings in the course of every year; that the them clear notions respecting the flogging of the part of the prison in which I was sentenced to be Local Militia-men at Ely, and respecting the emconfined is sometimes inhabited by felons, that ployment
of German Troops; and, finally, which felons were actually in it at the time I entered is more than a compensation for my tosses and all it; that one man was taken out of it to be trans- my sufferings, I am in perfect bealth and strength, ported in about 48 hours after I was put into the and, though I must, for the sake of six children, same yard with him; and that it is the place of feel the diminution that has been made in my confinement for men guilty of unnatural crimes, property (thinking it right in me to decline the of whom there are four in it at this time ; 'that, offer of a subscription), I have the consolation to besides this imprisonment, I was sentenced to see growing up three sons, upon whose hearts, 1 pay a thousand pounds TO THE KING, and to trust, all these faets will be engraven, give security for my good behaviour for seven
WM, COBBETT. years, myself in the sum of 3,000 pounds, and Botley, July 23, 1812.
Published by R. BAGSHAW, Brydges-Street, Covent-Garden.
LONDON: Printed by J. M'Creery, Black Horse-Court, Fleet-street.
Vol. XXII. No. 16.] LONDON, SATURDAY, OCTOBER 17, 1812. [Price 1s.
481) To the Freeholders of the County of sources in flour, soap, drugs, &c. and Southampton.
large magazines of brandy were found. Gentlemen,
The Russians burnt the magazines, and the Our triumph yesterday was as complete finest houses in the town were on fire at as even I could have wished; for, though our arrival. Two battalions of the 25th the Sheriff did, at last, decide the dispuled were employed with much activity in expoint as to the show of hands against me, tinguishing them. We got it under and there was, I believe, not a single indivi- saved three quarters of the town. The dual present, who was not convinced that Cossacks before they left it committed the a majority of the numerous assemblage dreadfullest pillage, which has made the were in my favour; or, rather, in favour of inhabitants say, that the Russians think the honour and freedom of the country.
Viasma will be no longer under their In the course of iny address to you,
dominion, since they treat it in so barand which you received in a manner which barous a manner. All the population of convinced me that success must finally at the towns retires upon Moscow. It is said tend our exertions, I made many assertions, there are now one million and a half of which assertions, I will, in my next Num- souls in that great city. They fear the ber, prove to be strictly true. I am now
result of these crowds. The inhabitants absent from my books and papers; but, in say that General Kutusow has been appointmy next, I will not only go fully into all ed Commander in Chief of the Russian the matters here alluded to; but will also army, and that he took the command on lay before you a plan for effecting an eman- the 28th. The Grand Duke Constancipation from the trammels which now dis- tine, who had returned to the army, hav. grace the Freeholders of this county. In ing fallen ill, has quitted it.--A little the mean while, Gentlemen, I am
rain has fallen, which has laid the dust Your faithful friend,
that incommoded the army. The weather WILLIAM COBBETT. believe, to the 19th Oct., which gives us
to-day is very fine- it will last, as they Winchester, October 14, 1812.
still 40 days' campaign.
Seventeenth Bulletin of the Grand Army, OFFICIAL PAPERS.
Ghjal, Sept. 3. NORTHERN WAR. -Sixleenth Bulletin of
The head-quarters were, on the 31st of the Grand French Army.
August, at Velitchero ; on the 1st and 2d
of September at Chjat.-The King of (Continued from page 475.)
Naples, with the advanced guard, had his result of this small affair. The positions head-quarters on the 1st, ten wersts in adof the enemy were carried, and he was vance of Ghjat ; the Viceroy had his the obliged to quicken his retreat. -On the saine distance in advance on the left ; and 28th, the enemy was pursued. The ad- Prince Poniatowski had pushed forward vanced guards of three French columns two leagues on the right. Some discharges came up with the rear guard of the enemy; of artillery and attacks with the sabre. were they exchanged several cannon shot. The exchanged in each direction, and a few enemy was driven every where.-Gene- hundreds of prisoners were taken. The ral Count Caulincourt entered Viasma on Ghjat river empties itself into the Wolga. the 29th, at day. break. - The enemy --Thus we are in possession of the course had burned the bridges, and set fire to of those waters that flow into the Caspian several quarters of the city. Viasma is a Sea. The Ghjat is navigable to the Woltown of 15,000 inhabitants : there are ga. - The City of Ghjat contains a po4,000 burghers, merchants, and artisans ; pulation of eight or ten thousand souls. there are 32 churches. Considerable re. Many of the houses are built of stone and
brick. There are many parish churches, I before Moscow. At the battle of Krasand several manufactories of linen cloth. noi, Colonel Marbeuf, of the sixth light It is perfectly clear that agriculture has cavalry, was. wounded with a, bayonet at made great progress in this country within the head of his regiment, in the midst of the last forty years. It no longer bears a square of Russian infantry, which he had any resemblance to the descriptions which penetrated with the greatest intrepidity. are given of it. Potatoes, pulse, and -We have thrown six bridges over the cabbages grow there in abundance : the Ghjat. Moniteur, Sept. 18.) granaries are full. The present is the harvest season, and we enjoy now the same The following are the Russian articles weather here as we have in France at the alluded to in the Seventeenth Bulletin. commencement of October.-The de
Military Intelligence. On the 4th Serters, the prisoners, the inhabitants, all (16th) of August, the Emperor Napoleon, agree that the greatest confusion prevails at the head of his whole army, 100,000 ai Moscow, and in the Russian army, strong, made his appearance before Smowhich is distracted with a diversity of lensk. He was received about six wersts opinions, and has suffered enormous losses from the city, by the corps of Lieut.-Gen. in the different actions. Some of the Ge- Rayewsky. The battle commenced at sis nerals have been changed. It appears o'clock in the morning, and at noon became that the opinion of the army is not fa- most bloody. The courage of the Russians vourable to the plans of Barclay de Tolli: overcame numbers, and the enemy was he is accused of having made his divisions overthrown. The corps of Gen. Doctorow, fight in detail. The Prince of Schwart- which had arrived to replace that of Rayzenburg is in Volhynia : the Russians fly ewsky, attacked the enemy on the 5th before him. Some sharp affairs have (17th] at day-light, and the engagement taken place before Rioga; the Prussians lasted till night-fall. The enemy was rehave always had the advantage. ----We pulsed at every point, and the Russian have found in this place two Bulletins, soldiers, full of that courage and intrepiwhich give an account of the actions before dity which animates them in the defence Smolensk, and of the battle of the Drissa. of their country, fought with desperacy, They have appeared sufficiently curious to invoking the assistance of the Almighty. be annexed to this Bulletin. When we
But during this time the city of Smoshall receive the sequel of these Bulletins, lensk was a prey to the Hames, and our they shall be sent to the Moniteur. It ap- troops took a position between the Dnieper, pears by their contents that the Editor has the village of Peneva, and Doroghoboni. profited by those instructions he received
-The capture of Smolensk, which was from Moscow, " that the truth is not to reduced to ashes by the enemy, cost them be told to the Russian people, but that
more than 20,000 men. The inhabitants they are to be deceived with
lies." Smo- had all left it previous to the battle. The lensk was set on fire by the Russians. They loss in killed and wounded on our side set fire to the suburbs on the day after the
amounts to 4,000 men. The brave Gebattle, when they saw our bridge establish- nerals Skalen and Bulla are amongst the ed over the Boristhenes. They also set former. We have made a great number fire to Dorohoboni, to Viasma, and to of prisoners, and whole battalions of the Ghjat; but the French came up in time to enemy's army were obliged to lay down extinguish it. This may be easily con- their arms in order to escape death. Three ceived. The French have no interest in regiments of Cossacks and three of cavalry burning those towns that belong to them, overthrew sixty squadrons of the enemy's and in depriving themselves of the re- horse, commanded by the King of Naples. sources which they afford, The cellars have been every where filled with brandy, deather, and every species of article that Reporl of Lieutenant-General Count Wittis useful to an army. - If the country be genslein to his Majesty the Emperor, wasted, if the inhabitants suffer inore than
daled Oswec, July 31 (Aug. 12), 1812. a state of war warrants, the fault is in the I have received information from my adRussians. --The army rested on the 2d vanced posts, that the enemy was making and 3d in the vicinity of Ghjat. ----It is every effort from Polotsk io carry them, positively asserted, that the enemy is em- and by prisoners and deserters, that the ployed in forming an intrenched camp in French Grand Army was constantly receivfront of Mojaisk, and has established lines ing reinforcements of Bavarian and Wirten
burg troops.--I received at the same ciency of boats being collected at Long time from the Minister of War, intelligence Point for the couveyance of three hundred of the junction of the two armies, together men, the embarkation took place on the with orders to attack them immediately in 8th instant, and in five days arrived in flank.--I accordingly detached four squa- safety at Amherstburg. I found that the drons under the command of Major Be- judicious arrangement, which had been dragni, whom I directed to observe every adopted immediately upon the arrival of movement of Macdonald's army, and give Colonel Proctor, had compelled the enemy me notice thereof. I advanced against to retreat, and take shelter under the guns Oudinot's corps, which I met on the even- of his fort : that officer commenced opeing of the 29th, four wersts from Rochoao- rations by sending strong detachments wa.Having immediately made the ne across the river, with a view of cutting off cessary arrangements, I yesterday vigorous- the enemy's communication with his rely attacked him, with the help of God.
This produced two smart skirAfter eight hours' constant fighting, the mishes on the 5th and 9th instant, in both enemy was routed and pursued, till night of which the enemy's loss was very concame on, by his Majesty's brave troops. siderable, whilst our's amounted to three
- We have taken three officers and 250 killed, and thirteen wounded; amongst soldiers. The loss of the enemy, in killed the latter I have particularly to regres and wounded, has been considerable. Captain Muir and Lieutenant Sutherland, Their cuirassiers, particularly, have suffered of the 41st regiment; the former an much, in consequence of their attempts to of great experience, and both ardent in take our guns. I caused them to be pur- His Majesty's service. Batteries had likesued by the Hussars of Grodno, who dis-wise been commenced opposite Fort Detinguished themselves on this occasion. troit, for one eighteen-pounder, two We have lost 400 men in killed and wound twelve, and two five-and-an-half-inch ed, among whom we have particularly to mortars; all of which opened on the evenlament the death of the gallant Colonel ing of the 15th (having previously sumDennissen, who commanded the 25th regi- moned Brigadier-General Hull to surment of chasseurs, and who was killed by a render); and although opposed by a wellcannon-ball. I mean to pursue the directed fire from seven twenty-four-poundcnemy to the Dwina.
ers, such was their construction, under the able directions of Captain Dixon of the Royal Engineers, that no injury was sus
tained from its effect. -The force at my SURRENDER OF THE AMERICAN ARMY.
disposal being collected in the course of the London Gazelle Extraordinary, Oct. 6.
the 15th, in the neighbourhood of Sand
wich, the embarkation took place a little (Continued from page 478.) after day-light on the following morning, intelligence received from that quarter ad- and by the able arrangements of Lieut. mitting of no delay, Colonel Proctor was Dewar of the Quarter-Master-General's Dedirected to assume the command, and his partment, the whole was, in a short time, force was soon after increased with 60 rank landed without the smallest confusion at and file of the 41st regiment. - In the Spring Well, a good position, three iniles mean time, the most strenuous measures west of Detroit. The Indians, who had were adopted to counteract the machina- in the mean time effected their landing two tions of the evil-disposed ; and I soon ex miles below, moved forwards and occupied perienced the gratification of receiving vo- the woods, about a mile and an half on our luntary offers of service from that portion left.---- The force, which I instantly di. of the embodied Militia the most easily rected to march against the enemy, consistcollected. In the attainment of this im- ed of 30 Royal Artillery, two liundred and portant point, Gentlemen of the first cha- fifty 41sť regiment, listy Royal Neivfoundracter and influence shewed an example land regiment, four hundred Militia, and highly creditable to them; and I cannot about six hundred Indians, to which were on this occasion avoid mentioning the es- attached three 6-pounders and two 3sential assistance I derived froni John pounders. The services of Lieut. TroughM'Donnell, Esq. His Majesty's Attorney-ton, commanding the Royal Artillery, an General, who, from the beginning of the active and intelligent officer, being required war, has honoured ine with his services as in the field, the direction of the batieries my Provincial Aid-de-Camp. A suffi- was intrusted to Captain Hall, and the ma
rine department; and I cannot withhold peated by your Excellency.-From that my entire approbation of their conduct on moment they took a most active part, and this occasion.—I crossed the river, with appeared foremost on every occasion; they an intention of waiting in a strong position were led yesterday by Colonel Elliott and the effect of our force upon the enemy's Captain M'Kee, and nothing could exceed camp, and in the hope of compelling him their order and steadiness. A few prisoners to meet us in the field; but receiving in were taken by them during the advance, formation upon landing, that Col. M'Ar- whom they treated with every humanity; thur, an officer of high reputation, had and it affords me much pleasure in assuring left the garrison three days before, with a your Excellency, that such was their fordetachment of 500 men, and hearing soon bearance and attention to what was required afterwards that his cavalry had been seen of them, that the enemy sustained no other that morning three miles in our rear, I de- loss in men than what was occasioned by cided on an immediate attack. According the fire of our batteries. ---The high scnse ly the troops advanced to within one mile I entertain of the abilities and judgment of of the fort, and having ascertained that the Lieutenant-Colonel Myers, induced me to enemy had taken little or no precaution to-appoint him to the most important comwards the land-side, I resolved on an as- mand at Niagara; it was with reluctance I sault, whilst the Indians penetrated his deprived myself of his assistance, but had camp. Brigadier-General Hull, however, no other expedient; his duties as head of prevented this movement, by proposing a the Quarter-Master-General's department cessation of hostilities, for the purpose of were performed to my satisfaction by Lieupreparing terms of capitulation. Lieute- tenant-Colonel Nicholls, Quarter-Masternani-Colonel John M'Donnell and Captain General of the Militia. -Captain Glegg, Clegg were accordingly deputed by me on my Aid-de-Camp, will have the honour of this mission, and returned within an hour delivering this dispatch to your Excellency; with the conditions which I have the ho he is charged with the colours taken at the nour herewith to transmit. Certain con capture of Fort Detroit, and those of the siderations afterwards induced me to agree 4th United States regiment. -Captain to the two supplementary articles.---The Glegg is capable of giving your Excellency force thus surrendered to His Majesty's arms every information respecting the state of cannot be estimated at less than 2,500 men. this province; and I shall esteem wyself In this estimate, Colonel M'Arthur's de- highly indebted to your Excellency to altachment is included, as he surrendered, ford him that protection, to which his meagreeably to the terms of capitulation, ,in rit and length of service give him a powerthe course of the evening, with the excep- ful claim.--I have the honour to be, &c. tion of 200 men, whom he left escorting a
Isaac Brock, Major-Gen. valuable couvoy at some little distance in P.S. I have the honour to enclose a copy his rear; but there can be no doubt the of- of a Proclamation, which I issued immedi'ficer commanding, will consider himself ately on taking possession of this country: equally bound by the capitulation. - The
-I should have mentioned in the body of enemy's aggregate force was divided into my dispatch the capture of the Adams; two troops of cavalry; one company of ar- she is a fine vessel, and recently repaired, tillery regulars; the fourth United States but without arms. regiment; detachments of the 1st and 3d United States regiments, volunteers; three regiments of the Ohio Militia ; one regi
Camp at Detroit, Aug. 16, 1812. ment of the Michigan territory. - Thirty- CAPITULATION for the Surrender of Fort three pieces of brass and iron ordnance have
Detroit, entered into between Major. already been secured.-When this con
Gen. Brock, commanding His Britannic test commenced, many of the Indian na. Majesty's Forces, on the one part, and tions were engaged in active warfare with Brigadier-General Hull, commanding the the United States, notwithstanding the con
North-western Army of the United States, stant endeavours of this Government to
on the other part. dissuade them from it. Some of the prin Art. I. Fort Detroit, with all the troops, cipal Chiefs happened to be at Amherst regulars as well as militia, will be immediburg, trying to procure a supply of armsately surrendered to the British forces under and ammunition, which for years had been the command of Major-General Brock, and withheld, agreeably to the instructions re- will be considered prisoners of war, with ceived from Sir James Craig, and since re- the exception of such of the militia of the