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tion than it is upon that of the French ; struction. In the first - place this is an and, as we know very well, that this exaggeration. It is a falsehood conveyed drain has not thrown upon the women in empty bombast. Mothers, when they the cultivation of the land in Eng- are delivered, think nothing about what is land, we must, if we would be thought to become of their children. But, the inrational men, conclude, that this story tention here is to deceive the people of about the cultivation of the land in France England as to the mode of raising soldiers by women is a falsehood; a sheer inven- in France, as well as to the proportion of tion for the purpose of deceiving the people young men taken from their homes to serve of this country, and of favouring the views as soldiers, and also to deceive them as to of those who delight in war, because it the nature of the service which those young enriches them and their families. men are employed in. This is a sub“ But,” exclaims the reader, “.you have ject of great consequence; because, upon " forgotten!" Oh! no, I have not for the assumption, that the Conscription is gotten! I have not forgotten that Old intolerable in France, is built the concluFrance contains but a part of that popula. sion, that the people of France must hate tion, out of which Napoleon draws his the government of Napoleon, and must be 800,000 men ; I have not forgotten, that ready to fall into any project for the delihe is king of Italy, that Holland and Bra- verance of their country from what is callbant and the Hans Towns and part of Ger- ed his tyranny ; and on this is grounded many belong to his empire; and that he the further conclusion, that, if we do but not only draws troops from all these, but continue the war for a little longer, we from the more distant parts of Europe go- shall overset this formidable enemy.verned by sovereigns his allies. Oh! no; Now, then, let us see how the case stands. I have not forgotten that his empire con- |- First, it is false to say, that the mothers tains upwards of 40,000,000 of people, are at all affected by what may happen to instead of 26,000,000 ; but I had a mind their children at the end of 19 years; seto shew how the comparison stood with cond, the conscription cannot, as we have France alone, in order to put this hireling seen above, take but a comparatively small the more completely to shame. -Take, portion of the young men away; third, the then, Napoleon's empire at 40,000,000 of mode of taking them to be general, must
people, which is far within bounds, and be impartial, and, of course, much less, į you will find, that he takes but one man infinitely less, galling than if the hardship
in arms out of every 50 of his people ; fell uporr the poor only; fourth, it is not while our king takes one man in arms out to pitiless desiruction that they are sent, of every 28, of his people! And yet, but to war, and war attended with all the this hireling has the impudence to attempt glory, renown, and advantage, that be. to make us believe, that the drain of men long to victory and conquest. Besides, in France has thrown the cu vation of the reader, bear in mind these important facts, land upon the women! If scarcity and which even the assurance of Mr. Canning discontent be. produced in France by a will not induce him to deny; namely, drain of one out of fifty, what must the that, the private soldiers in the French drain of one of twenty-eight and a half army are treated with great respect by their produce? Thus does this hireling strike officers; that they are permitted to share, into the bowels of his own government, under the name of plunder, very largely when he is aiming the blow at that of in the fruit of victory; and, above all, Napoleon. But, sach is the desire to that, OUT OF THE RANKS ALL THÉ decry the government of France; so eager COMMISSIONED OFFICERS ARE the desire to make the people here believe TAKEN. Consider this, consider that that the French are slaves, that the con Massena, Brune, Victor, Marmont, Soult, sequence of such efforts to our govern- Suchet, were all private soldiers ; consi-. ment are wholly overlooked. -So much der, that, out of 16 Marshals of France, for this fact, upon which, he says, his who are now Dukes and Princes, 14 were readers may rely. We will now return the sons of Farmers and Tradesmen ; conto Mr. Canning's first assertion ; namely, sider ihat all the regiments, all the rank, that the mothers, in France, when deli all the honours, all the emoluments of the vered of male children, are made mi- service, which, indeed, constitute nine serable by the reflection, that, when they tenths of all the honours and emoluments shall have attained the age of 19 years, of the empire, are enjoyed, and must be they will be torn from them to pililess de- enjoyed, by men who are in the first
place private soldiers ; consider, too, that means the old governments of Europe, inthere is one commissioned officer to about cluding the Inquisition of Spain, which, every twenty privates ; aud then you will, as our own news papers informed us, waz I am persuaded, agree with me, that each re-established at Madrid in a few days conscript puts his services into a pretty after our army got possession of the place. good lottery. Mr. Canning forgot these And, is our lot cast with the Inquisition ; things ; or he was too ignorant of the af- are we to stand or fall with that; and are fairs of France to know any thing of them; those to be denominated, enemies of their or, which is full as likely, he wished to country, who refuse to act upon such a put a false picture before the people of notion ? My opinion is, that, if our reEngland. - If, indeed, all the cominis. sources were well and honestly managed, sions, all the honours, all the emoluments we, alone, might set the world at defiance, of the service were swallowed up by the if the world, which is not to be believed, sons of the rich, and if nothing but hard- should, in that case, be resolved to act ships and the knocking out of brains were unjustly towards us; and, therefore, I left for the sons of the poor; if promotion would have treated with Napoleon upon did not proceed from the ranks; then ! | the basis of his last proposition. If we should be ready to believe, that the con- adopt Mr. Canning's notion, which, disscription in France must of necessity create guise it however he may, is that of a negreat discontents; but, where the chance cessity of continuing the contest till we of promotion is so fair ; where the lottery have restored the old governments of Euis so rich and the blanks so few, I am not rope, our case is, indeed, desperate.to be inade believe, that the conscription, We have now done with the first speech of though still a heavy burden, is viewed with Mr. Canning at this dinner ; but, there any thing approaching to feelings of hor- was a second, made upon the arrival of the ror. It is to be observed, besides, that Boroughreeve of Manchester, accompanied the genius of the French people is inilitary ; | by certain persons of that town, who beg. that it always was so; that to become even ged to be permitted to partake of the hoa private soldier always raised a man in nours of the sitting, and one of whom, it the scale of public estimation ; that to have would seem, gave, as a toast, " the imserved was, in all times, a matter of boast " mortal memory of the Ri. Hon, WILing in France, and a settled title to a larger " LIAM PITT;" whereupon, it is reshare of respect than the party would ported, Mr. Canning rose and said, " That otherwise bave put in a claim to. These is it was expected of them who were preare considerations which escape us in this " sent that they should return thanks for country, and this is the reason why we 's any honour conferred on their absent hear so many persons, otherwise well-in-1's friends. It might be pardonable in him formed, expressing their astonishment at " if he expressed his acknowledgment for the zeal and fidelity of the French soldiers " the honour they had done to the meand at the submission of the people to the mory of Mr. Pitt, and in doing which laws of the conscription. We will now they had not the sense of Liverpool only, leave Mr. Canning to condole with the "but of England; not of England only, lying-in mothers in France, while we ob- " but of Europe, of posterily, and of the serve upon the false and malignant con
He said, he had always been clusion of the passage last quoted, where " True to his principles. But there had he says, that we, who are for treating for 's been instances where his principles had peace, " are willing to purchase it at the “ been misunderstood, but he knew that expense of the honour of our country." 6s in this place they had always found able
He does not pretend to produce any " advocates. There was one point on proof of this assertion, which is, indeed, no " which, in the course of the recent conmore than a repetition of the old stale ca.
test, his memory had been called in lumny, which has been in use by him and question, and his principles misreprehis like for the last twenty years. But, he sented that he was the advocate and au. lays it down as an axiom, that we cannot
If there lived a statesman have peace with the security of peace." in the world whose interests, indiviThis he does not attempt to prove, and it " dually, were founded in peace,- if there is also an old battered assertion. He af was ever a statesman of whom it might terwards observes, that we cannot be safe“ be presumed, that in conducting his alone ; that our lot is cast with that of the " country into war he was led by a sense civilized world, by which he, doubtless," of irresistible necessily, it must have
" Thor of war.
“ been in the foundation of his firm judg- it is not quite enough to say, that " it still
ment, and laid on the same basis with lives in our breasts unimpaired." It is " that of the prosperily of his country in our purses; in our purses, good Clerk • When posterity “should look back upon of the Hanaper; it is there that a system " the memory of that great man, they would of finance ought to be unimpaired; but, s discriminate two different eras in his you deal so much in rhetorical figures,
The one on his succession to the that, perhaps, by breasts you may mean government of the country, he found the purses, as the things nearest to the hearts ** state dilapidated, and its resources ener- of your hearers. If so, your assertion was "vated by an ill-conducted war. He laid merely false, it being perfectly notorious, $6 the foundation of that SOLID SYSTEM that the system, so far from being solid, $ of which it was enough to say that it was the most hollow and deceitful that ever $ lived in our 'breasts unimpaired, and was invented by man, and that it has pro" had endured amid the storms which had duced and is producing all the ruinous 6 assailed it since that time. Whether it effects that were anticipated from its adop. * were the fauļi of Mr. Pitt or not the tion. -Indeed, a man must be possessed " fault (he meant of his judgment, and of a surprising stock of impudence to be " which would afford a fair test of histo- able to stand up in the midst of some hun“ rical controversy,) whether he began dreds of persons, and applaud the system " the war which has continued with little of Pitt for its solidity, at a time when the " intermission to the present time--whe: paper-money, created by that system, is “ther that were his fault or not, it had so depreciated as to require acts of parlia“ been by his plans that the country had ment and severe penalties to prevent it “ been enabled lo continue it. But he did from being openly exchanged at a great
not think even without his councils war discount against the legal coin of the king" could have been deferred. A second dom. The late parliament did, indeed, “ era of his political life began at the pe- declare by, solemn resolution, that the
riod, when from ghe centre of Europe Bank paper was equal in value to gold and s burst forth that yolcanic eruption of de- silver coin in the estimation of the people, " solaling principles, which threatened to and they, in a few weeks afterwards, pass
overwhelm the civilized world; these ed an act, making it a misdemeanor in " principles, he observed, he had success any one to exchange the paper against coin "fully, resisted. After some further re- at a discount ! These two proceedings “ marks hé observed, that he trusted that will immortalize that parliament; but, for “ into whatever hands the Government of an individual, outside of the walls of St.
this great country should be committed, Stephen, to have the impudence to assert, " they would ever keep his example before that the paper system is unimpaired, “ their eyes ; and that they would learn when the regular Price Currents tell us, “ from his example, exertion abroad." that Guinea Gold will sell for Five pounds Any thing more empty, more com- eight shillings an ounce, in paper, while pletely devoid of sense than this latter- it is well known, that it will sell for ne birth harangue, I do not remember to have more than Three pounds sevenleen shillings met with even in the reports of the debates and ten percę halfpenny, in the legal coin in the Honourable House. -The reader of the kingdom; for a man, unprotected will perceive, that, even in the face of by privilege, to insult, in this outrageous this crew of war-mongers, Mr. Ganning manner, the understanding of his hearers did not think it proper to attempt a justi- would surpass belief, if we did not know, fication of the beginning of the late war that those hearers were amongst the most against France. Yet, that must be jus- stupid as well as the most servile and base tified, or the memory of Pitt must stand of mankind. Pitt's plans, we are here blasted in the sight of posterity. -But, cold, have enabled us to continue the contest. he was, it seems, the author of " a That is to say, they have enabled our go6 SOLID SYSTEM, of which it was vernment to carry on the war by the means “ ENOUGH to say, that it lived in our of loans, taxation, and bank notes. Real• BREASTS unimpaired, and bad en-ly, to hear this man of froth, one would " dured amidst the storms that bad as- imagine, that it was good for a nation to " şailed it since that time." What did be exhausted ; for its paper to become dehe mean?
What systein? I suppose, precialed; for its gold and silver to quit that the system he alludes to must be the the land. Continue the contest! So much funding system ; and, if so, Mc. Canning, the worse. It would have been good if
the government had been reduced to the the Corvée, and the Tithes, in France. He necessity of discontinuing the contest many was able by the aid of that system which years ago. But, the question is, will Pitt's has made the English guinea worth 29 plans enable us to get safe out of this con- shillings in Bank Paper; by such means he iest? And this question every man is was able to plunge France into a state that ready to answer in the negative.Mr. called for the government of a single man; Canning concludes with the old cheat, but, he was, with all the hundreds of milwhich, though threadbare long ago, has, lions of our money that he squandered, unit seems, still its uses. He told the crew, able to re-establish any one of those opthat Pitt had “ successfully resisted that pressions by which the people of France “ volcanic eruption of desolating principles were induced to revolt against their old " which, at one time, threatened to over- government, — Through the war of Pitt " whelm the civilized world." He al- and millions of our money the people of ludes here to the principles of the French France were deprived of the sort of governrevolution; and, if they did actually ment that they at first contemplated; but, threaten to overwhelm the civilized world, they were not deprived of a very large part is it true, reader, that Pitt successfully of the advantages which they expected resisted them? How were they expected from such a government. They revolted to operate in the work of overwhelming to get rid of Lettres-de-cachet, the GaThis flashy orator delights in figures ; but, belle, the Corvée, the Tithes, and numeat last, we must, if we can, reduce his rous degrading and cruel feudal rights; they words to some plain meaning. What, revolted to get rid of a corrupt and partial then, does he mean by the overwhelming administration of justice ; they revolted to of the civilized world by principles? Why get rid of a clergy and nobility who inhe must mean, that those principles tended, sulted and oppressed them without mercy. not to the producing of a real deluge, or This was the grand principle of their revoflood, in the civilized world, but that lution, and this principle has not been they clearly tended to the subversion of the resisted. However, if the merchants and settled order of things in the civilized traders of Liverpool and of the rest of the world ; that they tended to the oversetting kingdom are satisfied with what has been of establishments in religion, in law, in done in the way of resistance to French, ranks and degrees, and, especially to the principles, I congratulate them thereon pulling down of sovereigns and of thrones, with all my heart, and leave them and That this is the only rational sense in Mr. Canning to the enjoyment of all the which the words can be taken is, I think, tranquillity and security which that resistevident; and, that being the case, what ance is, of course, calculated to afford impudence, what brass, how hardened the them. front or how empty the skull, of the man
WM. COBBETT. who could stand up and assert, that Pitt London, 5th Nov. 1812. had successfully resisted those principles, when, at the same moment, it was a notorious fact, that scarcely a throne remain
P.S. Since writing the above I have ed unoverset in the civilized world, and seen a Speech of Mr. Canning, made at that all the establishments, connected with Manchester. This speech I shall notice regal or aristocratical sway, had shared the in my next. same fate? Perhaps Mr. Canning meant to say, that Pitt had successfully resisted the principles of the first French revolu WESTMINSTER ELECTION. tionists; that is to say, the principles of freedom ; and, if that were his meaning,
Lellers of Sir Francis Burdett and Lord it must be confessed that his patron and the
Cochrane, upon their being relurned for object of his praise was but too successful.
the City of Westminster, in 1812. Nevertheless, there is much which he left The following Letters have passed between undone. He was unable, and so have the Committee appointed to conduct the been and will be, his followers, to restore Election for this City and their Reprethe ecclesiastical and feudal and aristocra sentatives. The Resolutions of the Getical tyranny in France and Italy, in Swit neral Meeting on the 5th inst, at the zerland and in Germany. To give a pithy Crown and Anchor, had been previously instance or two: Pit was unable to re transmitted to Sir Francis Burdett and establish Lellres-de-cachel, the Gabelle, Lord Cochrane,
To Sir Francis Burdett, Barl. power which they may think advantageous. Sir, -In announcing to you that you
The enclosed Answer you will have the
-Your's, very have been again returned to Parliament goodness to communicate. for the City of Westminster, we cannot
F. BURDETT. suppress the satisfaction we feel in obsery
ing the steady, though slow advance of public opinion, manifested in the disposition of
To the Eleclors of Westminster. the Electors of Westminster to do their GENTLEMEN,- It is impossible for me to duty to themselves and to their country, be insensible to the extraordinary mark of to the utter dismay of all Parties, and the confidence with which you have recently destruction of the formerly overwhelming honoured me. And although I am thereby influence of base, corrupt, and infamous again placed in an arduous and difficult Administrations, who have merely regard- situation, from which I should gladly have ed the ruling, not the benefiting the nation : withdrawn, I cannot, under such auspices, -who have considered power as 'every refuse to undertake the forlorn hope of comthing, the peace, prosperity, and happiness bating that wide-spreading corruption, of the people as nothing. -We would which seems almost to convert the severity willingly is spare you the mortification of of satire," that not to be corrupted is the
passing a painful life in undignified ef. " shame," into mere matter of fact; or, « forts to stem the torrent of corruption." at least, to give room to suppose such to be But when we contemplate the effects pro- the prevailing opinion. Nothing, thereduced in this great City, exemplified as fore, remains for the friends of their counthey now are, in the return of yourself and try, but to stand it out as long as they can, your late worthy colleague, without expense prepared, at all times, to make as decent an or personal trouble; without communica- exit as their enemies will perwit. -Gention with either, and without a struggle- tlemen, the small portion which remains of when we hear from various places, that the the real Representation of the People (the People, rousing from their apathy, are en- sole Constitutional Guardian of our Liberty deavouring to imitate the example of West- and Property) is now confined io the Counminster, we cannot but indulge the hope, ties and great Towns; and even in them, that at the next Election, better informed for the most part, Government patronage, by precept, by example, and by experi- places, pensions, promises, threais, and the ence, they will so exert themselves, that various methods practised at Elections, the " torrent 'of corruption" may'no longer render an uncorrupt body of Electors' nó be irresistible, nor your honourable and more to be expected than an uncorrupt Parmanly efforts be "unavailing" in promot- liament.-i may, however, Gentlemen, ing the happiness of your country.
be allowed to say, without incurring the By Order of the Committee for con- suspicion of flattery, that your conduct ducting the Election for the City paralleled in the annals of this, or, perhaps,
forms a shining exception.
A conduct unand Liberty of Westminster, api lof any other country, proving to demonpointed at Electors, Friends to Purity of Elec-stration the falsehood of those malignant tion, on Monday, the 6th October, assertions of unprincipled men for traitor1812.
ous ends, that the great mass of the nation
is corrupt, and that Reform is, therefore, SAMUEL BROOKS, Chairman.
neither desirable nor attainable. This outCommittee Room, 38, King-street, rageous doctrine, invented by knavery to Covent Garden, 9th Oct. 1812.
palliate plunder, you have nobly confuted,
and furnished a practical and unanswerable (A Letter to the same effect was written to Lord Cochrane.)
argument in favour of freedom of Election.
-Gentlemen, at the Revolution one honest line, securing to the People freedom
of Election, would have been worth more ANSWERS.
than all that tedious and ostentatious disOxford, Oct. 16, 1812. play of principles and objects set forth, but Dear Sir, I found your very flattering never really provided for, by the Bill of Letter on my returu here from Tiverton. Rights. I would fain hope, that the ex-" The noble behaviour of the Electors of ample given by the Electors of WestminWestminster towards me, makes it impos- ster, might encourage other places still to sible for me to refuse any exertion in my contend for that small portion of Independs