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you know, that there are eleven millions wanted from us, and for what? Why, of these people ? And do you consider, for no definite object ; not for the obtaining that out of eleven millions, there ought to of Peace ; not in defence of any English be about two millions of men capable of territory attacked; not in support of an bearing arms? Do you consider, besides, English right called in question ; but in that the French, even at this time, are re- support of the GREAT CONTEST! presented as having only about a hundred And what is this great contest? Why, we thousand men in Spain ? And do you not are told, that it is the contest,

66 which has wonder, then ; do you not marvel ; do you “ first given to the Continent of Europe not think it passing strange, that these hun. the example of persevering and successdred thousand Frenchmen are able to keep" ful resistance to the power of France, possession of the greater part of Spain, in " and on which not only the independence spite of two millions of men able to bear "s of the nations of the Peninsula, but the arms, who hold them in abhorrence, and best interest of His Majesty's dominions who are encouraged and abetted by all those essentially depend." - This is all matwho are not capable of bearing arms; are ter of opinion, as far as relates to the best you not wonder-stricken, that these hun interests of His Majesty's dominions; and dred thousand Frenchmen, having opposed my opinion is, that those interests would to them a population of eleven millions, be much better served by a Peace, in which with a prodigiously large Spanish army, Spain should be left in the hands of the together with all the forces that we are able Buonapartés, as it formerly was in the to send, not excepting the King's German hands of the Bourbons, than by any exerLegion, are you not posed and puzzled be- tions that we are able to make for effecting yond description, to find out the reason, that which we are pleased to call the dethat these hundred thousand Frenchmen, liverance of Spain. - And, as to the 66 with all these forces opposed to them, have" ample!" The example! The example, not been made into crow's meat long enough which Spain has set to the Continent of ago?- "Most thinking" reader, do not Europe, what, to come to plain facts, is puzzle yourself, do not pose yourself any that example? Why, it is this, the exlonger about the matter ; but say with me, ample of eleven millions of people suffering that, there never was, in this world, a na a French army to remain in possession of tion of eleven millions of people that suf- their Country for four years ; seeing thein fered the army of any enemy, however nu- in possession of the Capital of their Counmerous, to remain for four years in the try at this moment, and of four-fifths of its country, if that nation were heartily dis. Provinces ; though that eleven millions of posed to drive them out.-Being of this people have been supplied from England opinion, I see with no pleasure that part of with arms and ammunition sufficient for the the Speech which too clearly points at fur- equipping and providing of an army of six ther and larger demands upon us for the thousand men; though that eleven inillions carrying on of the war in Spain. I was in of people have constantly had the assisthopes, that the Speech would have inform- ance of a powerful English fleet, and of an

ed us of intentions on the part of the Regent English army, consisting of, perhaps, sixty · seriously to set about the work of Peace, thousand men; this is the example, which for which the present circumstances, though the contest in the Peninsula presents to the less favourable than when Napoleon last Continent of Europe! This is the example tendered the olive branch, are by no means of " successful resislance to the power of unfavourable. We are told that he is in “ France," in consequence of which sucimminent danger in the North; that he is cess, and for the sake of giving effect to in a state of great peril; and, indeed, the which example, His Royal Highness the Regent himself has been advised to tell us, Regent calls upon the Parliament for assistthat the enemy's presumptuous expectations ance in support of the GREAT CONTEST have been signally disappointed in Russia. out of which this precious example has This, then, seems to me to be the moment arisen!The Speech then goes on, acfor proposing Peace, that is to say, if Peace cording to the report of it that has appeared is ever again to be proposed. But instead in the news-papers, to speak of the affairs of this being the case ; instead of telling us of Sweden and Russia in the following of endeavours to convert our own victories terms: and the efforts of Russia into the means of I have great pleasure in communicatprocuring us some liule abatement of our "ing to you, that the relations of peace burdens, we are told of fresh assistance and friendship have been restored be

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“ {ween His Majesty and the Courts of St. ( unfortunate and infamous to Sweden if he " Petersburgh and Stockholm. I have were suffered to remain. These gentle" directed copies of the Treaties to be laid men, these hirelings, these vile traders in “ before you. In a contest for his own politics, will now lose no time in disco "rights and for the independence of bis vering, that the man, whom they repre“ dominions, the Emperor of Russia has sented as a monster, is now a very worthy “had to oppose a large proportion of the gentleman, and they will bear in mind, “ military resources of the French Govern- that to call him names now, would sub

ment, assisted by its Allies and tributary ject them to a pretty fair chance of a so“ States dependent upon it. The resistance journing in Newgate or in Lincoln jail. which he has opposed to so formidable a told them of this at the time that they were "i combination cannot fail to excite senti- treating him with such scandalous abuse ; ments of lasling admiration. By his I told them that I should see the day whea "own magnanimity and perseverance, by they would not dare to speak of my old "s the zeal and disinterestedness of all ranks brother Serjeant with disrespect. My pre" of his subjects, and by the gallantry, diction is already verified. I dare them " firmness, and intrepidity of his forces, to repeat what they said of him two years the presumptuous expectations of the ago. This treaty, these relations of Peace

enemy have been signally disappointed. and friendship, which His Royal Highness “ The enthusiasın of the Russian nalion has has been graciously pleased to establish be66 increased with the difficulties of the con tween our King and a Crown, the successor “ test, and the dangers with which it is to which was once, and not long ago, a “ surrounded. They have submitted to Serjeant, and, of course, once a private " sacrifices without an example in the his- Soldier, delights me to the heart.

It tory of civilized nations ; and I entertain pleases me much more than the treaty "a confident hope, that the determined formed with Russia ; and it does so because perseverance of his Imperial Majesty will I think that it tends more to the good, not “ be crowned with ullimale success; and only of the people of England, but of man“ the contest in its result have the effect kind in general. It says, in language " of establishing, upon a foundation never which nothing can resist, that great talents "10 be shaken, the independence and se- and great viriues are not to be borne down “curity of the Russian empire.-- The by either pride or intrigue.-Very dif

proof of confidence I have received in the ferent indeed are my feelings with respect

measure of sending the Russian fleet to to what His Royal Highness has beea " the ports of this country, is in the highest pleased to say in regard to the war in “ degree gratifying; and His Imperial Ma- Russia. And, I can hardly believe my “ jesty may most fully rely on my fixed eyes, when I read that the Regent has told " determination to afford him my most cor the parliament that the resistance which " dial support in the great contest in which has been made to the French in Russia, " he is engaged.”

" cannot fail to excite sentiments of lasting In the pleasure which His Royal Highness “ admiration.So far am I from enterappears to feel at the conclusion of Peace taining such sentiments, that I ain really with Sweden I amply participate ; because afraid to express the sentiments that I enin forming connexions of peace and friend- tertain upon the subject; and I am sure ship with that Country, His Royal High- the reader will agree with me in expressing ness has been graciously pleased virtually an anxious hope, that such a resistance as to acknowledge the CROWN PRINCE of the Russians have made to the French, Sweden in that capacity; and has therein would not content His Royal Highness in done an act which effectually removes all the case of an invasion of England; that our apprehensions, founded on the doctrine England, in such a case, would not be sometimes promulgated respecting the defended as Russia has been defended ; usurpations of Buonaparté and of those that it would not be defended by laying who have been elevated by him. The waste the country and setting fire to the only persons, who will feel mortified upon Capital ; that the " enthusiasm" of Engthis occasion, are those, who, about two lish people would be shown by rushing to years ago so vilified Bernadotte; who the field to meet the enemy, and not by the called him, a Serjeant of Sans-Culottes ; burning of houses ; that the sort of " sawho expressed their hope, their base and "crifices" which Englishmen would be cowardly hope, that the Swedes would cut disposed to make, would be that of their his throat; and who predicted every thing own lives, in defence of their wives, their

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children, their aged parents, the blind, Russians who had fought against him; and the lame, the bed.ridden, the women in he has seen the Russian feet sent off to the child-birth, and the wounded Soldier who ports of England; if his expectations exhad before fought their batiles ; and not : tended further, they must have been inorand not the sacrifice of the lives of all these dinate indeed. What should we say, to their own personal safety, or out of re- if, upon the prospect of an invasion from venge against those whom they had not France, or if, upon an actual invasion, by resisted in the field. His Royal High-' the French in Ireland, the government pess has better means than I have of know- were to send off the fleet to Portugal, for ing to what extent the Czar will persevere, instance? What should we say ? Let us and of guessing upon the probability of bis have no shuffling ; no iss, and ands, and efforts being crowned with ultimate suc- buls; but let us have a plain, a simple cess. He also is more likely to be well answer to the question; and, whoever does acquainted with the “ zeal and disinterest- give such an answer, will consess, that we $edness of all ranks of the Czar's sub- should say, that the government expected jects, and with the gallantry, firmness, the French, or, at least, that they were " and intrepidity of his forces ;" but, I in great fear that the French would become must confess, that, with my

limited means masters of the whole country, and that of judging, I cannot help believing, that they themselves would be compelled to the circumstance of the Russian fleet being follow the fleet. And would it be very. sent to the ports of this Country, though it consoling to the heart of an Englishman; may be, as the Regent says it is, a proof would it be very flattering to his national of the Czar's confidence, highly gratifying pride, to be informed, that the sovereign to His Royal Highness, is no very good of the country to whom our Heet was sent proof of the Czar's confidence in either his had regarded it as a mark of great confi-people or his army; or, at least, that it is dence in him on the part of our govern no very good proof of his confidence in his ment?—The concluding part of the Remeans of defence against Buonaparte ; for gent's Speech, as far as it relates to Russia, if he had such confidence; if he could is rather obscure; but, I gather from it, safely rely upon his people and his army that it will not be very long before we for the defence of his dominions ; if he shall hear of some proposition for granting were in no apprehension that his domini- money to the Emperor of Russia. The ons would finally fall into the hands of the Regent does, indeed, say no more than enemy, why, in the name of common that his Imperial Majesty may most fully sense, should he think of sending his feet rely upon his most cordial support. But, to the ports of this country ? - Let those in what way is he to yield him support? who differ from me in opinion answer this Send an army he scarcely will attempt in question. Nor can I agree with the the present state of the war in Spain ; and Şpeech, that the expectations of the enemy as to sending him a fleet, that would be a in Russia have been proved to have been strange proceeding indeed at the very mopresumptuous, or that they have been sig- ment when the Czar is sending his own nally disappointed. What could an in- fleet away to England. In the history of vader hope to do, in so short a space of all the wars in the world and of all the altime, more than to march six hundred miles liances, an instance of such a proceeding is through an empire and take possession of not to be found; except, indeed, some its Capital ? That Capital was burnt, and, persous should be inclined to discover an as our news-writers have asserted, by order analogous case in the interchange of the of the Czar himself. Even they, I sup- English and Irish mili:ias — The next pose, will allow, that nothing short of the topic is that of Sicily. most desperate circumstances could have " I have the satisfaction further to acwarranted such an act; and if the circum quaint you, that I have concluded a. stances of the empire of Russia were ren- " Treaty with His Sicilian Majesty, sup. dered so desperate by the advance of the plementary to the Treaties of" 1808 and French, how could the invasion be called " 1809. As soon as the Ratifications presumptuous ? The invader has severed" shall have been exchanged, I will direct from the Empire of Russia four millions of " a Copy of this Treaty to be laid before its subjects. If he were to stop there, las “ you. My object has been to provide his expectations been disappointed ? He " for the more extensive application of

the ancient Capital of Russia " the military force of the Sicilian Goburnt, and with it thirty thousand of those “vernment to offensive operations ; a

has

seen

“ measure which, combined with the libe-cently discussed, that I shall not here “ ral and enlightened principles, which trouble the reader with any inquiry rehappily prevail in the Councils of His specting them. But, as His Royal High“ Sicilian Majesty, is calculated, I trust, ness is graciously pleased to tell us, that “ to augment his power and resources, his best efforts are employed for the re" and at the same time to render them storation of peace with America, and to

essentially serviceable to the common add that he asks for support in the war 66 cause.”

only upon the ground of his not being able Upon this subject I shall say nothing at to make Peace “ withont sacrificing the present. A better opportunity will offer “ maritime rights of Great Britain," I when the treaty here spoken of shall be cannot help observing, that I know of no made public. In the mean while, how- maritime right that Great Britain has ever ever, I beg the reader to bear in mind, before contended for, and that the Amethat this Island of Sicily is costing us an- ricans call upon us to sacrifice. We have nually an immense sum of money; and heard much talking about these maritime that, só far from its having contributed rights; but I have never yet heard one hitherto towards the resistance of France, man clearly state what he means by them. it has required a large part of our own army The American government say that we to defend it. -The American war fol- have no right to stop their vessels at sea, lows next.

and to take people out of them; and I say, “ The Declaration of War by the Go- that this is a right that Great Britain never « vernment of the United States of Ame- before contended for, and I defy any man “ rica was made under circumstances to show that any neutral nation in the “ which might have afforded a reasonable world ever submitted to such a practice, “ expectation that the amicable relations or that such a practice was ever before at“ beiween the two nations would not long tempted. If there be any of the settled “ be interrupted. It is with sincere regret maritime rights of England which the " that I am obliged to acquaint you, that Americans wish us to sacrifice, why are “ the conduct and pretensions of that Go- they not named? It may be necessary; I “ vernment have hitherto prevented the do not say, that circumstances may never * conclusion of any pacific arrangement. arise, to justify a government in doing that

- Their measures of hostility have which no established practice or principle “ been principally directed against the warrants ; but then, let it be avowed ; let “ adjoining British provinces, and every us know what it is we are contending for, effort has been made to seduce the inha- I wish to see the rights for which we con"bitants of them from their allegiance to tend explicitly stated, and, then we might His Majesly.--The proofs, however, enter upon the discussion with some pros" which I have received of loyalty and at- pect of arriving at the truth. His Roy" tachment from His Majesty's subjects in al Highness complains of attempts at "se“ North America, are highly satisfactory. "duction," on the part of the Americans. "The attempts of the enemy to in- This phrase, with due submission, is “ vade Upper Canada have not only proved badly chosen. It was not an attempt at se“ abortive, but, by the judicious ar- duction, which implies something secret or “ rangements of the Governor-General, underhanded; whereas that which the " and by the skill and decision with Yankees did was open and in the face of “ which the military operations have day; it was an act of war ; it was by open “ been conducted, the forces of the enemy proclamation after a declaration of war; " assembled for that purpose in one quar- it was an invilation, but no attempt at se“ ter have been compelled to capitulate, duction. The term seduction is properly “6 and in another have been completely applied, when a government is base enough, " defeated.--My best efforts are not while at peace and in apparent amity with " wanting for the restoration of the rela. another, to endeavour,' by the means of " tions of peace and amity between the two bribes or otherwise, to seduce the citizens “ countries; but until this object can be or subjects of that other; an act of which none " attained without sacrificing the maritime but the very vilest and most corrupt governrights of Great Britain, I shall rely ments, in the days of their decline, when, like

upon your cordial support in a vigorous old bawds, they resort to all sorts of quackery prosecution of the war.

in order to prop up a rotten constitution a As to the causes of this war they have little longer, are ever guilty; an act, been so frequently, so amply, and so re- in short, which is never resorted to but by

men who ought to make their exit from the " the wisdom of Parliament, I have reason gallows tree. I do not commend the in " to place the fullest confidence.

The vitation of the Americans ; but, it is very same firmness and perseverance which different from acts such as that which I have been manifested on so many and have just been speaking of. The Cana- " such trying occasions will not, I am dians will not be gained over, I am sure, persuaded, be wanting, at a time when by invitations. Invitations will weigh the eyes of all Europe, and of the world, very little with them. They will, in all " are fixed upon you.

I can assure you, Jikelihood, be influenced by their feelings. " that in the exercise of the great trust reIf they have a good government, they will “posed in me, I have no sentimeut so wish to keep it; and will, no doubt, fight near my heart as the desire to promote, in its defence. - The Speech concludes" by every means in my power, the real thus :

“ prosperity, and lasting happiness of His

“ Majesty's subjects." « Gentlemen of the House of Commons, As to the East India Company, it is of

" I have ordered the estimates of the no consequence to the people of England - ensuing year to be laid before you, and what is done respecting it. That, at any “I entertain no doubt of your

readiness

rate, is my opinion. The Company and to furnish such supplies as may enable the Treasury and the Bank will all go on "s me to provide for the great interests together; and, I believe, I may add, the 66 committed to my charge, and to afford War. There are two points in the " the best prospect of bringing the con- Speech of which I must express my de" test in which His Majesty is engaged to cided approbation; or, if I may be allowa successful. termination..

ed the expression, there are two points

which are not in it, which I very much My Lords and Gentlemen,

admire. I mean the omission of two to« The approaching expiration of the pics: to wit: the boasting about our flouas Charter of the East India Company; rishing finances; and the appeal to Divine “ renders it necessary that I should call Providence. These omissions are a won

your early attention to the propriety of derful improvement, and I heartily con“ providing effectually for the future Go-gratulate His Royal Highness and the vernment of the provinces of India.

country thereon. In considering the variety of interests " which are connected with this important

WM. COBBETT. subject, I rely on your wisdom for mak

Bolley, 2d Dec. 1812. ing such arrangements as may best pro

mote the prosperity of the British pos"s sessions in that quarter, and at the same

OFFICIAL PAPERS. “ time secure the greatest advantages to w the commerce and revenue of His Ma“ jesty's dominions. I have derived LONDON GAZETTE EXTRAORDINARY.. great satisfaction from the success of the

COLONIAL DEPARTMENT. measures which have been adopted for

Downing Street, Nov. 27, 1812. suppressing the spirit of outrage and in56 subordination which had appeared in

Captain Fulton, Aid-de-camp to Lieusome parts of the country, and from the tenant-general Sir G. Prevost, arrived late

last night, with a dispatch from that offidisposition which has been manifested to " take advantage of the indemnity held cer, addressed to Earl Bathurst, one of his " out to the deluded by the wisdom and Majesty's Principal Secretaries of State, of

which the following is a copy: « benevolence of Parliament.-I trust “ I shall never have occasion to lament Head-quarters, Montreal, Oct. 21, 1812. «s the recurrence of atrocities so repugnant My LORD,-b have the satisfaction of " to the British character, and that all reporting to your Lordship, that His Ma“ His Majesty's subjects will be impressed jesty's forces, aided by the militia and In“ with the conviction, that the happiness dians stationed on the Niagara frontier, have “ of individuals, and the welfare of the completely repelled a second attempt of the “ State equally depend upon strict obe enemy to invade Upper Canada, and that “dience to the laws, and an attachment a victory has been gained which has left

to our excellent Constitution. In the in our possession nine hundred of the Ame66 loyalty of His Majesty's people, and in rican army, and their commander Brigadier

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