armies in his frontand “two in his ships and dangers, the complaint came
“ rear," with “ myriads of Cossacks on with a better grace while their Emperor
“ his flanks,” an escape with any consider- was safe at home than they would nos
able portion of his army is next to impossi- come while he is sharing all the hardships
ble; but, for argument's sake; for the sake and dangers of the army.--I am, for my
of mere reasoning, while we wait for the part, wholly at a loss to discover any reason
arrival of the mails, suppose he should get for supposing, that, if Napoleon gets out of
off with the main body of his army. I say, this difficulty, he will have sunk in the esti-
that it is not to be expected; I say, that mation of his soldiers. These soldiers will
the joy of the good citizens of London is in be able to judge correctly, of his deeds;
no danger of being thus damped; but, if they will see, that, in advancing to Mos-
he should? If he should? What, in cow, it was impossible to foresee, and in-
such a case, such an unexpected case : possible to believe, that the city would be
· what, in such case, would be the natural burnt to ashes, such a thing never having
consequences ?Why, in my opinion, been done before in the world. They will
these consequences would be, despair in the see, that their leader overcaine every thing
bosom of those whom he is attacking, and opposed to bim in the shape of an errmy:
almost certain success to his future attacks; and that if he was unable to remain at Mos-
for, as all the world will say, if he survive cow, it was because an act had been com-
this, nothing can overcome him. It is mitted which was no more to be expected
supposed by some persons, that, if Napo- than the destruction of a city by an earth-
leon should escape with a considerable part quake. They did, doubtless, expect from
of his army, he will, from this retreat, him every thing that mortal man is capable
have suffered in his reputation, and that of; but, they will not lose coufidence in
his army will not, in future, have the same him, because he was unable to rebuild
confidence in him.---Now, in the first Moscow, and restore to life its burnt and
place, this is inconsistent with what has starved population. They will see, that he
been generally asserted by these same per. has done more than any other mortal would
sons, who have constantly described him as have been able to do; they will see, chiar
a gloomy tyrant,"haled by his army, no difficulties are too much for him; they
“ whom he forced into the field at the will see, that, when all the world exclair
“ point of the , bayonet," though it was, ed, he is down!" and when the enemies
indeed, difficult to imagine how he was to of France had almost lost their senses in
effect this, who was to hold the point of the exultation; they will see that, even then,
bayonet, and the like. It is, however, now be bore up against the side, and finally
discovered, that he has had the confidence swam triumphant; and, -seeing, not only
of his army, and this discovery is made in will they not lose coulidence in him, but
order to tell us, that he is, in future, not the contidence they have hitherto, had in
to have il. -But, why is he not to have him will be increased and less liable to be
it? This question I should like to put to shaken than it heretofore has been. As
any man, who entertains the opinion here to the fact, whether there be any chance of
spoken of, and who would argue the mat. his extricating himself from his difficulties,
ter fairly. -This is not the first tiine we cannot, as I said before, come to any
that the armies of Napoleon have been decision, because we have no means of
compelled to retreat. Nay, they have (or judging; but, of one thing I am, for my

else our veracity is in a perilous state) been part, very sure, and that is, that, if he
beaten frequently. “Aye, but, then, he should extricate himself, if he should make

was not with them.' Very true; but good his retreat with the main of his army, that very circumstance was, by us, alleged his reputation will be higher than ever ; be to be ground of discontent in his army! will be dearer than ever to that army, We said, or, at least, our bireling prints whose dangers and whose sufferings he has said, that he staid at home in safety, while shared; he will be to the glory-loving peehe sent his troops to the field to be slaugh- ple of France more than ever an object of tered. This was what they said when he devotion, and will be more than ever an did nol accompany his army. Their stu- object of terror and dismay to her enemies. pidity in saying it, while our own Sove- He is engaged in a deep and, perhaps, ar

reign is well known never to accompany his desperate, game; but, if he win, he wis Discounts, Wray to the field, was very great, to be fortune for ever, and all, upon the contineral


but, say it they did; and, indeed, if at least, falls before him.--For these uc y had a right to complain of hard reasons, and for others that I shall forber:


to-state, I, for my part, do not, in any del " " has turned the long suffering of God gree, participate in ihe exultation of the "s" into wrath ;" but it asks, with great day, though, I must confess, that I wait" justice, “ have his slaves, and the slaves with no little impatience for intelligence of " of their own passions, show them his fate. That fate is, before now, decided, " " selves less ferocious than their leader?" and, with it, in all probability, the fate of "No! we regret to say they have not. We the Russian Government and of the com regret to bear testimony io so general.cx merce of England with the Continent of " degradation of a people once celebrateci Europe. In the course of ten short days “ for the suavity of their dispositions, and. we shall know the result; and, therefore, the chivalrous gallantry of their senti, all that I shall add here is, my anxious “ mocols: but when we see the atrocities of hope, that it will be such as shall tend to " Moscow acled over again at Madrid, and the freedom and happiness of this country " the contemptible Joseph imitating his and of mankind in general.---There is bloody Brother, iu shooting Spanisla one passage in the Times news-paper of the Noblemen for their loyally, we are al8th instant, which I cannot help noticing“ most ready to join with the Russian Mibefore I conclude, and, according to my “ pister, in exclaiming, “ H is impossible usual practice, I shall first insert the pas "" that morality should exist in such oh sage itself, which is in these words :: *656 nation!" It is pretty well for this

“ The great body of the French soldiery Russian minister to accuse Buonaparte of s approaches to an almost entire disorgan- " burning temples" and causing the bloot " ization ; their physical strength is wasted" of the innocent to reek from the earth ;'* 5 and gone; their moral powers (if it be it is pretty well for the Editor of the Times not a desecration of the term moral, to now iu talk of the alrocilies of Moscow, " apply it to such a horde of civilized bar- and impute them to the French, whers, only barians) are overcome and exhausted. three weeks ago, he asserted, that it was by .! Mun but a rush against their breasts, order of the Czar that Moscow and 30,000 :6 and thry relire :-in a state of despair, wounded Russians had been burnt, anal

they offer themselves up prisoners to those who aiso asserted, that the said Czar “ very Cossacks, who take no prisoners, had a "plain, full, and perfect right '' " but execute the vengeance of their coun to order such buruing. One hardly can " try with an unsparing hand. These discover what this unprincipled writer

wretched, these despairing creatures, is aiming at with regard to the burning “ would excile our pily, did we not remem- of Moscow ; but, this we may conclude, “ ber the atrocities of which they have that to mention it in the way of re" lent ibemselves to be the WILLING proach upon the French demands a store of " AGENTS;- in Spain, in Portugal, in impudenee such as falls to the lot of vory .“ Switzerland, in the Tyrol. Even-hauded few, even of the hirelings of our press." justice commends the ingredients of their But, what I am particularly desirous of " poisoned chalice to their own lips. drawing the reader's attention to, is, the • The South has felt their cruelty, and the general tone and jet of this paragraph, the “ North avenges its sufferings. May the writer of which manifestly has it in view “ nations of Europe at length open their to excite hatred, aud abhorrevce, not against

eyes to the true causes of that dreadful Napoleon alone, nor against him and his

visitation which they have su long en- army only, but against the Fronch people, + " dured! We are sorry to be under the against the whole of the French nalion,

« necessity of deferring till to-morrow, a who are here denominated, " the willing ." nervous and manly address by the Rus agents of Napoleon, not less ferocious 66 sian Minister of the interior, which was " than their leader;" who are described " published at Moscow, on the 29th of Oc- as in a state of “ general degradusivu ;" " Tober. It will be found to contain a most and of whom it is asserted, that it is just exposition of the French character, -"impossible that morality should exist in

a most serious admonition to all who " such a nation,- Now, reader, you " walk in the paths, or adopt the princi- will please to observe, that this is quite a 46 ples, or submit to be associated in the new lone ; you will observe that this is a

practices of such a people. Of the leader tone which has not been used since the “ and author of their most Aagrant

' crimes, . batile of Marengo. While the delusive “ it observes, that “the measure of his hope existed of subduing and clipping ““ iniquity is full. The burning temples, the wings” of France, the press of En "6" and the reeking blood of the innocent, land held this love ; it. then talked of alig

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atrocities of the French people; it talked holds forth a pretty good lesson to the peoof the necessity of punishing their immo- ple of France. It tells them, in no very ralities; it imputed to them, in a mass, all equivocal language, what they have to exsorts of crimes. After the battle of Ma- pect if their present ruler should fall ; it rengo, it directed all its hostility against tells them, that those who affect to pity Buonaparté; and, I am sure that the reader them, do, at bottom, hale them, and only will bear in mind, that this press, this base wait for an opportunity to do them all the press, has, within these ten years, a thou- mischief that lies in their power ; it tells sand times spoken of the people of France, them, that all the piteous cry that our birenot as the “ WILLING AGENTS" of Na- lings have set up about the oppressions in poleon; but, on the contrary, as being held France, about the tyranny of Buonaparte, down, as being compelled to submit to his and about the forcing away of their sons in sway, by mere military force. Nay, only chains to fight his battles and to gratify his a few days have passed since this vile press ambition ; it tells them, that all this has assured this “ most thinking people," that proceeded from the basest hypocrisy, from the Freuch nation were ripe for revolt, a desire to divide them from their “GHIEF and, indeed, that a revolt was actually or " MAGISTRATE," as Lord Ellenboganized and about to take effect. How rough, upon the trial of Mr. Peltier, very inany times have I had to notice the affect properly called him ; it tells them, that ed pily of these hirelings for the “oppressed these hireling writers hate them as much as " peopleof France ? how often have we they do him, that their hatred, their imbeen told of the conscripts marching in placable animosity, is towards the whole of chains to the army? and, who can have ihe French nation; it tells them, that they forgotten the description of the French mo wish to see that nation, that whole people, ther, given in the canting speech of Mr. humbled and subdued, blotted out from Canning ?--This was the lone only a amongst the nations as destitute of all mofew days ago ; and why has it changed all rality, and of all claim to confidence or of a sudden? The reason is this : these mercy.--This is what this sudden change stupid hirelings now imagine, that the pre- of tone tells the French people; and, of sent order of things in France is upon the course, it tells them, that their fate, that Eve of being wholly oversel; they anticipate their very existence as a nation, are (in the seeing of that country re-plunged into the opinion of these writers) indissolubiy confusion; they expect soon to see the day linked with the fate of Buonaparté; aye, when, in consequence of the anticipated with the fate of that same Buonaparte, fall.of Napoleon, England, in conjunction whom these writers have heretofore been with other powers, will be able to do that constantly representing as the oppressor, to France which was intended to be done the tyrunt, the scourge, of the people of in 1792 ; and they are, therefore, by im - France. So much for the sound judg. puting to THE PEOPLE of France a will ment of these writers, as far as it tends to ing participation in the atrocities imputed produce impression in the minds of the to Buonaparté, preparing before-hand a people of France; and let us now see what justification for such measures towards the is the lesson which this their change of whole nation of which he is the head. tone ought to afford us --Reader, in what This is the motive for their change of tone. day of your life, during the last ten years, This is their motive for now imputing to have you not heard these same writer's asthe whole of the French people a character sert Buonaparté to be a tyrant ? lo what aud crimes which they have heretofore im- day have you not heard his government deputed only to their chief; this is their mo. scribed as a military despotism? In what live for now describing as the WILLING day have you not hcard it asserted, that he AGENTS of Napoleon, those whom here. had filled the country with spies and Bustofore they have affected to pity as suffering tiles? In what day liave you not heard it under his “ military despotism;" this is asserted and taken for granted, that the their motive for holding up France as a na- people of France were, from one eud of the tion generally degraded, and amongst whom country to the other, animated with helred it is impossible for morality to exist; this is againsi him? In what day have you not their motive for thus holding up the very read, that his army was recruited by the same nation, whom, but a few days ago, forcible seizure of persons dragged to it in they represented as boiling over with vir- chains ? In what day have you not heard ali tuous rage against the atrocities and tyran- this asserted, not only in paragraphs, but ny of Buonaparté. ---This change of lone in speeches and addresses from various quat

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ters? Well, then, observe, and I be- of inquiry was, whether Lord Wellinge seech you to bear in mind, that it is now ton's last campaign had, or had not, beta as positively asserted, that the armies and tered the situation of England in the Pethe people of France are the WILLING ninsula ; and, if it was found that it had AGENTS of Buonaparté; and are exhibit- not, if the last intelligence left him at his ed as fully participating in all the hateful old ground; if he had been compelled to qualities, and in all the crimes, that have retreat to the spot whence he started at been, and are, imputed to him.--Bear the commencement of the campaign; if the these things in mind, and you will not be enemy had retaken all that he had acquired again exposed to the mischievous delusion by his advance into Spain ; if this was the which has so long prevailed.-Belore case, the conclusion in my inind would this sheet issues from the press, the fate of have been, that, upon the whole, he had, Buonaparté will, in all probability, be by his deeds during the campaign,' renknown; but, I beg the reader to guard dered his country no service at all, and, himself betimes against the error of regard of course, merited, on that score, not a ing even the death of Buonaparté as decisive farthing of the public money-The bat. of the fate of the people of France; for he tle of Salamanca was glorious to the arms may be assured, that the people of France of England. I was amongst the loudest in are just what they were before Buonaparté praises of the General upon that occasion ; appeared at their head, and that our coun- but, in estimating that General's services try will stand in need of all the wisdom and to his country, I must take into view the all the valour it can muster, to defend itself consequences of that battle as well as the against those, who (as our writers now battle itself; and, if I find, that those confess) are animaled with his spirit. consequences have not been heneficial; if I

find that they have led to retreat and to GRANT TO LORD WELLINGTON. -On great loss of lives ; if I find that they have Monday, the 7th instant, the House of been injurious to the cause of the country; Commons yoted the sum of one hundred if I find that the advance and the retreat thousand pounds to the Marquis of Welling both taken together ; if I find, that the ton on account of his recent services in the campaign, as a whole, may be fairly consiPeninsula. -I am one of those who dis- dered as leaving the cause in a worse state approve of this grant. Not as to the amount; than it was before, upon what ground am I for I disapprove of it altogether. I would to concur in a grant for services rendered have voted against any sum being voted by the man who has had the absolute como him on that account. -My reasons for mand in that campaign ?-_-Mr. Whil. this may be gathered from two previous bread, who seems, upon this occasion, to articles that I have written upon the sub- have been very eager to stand in the front ject; but, I shall here state some of those rank of the eulogists of Lord Wellington, reasons over again in the remarks that I am observed, that as much glory was to be about to offer upon the debate (as published acquired by retreats as by advances, and in the news papers), which took place be quoted some instances of French Geneupon the voting of the grant.--Sir rals having gained great fame in this way. FRANCIS BURDETT, who objected to the He did not quote any instances where regrant till time had been allowed to inquire treats had gained for French Generals into the cause of the retreat which had either money or lilles. No: he did not succeeded the victories of Lord Welling- quote any instances of this sort; and yet, ton, look a view of the whole of the cam. he should have done this to make his cases paign, and insisted, that, as in other cases, applicable to the question before him. a judgment ought to be formed upon it as Besides, it is not the mere manner of cona whole, and that, as a whole, it pre- ducting the retreat that we are talking of sented us with the spectacle of a complete here: it is of the necessity of retreating; failure. Several persons spoke after the nor do we blame Lord Wellington for that Honourable Baronet, and all in favour of necessity; we do not say that it was posthe grant; but no one answered, or attempted sible for him to foresee that such a neces to answer, his argument. -When a re- sity would arise; we are ready to give him ward was proposed for services, the first credit for as much foresight as any man question naturally was, whether, since the can be expected to possess ; we cast. no last reward had been bestowed, any service blame; all we say is, that, upon the had been performed by the person pro- whole, he has failed in this campaign, posed to be rewarded.' Then the object and, that, therefore, he ought not to be

rewarded.--When Mr. WHITBREAD | adverse to his reputation and his cause ; (who really appears to have been qualified and, in the evening of the same day, you for Secretary of War) was comparing the heard the House of Commons vote lands merits of Lord Wellington's retreat with to the amount of 100,0001.. to Lord Welthat of Massena, he seems to have forgotten lington, who had just retreated from the the length of lime which elapsed between Capital of Spain. Observe, too, that Nathe advance and the retreat of Massena : połeon's retreat was occasioned by an event he seems to have forgotien how long the of the most tremendous nature ; an event French General kept our army hemmed up which no being with a human heart in his within its lines at Lisbon, what enormous hosom could have anticipated : an event no expenses he put us to for the support of more to be guarded against than an earththat army, and what relief he obtained quake or a storm at sea. There was no such thereby to the French armies in Spain. event occurred at Madrid. The French,though Massena retired to the spot from which be we say they are abborred by the people of had siaried's but he was there ready to Madrid, did not set fire to that cits and degive baitie: he did give battle: and, in stroy its inhabitants rather than suffer them fact, the whole of his campaign was a very to afford shelter to the English. The glorious one. Yet, he got no money and French did not act thus even by enemies; no lille. He got no thanks even. Buona. King Joseph did not thus sacrifice people, parté is poor. The French nation are who, as we are told, detest him. Therefore, either without means : or, they have not Lord Wellington had not to meet such an such liberal rulers as we bave. - It hap- event as it fell to the lot of Napoleon to face. pens rather importunely for the advocates Madrid was found what it must have been Hif this grant, ihat, at the very same time, expected to be. Yet, we praise Lord Welthey are representing the retreat of Buo- lington for his campaign; we extol him to naparté as a proof complete of his failure. the skies; we reward him with titles and Yet, he began his campaign in Poland ; estates: and all this we do at the very mohie has (as far as we know retreated over ment that we are affecting to treat even with only a part of his ground; if he reaches ridicule the campaign of the Emperor of Poland, he will then have c'it off a limb of France.-Again: We are told, that the the Russian Empire equal in population to people of Spain are devotedly our friends. one half of Spain; he will have done this Lord Wellington had, then, a friendly counduring his campaign; and yet have the try to advance into ; every door was open pired writers the impudence to represent to him whether advancing or retreating; his retreat as proof of failure and as a all the resources of the country the people mark of indelible disgrace, while they re- were ready to lavish on him; they, we present the retreat of Lord Wellington as were told, were in ecstasies of joy at being entitled to praise and reward. They teil delivered from the French; every arın, we uis, they tell this thinking, this “ most were told, lifted for the assistance of thinking people,” that the retreat of Na- the English army. Just the reverse of all poleon is a proof of failure; that it is a this was said to exist in the case of the Emmark of disgrace ; that it must tarnish his peror of France; and yet, oh! “ most thinkfame; that it must for ever rob him of the ing people” as we are, we affect to speak confidence of his soldiers ; and, at the contempluously of his campaign, while we same moment, in the same news-paper, heap rewards upon Ld. Wellington far his ! and in the very same column, they have — The campaign, and, indeed, the life, of the impudence to tell us, that the retreat the Emperor of France, may, by this time, ing of Lord Wellington, so far from di- possibly be closed ; but, speaking of that minishing his merit, constitutes a great campaign as far as we have any information auginentation of that merit; that it is a regarding it, it leaves a quarter part, and proof of his skill, his prudence, his ta the best quarter, of the Russian Empire, in lents as a general, and must give fresh the hands of Napoleon. Not so; not any confidence to his troops as well as to our thing like this the campaign of Ld. Welallies the Spaniards. Curious indeed is lington, which leaves in our hands (as far the scene before us. On Monday, all the as our intelligence goes) not one inch of day of Monday, you heard in the city, on territory that we did not before possess ; the Change, in the streets, in the shops, yet, we give rewards to the latter, while in every hole and corner, you heard the we affect to believe, that the campaign of retreat of Napoleon from the Capital of the former will, at the least, wholly deprive Russia spoken of as a proof of every thing him of his military reputation, if not of his

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