« 前へ次へ »
COBBETT'S WEEKLY POLITICAL REGISTER.
VOL. XXII. No. 25, LONDON, SATURDAY, DEC. 19, 1812.
(770 -“ British Parliament to bring forward such SUMMARY OF POLITICS,
" a proposition. Cuuselessly to disturb the REGENCY.--On the 9th instant, Sir ” country, needlessly to agilate the minds of Francis Burdett gave notice in the House “men, to introduce (if possible} confusion of Commons, that, after the recess, he " and disunion, are so obviously its feashould bring forward a motion for the in tures, that while we name them, it is troduction of a bill, the object of which only to express our pity and contempt of should be, to provide, that the Regency " the weakness that could think the means should devolve on the Princess Charlotte " efficient for the purpose. We have no of Wales, in case the Prince Regent should "doubt but the propriety, the indignation die while his father continued in his present" of Parliament will quash so despicable state of incapacity to govern.-On this “ an attempt in its bud. The distinguished proposition, which so many circumstances " few may make their inflammatory speeches, concur to render proper, I shonld have said " and endeavour to disseminate titeir base nothing at present, had it not been for an "poisons, but the understanding of the article, which, the day after the making of " country is too good to suffer such miserthe motion, was published in the Morning “ able efforts to pass without a record of Post news paper. That article, however, " abhorrence for their motives, through althe sentiments of which were echoed in the lied to compassion for the weakness of Courier of the same day, and which senti, " their force. For the present we shall ments are obviously those which the bo- “ hot enter at large into the movement of rough-anongers would wish to inculcate, “ this malignant theme ;-suffice it to say, calls aloud for animadversion. The ar " that neither the time, nor the circumticle was as follows:--- In speaking of " stances of our situation, nor the nature of " the tyranny of Buonaparté, we have fre- " things, nor the calculation of human ti quently heard it advanced that a Despot " probabilily, call in the slightest degree 6 could not stand still, that a rotatory mo- ' for the discussion of this measure. For “tion, like that of the spheres, was neces- " what, then, is it stirred, beyond keeping
sary to keep the body politic in its orbit," alive the name of the Pride of the West16 and fix the prime central force in security; " minster Junta, who can so well appre66 aud we have subscribed to the doctrine, "ciate the military merits of a Welling" because we bave seen that Buonaparte “ ton, to try if it is within the abilities “ had neither the means of rest or repose “ of the vilest faction that ever overstepped << within his circle of power.
6* the license of freedom in a free country, " remark applied to a Despot, may be ap- " and by their actions proved how far that “plied to a Demagogue. It is not in his " which is our greatest blessing can be
power to be still; he cannot say, here Is converted into our curse ?—The subject
am sase, and it is needless to go further; " is of too delicate a nature lo almil of " an impulse more potent than his own " premalare consideration; we shall con"propels him, and he must advance, for “ tent ourselves with directing the attention “ retreat is impossible. --Sir Francis “ of the honest and the toyal part of the “ Burdett gave a melancholy example of “community to the Ireacherous design, and - this in the House of Commons last night, " leave it to those who have inore authority “ when he gave notice of a motion (for in " than ourselves to stifle it by manly resistos motion he must be ) to secure the Regency ance.' The snake, scocchied last session, “ of the Kingdom to the Princess Char- " is yet swelling with venom, and, though * Jotte of Wales, in the event of the de- " insignificant in itself, is yet to be una d* cease of the Prince Regent before the " ed against, as the spreading of ils venom " King.---It would be to abuse common " is injurious to the wholesome body of the
sense, to offer a hint at the motives - State." It is not much inore than a « which could induce any Member of the mouths, since this same netvs-paper, follow
ing the Morning Chronicle, asserted, that urged against that very act of Parliament Sir Francis BURDETT had resolved never which authorized, and which still authoragain to enter the Houses of Parliament, izes, the King to make a will. Sir Francis and never again appear at a Public dinner. Burdett does not presume to say, that the The Pụblic have already seen the proof of Prince is going to die; he knows that the the falsehood of these assertions; and, they Prince may live a great number of years; will not be long before they will see the but, he also knows, that he may die in a proof of as gross falsehood in the above week's or a day's time; and, anxious, as paragraph. Easy as it was to suppose, he has always shewn himself to be, to se that these hirelings would endeavour to at- cure the Crown in the enjoyment of all its tribute a bad motive to any act of this most just rights and prerogatives, he wishes, in formidable enemy of the whole tribe of case of that event, to provide against a rehirelings, it really does strike one with currence of those interregaums which we astonishment that any body should be at have before seen take place. It is, besides, once so foolish and so wicked as the author time that the people should begin to have of this . paragraph appears to be. He their eyes fixed upon her who is to be their sets out with saying, that it would be to future Sovereign; it is time, that she should abuse common sense to offer a hint at the be introduced to her future people; and, motives of Sir Francis; and, the moment therefore, it is proper that a proposition of he has said that, he begins distinctly to as this sort should be made and discussed. sert what those motives are; and, having We are told by this writer that the subject thus resolved to abuse common sense, he is of too delicate a nature to admit of pretells us that the motives are, to disturb the mature discussion. But, in what way is it country, to agitate the minds of men, and too delicate! I see nothing. of great delito introduce confusion and disunion! - cacy in it any more than in any other proAnd does the reader believe, that these ef- vision respecting a Regency. If, indeed, fects are to be produced by a timely and the Princess Charlotte were not the undispassionate discussion of the question of doubted heiress to the Throne; if there who ought to be Regent, in the event of were any other persons to dispute the title the Prince's death? Does he believe, that with her; if there were any apprehension the country will be disturbed, and that con- of rivals of any sort; "then, indeed, to agi. fusion and disunion will arise, from a pro- tate the question, though very necessary position to settle the Regency of the King- even in that case, might tend to create disdom in the person of the undoubted heiress union; but, being, as she undoubtedly is, to the Throne, especially when it is consi- the only person in whose behalf, after her dered, that, as it is said, the young Princess Father, any claim can be raised to the posis endowed with extraordinary powers.of session of the Throne, it is impossible, I mind for her age! Does the reader disco- think, for any one to believe, that disunion ver symptoms of disloyalty in a proposition can be created in the country by the inlike this? The hireling talks of “ in- tended motion.—Yet has this hireling '« flammatory speeches," and " endeavours the audacity to charge Sir Francis with a as to disseminate base poison;" and by “ treacherous design," and to call upon what means? Why, truly, by proposing, those who have more authority įhan himthat the heiress to the throne shall come “self, to stifte it by manly resistance." into the Regency as a matter of course, Who it is that he means here as being póswithout any delays and debates, in case of sessed of such authority, I cannot tell; but her Father's death. It is very hard to see I am quite sure, that no such authority wil! how such a proposition should give rise to be found to exist; and, indeed, it would be * inflammatory speeches," or how it should curious to hear any one in authority daring serve as the vehicle of “ base poison.". enough to attempt to stille such a desigu. This writer says that the measure is unne- Treacherous, indeed! and towards whom? cessary, and that it is not within the calcu- Towards the Crown it cannot be trealation of human probability that it should cherous, because its necessary tendency is become necessary. So, because we cannot to inculcate in the minds of the people the calculate, with any degree of precision, how doctrine of lineal succession. Towards the long the Prince will live, we are to make ministers and their master, it cannot be no provisions for the carrying on of the go- Treacherous, because it is openly avowed. vernment in case of his death. The same It can, indeed, be Treacherous towards argument might be urged against any man's nobody; and it can be considered as hostile making a will, and surely might have been towards none but that oligarchy, whose in
terest it is to keep the Crown and all the carefully avoided expressing, at this time, members of the Royal Family as inuch as any opinion at all upon the subject; but I possible dependent upon its will. What trust the reader will be ready to acknowdo the people of England want but to see ledge, that it was necessary to say thus the succession to regal power clearly mark much in answer to the malignant paragraph ed out ?
We all remember, the loud com-above quoted. plaints, which were made only about two years ago against the ministers for having, GERMAN TROOPS. - The reader will as it was alleged, carried on the govern- bear in mind, that after the Battle of Salawent for a considerable length of time, manca, an order was issued from the Horse without aný one to exercise the functions of Guards, stating, that, in consequence of the Royalıy. And, ought not provision, there German Legion having frequently distinfore, to be made to prevent the recurrence guished itself during the war in the Penina of that reprobated state of things ? Ought sula, His Royal Highress the Prince Regent not provision to be made for the preventing had been pleased to direct, that the Officers of a repetition of those scenes, which took of the corps of that Legion should HAVE place at the establishment of the present PERMANENT RANK IN THE ENGRegency? And ought an endeavour to ef- LISH ARMY.--I observed at the time fect such a provision to be represented as of issuing the order, that this, if I underthe “ spreading of venom injurious to the stood the meaning of the words, was not “ wholesome body of the state ?" - I do lawful, and that, to give effect to the Order, not say, that the discussion of this proposi- an act of Parliament must be passed. tion may not give rise to the agilation of Since the new Parliament asseinhled, a disa malters of great delicacy, deeply interest- cussion has taken place upon this subject, ing to the Royal Parents of the Lady whose in consequence of a motion of Lord Folkerights it is the principal object of the in- stone, who is entitled to the thanks of the tended motion to secure. But, while I donation for the watchfulness he has constanta' not see the necessity of this; while I do not ly shewn in regard to the employing of Fosee its necessity, I am far from saying, and reign Troops in this kingdom. Before I I am far from thinking, that such agitation enter upon an account of the debate to would be, or could be, at all “ injurious which I now aliude, it will be necessary, in
to the wholesome body of the state;" order to a clear understanding of the matter, seeing that, as it appears to me, the agita. briefly to state what the law is. Firot, tion of these matters, and that, too, with then, the law, as contained in the act of unlimited 'freedom, must take place sooner Settlement, passed in the 12th and 13th or later. The agitation of these matters of William the 3d, and which act, be it has found its way into print. Out of print observed, expresses the conditions, upon it cannot be put; the thing must make its which the House of Brunswick should sucappearance before the world; and the ceed to the throne of England; the law, as suoner it does so the better; because most laid down in that act, expressly says, that of the parties, concerned in the patters in no Foreigner shall hold, under the Crown question, are now living ; there are now of these kingdoms, any office, or place of the means of clearing up every thing to the trust, civil or military. And, I beg the satisfaction of the people and of the world; reader to observe, that this act is entitled, and in a few years, those means may no an act for further limiting the Crown, and longer exist. Therefore, if even this con better securing the rights and liberties of sequence were to follow from the intended the people ; so that, in order better to se-motion of Sir Francis Burdett, the motion cure the rights and liberties of the people, would, in my opinion, be only rendered it was thought necessary to prohibit the thereby the more proper.
- These obser. Crown from employing Foreigners as of vations I should have considered premature, ficers in the army, in case the House of had it not been for the publication of the Brunswick succeeded to the Throne. article, out of which they have arisen. The Thus stood the law, when, in 1804, an act subject is one of extreme importance, and, was passed to authorize the King to embody in all its stages of discussion, I shall not certain Foreigners into corps, and to emfail, I hope, to give to it all the attention ploy them in his service. This was the act which it merits, as well on account of the under which those troops called the German person who has brought it forward as on Legion were raised. It authorized the King that of the parties more immediately inte- to put the men thus raised under the comrested in it. I should, therefore, have mand of Foreign Officers, and, of course,
it departed from the act of Settlement in of much greater importance to those liber, this respect, because, it sanctioned the pucoties than are the events in Spain and Porting of Foreigners into places of military tugal, and, perhaps, even those in Russia trust in this kingdom. I must observe and Poland. - -Lord FOLKESTONE, as will here, too, that this was a bill of indemnity ; be seen in the account of the debate, comfor the King, or rather his ministers, had plained that the German officers were now, actually raised the corps and appointed the to have permanent rank, and that they were officers before the aci was passed, and by shouldering out our own' officers and taking the act the Parliament indemnified them for the command of our own armies. Lord having done so! However, the act was PALMERSTON, the Secretary at War, did passed, and it became legal for the King to not, it seems, think it proper to support the give military trust to Foreigners as Officers Order from the War-office, and explained in these particular corps ; : but, that the act it to mean, not that the German officers extended no farther, that it did not author- were to have real rank after the end of this, ize the King to give them military trust any war, as Lord Folkestone supposed, and as where else than in these corps, is quite clear I supposed, and as Mr. Canning said he from the preamble of the bill itself, which supposed, and as every body else sapposed; states, that the King shall be authorized to but that the Order meant merely, that give Foreigners places of military trust in those officers should, after the war, have these corps, BECAUSE THEY UNDER- their names printed in the army list áca STAND THE LANGUAGE AND MAN- cording to the rank which they had borne NERS OF THE MEN OF WHOM THE before the end of the war. But, why was, CORPS ARE TO BE COMPOSED. it not so expressed in the Order? Why
Under the sanction of this act, how did not the Order say this? The Order ever, or, at least, since this act was passed, said no such thing; and, indeed, as far as Foreign Officers have been put upon the words have a definite meaning, the Order General staff.; they have had commands said just the contrary. It said, “ that those given them in the districts of England; officers, now serving with TEMPORARY they have commanded at reviews in Eng- rank in the several regiments of that " corps, Jand; they have had the cornmand in Eng- shall have PERMANENT rank in the land in some cases, where even regiments British army." What could this be under of militia have been under them; and, last-, stood to mean other than that these officers ly, they have held commissions in English were to come in and take their turn in all regiments ; though it would seem strange promotion in our army, and to remain in that they should have been thus employed, it with the same security for the duration seeing, that, at any rate, they are not likely of their commissions as that possessed by, to understand the language and manners of our own officers ?—Lord Palmerston says, our men better than our native officers! however, that this permanence related were
-Still, however, there was one clause in ly to the insertion of their names in the army the act of 1804, which it seemed impossible list, after the war. If this had been the to get over; and that was, that the act case, the Order was perfect nonsense; for, should cease to be in force at the end of the as the reader may see, if he looks back into, war. Of course, when peace came, the the army lists, their names hare, for a long commissions of these officers must all cease. time past, been inserted in that list. But,
This I was well aware of, and, there- what a gross absurdity will that list prefore, I said that the Order from the Horse sent; what an egregious piece of folly, if it Guards, if I understood it rightly, was il- should contain the names of these officers legal.--Not so, the hireling writers of after the war? After the war, they will, the London press. They applauded the as we have seen, be no longer officers in our Order, and the Courier news paper in par- service; their commissions die. with the ticular abused before-hand any one that war; like many others, peace would be should, find fault with it, asserting, that death to their occupation and their hopes; any one who did, must be a friend of Buo- their corps would be disbanded, and they naparté.---We now come to the debate themselves stript of all authority here, and in question, the whole of which, as pub- put back into their former state of officers lished in the Courier news-paper of the in the army of the Elector of Hanover.Ilth inst. I have inserted below, and every With what propriety, then, would their word of which I beg the reader to attend names appear in the English army.list; in to, as being of the utmost importance to the list of an army to which they would » our liberties and our personal safety; aye, more belong than they would to the army
titute the measure is of any solid ground of | vision, since many members were necessasupport. - There may be room for doubtrily absent. He hoped the delay was not as to whether the employing of foreign asked for the purpose of gaining a greater troops abroad be wise or not. That is a majority. He intended to make several question which I shall be very willing to motions for papers on the subject. He leave to the decision of those who are in had last Session called their attention to an expectation of being able to effect " the de- infraction of the law by the employment of Liverance of Europe." It is in England; it foreign officers in the British army, and a is here, in our own country, and amongst return was then ordered, which, though ourselves, that I disapprove of the em- regular in its form, was still imperfect; it ployment of foreign troops, and disap- being drawn for the return of foreign offiprove of it, upon the same principles and cers employed on home service; and thereupon the same grounds that it was disap- fore the fair account was not rendered, proved of by our forefathers. I would ra which should have included those on fother that they never should be where an reign service. No adequate idea was Englisharmy is; but, the object of my rooted hence given of the number of foreigners in antipathy is their being in England. It our service. One motion he should make does seem too, rather singular, we should therefore be, for the return of the should stand in need of these Hanoverians whole number; another for that of fo. to assist us in a war in Spain and Portugal, reigners on the staff; and another for that where, as we are told, all the people hate of the officers of the 60th regiment of foot, our enemies and love us. Why, if this be who have staff appointments, which was true, should we go to Germany, and pay forbidden by law. He then referred to the large bounties for troops to assist us? order of August last, in the Gazette, as to Surely, we might raise troops enough in German officers, which stated, that in conSpain, full as zealous for the liberties of sideration of their services, particularly at that country, as the German Legion is the battle of Salamanca, they should relikely to be. In short, as I never have ceive, instead of temporary, permanent seen, so I cannot now see any good reason for rank in the British army. There appeared the employment of these troops, and I am to his Lordship only, one way of underfully convinced, that the day is not distant standing this : and which was, that it was when the public will be unanimously of an attempt to introduce permanently and my opinion. At the time when the for ever into our army, these officers, who famous Order was issued, the Courier as- were, under an Act of Parliament, serving serted, that there was but ONE MAN in only in. a temporary way, till one year England who would object to it, in the after the conclusion of the war. But he sense that it was then understood. -The understood that another construction was hireling is now silent.
put on it, and that his own was an erro· PAPER AGAINST GOLD. -The discus-neous one. Might he then ask of the Noble sions upon this subject have been revived; Lord or any Right Hon. Gentleman oppobut, interesting as the matter is, I must put site, in order to save the time of the off my observations upon it till next week. House, whether he was right in his inter
WM. COBBETT. pretation, or if not, what was the real Bolley, 17th Dec. 1812.
meaning of the order ? If he misunderstood it, he might waste time needlessly in argu
ing upon it. GERMAN TROOPS.
Lord Palmerslon hardly knew how to
answer the question. Debate, in the House of Commons, on the Lord Folkeston stated, that it appeared
10th of Dec. 1812, on the Motion of to he an attempt to foist the Foreign OffiLord Viscount Folkestone, relative to the
cers into German Troops.
rank in our army, to
render them not liable to removal at Lord Folkestone rose to call the attention peace, and to give them all the advantages of the House, in consequence of his notice, of half-pay, &c. in fucure on our estato a subject of much importance, which he blishinent. should have felt it his duty to do on an Lord Palmerston said, that the effect of earlier day, had he not been applied to by the order was not to give to Foreign Offia Noble Lord opposite to postpone it. If his cers any advantages or privileges inconsist-motion for papers were now objected to, he ent with the Act under which they were should lose by the delay, in the event of a di- serving.