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ficiency has been experienced in the provi- it less so, that penal enactments should be sions for volunteers made by an Act of the provided for cases of corrupt and perhdious Jast Session. The recompense for the ser- intercourse with the enemy, not amounting vice required in this case, is still less at- to treason, nor yet embraced by any staa tractive than in the other: and although tutory provisions. -A considerable numpatriotism alone has sent into the field some ber of American vessels, which in England valuable corps of that description, those when the revocation of the Orders in Counalone who can afford the sacrifice, can rea-cil took place, were laden with British sonably be expected to yield to the impulse. manufactures, under an erroneous impresIt will merit consideration also, whether, sion that the Non-Importation Act would as auxiliary to the security of our frontier, immediately cease to operate, have arrived corps may not be advantageously organized, in the United States. "It did not appear with a restriction of their services to parti- proper to exercise on unforeseen cases of cular districts convenient to them; and such magnitude, the ordinary powers vestwhether the local or occasional services of ed in the Treasury Department, to mitigate marines- pr others in the sea-port towns, forfeitures without previously affording under a similar organization, would not be Congress an opportunity of making on the a proper addition to the means of their de- subject such provisions as they may think fence. I recommend a provision for an in- proper, In their decisiou, they will, crease of the General Officers of the army, doubtless, equally consult what is due to the deficiency of which has been illustrated equitable considerations, and to the public by the number and distance of separate interest. The receipts into the Treasury commands, which the cause of the war, during the year ending on the 30th of Sept. and the advantage of the service, have re- last, have exceeded 16 millions and an half quired : and I cannot press too strongly on of dollars; which have been sufficient to the earliest attention of the Legislature, the defray all the demands on the Treasury to importance of the re-organization of the that day, including a necessary reimburse, Staff Establishment, with a view to render ment of near three millions of the princi, more distinct and definite the relations and pal of the public debt. In these receipts responsibilities of its several departments : are included a sum of near 8,850,000 rethat i here is room for improvenients which ceived on account of the loans authorized will materially promote, both economy and by the Acts of last Session. The whole success, in what appertains to the army sum actually obtained on loan amounts to and the war, is equally inculcated by the 11 millions of dollars, the residue of examples of other countries, and by the ex: which being receivable subsequent to the perience of our own. A revision of the 30th of September, will, together with the Militia Laws, for the purpose of rendering current revenue, enable us to defray all the them more systematic, and better adapting expenses of this year. The duties og them to emergencies of the war, is at this the late unexpected importations of British time particularly desirable. Of the addi- manufactures
of the addi, manufactures will render the revenue of the tional ships authorized to be fitted for ser- ensuing year more productive than could vice, two will be shortly ready to sail; a have been anticipated. The situation of third is under repair, and delay will be our country, fellow citizens, is not without ayoided in the repair of the residue. Of its difficulties, though it abounds in ani, the appropriations for the purchase of ma- mating considerations, of which the view terials for ship-building, the greater part here presented of our pecuniary resources is has been applied to that object, and the an example. With more than one nation purchases will be continued with the ba: we have serious and unsettled controversies; Jance. The enterprising spirit which has and with one powerful in the 'means and characterized our naval force, and its suc- habits of war, we are at war. cess both in restraining insults and depre- and strength of this nation are nevertheless dations on our coasts, and in reprisals on equal to the support of all its rights, and the enemy, will not fail to recommend an to carry it through all its trials. They can enlargement upon it. There being rea- be met in that confidence. Above all, we son to believe, that the Act prohibiting the bave the inestimable consolation of knowacceptance of British licenses is not a suffi- ing, that the war in which we are actually cient guard against the use of them, for engaged, is a war neither of ambition noe purposes favourable to the interests and vain glory; that it is waged, not in violaviews of the enemy; further provisions on tion of the rights of others, but in the that subject are highly important. Nor is
(To be continued.]
As illustrated in the Prosecution and Punishment of
WILLIAM COBBETT. 831]
(839 In order that my countrymen and that the two sureties in the sum of 1,000 pounds each; world may not be deceived, duped, and cheated that the whole of this sentence has been executed upon this subject, I, WILLIAM COBBETT, upon me, that I have been imprisoned the two of Botley, in Hampshire, put upon record years, have paid the thonsand pounds TO THE the following facts ; to wit: That, ou the 24th KING, and have given the bail, Timothy Browa June, 1809, the following article was pub- and Peter Walker, Esqrs. being my suréties; lished in a London news-paper, called the that the Attorney General was Sir Vicary Gibbs, COURIÉR: “ The Mutiny aniongst the LO- the Judge who sat at the trial Lord Elenborongh, « CAL MILITIA, which broke out at Ely, was the four Judges who sat at passing sentence Elleti« fortunately suppressed on Wednesday by the borongh, Grose, Le Blanc, and Bailey; and that « arrival of four squadrons of the GERMAN the jurors were, Thomas Rhodes of Hampstead « LEGION CAVALRY from Bury, under the Road, John Davis of Southampton Place, James « command of General Anckland. Five of the Ellis of Tottenham Court Road, John Richards
ringleaders were tried by a Court-Martial, and of Bayswater, Thomas Marsham of Baker Street, “ sentenced to receive 500 lashes each, part of which Robert Heathcote of High Street Marylebone, “punishment they received on Wednesday, and John Maud of York Place Marylebone, George « a part was remitted. A stoppage for their knup Bagster of Church Terrace Pancras, Thomas u sacks was the ground of the complaint that ex- Taylor of Red Lion Square, David Deane of St. « cited this mutinous spirit, which occasioned John Street, William Palmer of Upper Street « the men to surround their officers, and demand Islington, Henry Favre of Pall Mall; that the “what they deemed their arrears. The first Prime Ministers during the time were Spencer a division of the German Legion halted yesterday Perceval, until he was shot by John Bellingham, « at Newmarket on their return to Bury." and after that Robert B. Jenkinson, Earl of LiThat, on the 1st July, 1809, I published, in the verpool; that the prosecution and sentence took Political Register, an article censuring, in the place in the reign of King George the Third, and strongest terms, these proceedings; that, for so that, he having become insane during my impridoing, the Attorney General prosecuted, as sedi. sonuent, the 1,000. pounds was paid to his son, tious 'libellers, and by Ex-Officio Information, the Prince Regent, in his behalf; that, during my me, and also my printer, my publisher, and one imprisonment,” I wrote and published 364 Essays of the principal retailers of the Political Register; and Letters upon political subjects; that, during that I was brought to trial on the 15th June, the same time, I was visited by persons from 197 1816, and was, by a Special Jury, that is to say, cities and towns, many of them as a sort of depuby 12 men ont of 48 appointed by the Master of ties from Societies or Clubs; that, at the expira. the Crown Office, found guilty; that, on the tion of my imprisoument, on the 9th of Jaly, 1819, 20th of the same month, I was compelled to give a great dinner was given in London for the purbạil for my appearance to receive judgment; pose of receiving me, at which dinner upwards of and that, as I came up from Botley (to wbich | 600 persons were present, and at which Sir place I had returned to my family and my farm Francis Burdett presided; that dinners and other on the evening of the 15th), a Tipstaff went parties were held on the same occasion in many down from London in order to seize me, per other places in England; that, on my way home, sonally, that, on the 9th of July, 1810, I, toge. I was received at Alton, the first town in Hampther with my printer, publisher, and the news shire, with the ringing of the Church bells; that man, were brought into the Court of King's a respectable company met me and gave me a Bench to receive jndgment; that the three dinner at Winchester; that I was drawn from former were sentenced to be imprisoned for more than the distance of a mile into Botley by some months in the King's Bench prison; that I the people; that, upon my arrival in the village, was sentenced to be imprisoned for two years in I found all the people assembled to receive me; Newgate, the great receptacle for malefactors, that I concluded the day by explaining to them and the front of which is the scene of numerous the cause of my imprisonment, and by giving hangings in the course of every year; that the them clear notions respecting the flogging of the part of the prison in which I was sentenced to be Local Militia-men at Ely, and respecting the emconfined is sometimes inhabited by felons, that ployment of German Troops; and, finally, which felons were actually in it at the time I eutered is more than a compensation for my losses and all it; that one man was taken out of it to be trans- my sufferings, I am in perfect health and strength, ported in abont 48 hours after I was pat into the and, though I must, for the sake of six children, same yard with bim; and that it is the place of feel the diminution that has been made in my confinement for men guilty of unnatural crimes, property (thinking it riglat in me to decline the of whom there are four in it at this time ; that, offer of a subscription), I have the consolation to besides this imprisonment, I was sentenced to see growing up three sons, upon whose hearts, I pay a thousand pounds TO THE KING, and to trust, all these facts will be engraven. give security for my good behaviour for seven
WM. COBBETT, years, myself in the sum of 3,000 pounds, and Botley, July 23, 1812,
Published by R. BAGSHAW, Brydges-Street, Covent-Garden.
LONDON: Printed by J. M'Creery, Black Horse-Court, Fleet-street.