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Eount Milo. And is a secret to every of pure German manners. You are one in Milan but myself! Who can of the Emperor's party, and sent out have revealed it to you?

to procure intelligence ?-I am a free Podestà. Your presence..

man, answered the young rogue, and Count Milo. Under our circumstan- will not at present engage in any disa ces such a revelation cannot deceive. pute. If you will not believe me, I You then already know the chief must needs begone, and indeed I have point ?

already, from the boundaries here, Podestà. Frederic has overpowered seen enough of your country, as you you, and penetrated with a mighty shall learn to your cost. At these army into Italy.

words the whole troop gallopped off at Count Milu. Not Frederic with a full speed. mighty army-you should in that case Podestà. Evidently a spy, whom you have had earlier intelligence of his ap- should immediately have laid hands proach. Milo in person had not brought on. it.-A small body, hardly consisting Count Milo. Yes, if he would have of five or six hundred Germans. let himself be laid hands on. Whilst

Podestd. Has overthrown three thou- I was about to have him seized, he sand brave Veronese ? Has spared only escaped, and vanished from our sight their commander to publish this ex- as though he had never been there. I traordinary event throughout Lom- pursued him with a hundred horsebardy?

men, but could discover no traces of Count Milo. To publish the terror- him or his companions. spreading news of the advance of a Podestà Really this sounds marvelyoung, a beardless adventurer! Oh, lous ! it is humbling for an old soldier to be Count Milo. Like a tale of King constrained not only to confess to him- Arthur's Round Table. Its truth is self, but to proclaim to the world, that also too irrefragably proved by the rehe has been defeated by a boy! sult. My attention was roused by the

Podestà. You, the dread of the Ghi- stranger's appearance and concluding bellines, by a boy ?

I collected my forces, and Count Milo. Listen to my story, and for three days and nights in person your wonder will rise yet higher. It sought our vanished visitors-in vain. was on St Gregory's day, that in an — Throughout the whole district, no early visit to my outposts, I perceived one was to be seen. a small troop of perhaps twenty Ger- Paul Traversara. They had then man horse, headed by a Knight mag- been raised into Heaven, or swallowed nificently armed, about to cross the up by the depths of the earth. Tyrolese boundaries; I sprang forward Podestà. They will be seen again I with my escort and obstructed the fear. They were probably concealed. way, The leader, a boy scarcely six- Count Milo. Probably amongst the teen or eighteen, assuming an air of forests and mountain-caverns. Upon surprise, asked with insolent defiance the morning of the fourth day the whether we were in jest or earnest. whole troop rushed upon us,-it now In earnest, young master, I replied to amounted to five or six hundred. the pert questioner ; you do not pass

Podestà. You then gave battle ? through here, and had better carry Count Milo. We did—why should your skin peaceably back to Germany, not three thousand engage five hunwhilst it is yet whole. This rebuff dred ? They found us not unprepared ; seemed to abash the youth; he looked at the first sound of the trumpet we round as if seeking a bye-road to es- were in order of battle. They seemed cape, and then inquired with a more confounded, and halted at a short disfriendly, and somewhat uneasy air,- tance from us. But suddenly resoundIs not a well-born youth, who would ed a unanimous and terrible cry of traverse the world in search of foreign Anna! Anna! and a wedge-formed, arts and knowledge, allowed to visit sharp-pointed body, breaking from the beautiful and cultivated Italy? - amidst them, gallopped against us; Since when, I returned, have young two other similar bodies flying round German noblemen been seized with us, fell upon our rear-Spare me the the strange fancy of running about the rest-You guess the issue. world in search of the arts and sciences? Podestà. Five hundred against three That does not accord with my notion thousand, commanded by Milo!



Count Milo. Milo's three thousand tended to display the different characwere beaten. The beardless youth, ters of the speakers, and simply stating who had met me on the frontier, broke, that Rudolph is invited to join the asat the head of the first body, into our seinbly; that the Podestà pledges his entre, and tore away our banner- word for his safety, and denounces Fearfully raged the swords of the Ger- vengeance against whoever shall premans, desperate was our resistance- sume to violate its sanctity, and probut unavoidable our confusion, flight ceed to the hero's arrival. impossible! I rushed against the for- Podestà (at the window.) See what midable boy, challenging him to single a stately cavalier- Is that Rudolph ? combat-An instant, and I was dis- Count Milo. It is-What think you armed! He spared me, delivered me of his exterior ? over to an attendant, and dashed again Podestà. I find but one point to into the fight. Three dreadful hours condemn ; that Nature has stamped elapsed, then all was decided ; two him with too much of royalty. His thousand Veronese lay dead or wound- look, person, carriage, every thing ed, the rest were prisoners—not one about him is fascinating, dignified, escaped.

formed to command request. Podestà. Terrible! Incomprehensi- Count Henry di Montia. Strange ble !

that the Podestà of Milan, the head Count Milo. Yet more terrible the of the Lombard league, should become use of the victory. Scarcely was it the panegyrist of a German advengained when the German heroes has- tarer! tened, their prisoners in their centre, Podestà. If the adventurer distinto Verona. There Egzelino de Roma- guish himself like this man, I must no joined them, and together they sur- admire him, though I were even King prised the heedless citizens, and com- of Italy. He comes ! pelled them to add their forces to the (The doors arethrown open-Rudolph, Imperial band.

lightly but magnificently armed, wearPaul Traversara. The traitors! thus ing a hut of feathers instead of a hele to violate a league !

met, and a green scarf, enters, bows Count Milo. 'Twas by constraint. with dignified respect to the assembly, Podestà. Could they give us no in- and then offers his hand to the Podestelligence of the event?

.) Count Milo. Impossible! Not a child Rudolph. I greet in you the Podescould quit Verona unobserved. tà of Milan Podestà. You made yourself invisi- Podestà. I am he, and bid


wel ble ?

come. How did you know my person, Count Milo. The prisoners were re- since I cannot recollect to have ever leased as soon as the Veronese had re- seen you ? nounced the Lombard league, and Rudolph. Neither did I ever see sworn fidelity and obedience to the you ; but I know the noble Doge of Emperor. I instantly hurried — Venice, Giacomo Tiepolo, your father,

(A Page entering:) Five hundred and you are his image. German horse gallopping up to the Podestà. I rejoice that we are thus gate.

not entire strangers—when and where Count Milo. Is the frightful demon did you see my father? already here?

Rudolph. At the last celebration of Podestà. They have not been ad- the marriage of the Republic with the Initted?

Adriatic; I tasted to the Emperor at Page. The Warders think, that had the banquet. they attempted to enter the city they Count Godfrey di Romagna. And in could not have been prevented, so the lists laid many Venetian nobles in complete was the surprise ; but they the dust. quietly posted themselves without the Rudolph, (offering his hand.) That I walls, and their leader alone demands should not immediately have recogto speak with his Excellency the Po- nized Count Godfrey di Romogna ! destå.

(Observing Count Milo.) See there! I We may here pass over a page or expected not to meet a single friend or two of discussion and panegyric of Ru- acquaintance here, and find myself dolph and his operations, chiefly in- inost agreeably deceived. We are not VOL. XI.


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yesterday's acquaintance ! Or have you nal that the Podestà of Milan faithalready forgotten me? (Taking Milo's fully observes his promise of security, hand.)

Count Henry. Provided there be no Count Milo. Whilst I live, I shall deceit in that assertion. not forget you. But though I certain- Rudolph. The honourable German ly am indebted to you for the prolon, had not even a word in his language gation of my wretched existence, I did to denote any thing so infamous, prenot judge that we were friends. vious to his acquaintance with the Ita

Rudolph. I will excuse your thanks, lians. and you will forgive me any pain I Podestà. Your noble demeanour is may have given you. When the scuffle a pledge for your good faith-Let us is ended, all enmity vanishes from my hear your commission to us. heart. We are therefore friends. Rudolph. My commission is to con

Count Milo. Strange, importunate quer you, and ravage your lands with companion! Havel desired your friend- fire and sword, so long as you resist ship?

the just claims of his Imperial Ma. Rudolph. Strange I am, perhaps; jesty. but when you shall once know how Podestà. Then our negociation is at right importunate I can be

once ended. The Emperor's pretenCount Godfrey. Of that I should sions are unjust, and we neither can, think

you had given him abundance will, nor ought, servilely to submit to of bloody proofs.

them. Rudolph. A taste only, not a suffi- Rudolph. Verona has submittedciency

her example will speedily be followed Count Henry. You speak confident- by the rest of the confederates. ly, German.

Podestà. One false member of the Rudolph. You shall find me yet great Lombard Association will not be more confidential in action.

inissed-Should there be more, let Count Henry. The young gentleman them go. The diminished body, gaintalks of action like a man, though he ing strength by the closer connexion has scarcely yet escaped from his schools of its sound members, will only hold master's rod.

together the more firmly. Rudolph. But so well taught, that Rudolph. Your excellency must not he has already played the schoolmaster rely too confidently upon that-You somewhat roughly to many a grey- are now about to see the power and bearded boy. This is not the place to majesty of the empire in their full prove it to you, else (Turning to splendour. Frederic's first step upon the Podestà.) Your excellency will be your soil will fearfully convince you, pleased to pardon this little forced di- that, even should not a single member gression-I requested a conversation of the Lombard Confederacy fail, you with

you for a more serious purpose. could not stand against his might. Am I to speak in presence of these Podestà. We are confederated for gentlemen

the maintenance of our rights and liPodestà. Does the affair concern me berties, which we have sworn to de alone, or the common weal?

fend, even to the last drop of our blood, Rudolph. The common weal, noble against Frederic's violence and usure sir.

pation. We have, during ten whole Podestà. Then open your business years, proved to the astonishment of unreservedly in presence of these gen- the world, that freedom renders men tlemen.

fearless, and constancy invincible. And Rudolph. The business is your own, do you insolently imagine you can ter although I am commanded by the Emé rify the noble chiefs of the Lombard peror to take in every possible way the League, with a vain phantom of Germost active part in arranging it. But, man superiority ? first-(Takes off his scarf, and hangs Rudolph. That was not my purpose, it up outside of the window.) Some mis my Lord Podestà. chief might otherwise occur.

Podestà. What was it then? To de Podestà. What are you doing, Count ceive by an air of cordiality, as you Rudolph ? Giving a signal to your would have deceived the Veronese horsemen?

Captain upon the frontier of the Ty, Rudolph. To remain quiet. A sig- rol?


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Paul Traversara. For which we Rudolph of some of his glory, as in it could now take a dreadful revenge ! he fairly out-argues the Podestà. The

Count Milo. Ha! Revenge! Re- interests and views of either side are venge! But I must strike the blow! given pretty nearly with the detail of

Count Henry. Who hinders you ? a council debate in modern history; (Count Milo draws a dagger.). and, in truth, one way or another, so

Podestà, (throwing him off:) Your much historical knowledge is bestowe Podestà! No one shall ever say that ed upon us in this performance, that Pietro Tripolo, the noble Venetian, the we are not quite certain whether it chief of the Lombard League, proved may not be intended rather for the false to his plighted word ! Count edification of young ladies who are Milo, henceforward avoid our assem- not fond of dry reading, than for the blies and our territories for ever and recreation of the better informed. Be ever.

that as it may, Rudolph having proCount Milo. Treachery! Treachery! posed terms, and suggested that reNoble Lombards, the Podestà has be- course should be had to the mediation trayed you to the Germans !

of the Pope, allows a couple of hours Podestà. Wretch! I despise you and for deliberation, and departs. your paltry calumny too much to stoop In the next scene Rudolph's friends to justification or revenge. Begone! appear watching the scarf; he returns

Count Milo. Podestà ! Podestà ! I to them, and soon after the Podestà will amply repay you this disgrace !- arrives to notify his acceptance of the (Erit furiously.)

terms. But we cannot afford space or Podestà. I shall quietly await it. patience to proceed as much in detail

Rudolph. Lord Podestà, you have as we have begun. The reader now pronounced a severe, but just sentence, understands the fashion of this " Pica upon an unworthy member of your ture," and we will make the best of honourable League. My esteem for our way to the fulfilment of the Asyou is yet further heightened. trologer's prediction.

Podestà. And you remained so cool Rudolph, by his personal character and undisturbed when the traitor raised and influence, amidst some fighting, his poniard against you.

goes on increasing his numbers and Rudolph. I could not suppose that authority; and conformably to his the noble Venetian would suffer his proposition to the Pedestà, proceeds, word to be violated by a villain. But in virtue of the powers intrusted to had you not prevented the crime, fear- him, to conclude, through the mediafully should I have avenged my death tion of the Pope, a final treaty with upon you and your friends.

the Lombards. His enemies, meanPodestà. Hardly upon me, Sir while, have been busy at court. HieKnight-Count Milo understands the ronymus has persuaded the Emperor use of the poniard.

that Rudolph is caballing with the reRudolph. And Rudolph of his sword, bels to obtain the iron crown for himLord Podestà. Swifter than the glance self; and the deceived Monarch, leaof an eye would it have flown from the ving the troubles in Germany unapscabbard, and done some slaughter, peased, hastens, with a considerable ere Milo's poniard could have struck. army, across the Alps, to supplant and When overpowered by numbers, I disgrace his unexpectedly successful should fighting have struggled to this general. window, have torn this scarf down The third period introduces to us, with me in my fall—and ere long had amongst other new characters, the nothe fair and magnificent Milan been ted tyrant, (in a small way,) Ezzelino on fire in three different places, whilst di Romano, who immediately acquires a band of German destroying angels unbounded influence over the Empecarried death and desolation through ror, and leads him into many faults your dominions.

and atrocities. Rudolph is at first very We think this is a very sufficient ill treated, but by his frankness, reso taste of Frederic Christian Schlenkert's lution, and services, recovers Frederic's manner, and will spare our readers the favour, in spite of his detractors. He remarks to which Rudolph's exposi- is, however, unable to prevent many tion of his arrangements gives birth, acts of injudicious cruelty, is disgustas well as the deep political reasoning ed, and, with his brothers in arms, that occupies the remaining pages of leaving the Emperor to settle his Itathis scene, though we thus deprive lian affairs his own way, returns to Germany: Thús ends the first part, differences with the former he settles Rudolph's youth.

amicably, taking advantage of the anThe second part begins with Rus ger excited in the Abbot by the condolph's arrival at court, to pay his re- duct of his ghostly ally the Bishop, spects to the Empress Isabella, who, who, upon a quarrel about paying toll, after confiding to him that she is dy- had seized some fine old wine anxiousing of a broken heart, in consequence ly expected at the abbey. The reader of the old Emperor's neglect and in- will recollect, that paying toll, in those constancy, amuses herself, as former. days, bore little analogy to our system ly, with the loves of the hero and her of turnpike gates, but was, in fact, & favourite Anna. He leaves them, to kind of levying “ black mail,” wheretake possession of his paternal inheri- ever a bridge, a narrow pass, or any tance. This had been greatly dimi- other favourable circumstance, afford nished by the unfaithful administra- ed the plundering noble a convenient tion of his guardian and uncle, Ru- opportunity. Amongst those plunderdolph of Habsburg and Lauffenburg. ing nobles, the dignified ecclesiastics He quickly obliges him to refund, ob- appear to have played a distinguished tainshis maternal inheritance, of which part. Indeed, their superior turbuhe had also been wrongfully deprived lence, and disorder of all sorts, are striby his maternal uncle, Hartman of king features of that age. Their amKiburg, and then marries Anna. He bition would scarcely be worth remarknow becomes involved in the disturb- ing; for Innocent the Third had not ances of Germany. The Pope, offend- been very long dead, and Rudolph ed by the disregard shewn to his me- lived when the Roman See was labodiation, had deposed Frederic, as well riously rising to the height of its pow. as his son Conrad, bestowing the Emer; but that they should at the same pire upon a certain Landgrave of Thu- time be robbers, drunkards, roysterers, ringia. Rudolph assists Conrad against cannot but excite our wonder, inasthis opposition Emperor, and they soon much as these faults would seem likemake an end of him. But Frederic ly to interfere with the pursuit of their dies. Conrad repairs to Italy, appa- main object. With respect to their rently leaving all his good qualities potations, however, we are perhaps not behind him; and, after disgusting all very correct judges; as these worthies his Sicilian subjects, dies also ; the rise from table, professing a wish to author does not decide, whether by the remain sober, in order to proceed to hand of Manfred, to whom he attri- serious business, after so many hours' butes every virtue under heaven, or hard drinking, as would, we apprenot. The long interval ensues, during hend, materially confuse the intellects which Germany was without a head, of the sturdiest toper in this effeminate and we are presented with a lively age, when even fox-hunters are repicture of its distractions. Rudolph ported to take up with wine and water. appears as the protector and defender But revenons à nos moutons. After of all the oppressed, particularly of the some years of warfare, Rudolph is en free imperial cities, which the bishops gaged in negociation with the Bishop, and neighbouring nobles took the op- (who is endeavouring to overreach portunity of endeavouring to enslave. him,) when his nephew, the Landgrave He acquires great fame and wealth, of Nuremberg, arrives, having ridden and gains the especial friendship of the three horses to death, to announce Archbishop of Maintz, by escorting Rudolph's election to the empire. The him, safely and gratis, through the unexpected intelligence is received with most disturbed districts, upon his jour- due dignity and sensibility. The deney to and from Rome. The sixth putation from the electors follows, and period, and second part, concludes, the period closes with the new Empeleaving Rudolph and his family at a ror's departure for Aix to be crowned. festival given at Zurich, in honour of The coronation is not given us, and his deliverance of that city from its the prefatory narration of the eighth would-be tyrant, in the person of his period only mentions upon that occaown old enemy, Ulriek of Regensberg. sion one of the many little traits cha

The third part, and seventh period, racteristic of Rudolph, which have presents Rudolph to us engaged in vex- been preserved by history or tradition. atious disputes with the Abbot of St The imperial sceptre could not be Gullen and the Bishop of Basle. His found, and considerable doubts arose

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