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“ In the earlier part of the service of the quote all the anecdotes illustrative of 42d regiment, and when the ancient habits their mutual respect and attachment, of the people remained unchanged, the which occur in these volumes, we soldiers retained much of these habits in would fill half a Magazine with them ; their camps and quarters. They had their but the following is too fine a thing bards for reciting ancient
poems and tales, to be omitted,--and the reader will and composing laments, elegies, and panegyrics on departed friends. These, as they rejoice to find how recently the fact were generally appropriate, so they were occurred. highly useful, when none were present to “ In the year 1795, a serious disturb. hear them but Highlanders, who under. ance broke out in Glasgow, among the stood them, and whom they could warm Breadalbane Fencibles. Several men ha. and inspire. Another cause has contri- ving been confined and threatened with buted to change the character of the High- corporal punishment, considerable discon. land soldier. This is the reserved manners
tent and irritation were excited anong and distant etiquette of military discipline. their comrades, which increased to such When many of the officers were natives of violence, that, when some men were conthe mountains, they spoke in their own lan- fined in the guard-house, a great propor. guage to the men, who, in their turn, ad. tion of the regiment rushed out and forcidressed the officers with that easy but re- bly released the prisoners. This violation spectful familiarity and confidence which of the military discipline was not to be subsisted between the Highland people and passed over, and accordingly measures their superiors. Another privilege of a were immediately taken to secure the ringHighlander of the old school was that of leaders, and bring them to punishment. remonstrating and counselling where the But so many were equally concerned, that case seemed to him to require it.• It fre- it was difficult to fix on the proper subjects quently happened, also, that they would for punishment. And here was shewn a become sureties, on their own responsibili- trait of character worthy of a better cause, ty, for the good conduct of one another; and which originated from a feeling alive and, as responsibility implies regularity of to the disgrace of a degrading punishment. conduct and respectability of character, The soldiers being made sensible of the these suretyships had the most beneficial nature of their misconduct, and the conse. influence on the men. But things are now quent punishment, four men voluntarily managed differently. The Highland sol- offered themselves to stand trial, and suffer dier is brave, and will always prove so, if the sentence of the law, as an atonement for properly commanded ; but the chivalry of the whole. These men were accordingly the character has almost disappeared, and marched to Edinburgh Castle, tried, and officers now may entertain less dread that condemned to be shot. Three of them their men will disobey orders, and perse
were afterwards reprieved, and the fourth vere in a disastrous and hopeless conflict.
was shot on Musselburgh sands. But their character must be acted upon by
“On the march to Edinburgh, a circumsome powerful cause indeed, unless they stance occurred, the more worthy of no. continue to be, what they have always been, tice, as it shews a strong principle of hoand what they proved themselves to be at nour and fidelity to his word and to his of. Ticonderoga,—first in the attack, and last ficer in a common Highland soldier. in the retreat,—which, after all, was made
“One of the men stated to the officer comdeliberately, and in good order.”
manding the party, that he knew what his In short, a Highland regiment was
fate would be, but that he had left business nothing more than a large High- Glasgow, which he wished to transact be.
of the utmost importance to a friend in land family,—the officers being obey- fore his death ; that, as to himself, he was ed, trusted, and honoured by the men, fully prepared to meet his fate ; but with in the same manner in which elder regard to his friend, he could not die in brothers and natural feudal superiors peace unless the business was settled, and would have been had they remained that, if the officer would suffer him to reat home in their glens. Were we to turn to Glasgow, a few hours there would
• In my time, much of that which I have described had disappeared. The men had acquired new habits from their being in camps and barracks. However, many old soldiers still retained their origi, nal manners, exhibiting much freedom
and ease in their communications with the officers. I joined the regiment in 1789, a very young soldier. Colonel Graham, the commanding officer, gave me a steady old soldier, named William Fraser, as my servant,-perhaps as my adviser and director. know not that he had received any instructions on that point, but Colonel Graham himself could not have been more frequent and attentive in his remonstrances, and cautious with regard to my conduct and duty, than my old soldier was, when he thought he had cause to disapprove. These admonitions he always gave me in Gaelic, calling me by my Christian name, with an allusion to the colour of my hair, which was fair, or bane, never prefixing Mror Ensign, except when he spoke in English. However contrary to the common rules, and however it might surprise those unaccustomed to the manners of the people, to hear a soldier or a servant calling his master simply
by his name, my honest old monitor was one of the most respectful, as he was one of the most faithful, of servants.
be sufficient, and lie would join him before pose left the regiment, the soldiers held he reached Edinburgh, and march as a pris conferences with each other in the barracks, soner with the party. The soldier added, and, in the evening, several deputations •You have known me since I was a child ; were sent to him, entreating him in the you know my country and kindred, and most earnest manner, to make application you may believe I shall never bring you to either to be allowed to remain with them, any blame by a breach of the promise I or obtain permission for them to accom. now make, to be with you in full time to pany him. He returned his acknowledg. be delivered up in the Castle.' This was ments for their attachment, and for their a startling proposal to the officer, who was spirited offer ; but, as duty required his a judicious humane man, and knew per presence in India, while their services were fectly his risk and responsibility in yield. at present confined to this country, they ing to such an extraordinary application, must, therefore, separate for some time. However, his confidence was such, that he The next evening, when he went from the complied with the request of the prisoner, barracks to the town of Hythe, to take his who returned to Glasgow at night, settled seat in the coach for London, two-thirds of his business, and left the town before day. the soldiers, and officers in the same pro. light, to redeem his pledge. He took a portion, accompanied him, all of them comlong circuit to avoid being seen, appre- plaining of being left behind. They so hended as a deserter, and sent back to crowded round the coach as to impede its Glasgow, as probably his account of his progress for a considerable length of time, officer's indulgence would not have been till at last the guard was obliged to desire credited. In consequence of this caution, the coachman to force his way through and the lengthened march through woods them. Upon this the soldiers, who hung and over hills by an unfrequented route, by the wheels, horses, harness, and coachthere was no appearance of him at the hour doors, gave way, and allowed a passage. appointed. The perplexity of the officer There was not a dry eye amongst the when he reached the neighbourhood of younger part of them. Such a scene as Edinburgh may be easily imagined. He this, happened to more than 600 men, and moved forward slowly indeed, but no solo in the streets of a town, could not pass undier appeared ; and unable to delay any noticed, and was quickly reported to Genelonger, he marched up to the Castle, and ral Moore, whose mind was always alive to as he was delivering over the prisoners, but the advantages of mutual confidence and before any report was given in, Macmar- esteem between officers and soldiers. The tin, the absent soldier, rushed in among his circumstance was quite suited to his chifellow prisoners, all pale with anxiety and valrous mind. He laid the case before the fatigue, and breathless with apprehension Commander-in-chief; and his Royal Highof the consequences in which his delay ness, with that high feeling which he has might have involved his benefactor. always shewn when a case has been pro
« In whatever light the conduct of the of- perly represented, ordered that at present ficer (my respectable friend Major Colin there should be no separation, and that the Campbell) may be considered, either by field officer should return to the battalion military men or others, in this memorable in which he had so many friends ready to exemplification of the characteristic princi- follow him to the cannon's mouth, and when ple of his countrymen, fidelity to their brought in front of an enemy, either to word, it cannot but be wished that the sol. compel them to fly, or perish in the field.” dier's magnanimous self-devotion had been taken as an atonement for his own miscon
No doubt such things as these have duct and that of the whole. It was not happened a hundred times in the case from any additional guilt that the man who of other regiments in which there were suffered was shot. It was determined that no peculiarly Highland principles of only one should suffer, and the four were attachment and affection: but who ordered to draw lots. The fatal chance fell can doubt that a regiment, where the upon William Sutherland, who was execu- members have known each other from ted accordingly.”
boyhood, and where the families of The following, we strongly suspect, each are known and respected, and relates to the worthy author himself. where the officers, above all, are regard
“ As one of the objects I have in view ed as natural friends and protectors is to point out such characteristic traits of by their soldiers, must be more likely disposition, principle and habits, as may than any other to furnish examples the following circumstance, which occurred both of kindly feelings and of chivalrous while this regiment (the 78th) lay at Hythe behaviour ? -In truth, the great prinIn the month of June orders were issued ciple in the mind of every man who for one field officer and four subalterns has been born and bred among those to join the 1st battalion in India. The day glens, seems to be a dread of dishobefore the field officer fixed on for this pur. couring his blood--and this feeling seems to go as far as the dread of dis- rushed on, there was no mistaking the gracing her family does with a lady. If kilt, and Buonaparte on that occasion a man is tried in the Highlands for an exclaimed,“ Ces braves Ecossais !” We alleged crime, and if from some defi- are strongly of opinion that Scotsmen, ciency of evidence, or from any other Irishmen, and Englishmen, ought at cause, he escapes from the Court un- least for the most part, to be in nationcondemned—he is no gainer by this al regiments, and we wish it were posimmunity. His father bars his door sible to have them all distinguished against him: the congregation in the from each other, in the field, as effeca, parish church retire from his approach, tually as the kilt and bonnet distinas the Roman Senators did from that guish the heroes of the 42d. The noof Cataline: he is banished from his ble rivalry of three equally brave races glen–from his district—he is ruined would not injure their noble union. for ever.
In like manner in a High- In these volumes the reader will land regiment, the private who had find the services of the different Highacted unworthily, was as effectually land corps detailed at great lengthproscribed by the scorn of his fellow- more particularly, as might be supsoldiers, as at this day the officer who, posed, those of the 42 and 78th, in after beating a man, refuses to give which the author himself has served. him satisfaction, is sure to be by the We have no room to make extracts, scorn of his fellow-officers. Colonel nor do we conceive ourselves well Stewart details one or two instances, qualified to pronounce any very dein which the Highland private who cided opinion as to military matters ; had incurred disgrace, delivered him- but we have no hesitation in saying, self from the intolerable anguish of that for ourselves we have read the his situation by suicide.
whole book with a degree of interest In some respects the composition of which is very rarely excited in the these regiments is no longer quite such experienced by the most skilful of as it was; and in particular, Colonel roinances. We suspect that ColoStewart severely reprobates the admisa nel Stewart writes about battles much sion of recruits from other districts of better than almost any one else that the empire, as tending to undo the has meddled with them in our day powerful charm of that ancient High- at least it seems to us that his narland union, of which his volumes give ratives of such affairs have a very so many beautiful exemplifications. uncommon degree of clearness, intelThe Colonel is the last man to be an ligibility, and vividness. The little uncharitable judge, and nobody vene- traits of individual heroism introduced rates the character of the English sol- in lavish profusion, give a wonderful dier more deeply than he ; but it is richness to the broad canvass on which easy to imagine that different elements, they are raised. Some readers may each in itself excellent, may be deterio“ be so constituted as to smile when, in rated by intermixture.
the midst of the battle of Maida, they But
the preservation of the high mo- come slap upon a long note, shewing ral feeling of the men themselves, most how Donald Macrae's bayonet came important as the point is, is far from out of one of the charges “twisted like being the only reason for keeping the a cork-screw ;” and such readers will Highlanders apart in their own regi- find plenty of similar matters to make ments. Another consideration, which merry upon. But such passages, we we cannot help esteeming a very seri- frankly confess it, are among the ous one, is, that but for the Highland things which we should be most sorry regiments, the military name of Scotland to see struck out of the Colonel's work. would have long ago ceased to exist in They give a truth and reality to the the same splendid manner in which it general descriptions, of which such now does. Who ever hears of Scotland, descriptions are for the most part altowhen a brave Scotsman falls in theranks gether destitute. Plutarch did not of'an English or Irish regiment? When scorn to insert such things, and he Buonaparte saw the Scots Greys charge who wishes to have the character eiat Waterloo, he exclaimed " Ah! ces ther of a wise, or of an amusing writer, beaux chevaux gris comme ils sont ter- need never hesitate to follow the exribles !" but even with him Scotland ample of that good Bæotian. had not the honour. When the 420 Altogether, this book is one of the Vol. XI.
few we see coming out now-a-days respect for the author's talents, and of that is sure to last. It must form a what might perhaps deserve a warmer part of every library : the future his- title than respect for the author himself. torian must resort to it for materials: We trust, now that Colonel Stewart the heroes of a future age will look to it has found he can manage the pen as for bright examples. As to the compo- well as the claymore, he will not alsition of it, we cannot see that any style low his talent to sleep in his possescould have been better adapted to the sion. We could mention two or three subject matter. There is a great deal of works very much wanted, which noplain unpretending good sense visible body now living could write half so throughout, and here and there occur well as himself
and which if this geexpressions of extraordinary felicity, neration passes over, have no chance nay, whole passages of very great ever to be written at all ;-inter alia, power. Every body must lay down What would he think of trying a good the book with feelings of the highest history of the 1715 and 1745?
SKETCHES OF SCOTTISH CHARACTER.
« ZACHARY MELDRUM."
you had been struggling with a bear."
Around the garden walk I've seen him stray,
And as the glass went round, I've heard it told
• The fact here alluded to, is mentioned by Mr Edgeworth, in a letter to his friend Mi Day. A soldier had been caught by a bear, from whose paws he was afterwards rescued; his lips appeared to move whilst he imagined himself shouting for aid, but no sound was emitted.
His school-boy tricks, his college revelment-
Once he conversed with Lady Maiden, old
Glib Gaffer Time, and sacred Writ have shewn