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present. In his opinion, as ample tleman of the consequences of a rean inquiry ought now to be gone fusal, and set before him, as an exinto as was gone into then. if he ample, the precedent of the year came to the state of this increased 1804. debt, there was nothing on the face Mr. Rose replied, and several of the accounts to induce the house other members spoke warmly on in anywise to relax their constitu- the subject. The report was then tional jealousy. On the contrary, brought up and read, and on the he would venture to say, from a view next day, the 29th, the bill was read of the items of the account, there a third time, passed, and sent to was nothing which ought to induce The house of lords, where it was them to relax, but much rather that of course read the first time withought to quicken their jealousy. out any observation; as it was also The honourable member went into the second time on the 4th of Feb. an elaborate examination of the bill, Feb.6. The earlof Liverpool morand finished by saying that the re- ed the order of the day for the third mote possibility of the ultimate re- reading of the royal household bill, covery of his majesty, although and observed,that he would now take now, as well as last year, his speedy the opportunity of explaining the restoration had been so sanguinely subject with reference to the three expected and prophesied by the bills now on the table, all forming chancellor of the exchequer, could part of the same arrangement (the in no way justify any such establish- royal household hill, the household ment. It appeared by records, offices bill, and the regency er which it was not necessary now to penses bill). His lordship then adquote, that the house had never yet verted to what had passed in the voted so large a sum as that now re- last session of parliament, when the quired, in aid of the civil list, with- regency was under consideration, out a formal preliminary inquiry; and observed, that whatever opiand yet ministers, at a time when nions might be entertained of the the vote of every shilling ought to improbability of the king's recovebe most severely scrutinized, ven- ry, they must nevertheless legislate tured to make this most unconstitue upon the possibility of his recovertional demand. With respect to ing so as to resume the exercise of the formation of a distinct court, the royal authority. His lordship over which the queen was to pre- then explained the object of the side, no investigation could remove bills, to appropriate 100,000l. for a his objection; but into the volumi- household for the king, and to the nous and valuable documents laid support of his dignity and personal upon the table, he could not imagine comfort ; together with 60,0001. that a more proper time than the the amount of the king's privy present could be found for investi- purse, and 10,0001. to the queen, to gation, and it was wholly unbecom- meet incidental expenses--making ing in the house to refuse examina- together 170,0001. To meet this tion into the comparative small charge, the prince of Wales had amounts they contained, when the consented to give up to the civil great demands for the service of the list from his exchequer income štate were met by the people with 50,0001. and 70,0001. was proposed such confidential readiness. He to be voted by parliament, making warned the right honourable gen. 120,0001. leaving a deficiencyin the

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CHAPTER II.

Mr. Rose on the Population of England, Scotland, and Wales-Debate

on Mr. Ryder's Motion respecting the Nightly Watch-Debate on Mr. Broughum's Motion respecting the Droits of the Admiralty-Lord Folkestone's Motion on the State of Ecclesiastical Jurisdiction-Debates on Earl Fitzwilliam's Motion on the State of Ireland, and on Mr. Grallan's Motion on the same Subject-Debate on Mr. Lockhart's Motion on Bankrupt Members of Parliament-Debate on Lord Morpeth's Motion on the State of Ireland-Mr. Whilbread on the Riots at Nottingham Mr. Grant on the Extension of commercial Intercourse with IndiaBill for preventing the granting Offices in Reversion-Motion in both Houses of Thanks to Lord Wellington-Mr. Creevey's Motion on the 44 per Cent. Duties-Mr. Whitbread's Motion on AmericaMr. Ryder's Młotion for a Bill to punish the Rioters of Nottingham-Debate on Loril Wellington's Pension--Monument to General Crauford - Debates on the Army Estimates, and Colonel MMahon's PensionExpulsion of Mr. Walsh-Molion for a Bill to punish fraudulent Bankers.

TE have, in the last chapter, that we have for abridgement in our

given a comected account reports of parliamentary business, of the discussions of the household when he reflects for a moment that Bill, which, as we have seen, was the debates, tolerably at large, on passed into an act, with the sanc- the state of Ireland, would, for tion of both houses and his royal the year 1812, more than fill the highness the prince, previously to space which can be afforded in our the time in which the regent en. volume to the proceedings of both tered on his full powers. We shall houses for the whole session, which now turn back and review some continued, with but short adjourn. other subjects that engrossed the ments, more than seven months. attention of parliament at intervals So long, however, as topics of imduring the time we have gone over. portance and general interest are On part of the business which we agitated in parliament, so long will have now to notice, debates had it be our duty to follow its steps with in former sessions been long and the fidelity of accurate reporters. vehement. The eloquence of all Jan. 17.-A person appeared at sides of both houses had shone forth, the house of commons, and preas well on the droits of the admi- sented an account of the population ralty, as on the state of Ireland ; of Great Britain, from the year and the arguments adduced by the 1802 to the present period, distinleaders of the parties who opposed guishing the increase, &c. of each or vindicated the measures of go- each particular year. vernment in these particulars, have Mr. Rose observed, that the been briefly but faithfully recorded paper now laid on the table was the in our former volunes. The reader result of an annual census, which will readily perceive the necessity for the first time, in the year 1802,

was

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system of inclosures, however be. in payment for imported corn. neficial and general it had become, The further extension of the British was not alone adequate to the ob- fisheries might be productive of ject in view; and among other another great advantage in furnishmeans that might be devised, he ing employment to the surplus part considered that additional encou- of the population. ragement to the cultivation of pota- thousand men might, he conceived, toes might be highly advantageous. be easily employed in this way. He This description of cultivation had was aware that he had taken up the peculiar recommendation of be- the time of the house in entering ing within the power of the poorest on a subject that was not regularly individual that inhabited a cottage before it ; but he trusted the very with a piece of land, however great importance of the subject small, attached to it. There was would justify him in its opinion. also another expedient that had Mr. Brougham professed his been too long much neglected, and great satisfaction, both at the accould not, in his opinion, too strong. counts commented on by the right ly engage legislative consideration, hon. gentleman, and the observahe meant the due encouragement tions which had fallen from him, and extension of the fisheries. It appearing to him, as they did, could not fail to excite surprise, . highly important and judicious. that a maritime country like Great He did not rise at present, just inBritain, and from her geographical formed as he was at that moment situation possessing so many facili- of the facts stated by the right hon, ties for enjoying every advantage gentleman, to enter into the disof prosperous and extensive fisheries, cussion of them, but to require the should, even to the present day, attention of the house to one or have derived nearly all her supplies two remarks which the contemplaof cured fish from settlements tion of the paper before the house abroad. He could not help think- naturally suggested to his mind. ing that, by influence and persua. He was not entirely ready to agree sion, any prejudice or aversion to with him, that the whole of the a particular kind of food might be nominal increase of population overcome among the bulk of the which the last census exhibiied, was people. As an instance of the pro- a real increase. In the year 1802, digious difference in the compara. when this census was first taken, tive cheapness of different sorts of the whole machinery for carrying food, he had himself recently been it into effect was necessarily incomenabled to sell 9 herrings and plete. Not only did this now move 22 pounds of potatoes for 15d. with more ease and efficacy, but Where it was thus evident that a there should also be taken into acsaving to so great an amount might count the improved experience of be effected, it was of the greatest the various officers whose duty it importance that it should be duly was to conduct it. The numerous considered; he had caiculated that, prejudices that had originally es. by the adoption of proper measures isted against a general enumeration, tending to this purpose, an abridge- arising in some degree from a superment might be made of three mil- stitious construction of a portion of lions out of the four or five now scriptural history, and from other every year sent out of the country causes, must have operated strong

strong

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