General View of the Agriculture of the North Riding of Yorkshire

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B. McMillan, 1800 - 355 ページ
 

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iii ページ - And he gave it for his opinion, " that whoever could make two ears of corn, or two blades of grass, to grow upon a spot of ground, where only one grew before, would deserve better of mankind, and do more essential service to hist country, than the whole race of politicians put together.
320 ページ - A claimant here enters into the produce, who contributed no assistance whatever to the production. When years, perhaps, of care and toil have matured an improvement ; when the husbandman sees new crops ripening to his skill and industry; the moment he is ready to put his sickle to the grain, he finds himself compelled to divide his harvest with a stranger.
320 ページ - But, secondly, agriculture is discouraged by every constitution of landed property which lets in those, who have no 'concern in the improvement, to a participation of the profit. This objection is applicable to all such customs of manors as subject theproprietor, upon the death of the lord or tenant, or the alienation of the estate, to a fine apportioned to the improved value of the land.
320 ページ - The tythe, as it is frequently a very unequal tax upon the rent, so it is always a great discouragement both to the improvements of the landlord and to the cultivation of the farmer. The one cannot venture to make the most important, which are generally the most expensive improvements, nor the other to raise the most valuable, which are generally too the most expensive crops, when the church, which lays out no part of the expense, is to share so very largely in the profit.
11 ページ - ... loam ; except that in some parts there are patches of swampy ground, and cold clay land. That corner of the vale east of Middleton Tyas, and west of the Wiske, and north of a line drawn from Scorton to Danby Wiske, is mostly cold and wet, some of which has a moorband under it ; but on the west side of this tract there is some clayey loam of pretty good quality, and a little excellent gravelly loam, which last is chiefly employed as grazing ground. " On each bank of the river Swale, and between...
4 ページ - I have frequently observed on these hills, that where grain is sown at an elevation of about 600 feet, the crop becomes extremely uncertain ; that may be reckoned the greatest height at which wheat will grow, with any chance of repaying the husbandman...
v ページ - THE great desire that has been very generally expressed, for having the AGRICULTURAL SURVEYS of the KINGDOM reprinted, with the additional Communications which have been received since the ORIGINAL REPORTS were circulated, has induced the BOARD OP AGRICULTURE to come to a resolution of reprinting such as may appear on the whole fit for publication.
249 ページ - Westmoreland, the long horned breed prevails ; and in consequence of there being two breeds in the neighbourhood, it is natural that there should be a considerable number of a mongrel, or mixed...
316 ページ - Wales to a very considerable amount, and many of the aforesaid donations appear to have been lost ; and others, from the neglect of payment and the inattention of those persons...
10 ページ - On the right of the road leading from Gretabridge to Catterick, is much fine gravelly soil, with a considerable quantity of clay, and some peat ; and, on the north of Richmond, a mixed loamy soil in most places upon limestone, but in some, upon a, freestone most excellent for building. " On the east side of the road between Catterick and...

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