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Not to public speakers alone, however, is the study of Elocution necessary. In a country where literature furnishes not only the most delightful occupation to the solitary student, but a favourite entertainment to the social circle, the art of reading with propriety and elegance forms an essential part of a polite education. While the splendid productions of genius, which are constantly issuing from the British press, and which diffuse an unexampled lustre over our age and country, afford the most refined pleasure to polished society, the power of reading them with due effect must necessarily confer no small degree of distinction. Nor is this to be valued merely as an exterior accomplishment. Here the ear and the understanding afford mutual aid ; and as he alone who can duly appreciate the beauties of his author, can develop them by a judicious and graceful utterance; so he who can read them best, will have the fullest enjoyment of their various charms.

So generally is this now understood, that Elocution is daily attracting more of the general attention. Anxious to facilitate the acquisition of so important an accomplishment, the compiler of this volume selected, principally from Walker, the rules which it contains, and the extracts by which these rules are exemplified. The very extensive and rapid circulation of the six former editions, affords him a double gratification,-as a proof, that his labours have been found conducive to the end which he had in view, and as a satisfactory indication of a growing attention to this elegant art.

For the use of junior classes, he had previously published the English Learner, the success of which has been fully commensurate with that of the Principles of Elocution ; to which, indeed, it forms a natural and proper introduction. He has lately completed his plan by the publication of his Rhetorical Exercises, for the use of those students who have gone through the Principles of Elocution, and are thus prepared for the higher department of the art. These books, he would gladly flatter himself, will be found of peculiar utility to both teachers and pupils; and if they contribute, in any degree, to disseminate among ingenuous youth an ardour for this pleasing and useful study, they will have fully answered his fond. est hopes.

Edinburgh, January 1, 1825,

Page

DIFFERENT Methods by which the Principles and lessons may be

successfully. Taught, .

15

General Rules and Observations on Reading and Recitation,

16

INFLECTIONS.

Table of Inflections,.....

..17

On the Inflections of the Voice,.....

....................................... 18

The Final Pause or Period,.....

..........

18

Negative Sentence.......................................................

19

Penultimate Member,...

19

Direct Period,.....

19

Direct Periods commencing with Participles,......

20

Sentences depending on Adjectives,..

.21

Inverted Period,

21

Loose Sentence,

.22

Antithetic Member,.......................................................

.22

Concessive Member,..

23

Exercises on the preceding Rules,.....

.23

Interrogation,......

.25

Exclamation,

27

Parenthesis,..

29

Exercises on the Interrogation, Exclamation, and Parenthesis,. .30

Table of Inflections on the Series,.

.31

Simple Commencing Series,.....

.32

Simple Concluding Series,......

.33

Compound Commencing Series........

34

Compound Concluding Series,...

.35

Sentences containing both a Commencing and a Concluding Series, .36

Pairs of Nouns,...

36

Series of Serieses,...

.37

Exercises on the Series...............

.38

Harmonic Inflection..........

.39

Echo,

41

The Monotone,

42

Circumflexes,

42

Climax,.....

.43

ACCENT AND EMPHASIS.

Transposition of Accent,.................

44

Emphasis,

45

Single Emphasis,

.47

Double Emphasis,

49

Treble Emphasis,

50

The Antecedent...........

51

General Emphasis,...

.52

The Intermediate or Elliptical Member,..

.52

Exercises on Emphasis,..............

53

RHETORICAL PAUSES.

Rules for Rhetorical Pauses...........

55

Exercises on Pausing,....

61

SELECT EXTRACTS FOR RECITATION.

62

1. The Song of Saul before his Last Battle......

2. The Destruction of Sennacherib,....

,62

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3. Lochinvar,

4. From Lalla Rookh,....

5. Scene after the Siege of Corinth,...

6. Lord Ullin's Daughter.....

7. The Burial of Sir John Moore,....

8. The Mariner's Dream,......

9. Mary, the Maid of the Inn,..........

10. The Siege of Corinth,......

11. The American Patriot's Song,......................

12. The African,......

13. The Curse,......

14. The Gladiator,

15. Vision of Belshazzar,.

16. The Dying Chief,.

17. The Soldier's Grave,....

18. The Field of Gilboa,

19. A Night-piece on Death,..

20. The Shield,

21. Loudhon's Attack,.

22. The Petit-Maitre, and the Man on the Wheel,.

23. William Penn, Nathan, and the Bailiff..

MISCELLANEOUS LESSONS.

1. "On the Dissolution of Nature,

2. The Balance of Happiness equal,..

3. On the Beauties of the Psalms,...

4. The Interview of Rasselas, &c. with the Hermit,..

5. On the Improvement of Time,..

6. The Hill of Science,.......

7. Patience Recommended......

8. The Planetary and Terrestrial Worlds,

9. The Italian Opera,.......

· 10. *Westminster Abbey,

11. On Consistency in Behaviour,:

12. Interview between an Old Major and a Young Officer,

13. On Religion,....

14. Remarks on the Swiftness of Time,.........

15. On Public Preaching,...

16. How a Modern Lady of Fashion disposes of her Time,.

17. On Pronunciation, or Delivery,

18. Discontent, the common Lot of all Mankind,.

19. The Funeral of Mr Betterton,...

20. "The Folly of mispending. Time,..

21. The Vision of Sir Isaac Bickerstaff,

22. Youth and Old Age,....

23. The Poor weep unheeded,...

24. The Story of a Disabled Soldier,

25. The Business and Qualifications of a Poet,.....

26. Remarks on some of the best Poets,.....

27. On the Iliad of Homer,...

28. On the Odyssey of Homer,...

29. On the Beauties of Virgil,

30. "On the comparative Nerit of Homer and Virgil,

31. On Human Grandeur.........

32. Ethelgar. A Saxon Poem,....

33. Kenrick. Translated from the Saxon,....

* The Lessons marked thus (*) have the principal infections marked.

Page

34. Hard Words defended,....

139

35. The Difficulty of conquering Habit,..

.142

36. On Cruelty to inferior Animals,..

143

37. Effects of Sympathy in the Distresses of Others,

144

38. On the Love of Life.....

.146

39. On the Dignity of Human Nature,...

.147

40. *Fame, a commendable Passion,.

148

41. The present Life to be considered only as it may conduce to the

Happiness of a future one..........

.149

42. Luxury and Avarice,.....

152

43. The Impudent and the Absurd..............

154

44. On Grieving for the Dead,..

.156

45. On Remorse,...

.157

46. On the increased Love of Life with Age................

.158

47. Asem. An Eastern Tale,.

.160

48. On the English Clergy, and Popular Preachers......

.162

49. On Universal Benevolence,....

.164

50. On the Advantages of a well-cultivated Mind,...

.167

51. On the Formation of Language,

.170

52. On the Sublime in Writing,..

...173

HISTORICAL AND BIOGRAPHICAL EXTRACTS.

1. Our natural Fondness for History, and its true Use...................177

2. On Biography,

.178

3. Character of Queen Elizabeth,

..179

4. *Character of Mr Pitt.....

...181

5. The Siege of Quebec, and the Death of General Wolfe,.. .183

6. The Character of Julius Cæsar,.........................................

7. The Character of Cato, ....

.186

& A Comparison of Cæsar with Cato........

....187

9. The Character of Hannibal,..

...187

10. The Character of Mary, Queen of Scots..........

...................................188

PATHETIC EXTRACTS.

1. Reyno and Alping...........

2. On Military Glory,......

.19.

3 The Dead Ass,..

..192

4. Maria.- Part 1 ............................................................

5. Maria._Part II .............................................................

195

SPECIMENS OF PULPIT ELOQUENCE.

1. True Pleasure defined,.............

..198

2. *Religion never to be treated with Levity,.. .................

.198

3. The Condition of the Wicked,

199

4. On Charity, ..........

.200

5 Religious Knowledge, a Source of Consolation,....

201

6. On the Enlargement of our Intellectual Powers,.

.203

7. On a Future State,..

.205

& On the Works and Attributes of the Almighty,

.200

9. On the Beauties of Nature,..........

.207

10. Obedience to the Commandments of God will be rewarded, ..207

11. The Birth of the Saviour announced,....

.208

12. *The Truth frees us from the slavish Fear of Death,..... .209

13. On the Hope of Immortality,..

.211

14. The departed Spirits of the Just are Spectators of our Conduct on

Earth,.....

..212

13. The Death of Christ,..

.213

16. On Continuance in Well-doing..............................................214

17. On the General Fast, 1803.................................................215

.........194

........

Page

18. The Promises of Religion to the Young,.................

.217

19. On Autumn,.

218

SPECIMENS OF MODERN ELOQUENCE.

1. *Funeral Eulogium on Dr Franklin,..

220

2. General Wolfe to his Army,.......

221

3. Speech of Mr Horace Walpole............

.222

4. Mr Pitt's Reply,

.223

5. Lord Lyttelton's Speech on the Repeal of the Act, called the Jew Bill,224

6. Sir John St Aubin's Speech for Repealing the Septennial Act,.....22R

7. Sir Robert Walpole's Reply......

.228

8. Mr Pulteney's Speech on the Motion for Reducing the Army,...... 230

9. Speech of Lord Chatham,

.233

10. Speech of the Earl of Chesterfield,.

236

SPECIMENS OF ANCIENT ELOQUENCE.

1. The Speech of a Roman Officer to his Soldiers,........

.241

2. Speech of Charidemus to Darius,......

.242

3 The Scythian Ambassadors to Alexander,.....

243

4. The Beginning of the First Philippic of Demosthenes,

245

5. Hannibal to his Soldiers,...

248

6. Scipio to the Roman Army,......

250

POETRY.

Rules for Reading Verse,

.253

On Scanning,...

.256

EXTRACTS IN VEKSE.

J. *The Patriot,........

.257

2. Eulogy on Pitt,

.257

3. The Soldier's

Dream,

4. The Female Exile,

.259

3. The Battle of Hohenlinden,.

.260

6. The Battle of Busaco .............................................

.261

7. The Visions of Fancy ,............................................. .262
& Confidence in God,

263

Boadicea. An Ode,...

.264

10. *Hope, the Friend of the Brave,.....

265

11. The Moral Change anticipated by Hope,..

...................

.266

12. On the Downfal of Poland,..

.266

13. The Anticipations of Hope,.....

.268

14. The Influence of Hope at the Close of Life,

.269

15. On the Effects of Time and Change,......

.270

16. On True Dignity,...............

.271

17. Fox and Pitt,.

18. The First Two Verses of Marmiong...........

.272

19. The Death of Marmion,....

.273

20. *Song from the Lady of the Lake,..

.273

21. On the Arrival of the British Army in Portugal........

..274

22. From the Bride of Abydos,..

.275

23. On Ancient Greece,....

.276

24. Sarpedon to Glaucus,.............................................

277

25. Alexander the Great.........

.278

26. Lines written on visiting a Scene in Argyleshire,.

278

27. Part of a Poem on the Fear of God,.........

.279

28. The last Speech of Cyrus,...

.280

29. A Lady's Salutation to her Garden in the Country,...

281

30. A Thought on Eternity,.....................

.281

31. David's Trust in God.............

....................................................282

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