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Sacred spittle bring ye hither ; that the steward has made his bargain with
stand to all costs and damages."
(3) In Thomas Lodge's “ Devils Incarnat Ring the saints-bell to affright
of this Age,” 4to. Lond. 1596, in the Epistle Far from hence the evill sprite."
to the Reader, are the following quaint allu
sions to Sorcerers and Magicians: “ Buy thereThe subsequent will not be thought an un- fore this Christall, and you shall see them in pleasant comment ou the popular creed con- their common appearance : and read these excerning spirits and haunted houses. It is orcismes advisedly, and you may be sure to taken from a scene in Mr. Addison's well- conjure them without crossings : but if any known comedy of “The Drummer, or the man long for a familiar for false dice, a spirit Haunted House :" the gardener, butler, and to tell fortunes, a charme to heale disease, this coachman of the family, are the dramatis per- only book can best fit him."
Vallancey, in his “ Collectanea de Rebus “ Gardn. Prithee, John, what sort of a crea- Hibernicis,” No. xiii. p. 17, says: “ In the ture is a conjurer ?
Highlands of Scotland a large chrystal, of a Butl. Why he's made much as other men figure somewhat oval, was kept by the priests are, if it was not for his long grey beard. - to work charms by; water poured upon it at His beard is at least half a yard loug : he's this day is given to cattle against diseases : dressed in a strange dark cloke, as black as a these stones are now preserved by the oldest cole. He has a long white wand in his hand. and most superstitious in the country (Shawe).
Coachm. I fancy 'tis made out of witch elm, They were once common in Ireland. I am
Gardn. I warrant you if the ghost appears informed the Earl of Tyrone is in possession he'll whisk you that wand before his eyes, and of a very fine one." strike you the drum-stick out of his hand. In Andrews's “ Continuation of Henry's
Butl. No; the wand, look ye, is to make a History of Great Britain," p. 388, we read : circle; and if he once gets the ghost in a cir- “ The conjurations of Dr. Dee having induced cle, then he has him. A circle, you must his familiar spirit to visit a kind of talisman, know, is a conjurer's trap.
Kelly (a brother adventurer) was appointed Coachm. But what will he do with him when to watch and describe his gestures. The stone he has him there?
used by these impostors is now in the StrawButl. Why then he'll overpower him with berry Hill Collection. It appears to be a his learning,
polished piece of canal coal. To this Butler Gardn. If he can once compass him, and refers when he writes, get him in Lob's pound, he'll make nothing
Kelly did all his feats upon of him, but speak a few hard words to him, and perhaps bind him over to his good beha
The devil's looking-glass, a stone." viour for a thousand years.
In “ The Museum Tradescantianum," 8vo. Coachm. Ay, ay, he'll send him packing to
Lond. 1660, p. 42, we find an “ Indian Conhis grave again with a flea in his ear, I war
jurer's Rattle, wherewith he calls up spirits.” rant him.
(+) Butler's description, in his Hudibras," Butl. But if the conjurer be but well paid,
of a cunning man or fortune-teller, is fraught he'll take pains upon the ghost and lay him,
with a great deal of his usual pleasantry: look ye, in the Red Sea—and then he's laid for ever.
“Quoth Ralph, not far from hence doth Gardn. Why, John, there must be a power
dwell of spirits in that 'same Red Sea. I warrant A cunning man, hight Sidrophel, ye they are as plenty as fish. I wish the That deals in destiny's dark counsels, spirit may not carry off a corner of the house And sage opinions of the moon sells; with him.
To whom all people far and near Butl. As for that, Peter, you may be sure On deep importances repair ;
When brass and pewter hap to stray, rabble, he discovers anything, 'tis done by the And linen slinks out of the way ;
same occult hermetic learning, heretofore proWhen geese and pullen are seduc'd, fest by the renowned Moll Cut-Purse." And sows of sucking pigs are chows'd; They are still called “ Wise Men” in the When cattle feel indisposition,
villages of Durham and Northumberland. And need th' opinion of physician;
The following was communicated to the When murrain reigns in hogs or sheep, editor of the present work by a Yorkshire genAnd chickens languish of the pip;
tleman, in the year 1819: When yeast and outward means do fail “Impostors who feed and live on the superAnd have no pow'r to work on ale ;
stitions of the lower orders are still to be found When butter does refuse to come,
in Yorkshire. These are called "Wise Men,' And love proves cross and humoursome ; and are believed to possess the most extraorTo him with questions and with urine dinary power in remedying all diseases inciThey for discovery flock, or curing." dental to the brute creation, as well as the
human race, to discover lost or stolen proAllusions to this character are not uncom
perty, and to foretell future events. One of mon in our old plays.
these wretches was a few years ago living at In “ Albumazar,” a comedy, 4to. 1634,
Stokesley, in the North Riding of Yorkshire; signat. Cb,
his name was John Wrightson, and he called “ He tells of lost plate, horses, and straye
himself the seventh son of a seventh son,' cattell
and professed ostensibly the trade of a cowDirectly, as he had stolne them all him- doctor. To this fellow, people, whose educaselfe."
tion it might have been expected would
have raised them above such weakness, Again, in “Ram Alley, or Merry Tricks,” flocked; many to ascertain the thief, when 4to. Lond. 1636, signat. B 3,
they had lost any property; others for him “ Fortune-teller, a pretty rogue
to cure themselves or their cattle of some inThat never saw five shillings in a heape,
describable complaint. Another class visited
him to know their future fortunes; and some Will take upon him to divine men's fate, Yet never knows himselfe shall dy a beggar,
to get him to save them from being balloted Or be hang d up for pilfering table-cloaths,
into the militia; all of which he professed Shirts, and smocks, hanged out to dry on
himself able to accomplish. All the diseases hedges."
which he was sought to remedy he invariably
imputed to witchcraft, and although he In “The Character of a Quack-Astrolo- gave drugs which have been known to do ger,” 4to. Lond. 1673, signat. A 3 b, our good, yet he always enjoined some incanta
a gipsey of the upper form,” is tion to be observed, without which he decalled “a three-penny prophet that under- clared they could never be cured; this was takes the telling of other folks fortunes, sometimes an act of the most wanton barbameerly to supply the pinching necessities of rity, as that of roasting a game cock alive, his own.
&c. The charges of this man were always exIbid. signat. B 3, our cunning man is said travagant; and such was the confidence in his to “ begin with theft; and to help people to skill and knowledge, that he had only to what they have lost, picks their pocket afresh: name any person as a witch, and the public not a ring or a spoon is nim d away, but indignation was sure to be directed against payes him twelve-pence toll, and the ale
the poor unoffending creature for the remaindrapers' often-straying tankard yields him a der of her life. constant revenue: for that purpose he main- 66 An instance of the fatal consequences of tains as strict a correspondence with gilts this superstition occurred within my knowand lifters as a mountebank with applauding ledge, about the year 1800. A farmer of Midwives and recommending Nurses: apd if the name of Hodgson had been robbed of at any time, to keep up his credit with the
He went to a 'wise man'
to learn the thief, and was directed to some The following curious passage is from process by which he should discover it. A Thomas Lodge's “ Incarnate Devils," 4to. servant of his of the name of Simpson, who Lond. 1596, p. 13: “ There are many in had committed the robbery, fearing the dis- London now adaies that are besotted with covery by such means, determined to add this sinne, one of whom I saw on a white murder to the crime, by killing his master. horse in Fleet-street, a tanner knave I never The better to do this without detection, lookt on, who with one figure (cast out of a he forged a letter as from the wise man scholler's studie for a necessary servant at to Mr. Hodgsou, enclosing a quantity of Bocordo) promised to find any man's oxen arsenic, which he was directed to take on were they lost, restore any man's goods if they going to bed, and assuring him that in the were stolne, and win any man love, where or morning he would find his money in the howsoever he settled it, but his jugling knacks pantry under a wooden bowl. Hodgson took were quickly discovered." the powder, which killed him. Simpson was In • Articles of Inquirie given in Charge by taken up, tried at York assizes, and convicted the Bishop of Sarum, A. D. 1614,” 4to. Lond. on strong circumstantial evidence. He re- 1614, is the following : “ 67. Item, whether ceived sentence of death, and when on the you have any conjurers, charmers, calcours, scaffold confessed his crime."
witches, or fortune-tellers, who they are, and Vallancey, in his “ Collectanea de Rebus who do resort unto them for counsell ?". Hibernicis," No. xiii. p. 10, tells us that in (5) Butler, in his “ Hudibras," has the folIreland they are called "Tamans. “I know," | lowing : says he, “a farmer's wife in the county of
“ with a sleight Waterford, that lost a parcel of linen. She
Convey men's interest, and right, travelled three days' journey to a Taman, in From Stiles's pocket into Nokes's the county of Tipperary : he consulted his
As easily as hocus pocus." black book, and assured her she would re
P. iii. c. iii. l. 713. cover the goods. The robbery was proclaimed at the chapel, offering a reward, and the linen Archbishop Tillotson tells us that “in all was recovered. It was not the money but the probability those common juggling words of Taman that recovered it.”
hocus pocus are nothing else but a corruption In Strype's edition of “Stow's Survey of of hoc est Corpus, by way of ridiculous imiLondon,” B. i. p. 257, we read, “ A. D. 1560, tation of the priests of the Church of Rome a skinner of Southwark was set on the pillory in their trick of transubstantiation, &c.” Ser. with a paper over his head, shewing the cause, xxvi. Discourse on Transubstant. viz. for sundry practices of great falsehood, Vallancey, in his “ Collectanea de Rebus and much untruth; and all set forth under Hibernicis," No. xiii. p. 93, speaking of Hocus the colour of Southsaying."
Pocus, derives it from the Irish“ Coic, an Andrews, in his “ Continuation of Dr. omen, a mystery; and bais, the palm of the Henry's History of Great Britain," 4to. p. 194, hand; whence is formed coiche-bais, legerdespeaking of the death of the Earl of Angus main ; Persicè, choco-baz : whence the vulgar in 1588, tells us, as a proof of the blind su- English hocus pocus." He is noticing the perstition of the age, “ he died (says a vene- communication in former days between Irerable author) of sorcery and incantation." land and the East. “ A wizard, after the physicians had pro
“ Hiccius doctius is a common term among nounced him to be under the power of witch- our modern slight-of-hand men. The origin craft, made offer to cure him, saying (as the of this is probably to be found among the manner of these wizards is) that he had re- old Roman Catholics. When the good people ceived wrong. But the stout and pious Earl of this island were under their thraldom, their declared that his life was not so dear unto priests were looked up to with the greatest him as that, for the continuance of some years, veneration, and their presence announced in he would be beholden to any of the devil's the assemblies with the terms Hic est doctus ! instruments, and died.”
hic est doctus ! and this probably is the origin
of the modern corruption Hiccius doctius. jurer. If a farmer loses his cattle, the houses M. F."
must be purified with water sprinkled by In the “ Statistical Account of Scotland,” him. In searching for the latent mischief, vol. xii. p. 465, in the account of the parish this gentleman never fails to find little parcels of Kirkmichael, county of Banff, we read : of heterogeneous ingredients lurking in the
Among the branches into which the moss- walls, consisting of the legs of mice and the grown trunk of superstition divides itself, may wings of bats; all the work of the witches. be reckoned witchcraft and magic. These, Few things seem too arduous for his abilities; though decayed and withered by time, still and though, like Paracelsus, he has not as retain some faint traces of their ancient ver yet boasted of having discovered the philodure. Even at present witches are supposed, sopher's stone, yet, by the power of his ocas of old, to ride on broomsticks through cult science, he still attracts a little of their the air. In this country, the 12th of May is gold from the pockets where it lodges, and one of their festivals. On the morning of in this way makes a shift to acquire subsistthat day they are frequently seen dancing on ence for himself and family." the surface of the water of Avon, brushing There is a folio sheet, printed at London, the dews of the lawn, and milking cows in 1561, preserved in a collection of Misceltheir fold. Any uncommon sickness is ge- lanies in the archives of the Society of Antinerally attributed to their demoniacal prac- quaries of London, lettered Miscel. Q. Eliz. tices. They make fields barren or fertile, No. 7, entitled, “ The unfained retractation of raise or still whirlwinds, give or take away Fraunces Cox, which he uttered at the pillery milk at pleasure. The force of their incanta- in Chepesyde and elswhere, accordyng to the tions is not to be resisted, and extends even to counsels commaundement anno 1561, 25th the moon in the midst of her aerial career. of June, beying accused for the use of cerIt is the good fortune, however, of this coun- tayne sinistral and divelysh artes.” In this try to be provided with an anti-conjurer that he says that from a child he began to pracdefeats both them and their sable patron in tise the most divelish and supersticious knowtheir combined efforts. His fame is widely | ledge necromancie, and invocations of diffused, and wherever he goes crescit eundo. spirites, and curious astrology. He now utIf the spouse is jealous of her husband, the terly renounces and forsakes all such divelish anti-conjurer is consulted to restore the affec- sciences, wherein the name of God is most tions of his bewitched heart. If a near con- horribly abused, and society or pact with nexion lies confined to the bed of sickness, it wicked spirits most detestably practised, as is in vain to expect relief without the bal- necromancie, geomancie, and that curious part samic medicine of the anti-conjurer.
of astrology wherein is contained the calcuperson happens to be deprived of his senses, lating of nativities or casting of nativities, the deranged cells of the brains must be ad- with all other the magikes. justed by the magic charms of the anti-con
GHOSTS, OR APPARITIONS.
“I know thee well; I heare the watchfull dogs,
Merry Devil of Edmonton, 4to. 1631, signat. A 3 b.
Beaumont and Fletcher. Lover's Progress, act 4.
“A ghost,” according to Grose,“ is supposed to be the spirit of
a person deceased, who is either commissioned to return for some especial errand, such as the discovery of a murder, to procure restitution of lands or money unjustly withheld from an orphan or widow, or, having committed some injustice whilst living, cannot rest till that is redressed. Sometimes the occasion of spirits revisiting this world is to inform their heir in what secret place, or private drawer in an old trunk, they had hidden the title deeds of the estate ; or where, in troublesome times, they buried their money or plate. (') Some Ghosts of murdered persons, whose bodies have been secretly buried, cannot be at ease till their bones have been taken up, and deposited in consecrated ground, with all the rites of Christian burial. This idea is the remain of a very old piece of heathen superstition: the ancients believed that Charon was not permitted to ferry over the Ghosts of unburied persons, but that they wandered up and down the banks of the River Styx for an hundred years, after which they were admitted to a passage. This is mentioned by Virgil : * Hæc omnis quam cernis, inops inhumataque
turba est : Portitor ille, Charon; hi quos vehit unda,
sepulti. Nec ripas datur horrendas, nec rauca fluenta, Trasportare prius quam sedibus ossa quiê
runt. Centum errant annos, volitantque hæc lit
tora circum: Tum, demum admissi, stagna exoptata
“Sometimes Ghosts appear in consequence of an agreement made, whilst living, with some particular friend, that he who first died should appear to the survivor.
“Glanvil tells us of the Ghost of a person who had lived but a disorderly kind of life, for which it was condemned to wander up and down the earth, in the company of evil spirits, till the day of judgment.
“In most of the relations of Ghosts they are supposed to be mere aerial beings, without substance, and that they can pass through walls and other solid bodies at pleasure. A particular instance of this is given in Relation the 27th in Glanvil's Collection, where one David Hunter, neat-herd to the Bishop of Down and Connor, was for a long time haunted by the Apparition of an old woman, whom he was by a secret impulse obliged to follow whenever she appeared, which he says he did for a considerable time, even if in bed with his wife : and because his wife could not hold him in his bed, she would go too, and walk after him till day, though she saw nothing; but his little dog was so well acquainted withi the Apparition, that he would follow it as well as his master. If a tree stood in her walk he observed her always to go through it. Notwithstanding this seeming immateriality, this very Ghost was not without some substance; for, having performed her errand, she desired Hunter to lift her from the ground, in the doing of which, he says, she felt just like a bag of feathers. We sometimes also read of Ghosts striking violent blows; and that, if not made way for, they overturn all impediment, like a furious whirlwind. Glanvil mentions