Decentralization of the Socialist State: Intergovernmental Finance in Transition Economies

Richard Miller Bird, Robert D. Ebel, Christine Wallich
World Bank Publications, 1995/01/01 - 443 ページ
World Bank Discussion Paper No. 271. This study incorporates data from comparable surveys across five African countries--Ghana, Malawi, Mali, Senegal, and Tanzania--to analyze how small and micro enterprises have been positively and negatively affected by policy liberalization schemes. Some grow rapidly by adapting their products, while others stagnate because of import competition and increased self- employment. Comparisons were made between small firms, with 6 to 49 workers, and microenterprises, with fewer than 6. The study suggests a two-pronged strategy: (1) to facilitate widespread participation in microenterprises, broad measures are needed to lower the costs of entry, generate demand for their goods and services, raise the educational level and incomes of the poor, and encourage informal financial institutions; (2) to stimulate growth of potentially dynamic enterprises, well-targeted measures may be appropriate to lower the costs of entry, increase access to credit, and provide demand-driven business services. Also available in French (ISBN 0-8213-3907-0) Stock No. 13907.

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390 ページ - This is in marked contrast to the situation in the United States and in Western Europe where most of the basic research is carried out at the university laboratories.
vii ページ - Jorge Martinez-Vazquez is professor of economics and associate director of the Policy Research Center at Georgia State University, He has published numerous journal articles in public finance and has extensive experience in transition and developing economies. Sally Wallace is assistant professor of economics and senior associate at the Policy Research Center at Georgia State University. She specializes in the analysis of federal...
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