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according advantageous afford allowed altogether America annual bank bounty branches Britain British called capital carried cent coin colonies colony trade commerce commodities consequence considerable considered consumption continually corn cultivation direct distant duties East effect empire employed employment encourage England English equal established Europe European exchange expense exportation farmer favour five force foreign trade France frequently give gold gold and silver granted greater hundred importation improvement increase Indies industry inhabitants interest Italy kind labour land less maintain manner manufactures means merchants monopoly mother naturally necessarily necessary never occasion ordinary otherwise paid particular perhaps Portugal pounds present principal probably produce profit prohibition proportion provinces purchase quantity raise reason regulations rendered respect returns seems sell shillings sometimes sort supply supposed surplus thousand wealth whole wool
420 ページ - Consumption is the sole end and purpose of all production ; and the interest of the producer ought to be attended to, only so far as it may be necessary for promoting that of the consumer.
104 ページ - ... would not only load himself with a most unnecessary attention, but assume an authority which could safely be trusted, not only to no single person, but to no council or senate whatever, and which would nowhere be so dangerous as in the hands of a man who had folly and presumption enough to fancy himself fit to exercise it.
348 ページ - To found a great empire for the sole purpose of raising up a people of customers may at first sight appear a project fit only for a nation of shopkeepers.
90 ページ - By means of it, the narrowness of the home market does not hinder the division of labour in any particular branch of art or manufacture from being carried to the highest perfection. By opening a more extensive market for whatever part of the produce of their labour may exceed the home consumption, it encourages them to improve its productive powers, and to augment its annual produce to the utmost, and thereby to increase the real revenue and wealth of society
104 ページ - The statesman, who should attempt to direct private people in what manner they ought to employ their capitals, would not only load himself with a most unnecessary attention, but assume an authority which could safely be trusted, not only to no single person, but to no council or senate whatever, and which would nowhere be so dangerous as in the hands of a man who had folly and presumption enough to fancy himself...
100 ページ - Every individual is continually exerting himself to find out the most advantageous employment for whatever capital he can command. It is his own advantage, indeed, and not that of society, which he has in view. But the study of his own advantage naturally or, rather, necessarily leads him to prefer that employment which is most advantageous to the society.
92 ページ - The discovery of America, and that of a passage to the East Indies by the Cape of Good Hope, are the two greatest and most important events recorded in the history of mankind.
114 ページ - The first is, when some particular sort of industry is necessary for the defence of the country.
125 ページ - Were those high duties and prohibitions taken away all at once, cheaper foreign goods of the same kind might be poured so fast into the home market, as to deprive all at once many thousands of our people of their ordinary employment and means of subsistence.