## The Dawn of Fluid Dynamics: A Discipline Between Science and TechnologyA remarkable account of the interaction between basic research and application, taking as its example the historical development of fluid dynamics in the first half of the 20th century. The book centers on the work of Ludwig Prandtl, founder of the aerodynamic research center (AVA) in Gï¿1⁄2ttingen, whose work and decisive advances in boundary layer and wing theories became the basic material of fluid dynamics. This is definitely not a biography of Prandtl (however desirable this might be), but a history of fluid dynamics a viewed by Prandtl's impact on it, focusing on the science/technology dualism. This means that the field is not treated merely as a byproduct of aviation history, but instead this is the first publication to describe the evolution of fluid dynamics as a major field in modern science and engineering. While certainly suitable for other readers, this book is intended for natural scientists and engineers, as well as historians of science and technology. |

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### 目次

The Beginnings of Fluid Dynamics in Göttingen 19041914 | 31 |

Aviation and the Rise of Aerodynamics in the First World War | 57 |

The Internationalization of Fluid Mechanics in the 1920s | 83 |

A Working Program for Research on Turbulence | 107 |

Aerodynamics Comes of Age | 129 |

New Applications | 153 |

Prandtl Fluid Dynamics and National Socialism | 177 |

9NewCenters195 | 196 |

Fluid Dynamics on the Eve of the Second World War | 213 |

Epilogue | 233 |

Author Index | 271 |

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Aachen Academy Ackeret aero aerodynamicists aerodynamics aeronautical engineering aeronautical research Ahlborn air resistance airfoil theory airplane design airplane manufacturers Albert Betz aviation Baeumker ballistics became Berlin Betz boundary layer boundary layer theory calculation cavitation coefﬁcients concept Congress Correspondence from Prandtl developed dissertation example experimental experiments ﬁeld ﬁnd ﬁrms ﬁrst ﬂow ﬂuid dynamics ﬂuid mechanics GALCIT Galileo gas dynamics German glider ﬂight Göring hydraulics hydrodynamics ideal ﬂuid induced drag inﬂuence investigations Junkers Kaiser Wilhelm Institute Kármán Knight laboratory laminar lift Ludwig Hopf Ludwig Prandtl mathematics Max Munk measurements military Ministry mixing length motion MPGA Munk Munk’s NACA NACA’s nozzle ofﬁcial Paris Ofﬁce physics practical presented pressure problem proﬁle published regarded Reynolds number scientiﬁc skin friction speciﬁc speed sphere supersonic surface Technical University Theodore von Kármán theoretical tion turbines turbulent ﬂow velocity vortex vortices Wieselsberger wind tunnel tests wing ZAMM