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COMMERCIAL INTELLIGENCE. THE following is an account of the quantity of grain, meal, and four, im
ported into Great Britain from foreign countries, and also from Ireland, between the 5th day of January 1814, and the 5th day of January 1815; distinguishing the places from whence imported, and the different kinds of grain. Corn, Grain, fc.
Total. From whence Imported. Barley. Beans. Oats. Peas Rye. Wheat.
Denmark & Norway,
Qrs. Qrs. Qrs. Qrs. Qrs. Qrs. Cwts. Qrs. Cwts. 31551 817 8858 14123+1 3969
26400 2698 7113 35351/19951693108615 157 465 26861 8896 26394 1943 684 76696 331|117299 331 7163 16987 148308 3664 109 121794 298025 260
2199 2336 280 126748 991||131823 991 116781 1613 26154 147 719 105078 79481145389 79481
9 1179 8 3381) 147 1269 4408 1325) 10392 1325
Total,.......... 29125 37633252158 9505 6046611115 82147|945582 82147 Ireland......
16718 5730 643478 459 4184705141953851094/188385 There were also imported into meal, and flour, exported from Great Great Britain, from foreign countries, Britain to foreign countries, and also 1 qr. Indian
corn, 1 cwt. Indian to Ireland, between the 5th day of meal, 4 qrs. malt, and 17 cwts. oat January 1814, and the 5th day of meal.
January 1815; distinguishing the The following is an account of the places to which exported, and the quantity of British and foreign grain, different kinds of grain.Corn, Grain, &c.
Wheat Corn & To where Exported. Barley. Malt. Oats. Peas Rye. Wheat.
2 297 131 442)
Qrs. Cwts. Qrs. Cwts. 7701
208 2212|| 17597 2212 51 4524 50
526 25 4)
61 1 1
90 4931 23841 493 12 35 2170 22100 14275|| 24454 14275 15339 12 863) 7731 12004|| 52367 12004 12
8470 14) 6470 774 187
992 29373) 7945 29373 SO 14701
68221 1712) 68221 19641 4788 31 79 131088|| 24981 131088 1
1238 3 1233 17 1
1246 3257 8
40101 64.50 383906531 18417) 31271 271888|141169271223 9553 13001 170 1971
S50 67|| 23294/ 1091
There were also exported from their deliberations; premising, that Great Britain, to Norway, 24.cwts. they must nearly confine themselves barley meal and 1276 cwts. oat meal; to a simple statement of these results ; to Russia, 2000 cwts, rye meal; to as it would not be possible, without Germany, 4 qrs. beans; to Holland, extending this report to an inconve4 cwts. oat meal ; to France, 195 qrs. nient length, to lay before the Society beans; to Portugal, 2 cwts. oat meal; any detailed view of the grounds upon to Spain, 806 qrs. beans; to Gibral- which the following resolutions have tar, 5 grs. beans and 7 cwts. oatmeal; been adopted, or of the arguments by to Ísles of Man, Guernsey, and Jersey, which they have been opposed, in 12 qrs. beans, 54 cwts. barley meal, those instances where there has been and 74 cwts, oat meal; to the British a difference of opinion among the North American colonies, 12 qrs. members of the committee. beans, 55 cwts. bear meal, and 2065 1. The committee are unanimously cwts. oat meal ; and to the West-In- of opinion, that the prospects of adies, 4655 qrs. beans, 21 cwts. barley- melioration in the Administration of meal, and 6998 cwts. oatmeal. justice, which the introduction of Ju
An edict has been published by ry - Trial in civil causes holds out the Spanish government, prolonging to the country, might be frustrated, the time allowed for the exporting of by any attempt to introduce that mode cotton goods to South America to the of procedure upon too broad a scale ; end of April, and to the end of May and they therefore approve of the for selling such goods in Spain. principle of the bill, in so far as it has
in view the introduction of jury-trial by way of experiment, and upon a
limited scale, in the decision of civil Report of the Committee of Writers causes in Scotland.
to the Signet appointed to consider 2. In order that this experiment a Bill, entitled, “ An Act to Facili- may be made, so as not to endanger
tate the Administration of Justice the established principles of our law, in that part of the United Kingdom the majority of the committee con. *called Scotland, by the Introduc- ceive it to be expedient, that, during * tion of Trial by Jury in Civil the operation of the proposed bill, the • Causes.'
court alone should have the
determining in what particular cases Two different sets of resolutions, in the new mode of trial should be ap
regard to this bill, having been plied. Others of their number, howproposed by Mr Inglis and Mr Mac- ever, were of opinion, that it would vey Napier, at the General Meeting be perfectly consistent with the prinheld on the 26th of January last, the ciple of the bill, that all actions, on Meeting, after some reasoning, ap- account of verbal or personal wrongs pointed a committee “ to consider or injuries, or where there are con" the bill, and report their opinion on clusions for damages on any grounds " the whole points connected with it; whatever, should, as
a matter of " the report to be printed, and circu- course, be sent by the Lords Ordina"lated amongst the Members pre- ry to the Commissioners of the jury "vious to a General Meeting, to be court, upon the requisition of pursuer “ called for the purpose of consider or defender. “ing it.”
3. The majority of the Committee The committee have accordingly are of opinion, that, in order to give held various meetings, and now beg the country the full benefit of the leave humbly to report the results of proposed measure, the Lord Ordinary,
upon the requisition of either party in 9. The committee are of opinion, a cause, as well as of his own motion, thet although it is indispensible that should take the cause verbally, to re the court should have the power of port to his division of the court, for making acts of sederunt in regard to Eheir direction, as to the propriety of the forms of process before the jury granting or refusing a trial by jury. commissioners, it would be highly ex
4. The majority of the committee pedient that the nature and terms of approve of the bill, in so far as it dis. the proposed acts should be made pubpenses with the requisite of unanimity lic before they are passed, by affixing in the verdicts of juries in civil causes. them to the walls of the Inner and
5. The committee disapprove of Cuter House for a month before pas. the provision made in the bill for sing them. striking the jury, inasmuch as it en. 10. The majority of the committee acts, that after the jury-men who have are of opinion, that the clerks of the been summoned shall have appeared new court should be chosen from a. in court, the presiding judge shall mong those only who are eligible to then name the particular individuals the office of a principal clerk of session. for trying the issue ; an election which 11. It appears to the committee, the committee think does not properly that in the case of an experimental belong to the office of a judge. measure like this, the endurance o
6. The committee disapprove of the act giving it effect should not ex.f that clause of the bill which exclude ceed five years. certain descriptions of persons from The committee have only further serving as jurymen, in so far as the
to observe, that besides some verbal same applies to members of the college corrections, which it would be unne. of justice, seeing that they already pos. cessary here to specify, they have made sess a right of exemption in this res- such alterations upon the clauses of the pect, which is sufficiently established. bill, in a copy amended for that pur
7. The committee are of opinion, pose, as seen calculated to carry into that the clause in regard to special ju- effect the various resolutions which ries should be altered, so as to enable they have reported to the society. any of the parties, in a cause where an issue has been directed by the court,
H. Warrender David Cleghorn
R. Hotchkis Walter Cook to apply for a special jury, as well to the Lords Commissioners for jury trial
James Laidlaw A. Monypenny as to the chamber which directed the
James Gibson Hay Donaldson issue ; it being understood that such
William Inglis James Tytler
Robert Ainslie William Bell application can be made to one only of these courts.
Macvey Napier | Æneas Macbean 8. It appears to a majority of the committee, that it would be expedient to give to the judges of the supreme Letter on the same Subject, By a copistorial court, in the trial of actions for defamation or verbal injuries,
Member of the Society the same power which is given by the T. Hugh WARRENDER, Esq. De proposed bill to the judge of the court of admiralty, to certify to the court
puty Keeper of the Signet, fr. 8. in writing when the case appears to
SIR, them to be one in which an issue should HAVING been prevented from atbe directed to be tried by a jury, in tending the meeting of our socieorder that the court may exercise its iy, on last Friday, I take the liberty discretion in directing such issue. of addressing this letter to you on the
subject of the resolutions which were clause requiring it, I own, that the rethen passed : and while I thus deviate gulation may be of some importance ; from the usual conduct of our mem as it may, to a certain extent, increase bers, I must confess myself guilty of the difficulty and hardships of their a further trespass on ordinary rules, duty; and I must add, may, in some by giving immediate publicity to this instances, offend against the delicacy letter. Should you feel any of that of a very tender conscience. But, in desire, which is natural in a person of so far as the principle of the bill is our profession, to reconcile this step concerned, I am satisfied, that this is . to form, I beg that you will consider a matter which will be found, in pracit in the light of a protest against the tice, to influence proceedings in a very proceedings of that meeting; for, tho' slight degree. We have the authoriI might quote high authority for cal. ty of some of our own most able lawling it the substance of an intended yers, and of all the judges and statesspeech, I have always entertained men of England, for considering the doubts regarding the legitimacy of unanimity of jurymen, as not only use. that mode of expression forth of the ful, but essential to the bill. We, in kingdom of Ireland.
this manner, have something like exThe object, as I understand, of the perience to guide us on the one hand, meeting called for the 10th inst. was, while on the other we have nothing to consider how far the alterations, but apprehension and theory; and for made in the House of Lords on the these reasons I do not see much dan. late jury-bill, were of such a nature ger in the experiment being made, as to render it expedient for the So- which the trial will enable us to corciety to ask time for considering them, rect, if the prevailing doubts on the before the bill was enacted into a law. subject should thus be found just.
These alterations may be regarded With regard also to the new qualias three in number: First, An exten- fication in the judges of the jury court, sion of the powers of the jury to the I am not of opinion that it affords trial of issues not limited to issues of ground for much serious apprehension. fact : Secondly, An enactment re We have reason to believe, that the quiring the unanimity of verdicts: first set of judges to be appointed in and, Thirdly, A power of introduc- this court will include none of the obing one judge into the jury court, noxious description; and before vacanwho shall not necessarily be a Scotch cies can occur in the ordinary course lawver,
of things, we have reason to hope, that Of these amendments, it is evident, both bench and bar will be so habithat the first goes very deeply into tuated to the course of jury proceedthe principle of the bill; while the ings that the assistance of English law. others, though unquestionably matters yers will be unnecessary. Then I am of interest, are of comparatively a sub- entitled to hold, that English lawyers ordinate nature, affecting the details will not be called in ; for we have the of the bill, but not its principle. It experience of the Exchequer.court to may probably excite surprise in some shew, that Scotch influence is suffiquarters, that I should speak thus cient to exclude them, even where lightly on the boasted subject of un their introduction would be less exanimity; but I confess to you, I have ceptionable than in the jury court. all along regarded that question as I must add, however, that I have some what more adapted to the schools, my own doubts, whether the admisthan to the consideration of a political sion of an English lawyer to a seat in society. To the class of men who are the new court, (excepting that of the to be immediately influenced by the Chief Judge) would not be useful to March 1815.
Scotland; for its commercial inter- pened, that a person holding these course with the sister kingdom is such, doctrines should have concealed them as to render an assimilation of its law from the quarter in which he was enuseful in the very extensive class of titled to appear ; but perhaps he may cases to which commerce gives rise, have been deterred by a doubt of his even if the admirable maturity of own judgment, which seemed thus to English law on all subjects of this be opposed by persons so much wiser ; sort, did not of itself secure much de. or perhaps he may have felt that dread ference to their precedents on such of public speaking which, (in the opiquestions.
nion of all modest men,) deprives Here, however, I am aware that I large meetings of so much of that venture on delicate ground; for I wisdom by which they might otherknow the apprehensions which are en- wise be enlightened. tertained in many quarters of a con Be this, however, as it may, I shall spiracy for the general introduction be guided by the doctrine of a nationof English law, of which this bill is al proverb, and now, though late, lay the first step. I, therefore, have no before you the opinions which I have great objection to sign a petition, a held on the subject. gainst this part of the bill, if it be By the bill, as it originally stood, thought deserving of a treatment so issues of fact were to be remitted to serious.
the jury court, and being there deterBut these, as I have already inti- mind, were to be returned to the court mated, are matters of inferior conse- of session, then to become the foundaquence. The grand alteration, to tion of a judgment applying the law. to which our attention ought chiefly Now I observe, in the first place, that to be directed, is that which renders a plan of this sort is more purely exthe trial of mixed issues competent in perimental in its nature, than any of the new Court; and ever since the the other projects which have been first appearance of the original bill, I offered for the introduction of trial by have been of opinion, that, without jury. It differs from our practice ; such a power, the new Court would for in proof by commission, the law be attended scarcely with any benefit considers the whole evidence as reto the country. Holding these opi- ported to the court ; and it differs nions, I cannot conceal the surprise from the practice of England, as there which I felt on observing this matter the same court superintends the trial altogether neglected in the earlier de- both of fact and of law, excepting, as liberations both of your society and I understand, in the solitary instance of the faculty of advocates, where all of a trial at nisi prius, where the jury, minds seem to be engrossed by the in cases of difficulty, find a special controversy on an inferior and more verdict of fact, which is sent to be speculative subject; which, like the determined in the Courts at' Westreligious disputes of old, and certain ominster. With those persons who fear geological differences in later times, innovation, this may be a view of the (not unknown in this intellectual city) new bill in which there is ground for seemed to exclude all regard to mat- much doubt. With all men it muse ters which were only of practical im- have some influence. portance *. You may ask how it hap
I am informed that discussions did take becn overlooked by so many able names as place in the Committee of the Faculty of appear in that list. But their reports are Advocates, connected with this matter; and silent on the subject ; and I do not underit is difficult to conceive that it should have stand that it was debated.