« 前へ次へ »
STATE OF THE BAROMETER, &c. From Dec. 26th 1814, to Jan. 25th 1815, in
the vicinity of Edinburgh.
High Water at Leith for
February 1815. Days.
H. M. H. M. W. 1 7 26 7 52 Th. 2 8 23 8 57 Fr. 3. 9 41 10 22 Sa. 4 11
211 38 Su. 512 7 12 32 M. 6 12 56 Tu. 7 1 17 1 36 W. 8 53 2 12 Th. 9 2 28
2 44 Fr. 10 3
3 16 Sa. 11 3
3 49 Su. 12 4 3 4 20 M. 13 4 35 4 53 Tu. 14 5
10 5 29 W. 15 5 48 6 9 Th. 16 6 32 6 59 Fr. 17 7
28 8 3 Sa. 18
9 26 Su. 1910 14 10 58 M. 2011
37 12 15 Tu. 21 12 45 W. 22 1 13 1 Th. 23 2 4 2 28 Fr. 24
11 Sa. 25 3 31 3 50 Su. 26 4
Barom., Thermom. Rain. | Weather. 1814.
M. N. I. P.
Clear Jan. 1 | 30.35 32 40 1815.2 30.5 45 46 3 30.5 42 45
Cloudy 4 30.3 40 40 0.2
Rain 5 30.28 | 39 40
Cloudy 6 30.28 32 36
Clear 7 29.85 36 39 0.04 Shower 8 29.85 35
Clear 9 29.88 36 45 10 29.65 37
0.25 Snow 11 29.5 30 40 12 30.12 30
Clear 13 30. 36
42 14 30. 39 44 15 30.4 32 36 161 30.4 35 40 17 30.51 | 37 42 18 30.51 35 38 19] 30.35 37 39 20 30.21 | 37 39 0.41 Snow 21 30,2 35 38 0.22 22 30.2 31 38
Clear 23 30.1 27 36 24 29.85 | 29 39 25 29.9 21 36
Quantity of Rain........... 1.42
9 4 27 M. 27
5 Tu. 23 5 22 5 40
For FEBRUARY 1815. Apparent time at Edinburgh.
D. H. M. Last Quart. 1. 5 3 morn. New Moon, 9. 9 33 morn. First Quart. 17. 4. 45 morn. Full Moon 23. 8 17 after.
EDINBURGH LITERARY MISCELLANY,
For JANUARY 1815.
Description of EGLINTON CASTLE. understood, and in a country where
these principles have been reduced to Earl of Eglinton, was built in the for calling the attention of the public,
Earl of Eglinton, was built in the practice, no apology can be required year 1798. It is situated in Ayr. to a scheme which has for its object shire, about three miles to the north the welfare of the lower orders of soof the town of Irvine. It is undoubtedly one of the most magnificent edi- ciety, and, through them, of the whole
community. fices with which that county is adorned. From the plate annexed an idea ranks can effectually give aid to the
One way, by which the higher may be formed of its external ap; lower in their temporal concerns, is pearance. The magnificence and
by affording every possible encoubeauty of the interior entirely corresponds. The entrance hall, which ragement to industry and virtue,-by is spacious, leads to a saloon' in the inducing them to provide for their own centre, which is 36 feet in diameter, in them that spirit of independence,
support and comfort, -by cherishing and rises to the whole height of the which is the parent of so many virbuilding, receiving light from above, tues, and by judiciously rewarding and from it the principal rooms enter. extraordinary efforts of economy, and One of the apartments in front of the extraordinary instances of good concastle is 52 feet long, 32 wide, and duct. Some of these objects have 24 in height. The Earl of Eglinton is well which the legislature have laudany
been promoted by the privileges, known to take the lead, both in ex
granted to Friendly Societies. But, tent of property and political in
excellent as institutions of this kind fiuence, among the land - holders of undoubtedly are, they do not in every this extensive county. The family have been hereditary supporters of the intended effect; and they are lia
respect appear calculated to promote every scheme which tended to im- ble in certain disadvantages, which it prove the agricultural and commer
would be desirable to avoid. It free cial prosperity of Ayrshire.
quently happens, that these Societies,
by holding out more advantageous Observations on the Adlerontages of
terms to the meinbers than the siate Parish or Savings Banks, und te of the funds ultimately justify, bear mode in uluch they may be most au
in themselves the seeds of their own
dissolution : Moreover, it is obvious, rantageously conducted.
that a Friendly Society does not acN an age, when the principles of commodate itself so much as could be universal benevolence are so well wished to the varying circumstances
and abilities of its members. A cer To accumulate so much by the weektain monthly or quarterly contribu- ly or monthly saving of a few shillings, tion is required, which can neither appears at first view almost a hopeless be increased nor diminished; although task; and should an individual have some individuals, who may be desi- the foresight to attempt it, the temprous of making every exertion to sup- tation to break in upon his little stock port themselves, may find it impos- at every call of necessity, might be sible regularly to advance so much, too strong to resist. At all events, and others have it easily in their the progressive addition of interest is power to advance a great deal more. lost during the period of accumula.
It appears sufficiently evident, tion, on the small sums successively therefore, that something is still want- laid aside to form the amount which ing, for the purpose of encouraging public Banks will receive. To such the lower orders to provide for the an extent, indeed, do discouragements future exigencies of life; and that no operate, in deterring the lower orders small benefit would be conferred on from attempting to save a pittance for them, if an institution could be devised, sickness or old age, that in manufacthat should be founded on such princituring towns, the high wages which ples, as to leave the members in a great are obtained by the labouring part of measure at liberty to consult their own the community, instead of promoting convenience, with respect to the their domestic comfort, are well amount of their payments, and to the known to produce an effect of a natime of making them, and that should ture directly opposite, and are found, hold out advantages to each indivi- in most instances, only to furnish addual, exactly proportioned to the sums ditional encouragement to drunkenhe may deposit. Such an institu- ness, and to vice of every description, tion promises to form a powerful sti To apply a remedy for this unhapmulus to industry and frugality a py tendency, is not perhaps so diffimongst the labouring classes, as it cult as one might at first sight imawould enable persons in that rank of gine, and the means seem to rise nalife, to lay up a provision for the ne- turally out of the principles already cessities of disease and old age. This laid down. Give these people the object might indeed be accomplished certainty that their savings will be by each individual for himself, had he preserved to them, and will be forththe steadiness to persevere in laying up coming for the supply of their future his superfluous earnings in a corner of wants, and you will not fail to inspire his chest, till it should amount to a them with new wishes, new hopes, sum sufficient to deposit in a Bank. and new habits of industry. Such of But those who know any thing of the them as have an honourable ambition, situation and babits of the lower or or even common prudence, will eagerders, will readily be aware of the dis- ly grasp at a prospect so flattering to couragements to which a plan of this their feelings, as that of an old age kind must necessarily be subjected, rendered independent and comfortable and will not be surprised, that it is by their exertions. seldom resorted to, and still seldomer From this, it is sufficiently evident, acihered to. Besides, it is contrary to that, in order to induce the labouring the rules which the public Banks class to pursue a system of saving, it have found it necessary to adopt, to is only necessary to present them with receive a deposit of any sum less than facilities for depositing their surplus ten pounds; and how few of the la- earnings, in a situation which combouring classes can all at once find bines security with profit. A plan, themselves masters of so large a sum! which should be so contrived as dis