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Art. 1. Union of the Duchy of Warsaw to sia restores the circles of Tarnapol to the the Empire of Russia. This duchy, with Emperor of Austria. the exception of provinces and districts The 6th declares Cracovia a free city. otherwise disposed of, is irrevocably to be 7. The limits of the territory of Cracovia. possessed by the Emperor of all the Rus. A line commencing on the left of the sias, who is to join to his other titles that Vistula at Wolica ascends the rivulet which of King of Poland. The Poles, subjects flows there into the Vistula, to Czulico, and respectively of Russia, Austria, and Prus. proceeds to the point where the limit, which sia, shall obtain a representation and na. separates the district of Kezeezovice from tional institutions, regulated after that mode that of Olkosz commences; from thence it of political existence which each of the Go shall follow that limit between the two said vernments to which they belong shall judge districts, to terminate on the frontiers of useful and convenient to give them.
Prussian Silesia. 2. Limits of the Grand Duchy of Posen. The 8th article grants the privilege of This duchy, which is given in full sovereign. free commerce to Podgarza. ty to the King of Prussia, is comprised in The 9th guarantees the neutrality of the following limits, viz.
Cracovia. The frontier of eastern Prussia the same The 10th relates to the constitution of as previous to the peace of Tilsit, to the the academy and bishoprick of Cracovia. village of Lubitsch, which belongs to the The 11th grants general amnesty. duchy of Warsaw. Thence a line shall be The 12th, in conformity with the precedrawn, which passes the Vistula, and ex. ding article, declares that all sequestrations tends to the ancient boundary of the district shall be taken off, and that all proceedings of Nitze near Gross Opoczko. From Gross against persons for political acts shall be Opoczko it shall pass Chlewiska, to the vil. null and void. lage Przbylau, and thence to the city of The 13th contains an exception where Powidz. From Powidz by the city of definitive sentences upon appeal has been Spluzce, to the point of the confluence of announced. the rivers Wartha and Prospa. From this The 14th provides for the free navigation point up the course of the river Prosna, as of the canals and rivers throughout the far as the village of Koscielnavies, within a whole extent of ancient Poland. league of the city of Kalisch. There leav. 15. Cession of Saxony and Prussia. The ing to that ciły (on the left bank of the King of Saxony renounces to the King of Prosna) a semicircular territory, measured Prussia all right and title to certain Saxon by the distance between Koscielnavies and territories, separated from the kingdom of Kalisch, the limit shall return to the course Saxony by a line drawn as a frontier between of the Prosna, and follow it, ascending by that kingdom and Prussia. The course of the cities Grabow, Wiczuszow, Bolesciawiec, this line has already been described. in order to terminate near the village of 16. Tilles to be taken by the King of Prus. Gola, at the frontier of Silesia, opposite Pe sia. The Saxon Provinces ceded to the rachia.
King of Prussia are to be designated by the 3. Relates to the salt mines of Wieliska, name of the duchy of Saxony, and his Mawhich the Emperor of Russia is to have the jesty adds to his titles those of full property of.
Duke of Saxony, Landgrave of Thurin4. Boundary betrecen Gallicia and the Rus. gia, Margrave of the Two Lusatias, and sian territory.
Count of Hannaberg. His Majesty the The Thalweg of the Vistula shall sepa. King of Saxony shall continue to bear the rate Gallicia from the territory of the free title of Margrave of Upper Lusatia; his city of Cracow. It will serve at the same Majesty likewise shall continue to bear those time as a boundary between Gallicia and of Landgrave of Thuringia, and Count of that part of the former duchy of Warsar Hannaberg, in relation to, and in virtue of, re-united to the states of his Majesty the his rights of succession to the possession of Emperor of all the Russias, as far as the the Ernestian line. vicinity of the city Zawichost. From Za. The 17th article contains an express guawichost to the Bug, the dry frontier shall rantee on the part of Russia, Great Britain, be determined by the line described by the and France, of all the cessions to the King treaty of Vienna, 1809, subject to the rec. of Prussia in full sovereignty. tifications which by mutual agreements may By the 18th, Austria renounces the rights be made in it. The frontier, in proceeding of sovereignty over Lusztia. from the Bug, shall be re-established be. The 19th contains, on the part of the tween the two empires, as it existed before King of Prussia, and the King of Saxony, the said treaty.
a reciprocal renunciatiori of feudal rights. By the 5th article, the Emperor of Rus. The 20th allows the emigration of patsons, and the exportation of their pro- chatel, with the county of Volingen, as their perty.
frontiers have been ascertained by the Trea. The 21st guarantees religious establish ty of Paris, and by Art. 76. of the present ments, and establishments for public in- General Treaty. struction, in the districts ceded by Saxony The same arrangements extend to the to Prussia.
rights of sovereignty and superiority over The 22d grants a general amnesty to the the county of Wornigerode, to that of high subjects of the King of Saxony.
protection over the county of Hohen-Lam. 23. Provinces of which Prussia resumes burg, and to all other rights and claims possession.--His Majesty the King of Prus whatever, which his Prussian Majesty pos. sia having, by the result of the late war, re. sessed and exercised before the peace of entered into possession of several provinces Tilsit, and which he has not renounced by and territories which had been ceded by the other treaties, acts, or conventions, treaty of Tilsit, it is recognised and decla 24. Prussian possessions on thc Rhinered by the present article, that his Majesty, His Majesty the King of Prussia shall unite his heirs and successors, shall again possess to his monarchy in Germany, on this side as before, in full property and sovereignty, the Rhine, to be possessed by himself and the following countries, viz:
his successors, in full property and sove. The portion of his former Polish provin- reignty, the following countries, viz. ces designated in Art 2. ; the city of Dant. The provinces of Saxony designated in zic and its territory, such as it was fixed by Article 15, with the exception of the places the treaty of Tilsit; the circle of Cortouss; and territories ceded by virtue of Article 39. the Old Mark; the portion of the circle of to his Royal Highness the Grand Duke of Magdeburg, on the left bank of the Elbe, Saxe Weimar ; the territory ceded to Pruswith the circle of the Saale; the principali. sia by his Britannic Majesty the King of ty of Halberstadt, with the lordships of Hanover, by Article 29.; the portion of the Darenburg and Hessenrode ; the town and district of Fulda and the territories therein territory of Quebinburg, with reservation of comprised, indicated in Article 40; the the rights of her Royal Highness the Prin- town and territory of Wetzlan, as in Arcess Sophia Albertina of Sweden, Abbess of ticle 42. the grand duchy of Berg, with the Quedlinburg, conformably with the arrange- lordships of Hardenberg, Broik, Styrum, ments made in 1803.
Schooler, and Odenthall, which formerly be The Prussian portion of the county of longed to the said duchy under the PalaMansfield; the Prussian portion of the coun. tine Government ; the districts of the old ty of Hobenstein ; the city and territory of Archbishoprick of Cologne, which latterly Nordhausen ; the town and territory of Mul- belonged to the grand duchy of Berg; the hausen ; the Prussian portion of the district duchy of Westphalia, such as it was possess. of Treffurth with Dorla; the city and ter. ed by his Royal Highness the Grand Duke ritory of Erfurth; the Prussian portion of of Hesse; the county of Dormund, the the county of Goichen ; the lower lordship principality of Cobrerg; the mediatised dis. of Kranichfeld ; the lordship of Blanckhen. tricts specified in Article 43. hagen ; the principality of Paderborn, with The old possession of the house of Nas. the Prussian part of the bailliwicks of sau Dietz having been ceded to Prussia by Showellenberg, Oldenburg, and Stoppelberg, his Majesty the King of the Netherlands, and the jurisdiction of Hagendorn and Oden and a part of these possessions having been hausen, situated in the territory of Lippe ; exchanged for districts belonging to their the county of Marck, with the part of Lipp. Serene Highnesses the Duke and Prince of stadt thereto belonging ; the county of Wer. Nassau, the King of Prussia shall possess den; the county of Essen ; the portion of in full sovereignty, and unite to his Mothe duchy of Cleves on the right bank of narchy-1. The principality of Siegn, with the Rhine, with the town and fortress of the bailliwicks of Burbach and Nenkirchen, Wesel, the portion of that duchy situated with the exception of a portion containing on the left bank being comprised in the pro 12,000 inhabitants, which shall belong to vinces specified in Art. 25. ; the secularised the Duke and Prince of Nassau : 2d. The Chapter of Elten, the principality of Mun. bailliwicks of Hohen-Solms, Greitstein, ster, i. e. the Prussian portion of the old Bramstels, Frensberg, Friedewald, Schoenduchy of Munster; the secularised provost. stein, Senoenberg, Altoulcirchen, Alten wied, ship of Caltenborg; the county of Tecklen. Dierdorf, Neuerburg, Linz, Hammerstern, berg ; the county of Lingen, with the ex. with Eugors and Hoddersdorf, the town keption of the portion ceded to Hanover by and territory of Nonwied, the parish of Art. 27.; the principality of Minden ; the Hamm belonging to the bailliwicks of Ha. county of Ravensberg; the secularised Chap- chenburg, the parish of Horhausen, formter of Herford; the principality of Neuf ing part of the bailliwicks of Hersbuch, and the portions of the bailliwicks of Vallandar the 64th article; there are then a variety of and Ehrenbreitsten, and the right bank of articles respecting the Limits of the Netherthe Rhine, designated in the convention be- lands, and the Grand Duchy of Luxemburg, tween his Majesty the King of Prussia and the Duchy of Bouillon, and the Cessions of their Serene Highnesses the Duke and the House of Nassau in Germany, and the Prince of Nassau, annexed to the present Union of the Belgic Provinces, treaty.
At the 74th article commence the regu. By the 26th, the title of King of Hano. lations relative to the affairs of Switzerland, ver is confined to the King of Great Britain. The 77th provides for the rights of the
The 27th relates to the cessions of Prus. inhabitants of the principality of Berne ; sia to Hanover.
they are to enjoy the same political and ciThe 28th is a renunciation on the part of vil rights they formerly possessed, Prussia to the chapter of St Pierre-a-N'ær. The 79th relates to the arrangements beton.
tween France and Geneva. The 29tR specifies the cession of the The S0th refers to the cessions of the King of Great Britain and Hanover to the King of Sardinia to the canton of Geneva. King of Prussia, of a part of the duchy of There is then, in the 82d article, an are Lauenbourg.
rangement relative to the funds placed in The 30th provides for the free navigation England. of the cominerce of the port of Embden. The 85th describes the limits of the es
The 31st delineates the military routes tates of the King of Sardinia. through the territories of Russia and the The 87th gives the King of Sardinia the King of Hanover.
title of King of Genoa. The 32d merely contains minor regula. The next material article is the 93d, tions respecting the bailliwick of Meppen. which restores the ancient Austrian posses
The 33d refers to the cessions to be made sions, including all the territory which had to the Duke of Oldenburgh.
been ceded by Austria by former treaties : The 34th gives the title of Grand Duke and then there is an enuineration of the terof Oldenburgh, to the Duke of Holstein ritories so restored. Oldenburgh.
The 96th provides for the navigation of The 35th and 36th settles the title of the the Po. Grand Dukes of Mecklenburgh Schwerin There then follow a variety of minor arand Strelitz, and the Grand Duke of Saxe rangements. Weimar.
The 105th and following articles relate The 37th specifies the cessions to be made to the affairs of Portugal. The restitution to the Grand Duke of Saxe Weimar. of Olivenza and other restitutions on the
The S8th and 39th relate to the same part of the Prince Regent of Portugal. The object.
arrangements are continued and detailed The 40th provides for the cession of the with a minuteness which we find it imposancient department of Fulda.
sible to foliow, on account of our circumThe 41st has merely reference to the pre- scribed space. ceding article.
By the 119th Article, all the Powers as, The 42d conveys the city of Wetzler in sembled at Congress, as well as the Princes full sovereignty to the King of Prussia and Free Cities, who have concurred in the
The 43d contains arrangements concern- arrangeinents, are invited to accede to it. ing the ancient circle of Westphalia.
The 120th Article referring to this Treas. The 44th and 45th contain a disposition ty being in the French language, provides relative to the grand duchy of Wurtzburgh that it shall not be a precedent for subse. and the principality of Aschaffenburgh, in quent treaties or negociations, being in a favour of Bavaria, and the establishment of language different from what they formerly the Prince Primate.
used to be. By the 46th it is declared, that the city 121st Article provides that the ratificaof Frankfort shall be a free city, and form tions of the treaty shall be exchanged with part of the Germanic League.
in six months, and by the Court of PortuThe 47th grants indemnities to the Grand gal in a year, if possible. The treaty is to Duke of Hesse.
be deposited at Vienna among the archives Then follows a variety of articles relative of the Court and State of his Imperial and to the Germanic Confederation. The regu. Apostolic Majesty, in order that it may be lations with respect to Elections. The mode referred to by any of the Courts of Europe of collecting Votes.--The residence of the who may wish to consult the original text. Diet of Frankfort. The formation of Fun- It is dated Vienna, 9th June 1815, and damental Laws. The maintenance of Peace then follow the signatures of the Plenipo, in Germany. These extend te and include tenţiaries,
• GERMANY. THE STATES OF WIRTEMBERG. A German paper has published the copy of an address from the States of the king. dom of Wirtemberg to the Ministers of Great Britain, Hanover, Prussia, and Den mark, calling upon these powers as guaran tces of the constitution of Wirtemberg, for their support in restoring that constitution to the situation in which it stood before the changes introduced into it by Bonaparte's system. The address, which is of great length, refers for the foundation of the claim of the States to conventions existing for three centuries between the Sovereigns and the people of Wirtemberg. It states, that the present King, upon his accession, recognized the whole of these conventions. Having afterwards ceded Montbelliard to France, he obtained important indemnifica. tions, an increase of territory, and the Royal dignity. To this dignity he united a total abolition of the constitution, the dissolution of all representation, and an abso, lute Government. The people, however, continued to hope that the circumstances which deprived them of their rights would be temporary, and at last had the prospect of seeing their hopes realized by the successes of the allies. Even the King encou. raged this expectation in his manifesto of the 17th January last ; but on calling the States together, on the 15th of March, his Majesty expressed himself very differently The old constitution was then passed over in silence, and a new one, in the formation of which the States had no share, laid be fore them as the organic law of the State, sanctioned by his Majesty. To have ac. cepted this constitution, would have been, in the opinion of the States, an act of trea. son to their constituents, and they declared loudly for the restoration of the ancient con, stitution, with some important modifications consistent with the spirit of the times. The States warmly praise the Prince Royal for the part he is understood to have taken in the negociations between them and his father. The King, however, persisted in refusing the claim of the States, and ad. journed them, proposing that they should leave four deputtes to carry on the negocia. tions. This the States declined to do. After this history of the dispute between the States and the King, the former declare that they had no power to defend the interests of their constituents, and no prospect left, except that of the interference of the high powers who have guaranteed the constitu. tion.
CHANGE OF MINISTRY. T he exertions of the Royalist party in France have at length effected a complete change in the ministry, contrary, it is said, to the advice of some of the allied minis. ters, particularly the Duke of Wellington; and Fouche and Talleyrand have now no longer any influence in the Councils of Louis. Trusty counsellors and rigorous measures have long been the constant cry of the Royalists, as the only means of sav. ing France. Fouche was always the strong advocate for conciliatory measures, on the part of the King, as the most sure and effi. cacious mode to win over the affections of the people. The former at length prevail. ed, and Fouche resigned. The following is stated in a private letter from Paris, to be the substance of a letter addressed to the King by Pouche when he presented his resignation.
* Your Majesty cannot doubt of my fidelity and attachment to your royal person. I flatter myself that I have given the most unequivocal proofs of it. I indulged the hope of contributing to the establishinent of your Majesty's throne, by measures best calculated to establish peace and tranquillity. It appears, however, that it is intended to have recourse to a system of terrors. I cannot, and will not be the agent of such a system. I beseech your Majesty to al. low me to give you another proof of my at. tachment, by frankly and sincerely acknow. ledging, that I fear this monarchy will not be fixed on a basis sufficiently stable and solid to support the attacks to which it is wished to oppose it."
Another letter from Paris says_" The following is the substance of what the Prince de Talleyrand said on presenting the resignation of himself and his colleagues to the King. He said, that the Administration, of which he was the head, could no longer act beneficially for the public service, because of the animosity excited against it, and because it did not possess the resour. ces and authority which belonged to it un. der the Constitutional Act. He also ob served, that his Majesty published ordonnances which were unknown to the Minis. ters, whose duty it was to propose and dis. cuss them, and who were responsible for their execution. Finally, that another Administration would be more suitable to the Princes, since it was necessary that the Mi. nisters should be agreeable to them."
The French Official Gazette of the 25th ult. presents a list of the new ministry o follows.
i For Foreign Affairs - The Duke of duct hostile to their favourite opinions or Richelieu, Peer of France.
prejudices, and these, after they were ma“For War The Duke of Feltre, Peer tured into union and consistency by habit of France.
and attachment, might prove the firm and « For the Marine and Colonies. Vis. able supporters of the new monarchy. But count Doubouchage, Lieutenant-General. what we apprehend is most to be dreaded
“ For the Interior-Count de Vaublanc, as endangering the power of Louis, is the Prefect of the Department of the Mouths ascendency of violent men on either side, of the Rhone.
who having mixed in all the ferment of the " For the General Police-The Sieur de revolution, have not yet allowed their pasCazes, Counsellor of State.
sions to subsíde into that state of calmness "Count Barbe de Marbois, Peer of France, and sobriety, which is consistent with do. Minister and Secretary of State in the de. mestic peace. partment of Justice, and Keeper of the Seals.
OPENING OF THE LEGISLATIVE CHAM. " Count Corvetto, Counsellor of State,
The sittings of the new legislative bodies
How far this change of Councils may be bled the two Chambers for the first time, I favourable to the power of the King, it is congratulated myself upon having, by an difficult, in the present agitated state of honourable treaty, restored peace to France. France to determine. It is certain that the She began to taste the fruits of it; all the royalist party, consisting of those emigrants sources of public prosperity were re-opening, who quitted France along with the Royal when a criminal enterprise, seconded by the Family in an early stage of the revolution, most inconceivable defection, arrested their are zealously attached to all the maxims of course. The evils which this ephemeral the old regime which subsisted previous to usurpation caused the country, deeply af. the year 1789, and it is equally certain, Aicted me. Yet I ought to declare here, that France as it is at present constituted, that had it been possible to affect none but cannot be governed by those maxims. The myself, I should have blessed Providence. revolution has left on the habits and man. The marks of affection which my people ners of the people deep and permanent tra. have given me in the most critical moments, ces, which can never be worn out, and the have consoled me in my personal sufferings ; government of the country, whoever is pla. but those of my subjects, of my children, ced at its head, must accommodate itself in weigh upon my heart; and in order to put some degree to this changed state of things. a period to this state of affairs, more burNow it is well known, that the pure royalist densome even than the war itself, I have party, those who have followed the King concluded with the Powers, which, after in all the changes his fortune, and to having destroyed the Usurper, still occupy whom he must naturally be greatly attach a great part of our territory, a convention ed, are not dúly sensible of this truth. - which regulates our present and future reViewing the revolution from its commence. · lations with them. It will be communicament/as treason against royal power, ted to you without any restriction, as soon they are apt to draw from their premises as it has received its last formality. You this unsafe conclusion, that whatever the well know, gentlemen, and all France will revolution set up, ought now to be pulled know, the profound grief I must have felt, dowh. But this, of course, would be a new but the very safety of my kingdom renrevolution, which might lead to all the evils dered this great determination necessary, occasioned by the first, and might ultimate
and when I took it. I felt the duties it imly endanger the stability of the throne. The posed upon me. I have ordered, that there safest and the wisest policy which Louis should this year be paid, from the Treasury could pursue would be, to recognise all the of my civil list, into the treasury of the changes established by the revolution, and State, a considerable portion of my revenue. thus he would engage in his party many of My family were no sooner informed of my those who were formerly averse to it. A resolution, than they offered me a proporbody of men might gradually rise up in. tionate gift. I have ordered similar dimi. terested in the changes accomplished by the nutions in the salaries and expences of all revolution, and yet friendly to the Bour. my servants, without exception. , I shall bon dynasty, as seeing nothing in its con always be ready to share sacrifices which