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imperious circumstances impose upon my The names of the Peers were afterwards people. All the statements shall be sub- called over, who individually took the fol. mitted to you, and you will know the im- lowing oath : portance of the economy which I have commanded in the departments of my Mi
“ I swear fidelity to the King. obedience nisters, and in all parts of the Government ;
to the constitutional charter and the laws happy if these measures shall suffice for the
of the kingdom, and to conduct myself in burthens of the State. In all events, I rely every thing which appertains to my situaupon the devotedness of the nation, and the tion as a good and loyal Peer of France." zeal of the two Chambers.
The names of the deputies were after“ But, gentlemen, other sweeter and less
wards called over, who took a similar oath important cares unite you at present ; it is to
to that of the Peers. give more weight to your deliberations, it is to collect more lights myself that I have
TREATY OF PEACE. created new Peers, and that the number of deputies of departments has been increased.
The definitive treaty of peace has at I hope I have succeeded in my choice, and length been agreed upon, and the following the eagerness of the deputies at this difficult
is stated with confidence as the outline of conjuncture is also a proof that they are ani
the conditions ; mated by a sincere affection for my person, France cedes in perpetuity: and an ardent love for the country.
Landau, Marienburgh, " It is then with sweet satisfaction and
Sarre-Louis, full confidence that I have assembled you
Versoye, or Vesaix, near
Philippeville, the Lake of Geneva. about me, certain that you will never lose sight of the fundamental bases of the hap- The fortifications of Huninguen are to be piness of the State, a frank and loyal union destroyed, and no fortifications are to be of the chamber with the King, and respect erected within three leagues of Basle. for the constitutional charter. That charter, France renounces the right of garrisoning which I weighed with care before I gave it, Monaco, near Nice. to which reflection attaches me more and France returns the territory in the New more dearly, which I have sworn to main- therlands and Savoy ceded by the treaty of tain, and to which all of you, beginning last year. with my family, are about to swear obe. France shall pay to the Allies a contribu. dience, is without doubt susceptible, like tion of 700 inillions of francs, 29 millions all human institutions, of being more per. Sterling. fect : but none of us ought to forget that During five years she shall maintain the danger of innovation is not far remote 150,000 of the allied troops, to be stationed from the advantage of melioration. Many within her own territories, in and near the other objects of importance require our la fortresses hereafter named; but at the end bours: to make religion re-flourish, purify of three years, should the contributions de morals, found liberty upon respect for the paid, it may be made a subject of consideralaws, render them more and more analogous tion whether these troops shall not retire to these great views, give stability to credit, from France, and whether the fortresses recompose the army, heal the wounds that hereafter mentioned may not be restored have but too deeply torn the bosom of our France retains Avignon, the Comte Ve. country ; in fine, ensure internal tranquilli. naissia, and Montbelliard. The latter is ty, and thereby make France respected situated near Bcfort. It is a small duchy without. Such are the objects that our ef- formerly belonging to Wirtemberg. The forts ought to lead to. I do not fatter my. two foriner, situated in the south of France, self that so much good can be the work of before the revolution, belonged to the Pope, one session, but if, at the close of the pre- and he yet insists on their restoration, sent legislature, it is seen that we are ap
The following sixteen fortresses are to be proaching it, we ought to be satisfied with garrisoned by the Alies during five years ourselves. I shall leave nothing undone, and, in order to arrive at it, I rely, gentle. Valenciennes
Thionville men, upon your most active co-operation." Conde
Longwy After the speech, the Duke of Angou.
Bitche leme, the Duke of Berri, and the Duke of
Avesnes " I swear fidelity to the King, and obe- Givet and Charlemont The Bridgehead di dience to the constitutional charter and the Mezieres
Fort Louis laws of the kingdom."
DISMANTLING OT THE LOUVRE. commanding in chief the forces of the King According to private accounts, the forci. of the Netherlands occupying France, to ble seizure, on the part of the Allies, of all claim these public effects. The Duke could the statues and pictures, carried off by the not be negligent of the duty thus imposed French from different countries, in the upon him by the Sovereign who had con. course of the revolutionary wars, has caused fided the troops of the Netherlands to his the deepest irritation in Paris. The Pari. disposal, and he then applied to Prince sians cannot bear with patience the being Talleyrand to procure the return of the Beldeprived of what they term the fruits of their gic paintings and archives. After some devictor ics ; but the Allies are now triumph- lay, his Grace was apprised by the Prince, ant, and they are forced to submit. The that the subject was laid before his Majes. Duke of Wellington, as Commander in ty. The Duke recurred again to the Mi. Chief of the troops of the Netherlands, laid nister, and received the same answer, with claim to those works of art which had been the unsatisfactory addition, that the King taken from Belgium and Holland. The had issued no commands whatever regardDuke has written a long letter to Lord ing the affair ; and his Grace persisting in Castlereagh, explanatory of his conduct on his importunity, he was at length referred this occasion, of which the following is the to M. Dinon, the Supervisor of the collec. substance. The letter is dated 23d Sept. tion, for any further information he might
“ His Grace states, that when, after the desire. battle of Waterloo, Prince Blucher arrived “In this unpleasant and impressive state before Paris, it was proposed by the French of things, the Duke sent his Aid-de-Camp Commissioners to introduce into the Con- to M. Denon ; but the Supervisor, equally vention, for the occupation of the capital, a with the King and his Ministers, was unseparate article respecting the inviolability willing to accommodate himself to the wishes of the magnificent embellishments of the of the applicants, or to give any decisive Louvre, and other monuments of an exotic answer on the business. character, which, during the government of “ Subsequently, the Duke states, a de Bonaparte, had been procured and appropri. tachment of British troops was directed to ated to public purposes. Prince Blucher march to the Louvre ; but its assistance as absolutely and peremptorily objected to any a military body was unnecessary, the Prusconditions of this kind, alleging that King sians being on guard performing duty at Louis, subsequent to his quitting Paris, on this station. Under the want of hands, the invasion by Napoleon, had distinctly from the refusal of the natives to give any promised, that, on his return to power, th assistance, the British soldiers were actually works of art belonging to Prussia should be employed to take down the paintings de restored.
manded by the Belgic agents, and this is “ Under these circumstances, continues the whole of those transactions in which his his Grace, all engagements as to the intangi. Grace was either passively or actively con. bility of these valuable effects were avoided; cerned. but it was requested by the French Com. “ His Grace proceeds to justify his own missioners, that no part of the property conduct. He says, that with regard to the should be removed until the opportunity 'French being deprived of the works of art, should he afforded of learning the pleasure the circumstance, instead of being an injury of the allied Sovereigns on the subject, by to just feeling and sound opinion, will tend their appearance in Paris. This desire was rather to improve their morals and correct complied with, and after their arrival, ap- their understanding, and to obscure those plications were made to them on the sub- false views of glory which have led them to ject, when they declined any personal in. misapprehend their rights and their duties, terference whatever.
and to be insensible to every accurate no. “The letter proceeds to say, that the Prus, tion of public virtue and national honour." sians soon became active, and obtained pos. session of the principal part of the decorations of Berlin, Postdam, &c.
SPAIN. “ It was not until subsequent to this re.
ABORTIVE ATTEMPT TO OVERTURN TIK duction of the stores of the Louvre, that his
GOVERNMENT OF FERDINAND. Grace interposed, and the cause was, that reference was had to him by the appointed A bold, but unsuccessful attempt, to over, agents from Belgium, who had in vain de
throw the tyranny of Ferdinand was made manded of the French Court the resignation in the course of last month, by General of the treasures of art plundered from their Don Juan Porlier, a distinguished leader in provinces. The Duke was in this state of the war against France, who, on the 18th things besought from high authority, as instant, having assembled a body of troops October 1815.
at Santa Lucia, entered the town of Corunna, DOMESTIC INTELLIGENCE.
HOUSE OF COMMONS.JUXE 15. miseries which had been inflicted on the (Omitted at page 697, last Number.) country, by the tyrannical administration
CAPTAIN ORR. of Ferdinand, and stating the necessity of putting a stop to his unconstitutional mea- Mr W. Wynne said, he held in his hand sures, and of convoking a general assembly a petition from Mr Orr, late Captain in the of the Cortes, for the purpose of regulating Rothsay and Caithness militia, complaining the constitution of the country.
of his being dismissed the service without a General Porlier, after retaining posses- Court-Martial, and praying for inquiry into sion of Corunna, Ferrol, and Batangos, four his conduct. The Honourable Gentleman days, and organizing a Provincial Govern- then proceeded to state, that Captain Ort ment, &c. received information that a spi. had brought charges against another officer rit of opposition to his cause had appeared in the same regiment, who was acquitted, at Santiago, where the priests and friars and on whose acquittal Captain Orr was had contrived to bribe over the soldiers ; dismissed. He said, that it was too great a upon which be marched with the greater power for a Court-Martial to assume to dispart of his forces against that place, and in miss the prosecutor because they acquitted consequence of his absence, a ceanter-revo- the prisoner. They could not judge of all lution took place at Corunna, in which the the motives of the prosecutor, He believed Captain General and the Governor regain the reason why Captain Orr was dismissed, ed their liberty ; the troops left by Porlier was because he had not taken other notice ran off, and left the place to the Royalists. of his brother officer's conduct to bim.
The troops who followed the General to This was an encouragement to duelling, St Jago appear to have behaved in the and was subversive of military discipline. same dastardly manner, as they fled when Sir George Warrender said, that he had he was about to bring them into action; made inquiry into this affair, and could say, and he was arrested, it is said, by two of his that the Honourable Gentleman was mise own officers. After being apprehended, taken as to the grounds of the dismissal of he was thrown into one of the dungeons Captain Orr. The grounds of his dismis. of the Inquistion, from whence he was car- sal were the failure of the charges he brought ried to Corunna on the 26th ult. with some forward on the Court-Martial. The result officers of his party, and there he was hang.
of the Court Martial was, that the charges ed, without the formality of a trial. About were frivolous and vexatious, and that the 100 officers were put under arrest, and the prosecutor was not entirely actuated by mo troops were dispersed.--General Romain, tives for the good of the service, in bring. first in command under Purlier, and his ing them forward. On those motives it aide-de-camp, have escaped, and have come was that he was dismissed. over to this country.
Mr Wynne explained ; and the petition The execution of the unfortunate Gene- was read, and ordered to lie on the table. ral P'orlier is said to have been followed by a complete change in the policy of the Spanish Government, about 30 persons, who
REFRACTORY CONDUCT OF THE SEAHEN
OF SHIELDS, &c. were mostly in the King's confidence, and who had generally advised severe measures,
The reduction of the navy, in consequence having been dimissed and banished. A of the peace, having thrown a number of privaté letter from Madrid says, that this seamen out of employment, those belonging measure is likely to be followed by a gene- to the Tyne have for a month back quite ral amnesty of the Liberales. It would be interrupted the trade of that river, by premore pleasing, however, to learn, that such venting vessels from going to sea, unless a reform had taken place in the Govern- the ship-owners would comply with certain ment as should give the people some better conditions which they dictated respecting security for ibeir rights and privileges than the number of hands for each vessel, the the mere caprices of a tyrant. He is fright- wages they were to receive, &c. The sea. encd at present, and he relaxes the severity men proceed systematically, and have formof his despotism : but we much fear that ed themselves into Boards, Committees, g this transitory fit of good humour, like the If any ship is wished to be moved from one repentance of the devil when he was sick, port to another, the captain or owner is rewill last no longer than the terrors which quired to send a petition to the Board, and gave it birth.
leave is granted, and men found for the purpose : but no pay is allowed to be taken for any work done in this way. Many a moving square, for which a way was ships, coal laden, have been permitted to made by the aid of carters' whips. A fel. sail, upon the owners or captains making low who crossed his course repeatedly, it oath before the Board of Seamer, that the appears, had so far overcome Wilson's temsaid vessels were not bound to London, and per, which is generally mild and civil, as to the coals on board not intended for the provoke him to strike him ; and for this, à London market. A captain at Sunderland, warrant was obtained against the pedestrian who wished to have his vessel removed to for an assault. Had this been executed, as Newcastle, bad his application refused on was intended, the exploit of poor Wilson the score of irregularity, he having present- would have been effectually ended; but the ed his petition to the wrong Board. They constable to whom the warrant was giverr, have not, however, committed any excesses, humanely gave notice to Wilson's friends, except upon their own body. Those who who gave bail for his appearance. The act contrary to the system of the majority great crowds who attended on the heath are disgraced, by having their jackets turn- became a real nuisance to the neighboured; and some of them, with their faces tar- hood, and the Magistrates interfered ; first Red, have been carried about the towns of by ordering away all the tents and shows, Shields and Sunderland, mounted shoulder- and next by issuing a warrant against Wilheight astride of a plank.
son himself, to prevent his continuing his The seamen in several of the ports to the labours on the Sunday. This compelled north also attempted similar proceedings; him to remove out of their jurisdiction, and but were brought to their duty by the pru- much time and labour was lost in finding a dent remonstrances of the Magistrates. The proper place, which at last was effected near number of these wrong-headed men about Lord Gwydir's park, in Surrey, where he the ports of the Tyne and Wear, is said to effected his 14th day's labour, resting occaamount to about 14,000; and as every at- sionally at the lodge. The whole country tempt on the part of the Magistrates and was covered with vehicles searching out his ship-owners to bring them to reason has place of retreat, which had been properly hitherto failed of success, the inatter has kept secret ; and happily but few succeeded attracted the notice of Government, which in finding him. He did not finish his Sun. has determined to reduce them to their du- day's performance till after five on Monday ty. For this purpose, several ships of war morning. He was conveyed back to Blackhave arrived in the Tyne with troops and heath in a carriage, and commenced Monmarines on board, to act against them if day's task at half past ten. It was past five necessary; but in the meantime the effect on Tuesday morning before Monday's work of a conciliatory proclamation, issued on was done, and at eleven he started again, the 19th, is to be tried.
in good health and spirits, assuring the
spectators, that if they would give him air PEDESTRIANISM.
and fair-play, he would finish his task.
During the last few miles he was assail. On Monday the 11th September, a man ed by several rufflans from Woolwich, who named George Wilson, about fifty years of used him in the most cruel and inhuman age, commenced on Blackheath the extra. manner, treading on his heels, and exclaim. ordinary task of walking 1000 miles in 20 ing that he was sure not to do it. In de. days, at the rate of 50 miles a day ; and spite of these interruptions, however, which there is little doubt, had it not been for the were combated by his friends with every unaccountable interference of the county possible vigilance, he completed his last Magistrates, that he would have completed mile in fourteen minutes and a half. He the undertaking. The poor fellow had, for was conveyed to a Mr Dyer's, where he was 15 days, effected his Herculean labour of put to bed, and slept four hours and a half. walking 50 miles a-day, in spite of all the He seemed refreshed in a most extraordi. obstacles which were thrown in his way, nary degree, and declared that he felt him. and these were not a few. He was almost self as well as he had been during any pe. suffocated in the crowd which surrounded riod of his undertaking. He appeared a. him daily on Blackheath, and choked with gain at the starting-post at ten minutes bethe dust which they threw up. Those who fore eleven on Wednesday forcnoon, and had betted against his accomplishing the accomplished the first mile in 18 minutes, task, were base enough to push and jostle and was travelling round with additional him, and in one instance, to throw him vigour, when notice was given that the down; till at length his friends were com- constables were approaching with positive pelled to carry a long pole before him, and directions to take him into custody. another behind, united at the sides by He was immediately taken back to Mr ropes; and thus, to enable him to walk in Dyer's, and there the warrant was served
upon him, charging him with causing a tu. A gang of armed banditti, full 50 in multuous assemblage on the heath, and or- number, attacked the Cork mail on Saturdering him to be brought before the justi- day night, the 16th September. The pass
He was taken in a carriage to Green- age of the coach was impeded by carts, wich, but the magistrates were not to be trees, &c. placed purposely across the road. found, and so much time was lost in ineffec- There were two guard's armed, and two tually seeking after them, that it was judg. dragoons mounted, to protect the mail. A ed impossible for Wilson to finish his fifty furious attack by the banditti was gallantly miles within the time, and therefore the repelled, but with the loss of a dragoon and undertaking was given up. Wilson return- a seaman (passenger) killed, and two other ed to Mr Dyer's at Blackheath, without persons wounded. The two leading horses having seen any of the magistrates, and were disengaged from the coach, and, with went to bed in a state of great chagrin, at a dragoon horse, left behind, all wounded; having his hopes thus dashed to the ground. three of the banditti were killed, and others He felt confident of being able to complete wounded. The coach and inside passen. his task. Bets were in the morning in his gers arrived safe, drawn by the two remainfavour. It is believed that all wagers on ing horses. The unfortunate sailor killed both sides will be declared void, in conse- had £. 150 prize-money in his pocket. The quence of the interference of the Magistrates. route of the mail has since been changed. When Wilson appeared before the Magis. The guards, and the other defenders of the trates, it was found that the warrant on mail, have been liberally rewarded by the which he was arrested was illegal ; and his post office. friends have determined to prosecute the
Extract of a letter from Limerick, dated Rev. Mr Williams, the Magistrate who October 7th :-" We are full of alarm, and signed it, before the Court of King's Bench, in daily expectation of open hostilities. Our for damages. Wilson was to bave received military garrison is apparently strong; but one hundred guineas, by subscription, had the peasantry are also strong-they are he finished his task; but the presents which desperate, well armed, and know the use of have been made him since his apprehension,
Their poverty and extreme wretchit is believed, will far more than counter- edness render them careless of life; and, in balance his loss.
their batred to the tithe proctor, they
would rush upon the cannon's mouth.' IRELAND.
The gentry are emigrating fast from this
country--some to England, others to France The state of this country has of late be- and Germany. The established clergy are come most alarming, especially in the sou. rapidly retiring ; several, who cannot afford thern parts. The papers are filled with to travel abroad, are coming into town daily accounts of murders and robberies of The prices of lodgings have risen nearly the most atrocious description. The pres. one half: families are flocking in every day: sure of the tithes is the pretext for these and apartments of any tolerable accommooutrages, which are carried on by large dation are readily picked up. The tithe parties of armed banditti, even in the open proctors and valuators have all disappeared day, and in defiance of the Magistrates and for the present, and it will not be easy, for all lawful authority. Kill-proctor is the some time to come, to collect any tithes in cant name assumed by the rutfians, and this county, or even rent or taxes. All they act up to it, by murdering the recei- building and improvements are suspended." vers of the clergy, and beating and maim. The accounts from Tipperary are of a ing those who pay tithes above the arbitra. similar deseription. For a long time scurcery rate they choose to fix. These ontrages ly a night has been suffered to pass with have been most prevalent in the counties of out the perpetration of some horrible out. Tipperary, Kilkenny, Limerick, Waterford, rage on the persons or properties of the and Monaghan; in consequence of which, most respectable and the peaceably.inclined the government of Ireland have found it inhabitants. Numerous bands of depredanecessary to apply the Insurrection Act to tors have been carrying terror through the the greater part of these counties, which whole county. The Kilkenny paper says places them for the time under martial law. “ Parties of armed insurgents, unquestionStrong bodies of troops have also been ably proceeding out of Tipperary, have apmarched into the disturbed counties, and proached within nine miles of Waterforde several regiments of English and Scots mi. and even nearer to the city, swearing the litia have been ordered to Ireland.
unfortunate farmers to commit illegal acts *