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it to be violated, although made to hereticks or infidels

m: V. A vow is of the like nature, with a promissory oath, and ought to be made with the like religious care, and to be performed with the like faithfulness n. VL. It is not to be made to any creatáre, but to God alone o:

and

had not been left unto Nabal, by V. Ifa. xix, 21. And the Lord the morning light, any that pisseth shall be known to Egypt, and the against the wall. Pfal. xv. 4. In Egyptians Thall know the Lord in whose eyes a vile person is contem- that day, and hall do facrifice and ned; but he honoureth them that oblation, yea, they thall vow a vow fear the Lord: He that sweareth to unto the Lord, and perform it. Eccl. his own hurt, and changeth not. v.4. When thou vowelt a row unto

m Ezek. xvii. 16. As I live, faith God, defer not to pay it: for he hath the Lord God, Surely in this place no pleasure in fools; pay that which where the king dwelleth that made thou hast vowed. v. 5. Better it is him king, whose oath he despised, that thou shouldst nôt vow, tham and whose covenant he brake, even that thou shouldlt vow and not pay. with him, in the midst of Babylon v.6. Suffer not thy mouth to cause he shall die. V. 18. Seeing he defpi- thy flesh to fin, neither say thou besed the oath, by breaking of the co fore the angel, that it was an ervenant, (when lo he had given bis ror: wherefore should God be anhand) and hath done all these things, gry at thy voice, and destroy the he shall not escape. v. 19. There- work of thine hands? Pfal. Ixi. 8. fore thus faith the Lord God, As I So will I sing praise untó thy name live, surely mine oath that he hath forever, that I may daily perform despised, and my covenant that he my vows. Pfal. Ixvi. 13: I will go hath broken, even it will I recom- into thy house with burnt-offerings: penfe upon his own head. Joth. ix. I will pay thee my vows, v.14. which 18. And the children of Israel smote my lips have uttered, and my mouth them not, because the princes of the hath Ipokes when I was in trouble, congregation had sworn unto them VI. o Pfal. lxxvi, 11. Vow and by the Lord God of Israel: and all pay unto the Lord your God: let all the congregation murinured against that be round about him bring prethe princes. v. 19. But all the prin- sents unto him that ought to be ces said unto all the congregation, feared. Jer. xliv.25. Thus faith the We have sworn ủnto them by the Lord of hosts, the God of Ifrael, say: Lord God of Israel: now therefore ing, Ye and your wives have both we may not touch them. With spoken with your mouths, and ful2 Sam. xxi. 1. Then there was a filled with your hands, saying, We famine in the days of David three will surely perform our vows that years, year after year; and David tve have vowed, to burn incense to enquired of the Lord. And the Lord the queen of heaven, and to pour answered, it is for Saul and his bloo- out drink-offerings unto her: ye dy house, because he flew the Gibe. will surely accomplith your vows, onites,

and surely perform your vows. v. I 2

26. There

and, that it may be accepted, it is to be made voluntarily, out of faith, and conscience of duty, in way of thankfulness for mercy received, or for the obtaining of what we want; whereby we more strictly bind ourselves to necessary duties, or to other things, fo far and so long as they may fitly conduce thereuntop.

VII. No man may vow to do any thing forbidden in the word of God, or what would hinder any duty therein commanded, or which is not in his own power, and for the performance whereof he hath no promise or ability from God q.

In

11

26. Therefore, hear ye the word of shalt give me, I will surely give the the Lord, all sudah that dwell in tenth unto thee. 1 Sam. i. 11. And the land of Egypt, Behold, I have the vowed a vow, and taid, O Lord fworn by my great name, faith the of hoits, if thou wilt indeed look on Łord, that my name shall no more the affliction of thine handmaid, and be named in the mouth of any man remember me, and not forget thinc of Judah, in all the land of Egypt, handmaid, but will give unto thine saying, The Lord God liveth. handmaid a man-child, then will I

p Deut. xxiii, 21. When thou give him unto the Lord all the days shalt vow a vow unto the Lord thy of his life, and there shall no razor God, thou shalt not flack to pay it: come upon his head. Pfal. Ixvi. 13, for the Lord thy God will surely re 14. (See letter n.) Pfal. exxxii. 2. quire it of thee; and it would be fin How he (ware unto the Lord, and in thee. v.22. But if thou thalt for- vowed unto the mighty God of Jabear tovow, it shall be no fin in thec. cob. v. 3. Surely I will not come v. 23. That which is gone out of into the tabernacle of my house, nor thy lips, thou shalt keep and per- go up into my bed: v. 4. I will not form; even a free-will-offering, ac give sleep to mine eyes, or slumber cording as thou hast vowed unto the to mine eye-lids, v. 5. until I find Lord thy God, which thou hast pro- out a place for the Lord, an habitamised with thy mouth. Pfal. 1. 14. tion for the mighty God of Jacob. Ofer unto God thankfgiving, and VII. q Aets xxiii. 12. And when pay thy vows unto the most High. it was day, certain of the Jews band. Gen. xxviii. 20. And Jacob vowed ed together, and bound themselves a vow, saying, If God will be with under a curfe, saying, That they me, and will keep me in this way that would neither eat nor drink, till I go, and will give me bread to eat, they had killed Paul. v. 14. And and raiment to put on; v. 21. fo they came to the chief priests and that I come again to my father's elders, and said, We have bound house in peace: then shall the Lord ourselves under a great curse, that · be my God. v. 22. And this stone, we will cat nothing until we have which I have set for a pillar, shall fain Paul. Mark vi. 26. And the de God's house: and of all that thou king was exceeding forry, yet for his

oath's

In which respects, popish monastical vows of perpetual single life, professed poverty, and regular obedience, are so far from being degrees of higher perfection, that they are superstitious and linful snares, in which no Christian may intangle himselfr.

CHAP. XXIII. Of the Civil Magistrate.
OD, the supreme Lord and King of all the world, hath

ordained civil magistrates to be under him, over the people, for his own glory, and the publick good; and, to this end, hath armed them with the power of the sword, for the defence and encouragement of them that are good, and for the punishment of evil-doers a.

II. It

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oath's fake, and for their fakes who saying, save they to whom it is gifat with him, he would not reject ven. v. 12. For there are some euher. Num.xxx. 5. But if her father nuchs, who were so born from their disallow her in the day that he hear mothers womb: and there are some eth; not any of her vows, or of her eunuchs, who were made eunuchs bonds wherewith the hath bound of men: and there be eunuchs, who her soul, shall stand: and the Lord have made themselves eunuchs for shall forgive her, because her father the kingdom of heaven's fake: he disallowed her. v. 8. But if her hus that is able to receive it, let him reband disallow her on the day that ceive it. i Cor, vü. 2. Nevertheless, he heard it; then he shall make her to avoid fornication, let every man vow which the vowed, and that have his own wife, and let every wowhich the uttered with her lips, man have her own husband. v.9. wherewith she bound her soul, of But if they cannot contain, let them none effect: and the Lord shall for marry: for it is better to marry than give her. v. 12. But if her husband to burn. Eph. iv. 28. Let him that hath utterly made them void on the stole, steal no more: but rather let day he heard them; then whatsoe him labour, working with his hands ver proceeded out of her lips, con the thing which is good, that he may cerning her vows, or concerning the have to give to him that needeth. bond of her soul, shall not stand: her 1 Pet.iv.2. That he no longer should husband hath made them void, and live the rest of his time in the Aeth, the Lord shall forgive her. v. 13. to the lults of men, but to the will Every vow, and every binding oath of God. 1 Cor.vii. 23.Ye are bought to affli& the soul, her husband may with a price, be not ye the servants establishit, or her husband may make of men. it void.

I. a Rom. xiii. Let

every

soul Måt, xix. 11. But he said unto be subject unto the higher powers. them, All men cannot receive this For there is no power but of God:

the

1.

I 3

II. It is lawful for Christians to accept and execute the office of a magistrate, when called thereuntob: in the manag. ing whereof, as they ought especially to maintain piery, jus, rice and peace, according to the wholsom laws of each commonwealth c; so, for that end, they may lawfully, now under the New Testament, wage war upon just and necessary occaligns d.

III. The the powers that be, are ordained of rity, that we may lead a quiet and God. v.2. Whosoever therefore re- peaceable life in all godliness and ho. filteth the

power, resisteth the ordi- neity. Pfal. Ixxxii. 3. Defend the nance of God: and they that relist, poor and fatherless: dojustice to the hall receive to themselves damnati- afflicted and needy: V.4. Deliver the on. v. 3. For ruless are not a terror poor and needy; rid them out of the to good works, but to the evil. Wilt hand of the wicked. 2 Sam. xxxiii. thou then not be afraid of the pow. 3. The God of Israel said, the Rock er? do that which is good, and thou of Israel spake to me, He that rulHalt have praise of the same. v. 4. eth over men must be just, ruling in For he is the minister of God to thee the fear of God. 1 Pet. ii. 13. (See for good. But if thou do that which in letter a.) is evil, be afraid; for he beareth not Luke üi. 14. And the soldiers the sword in vain: for he is the mi. likewise demanded of him, saying, nister of God, a revenger, to exe And what shall we do? And he said cute wrath upon him that doth evil. unto them, Do violence to no man, i Pet, ii. 13. Submit yourselves to e- neither accuse any falsely, and be very ordinance of man for the Lord's content with your wages. Rom. xiii. fake: whether it be to the king as fu- 4. (See letter a.) Mat, viii. 9. For I preme, y. 14. or unto governors, as am a man under authority, having unto them that are sent by him, for soldiers under me: and I lay to this the punishment of evil-doers, and man, Go, and he goeth: and to an-for the praise of them that do well.• other, Come, and he cometh: and

II. 6 Prov. viii. 15. By me kings to my servant, Do this, and he doreign, and princes decree justice. v. eth it. v. 10. When Jesus heard it, 16. By me princes rule, and nobles, he marvelled, and said to them that even all the judges of the earth. followed, Verily, I say unto you, I Rom. xiii. 1, 2, 4. (See in letter a.) have not found so great faith, no not

c Pfal. ii. 10. Be wise now there in Israel. Aets x. 1. There was a cerfore, O ye kings: be instructed, ye tain man in Cefarea called Cornelijudges of the earth. v. 11. Serve the us, a Centurion of the band called Lord with fear, and rejoice with the Italian band, v. 2. adevout man, trembling. v. 12. Kiss the Son, left and one that feared God with all his he be angry, and ye perilh from the house, who gave much alms to the way, when his wrath is kindled but people, and prayed to God alway. a little; blessed are all they that puç Rev. xvii. 14. These shall make war their trust in him. i Tim. ii. 2. For with the Lamb, and the Lamb fhall kings, and for all that are in autho overcome them: for he is Lord of

Jords,

III. The civil magistrate may not assume to himself the administration of the word and sacraments, or the power of the keys of the kingdom of heavene: yet he hath authority, and it is his duty, to take order, that unity and peace be preserved in the church, that the truth of God be kept pure and 'entire, that all blasphemies and heresies be suppressed, all corruptions and abuses in worship and discipline prevented or reformed; and all the ordinances of God duly settled, administred, and observed f, for the better effecting whereof, he

hath lords, and King of kings; and they all apostles? are all prophets? are that are with him, are called, and all teachers are all workers of michoien, and faithful. v. 16. And racles? Eph. iv. 11. And he

gave the ten horns which thou fawest fome, apostles: and fome, prophets: upon the beast, these shall hate the and some, Evangelists: and some,pawhore, and shall make her defolate, stors, and teachers; v. 12. for the and naked, and shall eat her flesh,' perfecting of the faints, for the work and burn her with fire.

of the ministry, for the edifying of III.. Chron. xxvi. 18. And they the body of Christ. i Cor. iv. 1. withstood Uzziah the king, and said. Let a man fo account of us, as of unto him, it appertaineth not unto the ministers of Christ, and stewards thee, Uzziah, to burn incense unto of the mysteries of God. v.2. More. the Lord, but to the priests the fons over it is required in stewards, that of Aaron, that are consecrated to a man be found faithful. Rom. x. burn incense: go out of the fanc 15. And how shall they preach, extuary, for thou hast trespassed: nei- cept they be fent? as it is written, ther shall it be for thine honour How beautiful are the feet of them from the Lord God. With Mat, that preach the gospel of peace, and xvii. 17. And if he shall neglect to bring glad tidings of good things! hear them, tell it unto the church; Heb. v. 4. And no man taketh this but if he neglect to hear the church, honour unto himself, but he that is let him be unto thee as an heathen called of God, as was Aaron. man, and a publican. And Mat. f Isa. xlix. 23. And kings shall be xvi. 19. And I will give unto thee thy nursing fathers, and their queens the keys of the kingdom of heaven, thy nursing mothers: they shall bow and whatsoever thou shalt bind on down to thee with their face towards earth, shall be bound in heaven: the earth, and lick up the dust of thy and whatsoever thou shalt loose on feet, and thou shalt know that I am earth, shall be loosed in heaven. the Lord: for they thall not be a-' 1 Cor. xii. 28. And God hath fet shamed that wait for me. Pfal. fome in the church, first apostles, cxxii. 9. Because of the house of the secondarily prophets, thirdly teach. Lord our God, I will seek thy good. ers, after that miracles, then gifts Ezra vii. 23. Whatsoever is comof healings, helps, governments, manded by the God of heaven, let diversities of tongues. v. 29. Are it be diligently done, for the house

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