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For in fix days the Lord made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them is, and rested the seventh day: Wherefore the Lord blessed the Sabbath-day, and hallowed it x.
Q.116. What is required in the fourth commandment?
A. The fourth commandment requireth of all men the fanctifying or keeping holy to God such set times as he hath appointed in his word, expressly one whole day, in feven; which was the seventh from the beginning of the world to the resurrection of Christ, and the first day of the week ever since, and so to continue to the end of the world: which is the Christian Sabbath y, and in the New Testament called
115. * Exod. xx. 8, 9, 10, 11. week, when the disciples came to
116.Deut. v. 12. Keep the fab- gether to break bread, Paul preachbath-day to sanctify it, as the Lord ed to them, ready to depart on the thy God hath commanded thee. v. morrow, and continued his speech 13. Six days shalt thou labour, and until midnight. Mat. v. 17. Think do all thy work: v. 14, But the fe- not that I am come to destroy the venth day is the fabbath of the Lord ' law or the prophets: I am not come thy God: in it thou shalt not do any to destroy, but to fulfil. v. 18. For work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy verily I say unto you, Till heaven daughter, nor thy man-servant, nor and earth pass, one jot or one tittle thy, maid-fervant, nor thine ox, nor shall in no ways pass from the law thine afs, nor any of tlry cattle, nor till all be fulfilled. Ifa. lvi. 2. Blesthy stranger thatis within thy gates; fed is the man that dath this, and that thy man-fervant and thy maid- the son of man that layeth hold on servant may rest as well as thou. it: that keepeth the fabbath from Gen. ii. 2. And on the seventh day polluting it, and keepeth his hand God ended his work which he had from doing any evil. v.4. For thus made: and he rested on the seventh faith the Lord unto the eunuchs day from all the work which he had that keep my fabbaths, and choose made. v. 3. And God blessed the fe- the things that please me, and take venth day, and fanctified it: because hold of my covenant. v.6. Also the that in it he had rested from all his sons of the stranger, that join themwork which God created and made. selves to the Lord, to serve him, and 1 Cor. xvi. 1. Now concerning the to love the name of the Lord, to be collection for the saints, as I have his servants, every one that keepeth given order to the churches of Ga- the fabbath from polluting it, and latia, even fo do ye. v. 3. Upon the taketh hold of my covenant: v.7. first day of the week let every one
Even them will I bring to my holy of you lay by him in store, as God mountain, and make them joyful in hath prospered him, that there be my house of prayer: their burnt-ofno gatherings when I come. Acts ferings and their sacrifices shall be xx. 7. And upon the first day of the accepted upon mine altar; for mine
The Lord's Day z,
Q. 117. How is the Sabbath or Lord's day to be sanctified?
A. The Sabbath or Lord's day is to be fan&tified by an holy resting all that day a, not only from such works as are at all times finful, but even from such worldly employments and recreations as are on other days lawful b; and making it.
house shall be called an house of said unto them, What evil thing is prayer for all people.
this that ye do, and profane the fabz Rev. i. 10. I was in the Spirit bath-day? v. 18. Did not your faen the Lord's day, and heard behind thers thus, and did not our God me a great voice, as of a trumpet. bring all this evil upon us, and up
117. . Exod. xx. 8. Remember on this city? yet ye bring more wrath the fabbath-day, to keep it holy.- upon Israel by profaning the fabV. 10. But the seventh day is the bath. v. 19. And it came to pass, fabbath of the Lord thy God: in it that when the gates of Jerusalem thou shalt
not any work, thou, began to be dark before the fabbath, nor thy fon, &c.
I commanded that the gates should • Exod. xvi. 25. And Mofes faid, beshut,and charged that they should Eat that to day; for to day is a sab not be opened till after the fabbath: bath unto the Lord; to day ye shall and some of my fervants fet I at the Rot find it in the field. v, 26. Six gates, that there should no burden days shall ye gather it; but on the be brought in on the fabbath-day. feventh day, which is the fabbath, v. 20. So the merchants, and sellers in it tkere shall be none. v. 27. And of all kind of ware, lodged without it came to pass, that there went out Jerusalem once or twice. v.21. Then some of the people on the seventh I testified against them, and said unday for to gather, and they found to them, Why lodge ye about the pone. V.28. And the Lord said un- wall? if ye do so again, I will lay to Moses, how long refuse ye to keep hands on you. From that time forth my commandments and my laws? came they no more on the fabbath. Neh, xiii. 15. In those days saw I in v. 22. And I commanded the LeJudah fome treading wine-presies vites that they should cleanse themen the fabbath, and bringing in felves, and that they should come theaves, and lading asses; as also and keep the gates, to fanctify the wine, grapes, and figs, and all man- fabbath-day. Remember me, O my ner of burdens, which they brought God, concerning this also, and spare into Jerusalem on the fabbath-day: me according to the greatness of thy and I testified against them in the day mercy. Jer. xvii. 21. Thus faith the wherein they told victuals. v. 16. Lord, Take heed to yourselves, and There dwelt men of Tyrealfothere. bear no burden on the fabbath-day, in, who brought fish, and all man nor bring it in by the gates of Jeruner of ware, and fold on the fabbath falem. v. 22. Neither carry forth a unto the children of Judah, and in burden out of your house on the fabJerusalem,'y. 17. Then I contend- bath-day, neither do ye any work, ed with the nobles of Judah, and but hallow ye the fabbath-day, as I
our delight to spend the whole time (except so much of it as is to be taken up in works of necessity and mercy c) in the public and private exercises of God's worship d: And, to that end, we are to prepare our hearts, and with such foresight, diligence and moderation, to dispose, and seasonably dispatch our worldly business, that we may be the more free and fit for the duties of that day e. Q. 118. Why is the charge of keeping the Sabbath more
fpecialcommanded your fathers.
pass, that from one new moon to an. c Mat. xii, from verse 1. to 13. other, and from one fabbath to anAt that time Jesus went on the fab- other, shall all felh come to wor· bath-day through the corn, and his ship before me, faith the Lord. Lev. disciples were an hungred, and be- xxiii. 3. Six days fhall work be done, gan to pluck the ears of corn, and but the seventh day is the fabbath to eat. v. 2. But when the Phari. of rest, an holy convocation: ye shall fees saw it, &c.
do no work therein: it is the fabbath d Ifa.lviii. 13. If thou turn away of the Lord in your dwellings. thy foot from the fabbath, from do e Exod. xx. 8. Remember the ing thy pleasure on my holy day, fabbath-day, to keep it holy. Luke and call the fabbath a delight, the xxiii. 54. And that day was the preholy of the Lord, honourable, and paration, and the fabbath drew on. fhalt honour him, not doing thine 1. 56. And they returned and preown ways, nor finding thine own pared spices and ointments; and pleasure, nor speaking thine own refted the fabbath-day, according words. Luke iv. 16. And he came to the commandment. Exod. xvi. to Nazareth, where he had been 22. And it came to pass that on the brought up: and, as his custom was, fixth day they gathered twice as he went into the synagogue on the much bread, two omers for one man: sabbath-day, and stood up for to And all the rulers of the congregaread. Acts xx. 7. And upon the first tion came and told Mofes. v. 25. day of the week, when the disciples And Moses said, Eat that to-day; came together to break bread, Paul for to day is a fabbath unto the preached unto them, ready to de- Lord: to day ye shall not find it in part on the morrow. i Cor xvi. 1. the field. v. 26. Six days ye fhall Now concerning the collection for gather it; but on the feventh day the faints, as I have given order to which is the fabbath, in it there shall the churches of Galatia, even fo do be none. v. 29. See for that the Lord ye. v. 2. Upon the first day of the hath given you the fabbath, thereweek, let every one of you lay by fore he giveth you on the fixth day him in store, as God hath profper- the bread of two days, abide you eed him, that there be no gatherings very man in his place, let no man when I come. Psal. ix. (Title) A go out of his place on the seventh psalm or fong for the sabbath-day. day, Nch, xii, 19. (See letter b.) Isa. lxvi. 23. And it shall come to
fpecially directed to governors of families and other superiors?
A. The charge of keeping the Sabbath is more specially directed to governors of families and other superiors, because they are bound not only to keep it themselves, but to see that it be observed by all those that are under their charge; and because they are prone oft-times to hinder them by employments of their own f.
Q. 119. What are the fins forbidden in the fourth commandment?
A. The fins forbidden in the fourth commandment are, all omissions of duties required g, all careless, negligent, and unprofitable performing of them, and being weary of them b;
all 118. f Exod. xx. 10. But the se- put no difference between the holy Tenth day is the fabbath of the Lord and profane, neither have they shewthy God: in it thou shalt not do a- ed difference between the unclean ny work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy and the clean, and have hid their daughter, thy man-servant, nor thy eyes from my fabbaths, and I am maid-fervant, nor thy cattle, nor profaned among them. thy stranger that is within thy gates. h Acts xx. 7. And upon the first Josh. xxiv. 15. And if it seem evil day of the week, when the disciples unto you to serve the Lord, choose came together to break bread, Paul you this day whom you will serve, preached unto them, ready to dewhether the gods whom your fa- part on the morrow, and continued thers served, that were on the other his speech until midnight. v.9. And side of the flood, or the gods of the there satina window a certain young Amorites, in whose land ye dwell: man named Eutychus, being fallen but as for me and my house, we will into a deep sleep: and as Paul was serve the Lord. Neh. xiii. 15, 17. long preaching, he funk down with (See above in b.) Jer. xvii. 20. And seep, and fell down from the third lay unto them, Hear the word of loft, and was taken up dead. Ezek. the Lord, ye kings of Judah, and xxxiii. 30. Also thou son of man, the all Judah, and all the iuhabitants children of thy people still are talkof Jerusalem, that enter in by these ing against thee by the walls, and gates. v. 21, 22. (See above in b.) in the doors of the houses, and speak Exod. xxii. Six days shalt thou one to another, every one to his brodo all thy work, and on the seventh thet, saying, Come I pray you, and day thou shalt rest; that thine ox hear what is the word that cometh and thine ass may rest, and the fon forth from the Lord. v. 31. And of thy handmaid and the stranger they come unto thee as the people may be refreshed.
cometh, and they fit before thee as 119. g Ezek. xxii. 26. Her priests my people, and hear thy words, but have violated my law, and have pro- they will not do them: for with faned mine holý things: they have their mouth they fhew much love,
all profaning the day by idleness, and doing that which is ini itself sinfuli; and by all needless works, words, and thoughts about our worldly employments and recreationsk.
Q. 120. What are the reasons annexed to the fourth commandment, the more to enforce it?
A. The reasons annexed to the fourth commandment, the more to enforce it, are taken from the equity of it, God allowing us fix days of seven for our own affairs, and reserving but one for himself, in these words, six days shalt thou labour and do all thy workl; from God challenging a special propriety in that day, the seventh day is the fabbath of the Lord thy Godm: from the example of God, who in fix days made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them is, and rested the seventh day; and from that blessing which God put upon that day, not only in sanctifying it to be a day for his service, but in ordaining it to be a means of blessing to us in our fanctifying it; wherefore the Lord blessed the fabbath-day, and
hallow. but their heart goeth after their co k Jer, xvii. 24. And it shall come vetousness. v. 32. And lo, thou art to pass, if ye diligently hearken un, unto them as a very lovely song of to me faith the Lord, to bring in no one that hath a pleasant voice, and burden thro' the gates of this city can play well on an instrument: for on the fabbath-day, but hallow the they hear thy words, but they do fabbath-day, to do no work therethem not. Amos vșii. s. Saying, in. v. 27. But if ye will not hearken When will the new moon be gone, unto me to hallow the fabbath-day, that we may sell corn and the fab- and not to bear a burden, even enbath that we may set forth wheat, tring in at the gates of Jerusalem making the ephah small, and the on the fabbath-day: then will I Thekel great, and falsifying the ba- kindle a fire in the gates thereof, and lances by deceit? Mal, i. 13. Ye said it thall devour the palaces of Jerualso, Behold, what a weariness is it! falem, and shall not be quenched. and ye have snuffed at it, faith the Ifa. lviii. 13. If thou turn away thy Lord of hosts; and ye brought that foot from the fabbath, from doing which was torn, and the lame, and thy pleasure on my holy day, and the fick; thus ye brought an offer- call the fabbath a delight, the holy ing: should I accept this of your of the Lord, honourable, and shalt hands? faith the Lord.
honour him, not doing thine own i Ezek. xxiii. 38. Moreover, this ways, nor finding thine own plea, they have done unto me; they have sure, nor fpeaking thine own words, defiled my fanctuaryin the same day, 120.1 Exod. xx. 9. and have profaned my fabbaths. m Exod, xx, 10.