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hallowed itn.

Q. 121. Why is the word Remember set in the beginring of the fourth commandment?

A. The word Remember is set in the beginning of the fourth commandmento, partly because of the great benefit of remembring it, we being thereby helped in our preparation to keep it p; and, in keeping it, better to keep all the rest of the commandmentsq, and to continue a thankful remembrance of the two great benefits of creation and redemption, which contain a short abridgment of religion r; and partly

because # Exod. xx. 11.

And v. 14. They shall still bring 121. 0 Exod. xx. 8.

forth fruit in old age: they fhall be p Exod. xvi. 23. And he said un- fat, and flourishing. Edek. xx. 12. to them, Thisisthat which the Lord Moreover also, I gave them my fabhath said, To-morrow is the rest of baths, to be a sign between me and the holy fabbath unto the Lord: them, that they might know that I bake that which ye will bake, to am the Lord that sanctify them. v. day, and seethe that

ye

will seethe; 19. I am the Lord your God; walk and that which remaineth over, lay in my statutes, and keep my judga up for you to be kept until the morn ments, and do them. v. 20. And hal. ing. Luke xxiii. 54. And that day low my fabbaths; and they shall be was the preparation, and the fab a sign between me and you, that ye baih drew on. v. 56. And they re may know that I am the Lord your turned, and prepared spicesandoint God. ments; and rested the fabbath-day, Gen, ii. 2. And on the seventh according to the commandment. day God ended his work which he Compared with Mark xv. 42. And had made: and he rested on the senow when the even was come, be venth day from all his work which cause it was the preparation, that he had made. v. 3. And God blesis, the day before the fabbath. Neh, sed the seventh day, and fanctified xi. 19. And it came to pass, that it: because that in it he had refted when the gates of Jerusalem began from all his work, which Ged creto be dark before the sabbath, I com ated and made. Psal. cxviii. 22. manded that the gates should be The stone which the builders refu. shut, and charged that they should fed is become the head-stone of the Aot be opened till after the fabbath: corner. v.24. This is the day which and some of my fervants set I at the the Lord hath made, we will rejoice gate, that there should no burden and be glad in it. Compared with be brought in on the fabbath-day. Acts iv. 10. Be it known unto you

& Pfal. xcii. (Title) A pfalm or all, and to all the people of Ifrael, song for the fabbath-day. Compa- that by the name of Jesus Christ of red with v. 13. Those that be plant- Nazareth, whom ye crucified, whom ed in the house of the Lord, shall God raised from the dead, even by Hourish in the courts of our God. him doth this man stand bere before

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because we are very ready to forget its, for that there is less light of nature for itt, and yet it restraineth our natural liberty in things at other times lawful v; that it cometh but once in seven days, and many worldly busineffes come between, and too often take off our minds from thinking of it, either to prepare for it, or to fanctify it w; and that Satan with his instruments much labour to blot out the glory, and even the memory of it, to bring in all irreligion and impiety x.

Q. 1 22. you whole. v. 11. This is the stone thou wast a servant in the land of which was fet át nought of you Egypt, and that the Lord thy God builders, which is become the head brought thee out thence, through of the corner. Rev. i. 10. I was in a mighty hand, and by a stretched the Spirit on the Lord's day, and out arm : therefore the Lord thy heard behind me a great voice as of God commanded thee to keep the a trumpet.

fabbath-day, Amos viii. 5. Saying, SEzek. xxii. 26. Her priests have When will the new-moon be gone, violated my law, and profaned mine that we may sell corn? and the fabholy things: they have put no dif bath, that we may set forth wheat, ference between the holy and pro making the ephah small, and the fane, neither have they thewed dif- fhekel great, and falsifying the baference between the unclean and the lances by deceit? clean, and have hid their eyes from * Lam. i. 7. Jerusalem rememmy fabbaths, and I am profaned a bred in the days of her affliction, mong them,

and of her miseries, all her pleasant And madeit known things that she had in the days of unto them thy holy fabbath, and old, when her people fell into the commandedit them precepts, fta hand of the enemy, and none did tutes, and laws, by the hand of Mo help her, the adversaries saw her, ses thy servant.

and did mock at her sabbaths. Jer. v Exod. xxxiv. 2 1. Six days thou xvii. 21. Thus faith the Lord, Take shalt work, but on the seventh day heed to yourselves, and bear no burthou shalt reft: in caring time, and den on the fabbath-day, nor bring in harvest thou shalt rest.

it in by the gates of Jerusalem. v. w Deut. v. 14. But the seventh 22. Neither carry forth a burden day is the fabbath of the Lord thy out of your houses on the fabbathGod: in it thou shalt not do any day, neither do ye any work, but work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy hallowye the fabbath-day, as I comdaughter, nor thy man-fervant, nor manded your fathers. v. 23. But they thy maid-servant, nor thine ox, nor obeyed not, neither inclined their thine ass, nor any of thy cattle, nor ear, but made their neck stiff, that thy stranger that is within thy they might not hear nor receive ingates; that thy man-servant and struction. Neh. xiii. from verse 15. thy maid-servant may rest as well to 23. In those days saw I in Judah, as thou. v.15. And remember that some treading wine presses on the

fabbath.

i Neh. ix. 14.

Q. 1 22. What is the sum of the six commandments which contain our duty to man?

A. The sum of the fix commandments which contain our duty to man, is, to love our neighbour as ourselves y, and to do to others what we would have them do to us z.

Q. 123. Which is the fifth commandment?

A. The fifth commandment is, Honour thy father and thy mother: that thy days may be long upon the land which the Lord thy God giveth thee a.

Q. 124. Who are meant by father and mother, in the fifth commandment?

A. By father and mother, in the fifth commandment, are meant not only natural parentsb, but all superiors in 'agec and giftsd; and especially such as by God's ordinance are over us in place of authority, whether in family e, churchf,

or fabbath-day.- (See in letter b.) dwell in tents, and of such as have

122. , Mat. xxii. 39. And the se- cattle. v. 21. And his brother's cond is like unto it, Thou shalt love' name was Jubal: he was the father thy neighbour as thyself.

of all such as handle the harp and z Mat. vii. 12. Therefore all organ. V. 22. And Zillah, she also things whatsoever ye would that bare Tubal-Cain, an instructer of men should do to you, do ye even every artificer in brass and iron,so to them: for this is the law and Gen. xlv. 8. So now it was not the prophets.

you that fent me hither, but God: 123. a Exod. xx. 12.

and he hath made me a father to 124. 6 Prov. xxiii. 22. Hearken Pharaoh, and lord of all his house, unto thy father that begat thee, and and a ruler throughout all the land despise not thy mother when she is of Egypt. old. v. 25. Thy father and thy mo e 2 Kings v. 13. And his servant ther shall be glad: and she that bare came near, and spake unto him, and thee shall rejoice. Eph. vi. 1. Chil- faid, My father, if the prophet had dren obey your parents in the Lord: bid thee dolome great thing, wouldīt for this is right. v. 2. Honour thy thou not have done it? how much father and mother (which is the rather then, when he faith to thee first commandment with promise.) wash and be clean?

6 1 Tim. n. 1. Rebuke not an el. f 2 Kings ii. 12. And Elisha faw der, but intreat him as a father, and it, and he cried, My father, my fathe younger men as brethren; v. 2. ther, the chariot of Ifrael, and the The elder women as mothers, the horsemen thereof.—2 Kings xiii. 14. younger as fisters, with all purity. Now Elisha was fallen fick, of his

Gen.iv. 20. And Adah bare Ja. fickness whereof he died, and Joalh bal: he was the father of such as the king of Israel came down unto

or common wealth g.

Q. 125. Why are superiors stiled father and mother?

A. Superiors are stiled father and mother, both to teach them in all duties toward their inferiors, like natural parents, to express love and tenderness to them, according to their several relations b; and to work inferiors to a greater willingness and chearfulness in performing their duties to their superiors, as to their parents i.

Q. 1 26. What is the general scope of the fifth commandment?

A. The general scope of the fifth commandment is the performance of those duties which we mutually owe in our several relations, as superiors, inferiors or equalsk..

Q. 127.

for me.

him and wept over his face, and to us. v. 11. As ye know, how we faid, O my father, my father, the exhorted and comforted, and charge chariot of Israel, and the horsemen ed every one of you, as a father doch thereof. Gal. iv. 19. My little chil- his children. Num. xi. 11. And Modren, of whom I travel in birth a ses said unto the Lord, Wherefore gain until Christ be formed in you. halt thou afflieted thy fervant? and

8 Ifa. xlix. 23. And kings shall wherefore have I not found favour be thy nursing-fathers, and their in thy sight, that thou layệst the queens thy nursing-mothers: ‘and burden of all this people upon me? they shall bow down to thee with v. 12. Have I conceived all this peotheir face toward the earth, and ple? have I begotten them? that lick up the dust of thy feet, and thou thou shouldīt say unto me, carry fhalt know that I am the Lord: for them in thy bosom, (as a nursingthey shall not be ashamed that wait father beareth the fucking child)

unto the land which thou swarest 125.b Eph.vi. 4. And ye fathers, unto their fathers? provoke not your children to wrath: i i Cor. iv. 14. I write not these but bring them up in the nurture things to shame you, but as my beand admonition of the Lord. 2 Cor. loved sons I warn you..V. 15. For

.--For the children ought not though ye have ten thousand into lay up for the parents, but the pa- structors in Christ, yet have ye not rents for the children. i Theff. ii. many fathers: for in Christ Jesus I 7. But we were gentle among you, have begotten you through the goeven as a nurse cherisheth her chil. {pel. v. 16. Wherefore I befeech you dren: v. 8. So being affectionately be ye followers of me. 2 Kings v. desirous of you, we were willing to

13. (See letter e.) have imparted unto you, not the 126. Eph. vi 21. Submitting gospel of God only, but also our yourselves one to another in the fear own fouls, because ye were dear un of God. 1 Pet. ii. 17. Honour all

men.

xii. 147

Q. 127. What is the honour that inferiors owe to their superiors?

A. The honour which inferiors owe to their superiors is, all due reverence in heart l, word m, and behavi. our n; prayer and thankfgiving for them o; imitation of their virtues and graces p; willing obedience to their lawful commands and counselsq; due submission to their cor

rections; men. Love the brotherhood. Fear, ers, interceflions, and giving of God. Honour the king. Rom. xii. thanks be made for all men: v. 2. 10. Be kindly affectioned one to an-, For kings, and for all that are in other, with brotherly love, in ho- authority; that we may lead a quiet Dour preferring one another. and peaceable life in all godliness

127. Mal.i.6. A fon honoureth and honesty. his father, and a servant his master: p Heb. xiii. 7. Remember them If then I be a father, where is mine who have the rule over you, who honour and if I be a master, where have spoken unto you the word of is my fear? faith the Lord of hofts God: whose faith follow, confiderunto you, O priests, that despise my ing the end of their conversation. name: and ye say, Wherein have Phil, iii. 17. Brethren, be followers

we defpised thy name? Lev. xix. 3. together of me, and mark them who · Ye shall fear every man hiş, mother, walk fo, as ye have us for an en

and his father, and keep my fab- sample. baths: I am the Lord God. 9 Eph. vi. 1. Children, obey your

m Prov. xxxi. 28. Her children parents in the Lord: for this is right. arise up and call her blessed; her v. 2. Honour thy father and mother, husband also, and he praiseth her. '-(which is the firit commandment 1 Pet. iii. 6. Even as Sarah obeyed with promise.) v.5. Servants, be oAbraham, calling him lord; whose bedient to them that are your madaughters ye are as long as ye do, fters, according to the flesh, with well, and are not afraid with any fear and trembling, in singleness of amazement.

your heart, as unto Christ; v. 6.5 Lev.xix. 32. Thou shalt rise up Not with eye-service, as men-pleabefore the hoary head, and honour fers, but as the servants of Christ, the face of the old man, and fear doing the will of God from the thy God: I am the Lord. 1 Kings heart; v. 7. With good-will doing ii. 19. Bathsheba therefore went un- service, as to the Lord, and not to to king Solomon, to speak unto him men. 1 Pet. ii. 13. Submit yourfor Adonijah; and the king rose up selves to every ordinance of man for to meet her, and bowed himself un- the Lord's sake: whether it be to to her, and sat down on his throne, the king, as supreme; v. 14. or unand caused a feat to be set for the to governors, as unto them that are king's mother; and the fat on his fent by him for the punishment of right hand.

evil doers, and for the praise of them. • 1 Tim. ii. 1. I exhort therefore, that do well. Rom. xiii. 1. Let eveshat first of all, fupplications, pray- ry soul be subject unto the higher

powers,

your

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