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SHOR TER CATECHIS M.
Qucftion 1. WHAT is the chief end of man?
. HAT is the chief end of man?
Answer. Man's chief end is, to glorify God a, and to enjoy him for ever b.
Q. 2. What rule bath God given to direct us how we may glorify and enjoy him?
A. The word of God, which is contained in the scriptures of the Old and New Testaments c, is the only rule to direct us how we may glorify and enjoy him d.
Q. 3. What do the feriptures principally teach?
A. The scriptures principally teach what man is to believe concerning God, and whar duty God requires of man e.
Q. 4. What is GOD?
3.a i Cor. x. 31. Whether there- righteousness. Eph. ii. 20. And are fore ye eat or drink, or whatsoever built upon the foundation of the ye do, do all to the glory of God. apostles and prophets, Jesus Christ Rom. xi. 36. For of him, and thro' himself being the chief corner-stone. him, and to him are all things: to dr John i. 3. That which we whom be glory for ever. Amen. have seen and heard, declare we un
bPfa. lxxiii. 25. Whom have I in to you, that ye alfomay have fellowheaven but thee? and there is none ship with us:and truly our fellowship upon earth that I defire besides thee. is with the Father, and with his Son V. 26. My flesh and my heart faileth: Jesus Christ, v. 4. And these things but God is the strength of my heart, write we unto you, that your joy and my portion for ever. v. 27. For may be full. to, they that are far from thee shall 3.6 2 Tim. i. 13. Hold fast the! perith: thou haft destroyed all them form of sound words, which thou that go a whoring from thee, v. 28. halt heard of me, in faith and love But it is good for me to draw near which is in Christ Jesus. 2 Tim. jii. to God: I have put my trust in the 16. (See in letter c.) Lord God, that I may declare all 4.f John iv. 24. God is a spirit, thy works.
and they that worship him, must 2.c 2. Tim. iii. 16. All scripture worship him in spirit and in truth. is given by inspiration of God, and 8 Job xi. 7. Canit thou by searchis profitable for doctrine, for reproof, ing find out God: canit thou find for correction, for instruction in
B b 4 4
able i, in his being k, wisdom I, power m, holinessn, justice, goodness and trutho.
Q. 5. Are there more gods than one?
A. There are three persons in the Godhead; the Father, the Son, and the Holy Ghost; and these three are one God, the fame in substance, equal in power and glory q.
Q. 7. What are the decrees of God?
A. The decrees of God are, his eternal purpose according to the counsel of his will, whereby, for his own glory,
he out the Almighty unto perfection? thee, O Lord, and glorify thy name? v. 8. It is as high as heaven, what for thou only art holy; for all nacicant thou do? deeper than hell, ons shall come and worship before what canit thou knowi v. 9. The thee; for thy judgments are made measure thereof is longer than the manifeit. earth, and broader than the sea, o Exod. xxxiv. 6. And the Lord
b Pía, xc. 2. Before the mountains passed by before him, and proclaimwere brought forth, or ever thou ed, The Lord, the Lord God, mer. hadit formed the earth and the ciful and gracious, long-suffering, world: even from everlasting to e- and abundant in goodnetsand truth, verlasting thou art God.
v: 7. Keeping mercy for thousands, i Jamesi. 17. Every good gift and forgiving iniquity and tranfgrellion every perfect gift is from above, and and fin, and that will by no ineans cometh down from the Father of clear the guilty;" visiting the inilights, with whom is no variable- quity of the fathers upon the childneis, neither shadow of turning. ren, and upon the childrens child
k Exod. iii. 14. And God said un ren, unto the third and to the fourth to Mofes, I AM THAT I AM; and generation. he said, thus thalt thou say unto the 5.p Deut. 6. 4. Hear, O Israel, children of Israel, I AM hath sent the Lord our God is one Lord. Jer. me unto you.
x. 10. But the Lord is the true God. IPía.cxlvii. 5. Great is our Lord, he is the living God, and an ever. and of great power: his understand- lasting King; at his wrath the earth ing is intinite.
shall tremble, and the nations thall m Rev. iv. 8. And the four beasts not be able to abide his indignation. had each of them fix wings about 6.9 1 John v 7. For there are him, and they were full of eyes with three that bear record in bearen, in: and they rest not day and night, the Father, the Word, and the Hosaying, Holy, holy, holy, Lord God ly Ghost: and theie three are one. Almighty, which was, and is, and Mat, xxviil 19. Go ye therefore is to come.
and teach all nations, baptizing » Rev. xv. 4. Who shall not fear them in the name of the Father,
he hath fore-ordained whatsoever comes to passr.
Q. 8. How doth God execute his decrees?
A. God executech his decrees in the works of creacion and providence.
Q. 9. What is the work of creation?
A. The work of creation is, God's making all things of nothing, by the word of his power, in the space of six days, and all very goods
Q. 10. How did God create man?
A. God created man male and female, after his own image, in knowledge, righteousness, and holiness, with dominion over the creatures t.
Q.11. What are God's works of providence?
and of the Son, and of the Holy after our likeness: and let them Ghost.
have dominion over the fish of the 7.- Eph. i. 4. According as he sea, and over the fowl of the air, hath chosen us in him, before the and over the cattle, and over all the foundation of the world, that we earth, and over every creeping thing should be holy, and without blame that creepeth upon the earth. v. 27. before him in love. v. 11. In whom So God created man in his own ialso we have obtained an inheri- mage, in the image of God created tance, being predestinated accord- he him: male and female created ing to the purpose of him who work- he them. v. 28. And God bleiled eth all things after the counsel of them, and God said unto them, Be his own will. Rom. ix. 22. What if fruitful, and multiply and replenih God willing to shew his wrath, and the earth, and subdue it: and have to make his
power known, endured dominion over the film of the tea, and with much long-suffering the vef- over the fowl of the air, and over esels of wrath fitted to destruction; very living thing that moveth upon V. 23. And that he might make the earth. Col. iii. 10. And have known the riches of his glory on put on the new man, which is rethe vessels of mercy, which he had newed in knowledge, after the image afore prepared unto glory? of him that created him. Eph. iv.
9.5. Gen.i, throughout. Heb. xi. 24. And that ye put on the new 3. Through faith we underttand man, which after God is created in that the worlds were framed by the righteou '
ness, and true holiness. word of God, so that things which 11. v Pfal. cxiv. 17. The Lord is are seen were not made of things righteous in all his ways, and boly which do appear.
in all his works. 10. i Gen. i. 26. And God said, Pid.civ. 24. O Lord, how maLet us make man in our own image, nifold are thy works : in wiidom balt
and powerful preserving x, and governing all his creatures, and all their actionsy.
Q. 1 2. What special act of providence did God exercise toward man in the estate wherein he was created?
A. When God had created man, he enfred into a covenant of life with him, upon condition of perfect obedienee: forbidding him to eat of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, upon pain of death z.
Q. 13. Did our first parents continue in the estate wherein they were created ?
A. Our first parents, being left to the freedom of their own will, fell from the estate wherein they were created, by Gnning against God a.
14. What is fin? A. Sin is any want of conformity unto, or transgression of,
the thou made them all: the earth is not eat of it: for in the day that full of thy riches. Ifaiah xxviii. 29. thou eateti thereof; thou shalt lurely This also cometh forth from the die. Lord of hosts, which is wonderful in 13. a Gen. iii. 6. And when the counsel, and excellent in working. woman faw that tree was good tor
«Heb. i. 3. Who being the bright food, and that it was pleafant to the ness of his glory, and the expreis in eyes, and a tree to be desired to make inage of his perion, and upholding one-wise; the took of the fruit thereall things by the word of his power, of and did eat, and gave also to her when he had by himself purged our husoand with her, and he did eat. fins, sat down on the right hand of v.7 And the eyes of them both were the majesty on high.
opened, and they knew that they „Pfa.ciii
. 19. The Lord hath pre were naked; and they fewed fig. pared his throne in the heavens, and leaves together, and made themhis kingdom ruleth over all. Mat. felves aprons, v. 8. And they heard x. 29. Àre not two sparrows sold for the voice of the Lord God walking a farthing? and one of them thall in the garden in the cool of the day; not fall on the ground without your and Adam and his wife hid themFather. v. 30. But the very hairs felves from the presence of the Lord of your head are all numbered. v. God, amongst the trees of the gar31. Fear ye not therefore, ye are of den, v. 13. And the Lord God faid more value than many sparrows. unto the woman, What is this that
12.2 Gal. iii. 12. And the law is thou hast done and the woman faid, not of faith: but, The man that The serpent beguiled me, and I did doth them, shall live in them. Gen. eat. Eccl. vii. 29. Lo, this only ii. 17. But of the tree of the know- have I found, that God hath made ledge of good and evil, thou shalt man upright; but they have fought
the law of God b.
Q. 15. What was the fin whereby our first parents fell from the estate wherein they were created?
A. The sin whereby our first parents fell from the estate wherein they were created, was their eating the forbidden fruit c.
Q. 16. Did all mankind fall in Adam's first transgression?
A. The covenant being made with Adam, not only for himself, but for his posterity, all mankind descending from him by ordinary generation, sinned in him, and fell with him in his first tranfgreffion d.
Q. 17. Into what estate did the fall bring mankind?
A. The fall brought mankind into an estate of fin and miserye.
Q. 18. Wherein consists the sinfulness of that estate where. into man fell?
A. The sinfulness of that estate, whereinto man fell, confifts in the guilt of Adam's first sin, the want of original righ. ieousness, and the corruption of his whole nature, which is commonly called original fin; together with all actual transgressions which proceed from itf.
out many inventions.
tred into the world, and death by 14. b 1 John iii. 4. Whosoever fin; and so death passed upon all committeth fin, transgresseth also men, for that all have finned. 1 Cor. the law; for sin is the transgrellion xv.21.For since by man caine death, of the law.
by man came also the resurrection of 15.c Gen. iii. 6. (See in letter a.) the dead. v. 22. For as in Adam all v. 12. The woman whom thou gav- die, so in Chrilt shall all be made aelt to be with me, she gave me of live. the tree, and I did eat.
17. e Rom. v. 12. Whcrefore, as 16. Gen. ii. 16. And the Lord by one man sin entred into the world, God commanded the man, faying, and death by fin; and so death pafOf every tree of the garden thou sed upon all men, for that all have mayelt freely eat. v. 17. But of the finned. tree of the knowledge of good and 18. f Rom. v. 12. Wherefore, as evil, thou shalt not eat of it: for in by one man sin entred into the world, the day that thou eatest thereof, and death by sin; and so death pafthou shalt furely die. Rom. v. 12. fed upon all men, for that all have Wherefore, as by one man fin en. sinned. v. 19. For as by one man's