An Inquiry Into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations, 第 1 巻
Mundell, Doig, and Stevenson, Edinburgh; Lackington, Allen and Company Cradock and Joy, and T. Hamilton, London; and Wilson and Son, York., 1809
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afford ancient annual average price bour bullion butchers-meat cattle century cheap cheaper commodities common labour commonly consequence dearer division of labour effectual demand employed England equal quantities Eton college Europe exchange expence farmer fertile frequently gold and silver gold coin greater quantity gulated increase industry landlord less manner manufactures market price master ment Messance mines modities money price natural price nearly necessarily necessary nerally occasion ordinary profits ounces of silver paid parish particular perhaps Peru poor pound weight pounds precious metals present money price of corn price of labour profits of stock proportion purchase or command quantity of labour quantity of silver raise real price recompence regulated rent rise rude produce scarce scarcity Scotland seems seldom sestertii shillings silver coin society sometimes subsistence sufficient supply supposed things tillage tion town trade value of silver wages of labour wealth weight wheat whole workmen
177 ページ - People of the same trade seldom meet together even for merriment and diversion but the conversation ends in a conspiracy against the public or in some contrivance to raise prices.
19 ページ - It is not from the benevolence of the butcher, the brewer, or the baker, that we expect our dinner, but from their regard to their own interest. We address ourselves, not to their humanity but to their self-love, and never talk to them of our own necessities but of their advantages.
75 ページ - The market price of every particular commodity is regulated by the proportion between the quantity which is actually brought to market, and the demand of those who are willing to pay the natural price of the commodity...
167 ページ - The property which every man has in his own labour, as it is the original foundation of all other property, so it is the most sacred and inviolable. The patrimony of a poor man...
21 ページ - The difference between the most dissimilar characters, between a philosopher and a common street porter, for example, seems to arise not so much from nature, as from habit, custom, and education.
66 ページ - As soon as the land of any country has all become private property, the landlords, like all other men, love to reap where they never sowed, and demand a rent even for its natural produce.
134 ページ - THE whole of the advantages and disadvantages of the different employments of labour and stock* must, in the same neighbourhood, be either perfectly equal, or continually tending to equality.
18 ページ - Whether this propensity be one of those original principles in human nature, of which no further account can be given; or whether, as seems more probable, it be the necessary consequence of the faculties of reason and speech, it belongs not to our present subject to enquire.
14 ページ - Each individual becomes more expert in his own peculiar branch, more work is done upon the whole, and the quantity of science is considerably increased by it.
2 ページ - ... than the greater part of those who work; yet the produce of the whole labour of the society is so great, that all are often abundantly supplied, and a workman, even of the lowest and poorest order, if he is frugal and industrious, may enjoy a greater share of the necessaries and conveniences of life than it is possible for any savage to acquire.