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noticed any improper conduct in any this too without any unnecessary deone about the house, she took notice lay. They also accustomed us, from of it very pointedly; and if she had our infancy upwards, to intrepidity, convincing proofs of it, she made it for they considered timidity and fear known to my father. In this manner as magnifying dangers; and even her household was managed with wbere there were none, they so uncomfort, and her conduct was in- fixed the faculties that often a very structive and useful.
prudent man acted like a fool under My father, on the contrary,possessed their influence. From our tenderest a fine understanding, wbich had been infancy they strove to make us healthy improved by a rational education.- both in body and mind; and, in orHis principles were correct, and his der that we might not, like the generesolutions fixed; at the same time, rality of children, be perpetually however, he had an irritability of plagued with colds, coughs, and cafeeling which arose from a warmth tarrhis, we were always, as much as of character that was indissolubly possible, in the open air, or else in united to him. He was sincere and what was pure and temperate. We ụnfeignedly noble-minded: he might were washed every day, whatever be easily provoked by offence, and might be the state of the weather. forgave easily wben his passion had In warm weather, this was done in subsided.
a brook that flowed by our house ; His partiality for my inother was in cold weather, we were dipped into very strong; his love was sincere; a large tub filled of water. Beer, bis house establishment good; and wine, and brandy were never given his generosity and gratitude were to us. Our beverage was pure spring without bounds. The various duties, water, and we were not allowed to of life occasioned him much trouble drink either between or after meals. and many cares; but the impressions In the heat of summer we were alwhich they left were obliterated by lowed butter-milk, or the yelk of an the tenderness and assiduity of my egg beat up in water, and, in order mother : and thus, as the soft and that our simple fare might be duly the strong, with each other mingled, concocted, we never were allowed to : produce the finest harmony of ione, be at our studies more than three so also the energy of my father's mind hours a day till after our eighth year. and the goodness of his heart, united To this early education I am doubtwith the tender gentleness of my mo- less indebted for the vigorious conther, caused that mutual excellence stitution that I possess, and without whence arose that mutual happiness which I could never have undergone which was the admiration of all who half what I have endured, and thereknew them.
fore it is that I have thought it necesOf such parents, I, as well as two sary to advert to it. sisters and a brother, had the happi- As iny parents were constantly ness to be born, and by such parents sedulous to unfold the qualities of to be educated. Our education, in- our minds and bodies, and as they deed, was not conducted upon those always took care that this unfolding new principles wbich have arisen should not be injurious, but applied since my absence from Germany. to such purposes as might be beneficial However, as both my parents were in future, so they resolved, as we adpossessed of a good understanding vanced in years, to procure a domestic and good morals, so they were also tutor, who might coinplete what they considered, in those times, as rational; had begun, and by which means they and they united their endeavours so might have us under their eys. Such vigorously in this task, that they saw, a one, they thought, might become with pleasure, the gradual success of our second father, our instructor in their labours.
virtue, and their own friend, who Accurately to comprehend our would seek to form our hearts to all minds was one of their chief cares; that was good. and they strove, according to our dif- They imagined that the safest way terent characters, to qualify us for to proceed, in order to obtain such a corresponding pursuits in life, and man, would be to apply to a professor
of any university; and as there was Latin if it is meant that he should a very near relation of ours, who was devote himself to any of the learned a professor at Griefswalde, my father professions. But a teacher should not, wrote to him, told him what he want. as our's did, occupy the greater part ed, and what were his intended terms, of the day in that single pursuit. and also explained his domestic ar- In natural history, which has so rangements, and his present mode of many attractions for children, in geoeducating us. We soon received an graphy, letter writing, in history, and answer, in which he felicitated him- in a correct pronunciation of our naself that he was so lucky as to find a tive tongue, nothing was done; in young man who would completely short, his repulsive manner of instrucanswer my father's views.
tion rather frightened us from study After a few weeks, Mr. REIMANN than incited us to it. The smallest (for so he was called) arrived. As he mistake was punished with the stick promised a great deal at first, nothing or with a sound box on the ear, and of which he accomplished, so he was in this manner a whole half year received, by my parents, as the best passed ere our good parents even befriend of their children, and treated gan to suspect that their intentions as our greatest benefactor. He had respecting us were not likely to be a pleasing exterior, and a very pre- fullilled; and who knows how long possessing manner. Perhaps both they might have reposed confidence these had deceived the professor, and in ihis hireling, had they not been induced him to recommend this man put on their guard, partly by his own whom he probably knew nothing else irregular mode of living, and partly of but his outside, for he was in no by the warning of our new parson. manner fit to pursue that rational and Soon after the arrival of REIMANN, appropriate education which our pa- our parson, whose name was Diedrents had begun.
RICH, a young man, agreeable and To him order, cleanliness, and mo- entertaining, and a true father of his rality were wholly unknown. He flock, was put into fear, one Saturday went through his seven hours of evening, by three thieves, who had teaching mechanically, every day, stolen into his house and concealed without any conceru whether his in- themselves there for some time. He structions were intelligible, whether was about thirty-four years old, and they were what we needed, or whe- unmarried.' As he was man of sane ther they were useful. That cu- property, and had a predilection for riosity which is so natural to every husbandry, he had purchased the farm young contemplator of the world, of on which' he lived, and kept.no serknowing the why and wherefore of vant but an old housekeeper who was things, never incited him to conduct rather deaf. As there was no person our uninformed minds along a path therefore on whom he could rely in where we might elicit truths by our this affair, and as he already ricard own efforts, which would have thrown the thieves in the adjoining room light upon our knowledge.
where the communion plate was kept, The greatest part of the day was he resolved to fasten himself into his spent in Latin ; I may say laboriously own chamber: but when at last they spent, for the whole instruction con- attacked him, and strove to break the sisted in learning words and such like. door open, he began to cry for help Had his mode of teaching been ap- out of the window. Had he cried propriate, I should not have men- out thieves, and not fire, there would tioned this; for I am firmly convinced have been plenty of those who rana that the Greek and Latin languages to the alarm ready to seize the depreare what no really learned man can dators; but they escaped, for every do without, and of which the phi- one was looking for the fire and nolosopher and the theologian bave as body for thieves. much need as the physician and the This unfortunate accident was follawyer. The Latin language is, and lowed by sad consequences to the will long remain,the only
door through worthy DIEDRICH, and the common which we niust arrive at every species people lost in him a man whom they of knowledge. A boy must also learn had cause to ralue in every respect. The poor and the needy mourned for tionary and writings. To this great him especially, for he had taught the authority, I will add that of Dr. religion of love as much in his actions Barrow, who, in bis book on educaas in his words. The following in- tion, strongly recommends the use of stance will prove this.
the k in terminations. Our excellent He once visited, as he often used grammarian, Murray, says, “ Many to do, a sick parishioner, and found writers of latter years omit the k in him on a hard mattrass : he asked 'words of two or more syllables ;" him, kindly, where the bed was and observes, very judiciously, that which he had found him lying upon this practice is productive of irregu. the last time he saw him? Ah! Jarities, such as writing 'mimic and sighed forth the unfortunate, I was mimickry, traffic and trafficking.' compelled to sell it, to bury my wife Yet to this custom,“ productive" as with the money: he then asked, he acknowledges it to be, "of irrewhence arose that unpleasant smell gularities," which our best grammain his room? The distressed invalid rians have concurred in their endeashewed him, that the corpse of his vours to diminish, he has, by his wife, for want of money to bury her, practice, added the weight of his auhad been kept in the house too long, thority. But these irregularities have and occasioned the smell. Died. an operation much more extensive RICH, touched with pity, not only than that which Mr. Murray has bought him his bed again, but made pointed out. To this, and at the same arrangements for the interment of time to the inconsistency of these the deceased, and sent him food and writers, I wish to direct your particucordials till he was restored to health. lar attention. They do not reject the [ To be continued.)
k from all - words of two or more syllables," nor from any word of one
syllable: thus the advocates for “maOn the IMPROPRIETY of not using sic, physic, comic, poetic," who nethe Leiter "K" to certain IVords.
vertheless do not hesitate to write
• back, crack, trick, stick, clock, “ Non sunt contemnemla quasi parva; rock," &c. would think it absurd to sine quibus contare magna non possunt.” write « arrac, attac, barrac, ransac, SIR,
bulloc, hilloc, hammoc, mattoc, hadIN N submitting the following obser- doc, paddoc :" yet surely the absur
vations to your attention, and to dity is not greater or more obvious that of your numerous readers, 1 am in one word than in another. I will aware that I endeavour to eradicate a here give you a very curious specimen custom now grown so inveterate as of orthography, evidently arising from probably to defy the force of any ar- the innovation of which I now comguments, however strong, which may pkain. Reading, in a respectable be urged in favour of its discontinú- morning paper, a long article, in which ance. Of established usage as it has, the words • traffick and trafficking" in general, reason for its foundation, frequently occurred, I observed that I would not be understood as wish: thek was not only struck off from ing to diminish the authority: but to the former, but from the latter. I at custom, when it is found to be arbi- first naturally supposed it to be an trary, capricious, and unsupported error of the press; but seeing both by reason, I cannot hesitate to refuse my allegiance, especially in writing * The irregularity here would be or speaking a language. The practice better illustrated by substituting the to which I allude is the rejection of word “mimicking;" for, admitting the final k from the words "publick, “mimic" to be the correct orthogramusick," &c. Dr. Johnson, from phy, analogy (unless indeed its authowhose decisions, whether in morals rity be at once formally, as it has long or in literature, there seldom lies an been virtually, denied) requires that appeal, says that "c, according to the k in “ mimickry" he omitted, English orthography, never ends a especially as, in this instance, it is not word;" and he has accordingly re- necessary to the proper sound of the tained the k final throughout his dic- word.
the words still recur in the same share in determining the actions of form, I concluded that the author, mankind. noticing the irregularity of the usual The love of liberty is a most noble orthography, rather than restore the pa son, and has frequently stimulated
to the verb, determined on rejecting its possessor to the most heroic deeds. it from the participle, an absurdity so In defence of it the sword has been palpable that it is surprising it could frequently unsheathed, and not a few escape even the most careless writer. have preferred a premature death to Even proper names are not secure the highest offices of state under the from this innovation. We already controul of an arbitrary tyrant. But see Frederic, Dominic, Roderic, - our business is not to seek for exthen why not Patric? It is, there. tremes, but to confine ourselves to fore, not improbable but we may the general tenor of human life. It soon see “ Garric, Derric, Merric, is hence we are to draw our concluBerwic, Warwic, Limeric, Wood- sions; for here only can we form any stoc, Tavistoc."
just ide of man, and of the principles As analogy and etymology are our by which he is actuated. only guides in orthography, let us not, The love of liberty seems to be a by forsaking them and following the very prevailing passion. In this our dictates of caprice, render ineffectual highly favoured isle it pervades all the labours of our “great lexicogra- ranks: the rich and the poor, the pher," and of our most eminent peer and the peasant, seem equally grammarians.
sensible of its value, and combine to If, in your opinion, these remarks defend it from every encroachment. are not unworthy of the pages of the The liberty of his country, of his Universal Magazine, the insertion of family, ot' his friends, is a sacred thein will greatly oblige
pledge which heaven has committed Your admirer and
to the care of every true born Briton,
for which he would cheerfully subFrequent reader,
mit to every privation, would readily June 23, 1809.
Philo. make the most costly sacrifices, yea,
would willingly spend the last drop
of his blood in its defence. This is Love and LIBERTY ?
the only country where liberty is Sir,
fully enjoyed, and the only place N every stage of life, man is the where we can see its genuine etfects.
subject of influence. in many In other countries the love of civil of his movements he is governed, liberty is, in a great measure, sublike the brute creation, by inere cor-dued; a long series of oppression and poreal or sensual impulse. In others, habits of servility have either annihisome ruling passion of the mind regu- lated the spirit or made it inactive. lates his conduct and directs his ac. The inhabitants have never known its tions.
blessings, theretore do not seek the Two of these grand moving causes enjoyment of them; or, on the other are the love of liberty and the love of hand, it has degenerated into a spirit wom:n. The former of these I shall of turbulent democracy, equally subdetine, a perfect freedom from re- versive of the rights of man. straint both of body and mind; but But the love of personal liberty is such a freedom as is consistent with common to every man, to whatever the laws of a mild and equitable go- nation he may belong, under whatvernment, which is absolutely neces- ever climate he may be born. A sarv to the very being of true liberty: condition of slavery or confinement -The latter principle is too well is repugnant to every faculty of the known to need any explanation.- soul; and that mind must be broken Every bosom has one time or other indeed, and lost to every sense of felt the pleasing pain : the most sa- mauly feeling, who would not sacritage heart has been subdued by the fice a hundred lives, if he possessed soft emotion. Let us then consider them, to obtain his freedom. Man the influence of each, and endeavour cannot bear restraint in any situation, to discover which has the greatest and the very appearance of it renders irksome many an employment in onght to be called into action to which he might otherwise take de- support it. light. Look at the active youth just But the love of liberty, however entered on the term of his appren- strong, the passion, must yield her ticeship: how eagerly does he long share in the government of the hufor the period to arrive when he shali man heart to the love of woman. have completed that term and be- This passion knows no bounds, accome his own master. To this pe- knowledges no laws. With a mighty riod he looks forward with anxious force it breaks through every obstacle expectation, and blesses every revolv- that might intervene between the ing sun which brings him nearer the subject of it and the beloved object; wished-for point.
and, like a rushing torrent, bears To what cause can we assign the down every thing that would impede innumerable classes of mendicants iis progress. For the love of woman, that infest our 'streets, but to this man would forego his dearest rights, innate principle of independence and even liberty itself, and voluntarily
: love of liberty... The laws of this submit to the most galling yoke. The country make an ample provision for love of liberty is sometimes subdued ; the wants of every individual; and instances of which may be frequently those who make vagrancy a trade, do seen among that unfortunate class of it in open violation of them, and are, mankind, the slaves. Long accus. consequently, liable to punishment. tomed to habits of servitude, and to But this is the most trifling, or rather obey the nod of their imperious masno obstacle in their way. Rather than ters, they forget their natural rights submit to confinement and restraint as men, and fully acquiesce in their within the walls of a work house, miserable condition. There may be where they might be warmly clothed a few noble spirits among them, and comfortably fed, they prefer a whose lofty minds no oppression can wandering life, exposed to every in- tame, nor the severest tortures can clemency of the season, with nothing subdue : yet instances have not been but hunger and rags, to such a provi- wanting of those, who, after having sion with such a restraint.--What an been emancipated from slavery, bave instance do we meet with of the love voluntarily entered it again for a small of liberty in the gypsey tribe. These quantity of spirituous liquors or toelude the vigilance of every law, and bacco. But even in these breasts the trample on all the rights of inan. love of woman is not subdued. She Confined to no settled place of abode, still holds her empire there, and is they range the country through, and frequently the sole directress of his pitch their camps wherever conveni- actions. ence or inclination lead them. They If we take a view of the married lay every rank of society under a kind stale, we shall find another striking of contribution, and what they can- proof of the superior influence of not gain by entreaty, they procure by female attractions. When a artifice and fraud.
enters this important stage of his life, It is for liberty the labouring kind he must renounce a great portion of will toil from morning till night, and his liberty, and become the slave of sustain the heats of summer and the woman. "In this condition he must colds of winter, the chill damps of renounce that freedom of mind, that morning and the scorching blaze of freedom of will, that freedom of af. the midday sun, without repining section, that freedom of action, which When he has finished the labour of he before possessed, and must, in a the day, and the shades of evening measure, submit them all to the diapproach, he can retire to his humble, rection of his fair tyrant. With her peaceful dwelling, with a heart -un- he must consult in all his undertakfettered by any chain, and enjoy that ings; he must enter into no engage freedom there which the nobleman ment without her approbation. Not possesses in his mansion or the king but that, where love abounds, these in his palace. Freedom, both of body sacrifices, these concessions will be and mind, is one of the rights of mutual; but still they must be made man, and every energy of the soul in order to secure the happiness of the