A Brief History of Iraq
Covering 6,000 years of history—from the ancient Mesopotamian civilizations to the fall of Saddam Hussein and the current war in Iraq—A Brief History of Iraq is a comprehensive look at the changing landscape of this interesting country. Because of its porous frontiers, its accommodating soil and climate, its diverse inhabitants, and its many cultures, Iraq's history over the millennia has been one of interaction, adaptation, acculturation, and modification. Even though a history of Iraq would have to include the rulers and tyrants that have made their mark on the country over the ages, this new volume focuses primarily on the societies, peoples, and cultures of Iraq, as well as the regional influences that helped shape the destiny of the ethnicities, religions, sects, and national groups in this country. These influences have played a major role in shaping the modern nation, and they provide the context needed to understand the current conflict and efforts to build a stable society and government.
Basic facts, a chronology, a bibliography, and a list of suggested reading make up the appendixes in this invaluable book.
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Iraq the First Society
From the Persian Empire to the Sassanians
Iraq Under the Umayyad Dynasty
Abbasid and PostAbbasid Iraq
Turkish Tribal Migrations and the Early Ottoman State
Imperial Administration Local Rule and Ottoman Recentralization
British Occupation and the Iraqi Monarchy
The Growth of the Republican Regimes and the Emergence of Baathist Iraq
Abbasid administrative agricultural Akkadian Alexander Alexander’s Allawi Anatolia ancient Iraq Arab nationalist Arabia Aref Aref’s Assyrian Baath Party Baathist Babylon Babylonia Baghdad Basra battle became began British caliph capital central century coalition commanders Communists conquest Council cultural Daawa Party Darius defeat developed dynasty early economic Egypt eventually Faisal ﬁeld ﬁgure ﬁnally ﬁrst forces governor groups Gulf historians important inﬂuence insurgency invasion Iran Iranian Iraq’s Iraqi army Iraqi government Islamic Karbala king Kufa Kurdish Kurdistan Kurds Kuwait land later leaders leadership Mamluk merchants Mesopotamia military Mongol Mosul Muhammad Muslim Najaf National northern ofﬁcers ofﬁcials Ottoman Empire Parthian Pasha percent period Persian Persian Empire political president prime minister Prophet provinces Qasim Qur’an regime region religious revolt rule ruler Saddam Hussein Safavid Sassanian scholars Seleucid shaykhs Shia Shii southern Iraq Suleyman Sumerian Sunni Syria tion took trade treaty tribal tribes troops Turkish Umayyad United