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To the labors of versifying I have no objection, but the total absence of the chief of all. I rejoiced, and to the labors of criticism I am new, and apprehend had great reason to do so, in your coming to Westhat I shall find them wearisome. Should that be ton, for I think the Lord came with you. Not, inthe case, I shall be dull, but must be contented to deed, to abide with me, nor to restore me to that inshare the censure of being so, with almost all the tercourse which I had with him, and which I enjoyed commentators that have ever existed. I will, how- twenty years ago, but to awaken in me, however, ever, have no horrida bella, if I can help it
. It is, at more spiritual feeling than I have experienced, least, my present purpose to avoid them if possible; except in two instances, all that time. The comforts for which reason, I shall confine myself merely to that I had received under your ministry in better the business of an annotator, which is my proper days, all rushed upon my recollection; and, during province, and shall sift out of Warton's notes every two or three transient moments, seemed to be in å tittle that relates to the private character, political or degree renewed. You will tell me that, transient religious principles of my author. These are as they were, they were yet evidences of a love properly subjects for a biographer's handling, but that is not so; and I am desirous to believe it." by no means, as it seems to me, for a commenta We have already informed our readers that Cowtor's.”
per's engagement as the editor of Milion became In reply to a pressing letter from his friend, Mr. the means of introducing him to Mr. Hayley. He Newton, for original composition, written about this received the first letter from that gentleman in time, Cowper thus expresses himself:-“Your de- March, 1792. An incident occurred respecting mand for more original composition from me will, this letter which ought not to go unrecorded; as it if I live, and it please God to afford me health, in all might have proved fatal to that friendship, which probability, be sooner or later gratified. In the became to both the poets a source of the purest enmean time you need not, and if you turn the matter joyment. Neither of these talented individuals over in your thoughts a little you will perceive that had, at that time, any knowledge of each other. you need not, think me unworthily employed in pre- Mr. Hayley had read Cowper's productions with no paring a new edition of Milton. His iwo principal ordinary emotions of delight, and had consequently poems are of a kind that call for an editor who be- conceived the highest respect for their unknown lieves the gospel, and is well grounded in evan- author; and nothing could have occasioned hiin gelical doctrine. Such an editor they have never greater surprise, as well as uneasiness, than to be had, though only such an one can be qualified for represented as the opponent of one whom he so the office."
highly respected. No sooner was he apprized of it The peculiarity of Cowper's religious feelings than he wrote to Cowper, generously offering him still continued to exist; and it seemed impossible for any materials that he had collected, with as much him to divest himself entirely of those gloomy ap- assistance as it was in his power to afford, and being prehensions of his own personal interest in the unacquainted with his address, directed his letter to
sings of the gospel, which had harrassed and dis- the care of Johnson, his publisher. Either through ed him for so many years. On every other the carelessness or inadvertence of Johnson, this
ect he could write and converse, with ease to letter remained in his hands for a considerable time, himself and with pleasure to others; but the morbid and was not delivered to Cowper till six weeks tendency of his mind to despondency, tinged all his after it had been written. Immediately on receiving remarks with midnight gloom whenever he adverted it, Cowper wrote to Mr. Hayley, explaining the to this. An instance of this occurred in one of his cause of his long-delayed reply; and from that letters to Mr. Newton about this time. After de- time, an interchange of many most interesting letscribing, in his own playful manner, some changes ters took place, which subsequently led to a friendthat had recently taken place in the circle of his ship the most cordial and ardent, which it was only immediate acquaintance, he thus closes his letter, in the power of death to dissolve. In a letter to which, notwithstanding the excellence of the re- Lady Hesketh, Cowper thus adverts to this circummarks, evinces the existence of considerable de stance:-“Mr. Hayley's friendly and complimentary pression :-"Such is this variable scene, so variable, letter, from some unknown cause, at least to me, that had the reflections I sometimes make upon it á slept six weeks in Johnson's custody. It was necespermanent influence, I should tremble at the thought sary I should answer it without delay: accordingly of a new connection, and to be out of the reach of I answered it the very evening on which I received its mutability, lead almost the life of a hermit. It it, giving him to understand, among other things, is well with those, who, like you, have God for their how much vexation the bookseller's folly had cost companion; death cannot deprive them of him, and me, who had detained it so long, especially on account he changes not the place of his abode. Other of the distress that I knew it must have occasioned changes, therefore, to them are all supportable; and to him also. From his reply, which the return of what you say of your own experience is the strong- the post brought me, I learn that in the long interval est possible proof of it. Had you lived without of my non-correspondence he had suffered anxiety God, you could not have endured the loss you men- and mortification enough; so much so that I dare say tion. May he preserve me from a similar one, at he made twenty vows never to hazard again either least till he shall be pleased to draw me to himself letter or compliment to an unknown author. Whal, again! Then, if ever that day come, it will make indeed, could he imagine less, than that I meant by me equal to my burden; at present, I can bear such obstinate silence to tell him that I valued nothing well. I, however, generally manage to pass neither him nor his praises, nor his proffered friendmy time comfortably, as much so, at least, as Mrs. ship; in short, that I considered him as a rival, and, Unwin's frequent indisposition, and my no less fre- therefore, like a true author, hated and despised quent troubles of mind, will permit. When I am him. He is now, however, convinced that I love much distressed, any company but her's distresses him, as indeed I do, and I account him the chief me more, and makes me doubly sensible of my acquisition that my verse has ever procured me. sufferings, though sometimes, I confess, it falls out Brute should I be if I did not, for he promises me otherwise; and by the help of more general con every assistance in his power.” versation, I recover that elasticity of mind which To Mr. Hayley, at the commencement of Cowis ablc to resist the pressure. On the whole, I be- per's correspondence with him, and after the above lieve I am situated exactly as I should wish to be, unpleasant occurrence had been satisfactorily acwere my situation determined by my own election; counted for, and amicably settled, he thus expresses and am denied no comfort that is compatible with | his anxiety that the friendship ihus formed might
be lasting:-“God grant that this friendship of ours met by Mr. Greathead, an accomplished minister may be a comfort to us all the rest of our days, in a of the gospel, who resides at Newport Pagnel, and world where true friendships are rarities, and es- whom Cowper described 10 me in terms of cordial pecially where, suddenly formed, they are apt soon esteem. He came forth to meet us, as we drew io terminate. But, as I said before, I feel a dispo- near the house, and it was soon visible from his sition of heart towards you that I never felt for one countenance and manner, that he had ill news 10 whom I had never seen ; and that shall prove itself, impart. After the most tender preparation that I trust, in that event, a propitious omen. It gives humanity could devise, he informed Cowper that me the sincerest pleasure that I hope to see you at Mrs. Unwin was under the immediate pressure of a Weston: for as lo any migrations of mine, they paralytic attack. My agitated friend rushed to the must, I fear, notwithstanding the joy I should feel sight of the sufferer; he returned to me in a state in being a guest of yours, be still considered in the that alarmed me in the highest degree for his facullight of impossibilities. Come, then, my friend, ties: his first speech was wild in the extreme; my and be welcome, as the country people say here, as answer would appear little less so, but it was adthe flowers in May. I am happy, I say, in the ex- dressed to the predominant fancy of my unhappy pectation, but the fear or rather the consciousness, friend, and with the blessing of heaven, it prorluced ihat I shall not answer on a nearer view, makes a an instantaneous calm in his troubled mind. From trembling kind of happiness, and invests it with that moment he rested on my friendship with many doubts. Bring with you any books that you such mild and cheerful confidence, that his affecthink may be useful to my commentatorship, for tionate spirit regarded me as sent providentially with you for an interpreter, I shall be afraid of to support him in a season of the severest aftlicnone of them. And in truth if you think you shall tion.' want them, you must bring books for your own use The best means to promote the recovery of Mrs. also, for they are an article with which I am hein- Unwin, that could have been used under similar ously unprovided ; being much in the condition of circumstances, were resorted to. Happily, they the man whose library Pope describes, asm proved to a considerable degree successful, and she
gradually recovered both her strength and the use “No mighty store!
of her faculties. The effect of this attack, however, His own works neatly bound, and little more." upon Cowper's tender mind, was in the highest de
gree painful. This will not perhaps be surprising, Mr. Hayley's projected vist, anticipated so fond- when it is recollected how sincerely he was attached ly, both by himself and by Cowper, took place in to his afflicted inmate, and how deeply he interested May, 1792. The intervie r 'between these talented himself in every thing that related to her welfare. individuals proved reciprorelly delightful. Though The following beautiful lines will convey to the Cowper was now in his sixty-first year, he felt none reader some idea of the exalted opinion he had of the infirmities of advanced life, but was as ac- formed of her character: tive and vigorous, both in mind and body, as his best friends could wish him. Mrs. Unwin had “Mary! I want a lyre with other strings, nearly recovered from her late severe attack, and Such aid from heaven as some have feigned they drew, as her health was every day progressively improv- An eloquence scarce give to mortals, new ing, there seemed every probability of their enjoy- And undebased by ineaner things ! ing a long continuance of domestic comfort. Mr. That ere throngh age or wo I shed my wings,
I Hayley thus describes the manner in which he was may record thy worth, with honor due received, and his sensations on the occasion :
In verse as musical as thou art true“Their reception of me was kindness itself; I was Verse that immortalizes whom it sings! enchanted to find that the manners and conversa- But thou hast little need: there is a book, tion of Cowper resembled his poetry, charming by By seraphs writ, with beams of heavenly light, unaffected elegance, and the graces of a benevolent On which the eyes of God not rarely look! spirit. I looked with affectionate veneration and A chronicle of actions just and bright! pleasure on the lady, wh , having devoted her life There all thy deeds, my faithful Mary, shine, and fortune to the serv ce of this tender and sub And since thou own'st that praise, I spare thee mine." lime genius, in watching (ver him with maternal The following extracts from Cowper's corresponvigilance, through so runy years of the darkest dence, immediately after this painful event,' decalamity, appeared to be now enjoying a reward scribe satisfactorily the state of his mind:-“I wish justly due to the noblest exertions of friendship, in with all my heart, my dearest cousin, that I had not contemplating the health, and the renown of the ill news for the subject of this letter: my friend, my poet, whom she had the happiness tí, preserve. It Mary, has again been attacked by the same disorder seemed hardly possible to survey hunan nature in a that ihreatened me last year with the loss of her, of more touching, and a more satisfactory point of which you were yourself a witness. The present view. Their tender affection to each niher, their attack has been much the severest. Her speech has simple, devout gratitude for the mercies which they been almost unintelligible from the moment that she had experienced together, ar ! their cor stant but was struck: it is with difficulty she can open her unaffected propensity to impress on the mind and eyes; and she cannot keep them open, the muscles heart of a new friend, the deep sens, which they necessary for that purpose being contracted; and as incessantly felt, of their mutual coligations to to self-moving powers from place to place, and the each other; afforded me very sing alar gratifica- right use of her hand and arm, she has entirely lost tion."
them. I hope, however, she is beginning to recover: This scene of exquisite enjoymert to all parties, her amendment is indeed but very slow, as must be as is frequently the case in a worl I like ours, was expected at her time of life. I am as well myself
, suddenly exchanged for one of the deepest melan- and indeed better than you have ever known me in choly and distress. Mr. Hayley has related the such trouble. It has happened well for me that, of painful event with so much ienderness and sim- all men living, the man best qualified to assist and plicity, that we cannot do better than to present it to comfort me, is here; though, till within these few our readers in his own words:—"After passing our days, I never saw him, and a few weeks since had morning in social study, we usually walked out to no expectation that I ever should. You have already gether at noon; in returning from one of our ram- guessed that I mean Hayley-Hayley, who loves bles round the pleasant village of Weston, we were me as if he had known me from my cradle. When
be returns to town, as he must, alas! he will pay added to the number of my correspondents, and to his respects to you. He has, I assure you, been all him I write almost as duly as I rise in the morning. and all to us, on this very afflictive occasion. Love Since I wrote last, Mrs. Unwin has been continuhim, I charge you, dearly, for my sake. Where ally improving in strength, but at so gradual a rate, could I have found a man, except himself, so neces- that I can only mark it by saying that she moves sary to me, in so short a time, that I absolutely every day with less support than the former. On know not how to live without him?"
the whole, I believe she goes on as well as can be Mr. Hayley left Weston early in June, at which expected, though not quite so well as to satisfy me." time many pleasing symptoms of Mrs. Unwin's ul During the last two months I seem to myself to timate recovery began to appear. Cowper's letters have been in a dream. It has been a most eventto his friend after his departure, which were writ- ful period, and fruitful to an uncommon degree, ten almost daily, afford ample proofs of the warmth both in good and in evil. I have been very ill, and of his affection for him, and of the deep interest he suffered excruciating pain: I recovered, and became took in promoting Mrs. Unwin's recovery. He quite well again. I received within my doors a man, thus commences his first letter to Mr. Hayley :- but lately an entire stranger, and who now loves "ALL'S WELL! which words I place as conspicuously me as his brother, and forgets himself to serve me. as possible, and prefix them to my letter, to save you Mrs. Unwin has been seized with an illness, that the pain, my friend and brother, of a moment's for many days threatened to deprive me of her, and anxious speculation. Poor Mary proceeds in her to cast a gloom, an impenetrable one, on all my fuamendment, and improves, I think, even at a swifter lure prospects. She is now granted to me again. rate than when you left her. The stronger she A few days since I should have thought the moon grows, the faster she gathers strength, which is per- might have descended into my purse as likely as haps the natural course of recovery. Yesterday any emolument, and now it seems not impossible. was a noble day with her; speech, almost perfect- All this has come to pass with such rapidity as eyes, open almost the whole day, without any effort events move with in romance indeed, but not often to keep them so—and her siep, wonderfully im- in real life. Events of all sorts creep or fly, exacily proved! Can I ever honor you enough for your as God pleases." zeal to serve me? Truly I think not. I am, how While Mr. Hayley was at Weston, he had perever, so sensible of the love I owe to you on this suaded Cowper and Mrs. Unwin to promise him a account, that I every day regret the acuteness of visit at Eartham, some time in the summer; believe your feelings for me, convinced that they expose you ing that it would greatly improve Mrs. Unwin's to so much trouble, mortification, and disappoint- health, and be an agreeable relaxation to Cowper, ment. I have, in short, a poor opinion of my after the anxiety of mind he had felt respecting bis destiny, as I told you when you were here; and esteemed invalid. Mr. Hayley wrote several pressthough I believe, if any man here can do me good, ing invitations to induce them to come as early as you will, I cannot yet persuade myself that even possible. The following extracts will show the you will be successful in attempting it. But it is no state of Cowper's mind respecting it. To Mr. Blull matter: you are yourself a good which I can never be writes, “We are on the eve of a journey, and a value enough; and, whether rich or poor in other long one. On this very day se’nnight we set out for respects, I shall always account myself better pro Eartham, the seat of my brother bard, Mr. Hayley, vided for than I deserve, with such a friend as you, on the other side of London, nobody knows where, that I can call my own. Let it please God to con- a hundred and twenty miles off. Pray for us, my tinue to me my William and Mary, and I shall be friend, that we may have a safe going and return. more reasonable than to grumble. I rose this morn- It is a tremendous exploit, and I feel a thousand ing, wrapt around with a cloud of melancholy, anxieties when I think of it. But a promise made and with a heart full of fears; but if I see my to him when he was here, that we would go if we Mary's amendment a little advanced, I shall be could, and a sort of persuasion that we can if we better."
will, oblige us to it. The journey and the change “Of what materials can you suppose me made, of air, together with the novelty to us of the scene if, after all the rapid proofs you have given me of to which we are going, may, I hope, be useful to us your friendship, I do not love you with all my heart, both; especially to Mrs. Unwin, who has most need and regret your absence continually. But you must of restoratives." permit me to be melancholy now and then; or, if To Mr. Newton he ihas discloses his feelings on you will not, I must be so without permission; for the subject. “You may imagine that we, who have ihat sable thread is so interwoven with the very been resident in one spot for so many years, do not thread of my existence as to be inseparable from it, engage in such an enterprise without some anxiety. at least while I exist in the body. Be content, there- Persons accustomed to travel would make themfore: let me sigh and groan, but always be sure selves merry with mine; it seems so disproportionthat I love you.". You will be well assured that Ied to the occasion. Once I have been on the point should not have indulged myself in this rhapsody of determining not to go, and even since we fixed about myself and my melancholy, had my present the day, my troubles have been almost insupportastate of mind been of that complexion, or had not ble. But it has been made a matter of much prayer, our poor Mary seemed still to advance in her re- and at last it has pleased God to satisfy me, in some covery. It is a great blessing to us both, that, fee- measure, that his will corresponds with our purble as she is, she has a most invincible courage, pose, and that he will afford us his protection. You, and a trust in God's goodness that nothing shakes. I know, will not be unmindful of us during our abShe is certainly, in some degree, better than she sence from home; but will obtain for us, if your was yesterday; but how to measure the degree prayers can do it, all that we would ask for ourselves I know not, except by saying—that it is just percep-1-the presence and favor of God, a salutary effect tible."
of our journey, and a safe return. In a letter dated 11th June, 1792, Cowper thus Anxious to enjoy the pleasure of Cowder's comdiscloses his state of mind to Lady Hesketh:-"My pany at Eartham, Mr. Hayley, in his letters to the dearest cousin, thou art ever in my thoughts, whether poet, urged him, by no means to defer his visit till I am writing to thee or not, and iny correspondence late in the summer. From Cowper's replies we se seems to grow upon me at such a rate, that I am not lect the following interesting extracts :-" The weaable to address thee so often as I would. In fact, I ther is sadly against my Mary's recovery; it deprivés live only to write letters. Hayley is, as you see, her of many a good turn in the orchard, and fifty
times have I wished this very day, that Dr. Darwin's tained for me a degree of confidence, that I trast scheme of giving rudders and sails to the icelands, will prove a comfortable viaticum to me all the way. that spoil all our summers, were actually put into The terrors that I have spoken of, would appear practice. So should we have gentle airs instead of ridiculous to most, but to you they will not, for you churlish blasts, and those everlasting sources of bad are a reasonable creature, and know well that to weather, being once navigated into the southern whatever cause it be owing, (whether to constitution hemisphere, my Mary would recover as fast again. or God's express appointment,) I am hunted by spiWe are both of your mind respecting the journey ritual hounds in the night season. I cannot help it. to Eartham, and think that July, if by that time she You will pity me, and wish it were otherwise, and have strength for the journey, will be better than though you may think there is much of the imagiAugust This, however, must be left to the Giver nary in it
, will not deem it, for that reason, an evil of all Good. If our visit to you be according to his less to be lamented. So much for fears and diswill, he will smooth our way before us, and appoint tresses. Soon I hope they will all have a joyful terthe time of it; and I thus speak, not because I'wish mination, and I and my Mary be skipping with deto seem a saint in your eyes, but because my poor light at Eartham.” Mary actually is one, and would not set her foot The protracted indisposition of Mrs. Unwin, and over the threshold, unless she had, or thought she the preparation which Cowper thought it necessary had, God's free permission. With that she would to make for his journey, had entirely diverted his go through floods and fire, though without it she mind from his literary undertaking. To Mr. Haywould be afraid of every thing-afraid even to visit ley, on this point, he thus writes :-"I know not how you, dearly as she loves, and much as she longs to you proceed in your Life of Milton, but I suppose see you."
not very rapidly, for while you were here, and In another letter to Mr. Hayley, he writes, “The since you left us, you have had no other theme but progress of the old nurse in Terence is very much me. As for myself, except my letters, and the nuplike the progress of my poor patient in the road to tial song I sent you in my lasi, I have literally done recovery. I cannot indeed say that she moves but nothing, since I saw you. Nothing, I mean, in the advances not, for advances are certainly made, but writing way, though a great deal in another; that the progress of a week is hardly perceptible. I is to say, in attending my poor Mary, and endeavorknow not, therefore, at present, what to say about ing to nurse her up for a journey to Eartham. In this long postponed journey; the utmost that it is this I have hitherto succeeded tolerably well, and I safe for me to say at this moment, is this-you know had rather carry this point completely, than be the that you are dear to us both: true it is that you are most famous editor of Milton the world has ever so, and equally true, that the very instant we feel seen, or shall see. As to this affair, I kr.ow not ourselves at liberty, we will fly to Eartham. You what will become of it. I wrote to Johnson a week wish me to settle the time, and I wish with all my since, to tell him that the interruption of Mrs. Unheart so to do; living in hopes, meanwhile, that I win's illness still continued, and being likely to conshall be able to do it soon. But some little time must tinue, I knew not when I should be able to proceed necessarily intervene. Our Mary must be able to The translations I said were finished, except the walk alone, to cut her own food, and to feed herself, revisal of a part. I hope, or rather wish, that as and to wear her own shoes, for at present she wears Eartham I may recover that habit of study, which, mine. All these things considered, my friend and inveterate as it once seemed, I now seem to have brother, you will see the expediency of waiting a lost—lost to such a degree, that it is even painful little before we set off to Eartham. We mean, in- for me to think of what it will cost me to acquire it deed, before that day arrives, to make a trial of her again.” strength; how far she may be able to bear the mo About this time, at the request of a much esteemtion of a carriage, a motion that she has not felt ed relative, Cowper sat to Abbot, the painter, for these seven years. I grieve that we are thus cir- his portrait; and the following playful manner in cumstanced, and that we cannot gratify ourselves which he adverts to the circumstance, exhibits the in a delightful and innocent project, without all peculiarity of his case, and shows, that though he these precautions; but when we have leaf-gold to was almost invariably suffering under the influence handle, we must do it tenderly.”
of deep depression, he frequently wrote to his corThe day was at length fixed for this long-intend- respondents in a strain the most sprightly and cheered journey; and the following letter to Mr. Hayley, ful:—“How do you imagine I have been occupied written a day or two previously, describes Cowper's these last ten days? In sitting, not on cockatrice feelings respecting it:
eggs, nor yet to gratisy a mere idle humor, nor be
cause I was too sick to move, but becalise my cousin “ Through floods and flames to your retreat
Johnson has an aunt who has a longing desire of I win my desp'rate way,
my picture, and because he would, therefore, bring And when we meet, if e'er we meet,
a painter from London to draw it. For this purpose Will echo your huzza!
I have been sitting, as I say, these ten days; and "You will wonder at the word desperate in the likeness is so strong, that when my friends enter the
am heartily glad that my sitting time is over.' The second line, and at the if in the third ; but could you room where the picture is, they start, astonished to have any conception of the fears that I have had to
see me where they know I am not. bustle with, of the dejection of spirits I have suffered concerning this journey, you would wonder much
Abbot is painting me so true, that I still courageously persevere in my resolution
That (trust me, you would stare, to undertake it. Fortunately for my intention, it
And hardly know, at the first view, happens that as the day approaches my terrors
If I were here, or there. abate; for had they continued to be what they were a week ago, I must, after all, have disappointed Miserable man that you are, to be at Brighton, inyou; and was actually once on the verge of doing stead of being here to contemplate this prodigy of it. I have told you something of my nocturnal ex- art, which, therefore, yeu can never see, for it goes periences, and assure you now, that they were hard to London next Monday to be suspended awhile at ly ever more terrific than on this occasion. Prayer Abbot's and then proceeds to Norfolk, where it will has, however, opened my passage at last, and ob-! be suspended for ever."
| passionate sensibility with which Cowper watched Journey to Eartham. Incidents of it. Safe arrival. Description of over his aged invalid. With the most singular and its beauties. Employment there. Reply to a letter from Mr. Hur
most exemplary tenderness of attention, he incesdis, on the death of his sister. State of Cowper's mind at Eartham. santly labored to counteract every infirmity, bodily His great attention to Mrs. Unwin. Return to Weston. Interview and mental, with which sickness and age had conwith General Cowper. Safe arrival at their beloved retreat. Vio- spired to load the interesting guardian of his afflictlence of his depressive malady. Regrets the loss of his studious ed life.” habit. Ineffectual efforts to obtain it. Warmth of his affection for Cowper had been at Eartham but a few days, Mr. Hayley. Dread of January. Prepares for a second edition of when he received a letter from his friend, Mr. Homer. Commences writing notes upon it. Labor it occasioned Hurdis, informing him of the loss he had sustained
His close application. Continuance of his depression. Ju- by the death of a beloved sister. His compassiondicious consolatory advice he gives to his friends. Letter to Rev. ate heart immediately prompted him to write the J. Johnson on his taking orders
. Pleasure it afforded him to find following reply:-"Your kind, but very affecting that his relative entered upon the work with suitable feelings. Re- letter, foind me not at Weston, to which place it ply to Mr. Hayley respecting a joint literary undertaking.
was directed, but in a bower of my friend Hayley's COWPER and Mrs. Unwin set out for Eartham in garden, at Eartham, where I was sitting with Mrs. ce the beginning of August, 1792. It pleased God to Unwin. We both knew, the moment we saw it,
conduct them thither in safety; and though consi- from whom it came, and observing a red seal, both derably fatigued with their journey, they were much comforted ourselves that all was well at Burwash; less so than they had anticipated. Cowper's letters but we soon felt that we were called not to rejoice, to his friends after his arrival describe his feelings but to mourn with you: we do, indeed, sincerely on the occasion, in a manner the most pleasing :- mourn with you; and, if it will afford you any con"Here we are, at Eartham, in the most elegant man- solation to know it, you may be assured that every sion that I have ever inhabited, and surrounded by eye here has testified what our hearts have suffered the most beautiful pleasure-grounds that I have ever for you. Your loss is great, and your disposition, I seen; but which, dissipated as my powers of thought perceive, such as exposes you to feel the whole are at present, I will not undertake to describe. It weight of it. I will not add to your sorrow by a shall suffice me to say, that they occupy three sides vain attempt to assuage it; your own good sense, of a hill, which in Buckinghamshire might well and the piety of your principles, will, of course, pass for a mountain, and from the summit of which suggest to you the most powerful motives of acquiis beheld a most magnificent landscape, bounded by escence in the will of God. You will be sure to the sea, and in one part by the Isle of Wight, which recollect, that the stroke, severe as it is, is not the may also be seen plainly from the window of the stroke of an enemy, but of a Friend and a Father; library, in which I am writing. It pleased God to and will find, I trust, hereafter, that like a Father carry us both through the journey with far less dif- he has done you good by it. Thousands have been ficulty and inconvenience than I expected; I began able to say, and myself as loud as any of them, it it indeed with a thousand fears, and when we ar- has been good for me that I have been afflicted; rived the first evening at Barnet, found myself op- but time is necessary to work us to this persuapressed in spirit to a degree that could hardly be sion, and in due time it will, no doubt, be yours.”. exceeded. I saw Mrs. Unwin weary, as well she The following extracts from letters to Lady might be, and heard such noises, both within the Hesketh, dated Eartham, describe his feelings while house and without, that I concluded she would get he remained there :-"I know not how it is, my no rest. But I was mercifully disappointed. She dearest cousin, but in a new scene like tbis, surrested, though not well, yet sufficiently. Here we rounded by strange objects, I find my powers of
found our friend Rose, who had walked from his thinking dissipated to a degree that makes it diffis house in Chancery-lane, to meet us, and to greet us cult for me even to write a letter, and even a letter
with his best wishes. At Kingston, where we dined to you; but such a letter as I can, I will, and I have the second day, I found my old and much valued the fairest chance to succeed this morning-Hayley, friend, General Cowper, whom I had not seen for Romney, and Hayley's son, being all gone to the thirty years, and but for this journey should never sea for bathing. The sea, you must know, is nine have seen again. When we arrived at Ripley, miles off, so that, unless stupidity prevent, I shall where we slept the second night, we were both in a have opportunity to write, not only to you, but to better condition of body and of mind than on the poor Hurdis also, who is broken-hearted for the loss day preceding. Here we found a quiet inn, that of his favorite sister, lately dead. I am, without housed, as it happened, that night, no company but the least dissimulation, in good health; my spirits ourselves: we slept well and rose perfectly refresh- are about as good as you have ever seen them; and ed, and, except some terrors that I felt at passing if increase of appetite, and a double portion of over the Sussex Hills at moonlight, met with little sleep, be advantageous, such are the benefits I have to complain of, till we arrived, about ten o'clock, at received from this
migration. As to that gloominess Eartham. Here we are as happy as it is in the of mind which I have felt these twenty years, it cleaves power of earthly good to make ns. It is almost a to me even here; and could I be translated to paradise, paradise in which we dwell; and our reception has unless I left my body behind me, would cleave to me been the kindest that it was possible for friendship even there also. It is my companion for life, and and hospitality to contrive."
nothing will ever divorce us. Mrs. Unwin is eviWhile at Eartham, Cowper and Mr. Hayley em- dently the better for her jaunt, though by no means ployed the morning hours that they could bestow as she was before her last attack, still wanting help upon books, in revising and correcting Cowper's when she would rise from her seat, and a support translation of Milton's Latin and Italian poems. In in walking, but she is able to take more exercise than the afternoon, they occasionally amused themselves when at home, and move with rather a less tottering by forming together a rapid metrical version of step. God knows what he designs for me; but when Andreini's Adamo. Cowper's tender solicitude for I see those who are dearer to me than myself, disMrs. Unwin, however, rendered it impossible for tempered and enfeebled, and myself as strong as in them to be very attentive to these studies. Advert- the days of my youth, I tremble for the solitude in ing to the anxiety of Cowper respecting Mrs. Un- which a few years may place me.” win, Mr. Hayley thus writes:—"I have myself no “ This is, as I have already told you, a delightful language sufficiently strong or sufficiently tender, place: more beautiful scenery I have never beheld, to express my just admiration of that angelic, com- I nor expect to behold: but the charms of it, uncom