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CHAP. I.

Rise of the Sacramental Controversy. Death of

Muncer. Melancthon's excursion in Germany.

The Reformation. Luther. Birth of Melanc Death of Mosellanus. His Epitaph. Melanc.

thon. His education. Early proficiency. Re thon's iutroduction to the Landgrave of Hesse.

sidence at Pforzheim, Heidelberg and Tubingen. Death of Nesenus. His Epitaph. Death of Fre-

Takes his degree. Obtains an early and remark deric the Wise. Translated extracts from Me.

able celebrity. Honored by Erasmus and Bishop lancthon's Funeral Oration. His Epitaph. Lu-

Latimer. Edits Nauclerus. Renders assistance ther's marriage. Controversy with Erasmus.

to Capnio in his contention with the monks. His

Melancthon's visits to Nuremberg to found an

public lectures and literary zeal. His removal to

Academy. Translated extracts from his oration

a Greek Professorship in the University of Wit at the opening of the Institution. Publications. 309

temberg. Commencement of his friendship with

Luther..

277

CHAP. VII.

CHAP. II

John succeeds his brother Frederic in the Elec-

General Observations. Revival and purifica-

torate. Changes. Diet of Spires. Melancthon's

Memorial. The Landgrave of Hesse promotes

tion of the Peripatetic Philosophy by Melancthon.

the Reformation in his dominions. Melancthon's

His early labors at Wittemberg, and his increas-

“ Libellus Visitorius." Commissioners appoint-

ing influence throughout Germany, Extracts

ed to inspect the Reformed Churches. Second

from his Oration "de Corrigendis Adolescentiæ Diet of Spires. Anecdote of the Landgrave of

Studiis.".

283

Hesse. Remarkable story of Grynæus. Me-

lancthon's visit to his mother. Continuance of

CHAP. III.

the Sacramental Controversy. Conference at

The State of Religion. Relics. Indulgences.

Marpurg. Melancthon's Commentary on the

Epistle to the Colossians...

320

Tetzel. Progress of the Controversy with the

Court of Rome. Melancthon's Narrative of Lu-

CHAP. VIII.

ther. Public Disputation at Leipsic. Its Effects.

Paper war between Melancthon and Eckius.

Brief notice of general affairs. Appointment

Concise but satisfactory pamphlet and admirable

of the Diet of Augsburg.

Translation of the

spirit of the former...

286

Augsburg Confession. Popish Confutation.

CHAP. IV.

Subsequent proceedings. Melancthon's Apolo-

gy. Decree of the Diet. Deliberation of the

Reformers.

Melancthon's marriage. His domestic charac-

Striking anecdote of Melancthon.

324

ter. His exemplary virtues.

Anecdote of the Archbishop of Mentz.

His boundless li-
berality. Account of his favorite servant John.

CHAP. IX.

Epitaph on his tomb stone. Candor of Melanc.

thon. His meekness. Sympathy. Interesting

Smalcald. Unfavorable circumstances an-

Letter written to a friend, who had sustained a

nounced. The Emperor retracts at Ratisbon and

painful family bereavement. His Piety. Sin.

cerity. Wit. Memory. Temperance. Modesty.

agrees to the suspension of all legal processes

against the Protestants, Death of the Elector

Humility. Parental conduct. His value for

John. Melancthon's Funeral Oration. His Epi-

Time. Marriage and settlement of his two

taph. Succeeded by John Frederic. The Em-

daughters. Character of his sons-in-law, George

Sabinus and Casper Peucer. Notice of Thurzo,

peror urges on the Pope a general Council. Con-

tinuance of the Sacramental Controversy. Me-

Bishop of Breslaw.....

294

lancthon and Buicer confer with the Landgrave.

CHAP. V.

A vain attempt at Leipsic to restore union between

contending parties. Francis I. urges Melancthon

The Pope's Bull against Luther. His retalia to repair to Frauce. Their correspondence.

tion. Diet at Worms. Luther's seizure and im-

Entreaties of the Langean family to the same

prisonment at the Castle of Wartenberg. Feel. purpose. Bellay goes into

Germany and invites

ings of Melancthon.

Condemnation of Luther

Melancthon into France. The Elector interposes

by the Sorbonne. Melancthon's satirical re-

to prevent the journey. Henry VIII. invites

joinder. His publication under the feigned name

Melancthon into England. Their correspond-

of Didymus Faventinus. His declamation on the

ence. The King of England's eagerness in des-

stud of Paul. Extracts from his Loci Com patching messengers to France, to prevent Me.

munes, or Theological Common Places. Trans-

lancthon's continuance there if he were arrived,

actions relative to the abolition of private Mas-

or otherwise to dissuade him from going. Curi-

300 ous original documents on the subject. A larger

commission sent into Germany.

Melancthon's

CHAP. VI.

communication with Archbishop Cranmer. State

of his health. Takes a journey. Injurious re-

The Anabaptists. Disturbances of Carlostadt. ports circulated. Writes against the Anabaptists.

334

Luther's return to Wittemberg. Account of big Conferences with Bucer and Capito.

German version of the Scriptures, with the as-

sistance of Melancthon and others. Luther's

CHAP. X.

conference with Stubner. His letter of apology

for stealing Melancthon's MS. copy of his Com A General Council proposed. Meeting at

mentary on the Romans. Extracts from that Smalcald. Melancthon writes on the Pope's Su.

Commentary. Progress of the Reformation.

premacy, and against the manner of appointing

Page

Pnge

the Council. Communications with Francis I. imprisonment of the Landgrave. Diet at Augs-

Passage from the Recess of Smalcald. Melanc burg. The Interim. Meetings of the Wittem.

thon is solicited to visit Augsburg respecting the berg and Leipsic Divines. Melancthon's publi-

institution of a Public Library. Letter of Car cation on indifferent things. Extracts from his

dinal Sadolet. A second commission from Hen. reply to the Interim. Curious preface to an En-

ry VIII. Persons sent into England. Melanc glish translation of it. The virulent opposition

thon's letter to the king. Second letter against of Flaccus Illyricus to Melancthon. Reply of

the Anabaptists. Another deputation from Frank the latter...

349

fort. Melancthon's third and fourth letters to the

CHAP. XII.

king. Death of George of Saxony. Progress

of the Reformation. Diet held at Haguenaw. Articles prepared for the Council of Trent.

Melancthon's dangerous illness on the way. In Melancthon commences his journey thither-but

teresting account of Luther's visit to him. An-

returns in consequence of Maurice changing his

other Diet at Worms. Referred to Ratisbon. conduct, and declaring war against the Emperor.

Melancthon meets with an accident on the road. Peace of Passau. Plague. Withdrawment of

Conference between select persons. Augsburg the University of Wittemberg to Torgau. Osi-

Decree confirmed. Several anecdotes of Me ander. Stancarus. Private afflictions. Meeting

lancthon. Cuptentions about the Election of a at Naumburg respecting the renewal of the an-

Bishop at Naumburg. Account of Melancthon

cient friendship subsisting between the houses of

and Bucer's co-operation with the Archbishop of Saxony, Brandenburg, and Hesse. Transactions

Cologne, to introduce the Reformation into his relative to Servetus. John Frederic's release

Diocese. Acrimonious publication of some of and death, Death of Maurice. Controversies.

the Clergy. Melancthon's satirical reply. Pri Persecutions of Flacius and his adherents. Mo-

vate afflictions. Draws up a plan of Reform lancthon's letters on the subject. Death of Jo-

for the Elector Palatine. Engages in the ordina-

359

tion of George, Prince of Anhalt. Sketch of his

340

life. Epigram by Melancthon...

CHAP. XIII.

Last conference of Melancthon with the Pa.

CHAP. XI.

pists at Worms. Visit to Heidelberg. Receives

intelligence of his wife's death. Her epitaph.

Persecuting measures. Death of Luther. Mo The Chronicon and other writings. Loss of

lancthon's Funeral Oration for him. Tributary friends. Melancthon's infirmities. Interesting

lines. Remarks on the friendship of Luther and paper assigning reasons why it is desirable to

Melancthon. Position of public affairs. The leave the world. A variety of particulars re

Emperor and the Protestants at open war. Per. specting his last illness and death. Epitaph by

fidy of Maurice. Captivity of John Frederic and Theodore Beza. Ode..

363

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R R E V. JOHN WESL EY, A. M.

SOMETIME FELLOW OF LINCOLN COLLEGE, OXFORD,

AND

FOUNDER OF THE METHODIST SOCIETIES.

BY RICHARD WATSON.

By cómous tepicsoripus.- CORINTHIANI.

WITA

NOTES AND TRANSLATIONS, BY THE AUTHOR.

CHRISTIAN`LIBRARI ÉDITION.

NEW YORK:

. THOMAS GEORGE, JR. 162 NASSAU STREET

1836.

ADVERTISEMENT.

VARIOUS Lives, or Memoirs, of the founder of Methodism have already been laid before the public. But it has been frequently remarked that such of these as contain the most approved accounts of Mr. Wesley, have been carried out to a length which obstructs their circulation, by the intermixture of details comparatively uninteresting beyond the immediate circle of Wesleyan Methodism. The present Life, therefore, without any design to supersede larger publications, has been prepared with more special reference to general readers. But, as it is contracted within moderate limits chiefly by the exclusion of extraneous inatter, it will, it is hoped, be found sufficiently comprehensive to give the realer an adequate view of the life, labors and opinions of the eminent individual who is its subject; and to afford the means of correcting the most material errors and misrepresentations which have had currency respecting him. On several points the author has had the advantage of consulting unpublished papers, not known to preceding biogra. phers, and which have enabled him to place some particulars in a more satisfactory light.

LONDON, May 10.

LIFE OF THE REV. JOHN WESLEY.

CHAPTER I.

I the non-conformists, whose views of discipline they John and CharlES WESLEY, the chief founders had renounced. They had parted with Calvinism; of that religious body now commonly known by the but, like many others, they renounced with it, for name of the Wesleyan Methodists, were the sons of want of spiritual discrimination, those tru: hs which the Rev. Samuel Wesley, rector of Epworth, in were as fully maintained in the theology of Armini. Lincolnshire.

us, and in that of their eminent son, who revived, Of this clergyman, and his wife, Mrs. Susannah and more fully illustrated it, as in the writings of Wesley, who was the daughter of the Rev. Dr. Annes- the most judicious and spiritual Calvinis:ic divines ley, as well as the ancestors of both, an interessing themselves. Taylor, Tillotson, and Bull, who beaccount will be found in Dr. Adam Clarke's "Me- came their oracles, were Arminians of a different moirs of the Wesley Family," and in the “Life of class. Mr. John Wesley," by Dr. Whitehead, and in the The advantage of such a parentage to the Wes more recent one by Mr. Moore. They will be no- leys was great. From their earliest years they had ticed here only so far as a general knowledge of an example in the father of all that could render a their character may be necessary to assist our jud - clergyman respectable and influential; and, in the ment as to the opinions and conduct of their more mother there was a sanctified wisdom, a masculine celebrated sons.

understanding, and an acquired knowledge, which The rector of Epworth, like his excellent wife, they regarded with just deference after they became had descended from parents distinguished for learn- men and scholars.' The influence of a piery so ing, piety, and non-conformity. His father dying steadfast and uniform, joinel to such qualities, and whilst he was young, he forsook the Dissenters at softened by maternal tenderness, could scarcely fail an early period of life; and his conversion carried to produce effect. The firm and manly character, him into high church principles, and political tory- the practical sense, the active and unwearied habits ism. He was not, however, so rigid in the former of the father, with the calm, reflecting, and stable as to prevent him from encouraging the early zeal qualities of the mother, were in particular inherited of his sons, John and Charles, at Oxford, although by Mr. John Wesley; and in him were must hap, it was even then somewhat irregular, when tried pily blended. A large portion of the ecclesiastical by the strictest rules of church order and custom; principles and prejudlices of the rector of Epworih and his toryism, sufficiently high in theory, was yet was also transmited to his three sons; but whilst of that class which regarded the rights of the sub- Samuel and Charles retained them least impaired, ject tenderly in practice. He refused flattering in John, as we shall see, they sustained in future life overtures made by the adherents of James II., to in considerable modifications. duce him to support the measures of the court, and Samuel, the eldest son, was born in 1692; John, wrote in favor of the revolution of 1688; admiring in 1703; and Charles, in 1708. it, probably, less in a political view, than as rescui Samuel Wesley, junior, was educated at West. ing a protestant church from the dangerous infu- minster School; and in 17ll was elected to Christ ence of a popish head. For this service, he was Church, Oxford. He was eminent for his learning, presented with the living of Epworth, in Lincoln- and was an excellent poet, with great power of shire, to which, a few years afterwards, was added satire, and an elegant wit. He held a considerable that of Wroote, in the same county.

rank among the literary men of the day, and finally He held the living of Epworth upwards of forty settled as head master of the free school of Tiver. years, and was distinguished for the zeal and fidelity ton, in Devonshire, where he died in 1739, in his with which he discharged his parish duties. Of his forty-ninth year. talents and learning, his remaining works afford Mrs. Wesley was the instructress of her children honorable evidence.

in their early vears, “I can find," says Dr. While. Mrs. Susannah Wesley, the mother of Mr. John head, “no evidence that the boys were ever put to Wesley, was, as might be expected from the eini- any school in the country; their mo: her having a nent character of Dr. Samuel Annesley, her fa- very bad opinion of the common methods of instruct. ther, educated with great care. Like her husband, ing and governing children.” She was particularly she also, at an early period of life, renounced non- led, it would seeni, to interest herself in John, whó, conformity, and became a member of the established when he was about six years old, had a providential church, after, as her biographers tell us, she had and singular escape from being burned to death, read and mastered the whole controversy on the upon the parsonage house being consumed. There subject of separation; of which, however, great is a striking passage in one of her private meditaas were her natural and acquired talents, she must, tions, which contains a reference to this event;' and at the age of thirteen years, have been a very im- indicates that she considered it as laving her under perfect judge. The serious habits impressed upon a special obligation " to be more particularly careful both by their education, did not forsake them ;-of ihe soul of a child whom God had so mercifully "they feared God, and wrought righteousness;" provided for.” The effect of this special care on but we may perhaps account for that obscurity in ihe part of the mother was, that, under the divine the views of each on several great points of evan- blessing, he became early serious; for at the age of gelical religion, and especially on justification by eight years, he was admitted by his father to parfaith, and the offices of the Holy Spirit, which hung take of the sacrament. In 1714, he was placed at over their minds for many years, and indeed, till the Charter House," where he was noticed for his towards the close of life, from this early change of diligence and progress in learning:"+ "Here, for their religious connections. Their theological read- his quietness, regularity, and application, he became ing, according to the fashion of the church people of that day, was now directed rather to the writings

* The memory of his deliverance, on this ocasion, is of those divines of the English church who were low

the head, the representation of a house in Aames,

preserved in one of his early portraits, which has, be. tinctured more or less with a Pelagianized Armini- l with the motio, "Is not this a brand plucked from the anism, than to the works of its founders; their suc. burning ? cessors the paritans, or of those eminent men among Whiteheaul's Life

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