« 前へ次へ »
till he was at sea. When he did, he found Wes- | passed through the East Riding of Yorkshire, to ley's Hymns, which he immediately threw over- Hull: preaching in every place as on the brink of board. I cannot believe it. I think Mr. G. bad eternity. He also visited Epworth, and various more sense. He knew my brother well. And he parts of Lincolnshire; and, upon attaining his knew him to be not only far superior in learning, eighty-eighth year, has the following reflections : but in poetry, to Mr. Thomson, and all his theatri " 'This day I enter into my eighty-eighth year. cal writers put together: none of them can equal For above eighty-six years, I found none of the inhim, either in strong nervous sense, or purity and firmities of old age; my eyes did not wax dim, nei. elegance of language. The musical compositions ther was my natural strength abated; but last Auof his sons are not more excellent than the poetical gust, I found almost a sudden change: my eyes were ones of their father."
so dim that no glasses would help me; my strength The last end of the truly venerable John Wesley likewise now quite forsook me, and probably will was now also approaching. He was on his regular pot return in this world; but I feel no pain from pastoral visit to Ireland, when he entered his eighty- head to foot: only it seems, nature is exhausted, seventh year, on which he remarks in his Journal, and, humanly speaking, will sink more and more “ This day I enter on my eighty-seventh year. I till now find I grow old. 1. My sight is decayed, so "The weary springs of life stand still at last.' * that I cannot read a small print, unless in a strong light. 2. My strength is decayed, so that I walk
“ This," says Dr. Whitehead, " at length was much slower than I did some years since. 3. My literally the case; the death of Mr. Wesley, like memory of names, whether of persons or places, is that of his brother Charles, being one of those rare decayed, till I stop a little to recollect them. What instances in which nature, drooping under the load I should be afraid of is, if I took thought for the of years, sinks by a gentle decay. For several years morrow, that my body should weigh down my preceding his death, this decay was, perhaps, more mind, and create either stubbornness, by the de- visible to others than to himself
, particularly by a crease of my understanding, or peevishness, by the more frequent disposition to sleep during the day, increase of bodily infirmities; but thou shali an- by a growing defect in memory, a faculty he once swer for me, O Lord my God!"
possessed in a high degree of perfection, and by a Notwithstanding these infirmities, we find him general diminution of the vigor and agility he had still acting under the impression—"I must be about so long enjoyed. His labors, however, suffered litmy Father's business.” “Although in comparison of ile interruption; and when the summons came, it his former rapidity of movement, he crept rather found him, as he always wished it should, in the than ran; it was still in the same ceaseless course harness, still occupied in his Master's work!" of service. After holding the Irish conference in
Still his Journal records his regular visitation of Dublin, and the English conference at Leeds, in the principal places where societies existed, and exAugust, he returned to London ; from thence he hibits the same variety and raciness of remark on set out to Bristol, and proceeded on his usual tour men and books, and other subjects, although writing through the west of England and Cornwall. Not. must, at that time, have become exceedingly diffiwithstanding his regular visits to Cornwall, he ap- cult to him from the failure of his sight. This most pears, from some reason, not to have turned aside interesting record of unparalleled labors " in the to Falmouth, since the time of his preaching there gospel” was, for this reason, it is presumed, disconforty years before when he met with so violent a tinued, and closed, on Sunday, October 24ih, 1790, reception. He now paid that place a visit, and re- when he states that he preached twice at Spitalfields marks—"The last time I was here, about forty years church. Ile continued however, during the au. ago, I was taken prisoner by an immense mob, gap- tuinn and winter, to visit various places till Febing and roaring like lions; but how is the tide turn- ruary, continually praying, “Lord, let me not live ed! High and low now lined the streets from one to be useless." The following account of his last end of the town to the other, out of stark love and days is taken from the memoir prefixed to the edikindness, gaping and staring as if the king were tion of his works by the Rev. Joseph Benson, and going by. In the evening I preached on the smooth, is there inserted as a proper close to his Journal:top of the hill, at a small distance from the sea, to “He preached, as usual, in different places in the largest congregation I have ever seen in Corn- London and its vicinity, generally meeting the sowall, except in or near Redruth; and such a time ciety after preaching in each place, and exhorting I have not known before, since I returned from Ire- them to love as brethren, to fear God, and honor the Jand. God moved wonderfully on the hearts of the king, which he wished them to consider as his last people, who all seemed to know the day of their advice. He then usually, if not invariably, convisitation."
cluded, with giving out that verseFrom Cornwall he returned by way of Bristol and O that, without a ling'ring groan Bath to London. In the early part of the next year,
I may the welcome word receive; we find him again at Bristol ; from whence he pro
My body with my charge lay down, ceeded, preaching at several of the intermediate
And cease at once to work and live.' towns, to Birmingham; and from thence through ." He proceeded in this way till the usual time of Staffordshire to Madeley, where we find the follow- his leaving London approached, when, with a view ing affecting entry in his Journal:
to take his accustomed journey through Ireland or “At nine I preached to a select congregation on Scotland, he sent his chaise and horses before him the deep things of God; and in the evening on, 'He to Bristol, and took places for himself and his friend is able to save unto the uttermost of all them that in the Bath coach. But his mind, with all its vigor come unto God through him.' Friday, 26, I finish- could no longer uphold his worn-out and sinking ed my sermon on the Wedding garment;' perhaps body. Its powers ceased, although, by slow and althe last that I shall write. My eyes are now waxed most imperceptible degrees, to perform their sundim. My natural force is abated; however, while dry offices, until, as he often expressed himself, I can, I would fain do a little for God, before I drop into the dust."
"The weary wheels of life stood still at last.' The societies in Cheshire, Lancashire, and the " Thursday, February 17, 1791, he preached at North of England, once more, and for the last time, Lambeth; but, on his return, seemed much indissaw the man, to whom, under God, they owed their posed, and said, he had taken cold. The next day, religious existence. On his return southward, he however, he read and wrote as usual; and in the
evening, preached at Chelsea, from "The king's | hearty amen showed tha: he perfectly understood
'I the chief of sinners am,
But Jesus died for me.' pauses. On Saturday he still persevered in his
* One said, 'is this the present language of your
on the right foundation !
'I the chief of sinners am,
But Jesus died for me! would keep an engagement, made some tiine before, to dine at Twickenham. In his way thither he Monday, the 28th, his weakness increased. He called on Lady Mary Fitzgerald: the conversation slept most of the day, and spoke but little ; yet that was truly profitable, and well became a last visit. little testified how much his whole heart was taken On Tuesday he went on with his usual work, preach- up in the care of the societies, the glory of God, and ed in the evening at the chapel in the City-road, and the promotion of the things pertaining to that kingseemed much better than he had been for some days. dom to which he was hastening. Once he said, in On Wednesday he went to Leatherhead, and a low but distinct manner, there is no way into the preached to a small company on, “Seek ye the holiest, but by the blood of Jesus.' He afterwards Lord while he may be found ; call ye upon him inquired what the words were from which he had while he is near.'
This proved to be his last ser- preached a little before at Hampstead. Being told mon: here ended the public labors of this great they were these, 'ye know the grace of our Lord minister of Jesus Christ. On Thursday he paid a Jesus Christ, that though he was rich, yet for your visit to Mr. Wolff's family at Balham, where he sakes he became poor, that ye through his poverty was cheerful, and seemed nearly as well as usual, might be rich :' he replied, that is the foundation, till Friday, about breakfast time, when he grew very the only foundation; there is no other. This day heavy. About eleven o'clock' he returned home, Dr. Whitehead desired he might be asked, if he extremely ill. His friends were struck with the would have any other physician called in to attend manner of his getting out of the carriage, and still him; but this he absolutely refused. It is remarkmore with his apparent weakness when he went up able that he suffered very little pain, never comstairs and sat down in his chair. He now desired plaining of any during his illness, but once of a pain to be left alone, and not to be interrupted by any one, in his left breast. This was a restless night. Tuesfor half an hour. When that time was expired day morning he sang two verses of a hymn : then some mulled wine was brought him, of which he lying still, as if to recover strength, he called for drank a little. In a few minutes he threw it up, pen and ink; but when they were brought, he could and said, 'I must lie down.' His friends were now not write. A person said, let me write for you, alarmed, and Dr. Whitehead was immediately sent sir: tell me what you would say. He replied, for. On his entering the room, he said, in a cheer-nothing, but that God is with us.' 'In the forenoon ful voice, doctor, they are more afraid than hurt.' he said, 'I will get up. While they were preparing Most of this day he lay in bed, had a quick pulse, his clothes, he broke out in a manner whích, consiwith a considerable degree of fever and stupor dering his extreme weakness, astonished all present, And Saturday, the 26th, he continued in much the in singing, same state ; taking very little either of medicine or
'I'll praise my Maker while I've breath, nourishment.
And when my voice is lost in death,
Praise shall employ my nobler powers.
* At the Bristol conference in 1783, Mr. Wesley was the verse, in his brother Charles' Scripture Hymns, could recover. From the nature of his complaint, he
taken very ill : neither he nor his friends thought he on' Forsake me not when my strength faileth,' viz.-supposed a spasm would seize his stomach, and, proba
bly, occasion sudden death. Under these views of his 'Till glad I lay this body down,
situation, he said to Mr. Bradford, "I have been reflectThy servant, Lord, attend; And, or my life of mercy crown
ing on my past life: I have been wandering up and
down, between fifty and sixty years, endeavoring, in my With a triumphant end.'
poor way, to do a little good to my fellow-creatures : and Soon after, in a most emphatical manner, he said, now it is probable, that there are but a few steps beour friend Lazarus sleepeth. Exerting himself to salvation ? I can see nothing which I have done or converse with some friends, he was soon fatigued, suffered, that will bear looking at. I have no other plea and obliged to lie down. After lying quiet some than this, time, he looked up, and said, 'speak to me; I can
"I the chief of sinners am, Bot speak.' On which one of the company said,
But Jesus died for me." shall we pray with you, sir ? He earnestly re- The sentiment here expressed, and his reference to it in plied, 'yes.' And while they prayed, his whole soul his last sickness, plainly show how steadily he had perseemed engaged with God for an answer, and his severed in the same views of the gospel.
My days of praise shall ne'er be past,
“He was in the cighty-eighth year of his age, had While life, and thought, and being last, been sixty-five ycars in the ministry; and the preOr immortality endures !'
ceding pages will be a lasting memorial of his un“Having got him into his chair, they observed him common zeal, diligence, and usefulness, in his Maschange for death. But he, regardless of his dying ter's work, for more than half a century. His death body, said, with a weak voice, ‘Lord, thou givest was an admirable close to so laborious and useful a strength to those that can speak, and to those who life. cannot. Speak, Lord, to all our hearts, and let them “At the desire of many of his friends his corpse know that ihou loosest tongues.' He then sung, was placed in the new chapel, and remained there
the day before his interment. His face during "To Father, Son, and Holy Ghost, Who sweetly all agree~
that time had a heavenly smile upon it, and a beau
ty which was admired by all that saw it. Here his voice failed. After gasping for breath, he “March the 9th was the day appointed for his in. said, 'now we have done all.' He was then laid in terment. The preachers then in London requested the bed, from which he rose no more. After resting that Dr. Whitehead should deliver the funeral disa little he called to those who were with him to'pray course; and the executors afterwards approved of and praise.” They kneeled down, and the room the appointment. The intention was to carry the seemed to be filled with the divine presence. A corpse into the chapel, and place it in a raised situlitlle after, he said, ' let me be buried in nothing butation before the pulpit during the service. But the what is woollen, and let my corpse be carried into crowds which came to see the body while it lay in the chapel.' Then, as if he had done with all be the coffin, both in the private house, and especially in low, he again begged they would pray and praise, the chapel, the day before his funeral, were so great, Several triends that were in the house being called that his friends were apprehensive of a tumult, if up, they all kneeled down again to prayer, at which they should adopt the plan first intended. It was time his fervor of spirit was manifest to every one therefore resolved the evening before, to bury him present. But in particular parts of the prayer, his between five and six in the morning. Though the whole soul seemed to be engaged in a manner which time of notice to his friends was short, and the deevidently showed how ardently he longed for the sign itself was spoken of with great caution, yet a full accomplishment of their united desires. And considerable number of persons attended at that when one of the preachers was praying in a very early hour. The late Rev. Mr. Richardson, who expressive manner, that if God were about to take now lies with him in the same vault, read the funeaway their father to his eternal rest, He would be ral service in a manner that made it peculiarly affectpleased to continue and increase his blessing upon ing. When he came to that part of it, 'Forasmuch the doctrine and discipline which He had long as it hath pleased Almighty God to take unto himmade his servant the means of propagating and esta- self the soul of our dear brother,' &c., he substituted, blishing in the world; such a degree of fervor accom- with the most tender emphasis, the epithet father, panied his loud amen, as was every way expressive instead of brother, which had so powerful an effect of his soul's being engaged in the answer of the per on the congregation, that from silent tears they titions. On rising from their knees, he took hold of seemed universally to burst out into loud weeping. all their hands, and, with the utmost placidness, saluted them, and said, 'Farewell, farewell.'
“A little after, a person coming in, he strove JOHANNES WESLEY, A. M, to speak, but could not. Finding they could not
Olim Soc. Coll. Lin. Oxon. understand him, he paused a little, and then, with all the remaining strength he had, cried out,
Ob. 2do. die Martii, 1791. The best of all is, God is with us; and, soon after
An. Æt. 88.* lifting up his dying arm in token of victory and raising his feeble voice with a holy triumph no to be ed in the chapel at the hour appointed in the fore
“The discourse, by Dr. Whitehead, was deliver. expressed, he again repeated the heart-reviving worıls, The best of all is, God is with us. Being told noon, to an astonishing multitude of people ; among that his brother's widow was come, he said, He whom were many ministers of the gospel, both of giveth his servants rest.' He thanked her,
as she sull and solemn as night;
and all seemed to carry
the establishment and dissenters. The audience was pressed his hand, and affectionately endeavored to kiss her. On his lips being wetted, he said, 'We thank away with them enlarged views of Mr. Wesley's thee, O Lord, for these and all thy mercies: bless character, and serious impressions of the importhe church and king; and grant us truth and peace,
tance of religion. through Jesus Christ our Lord, for ever and ever!'
The following is the inscription on the marble At another time he said, ' He causeth his servants to tablet erected to his memory in the chapel, Citylie down in peace.' Then pausing a little, he cried,
road :'The clouds drop fatness ! and soon after, ' The Lord is with us, the God of Jacob is our refuge!' OF THE Rev. JOHN WESLEY, M. A. He then called those present to prayer: and though SOMETIME FELLOW OF LINCOLN COLLEGE, OXFORD ; he was greatly exhausted, he appeared still more fervent in spirit. These exertions were, however,
A Man in Learning and sincere Piety too much for his feeble frame; and most of the
Scarcely inferior to any; night following, though he often attempted to repeat
In Zeal, Ministerial Labors, and the psalm before mentioned, he could only utter,
Superior, perhaps, to all Men,
Since the Days of St. Paul. "On Wednesday morning, the closing scene
Regardless of Fatigue, personal Danger, drew near. Mr. Bradford, his faithful friend,
And Disgrace, prayed with him, and the last words he was heard to
He went out into the highways and hedges, articulate were,‘Farewell! A few minutes before
Calling Sinners to Repentance, ten, while several of his friends were kneeling
And Publishing the Gospel of Peace. around his bed, without a lingering groan, this man
* "John Wesley. Master of Arts, formerly Fellow of of God, this beloved pastor of thousands, entered Lincoln College, Oxford, died on the second day of into the joy of his Lord.
March, 1791, in the eighty-eighth year of his age.'
INSCRIPTION ON HIS COFFIN.
SACRED TO THE MEMORY
He was the Founder of the Methodist Societies, tion. But he did not write for fame; his object was
And the chief promoter and Patron chiefly to instruct and benefit that numerous class
Of the Plan of Itinerant preaching, of people who have little learning, little money, and Which he extended through GREAT BRITAIN but little time to spare for reading. In all his wriAnd IRELAND,
tings he constantly kept these circumstances in The West INDIES and AMERICA, view. Content with doing good, he used no trapWith unexampled success.
pings merely to please, or to gain applause. The He was born the 17th of June, 1703; distinguishing character of his style is brevity and
And died the 2d of March, 1791, perspicuity. He never lost sight of the rule which In sure and certain hope of Eternal Life,
Horace gives, Through the Atonement and Mediation of a
• Est brevitate opus, ut currat sententia, neu se Crucified Saviour.
Impediat verbis lassas onerantibus aures.' He was Sixty-five Years in the Ministry, • Concise your diction, let your sense be clear, And Fifty-two an Itinerant Preacher.
Nor with a weight of words fatigue the ear." He lived to see, in these KINGDOMS only, In all his writings his words are well chosen, pure, About three hundred Itinerant,
proper to his subject, and precise in their meaning: And one thousand Local Preachers, His sentences commonly have the attributes of Raised up from the midst of his own People;
clearness, unity, and strength: and whenever be And eighty thousand Persons
took time, and gave the necessary attention to his In the Societies under his care. subject, both his manner of treating it, and his style, His Name will be ever had in grateful remembrance show the hand of a master.* . By all who rejoice in the universal Spread “ The following is a just character to Mr. WesOf the GOSPEL OF CHRIST.
ley as a preacher: His attitude in the pulpit was Soli Deo Gloria.
graceful and easy: his action calm and natural, It would be superfluous in closing this account of but clear and manly: his style neat, simple, and
yet pleasing and expressive: his voice not loud, a man at once so extraordinary and so truly great, perspicuous; and admirably adapted to the capacity for me to attempt a delineation of his character, of his hearers. His discourses, in point of composince this has been done so ably that nothing can sition, were extremely different on different occaeasily be added, with good effect. I shall therefore sions. When he gave himself sufficient time for insert Dr. Whitehead's
own summary, with notices preparation, he succeeded; but when he did not, he by others who were personally acquainted with frequently failed! It was indeed manifest to his him. Taken together they transmit an interesting friends for many years before he died, that his emand instructive picture of the founder of Methodism, ployments were too many, and that he preached too to future ages.
often, to appear with the same advantage at all Dr. Whitehead observes:
times in the pulpit. His sermons were always Some persons have affected to insinuate that short : he was seldom more than half an hour in Mr. Wesley was a man of slender capacity; but delivering a discourse, sometimes not so long. His certainly with great injustice. His apprehension subjects were judiciously chosen : instructive and was clear, his penetration quick, and his judgment interesting to the audience, and well adapted to gain discriminative and sound; of which his controver- attention and warm the heart. sial writings, and his celebrity in the stations he held at Oxford, when young, are sufficient proofs. ministry,
for fifty years together, were without pre
"The labors of Mr. Wesley in the work of the In governing a large body of preachers and people, cedent.” During this period, he travelled about four of various habits, interests, and principles, with as- thousand five hundred miles every year, one year tonishing calmness and regularity for many years with another, chiefly on horseback. It had been he showed a strong and capacious mind, that could impossible for him to accomplish this almost increcomprehend and combine together a vast variety of dible degree of exertion, without great punctuality circumstances, and direct their influence through and care in the management of his time. He had the great body he governed. As a scholar, he cer- stated hours for every purpose: and his only relaxtainly held a conspicuous rank. He was a critic
in ation was a change of employment. His rules were the Latin and Greek classics; and was well ac- like the laws of the Medes and Persians, absolute quainted with the Hebrew, and with several mo- and irrevocable. He had a peculiar pleasure in dern tongues. But the Greek was his favorite lan- reading and study, and every literary man knows guage, in wbich his knowledge was extensive and how apt this passion is to make him encroach on accurate. At college, he had studied Euclid, Keil, the time which ought to be employed in other duSir Isaac Newton's Optics, &c. ; but he never ties: he had a high relish for conversation, espeentered far into the wore abstruse parts, or the cially with pious, learned, and sensible men : but higher branches, of the mathematics; finding they whenever the hour came when he was to set out on would fascinate his mind, absorb his attention, and
a journey, he instantly quitted the company with divert him from the pursuit of the more important which he might be engaged, without any apparent objects of his own profession.
reluctance. For fifty-two years, or upwards, he ge* Natural history was a field in which he walked nerally delivered two, frequently three or four, serat every opportunity, and contemplated with infinite pleasure the wisdom, the power, and the goodness mons in a day. But calculating only two sermons of God, in the structure of natural bodies, and
in a day,
and allowing, as a writer of his life has done,
fifty annually for extraordinary occasions, the whole the various instincts and habits of the animal crea- number of sermons he preached during this period tion. But he was obliged to view these wonderful will be forty thousand five hundred and sixty; TO! works of God, in the labors and records of others; these must be added, an infinite number of exhortahis various and continual employments of a higher tions to the societies after preaching, and in other nature, not permitting him to make experiments and occasional meetings at which he assisted. observations for himself.*
“As a writer, Mr. Wesley certainly possessed ta His treatise on Original Sin ; his appeals, and some lents, sufficient to procure him considerable reputa- of his sermons, are instances of finished and careful
composition; and are equally to be admired for clearness * He, however, employed much leisure time whilst at of method, and the force of many passages which are college in the study of anatomy and medicine.
" In social life, Mr. Wesley was lively and con- standing this, I lay awake the second night. The versational. He had the talent of making himself third morning I rose at five; but nevertheless, I lay exceedingly agreeable in company: and having awake the third night. The fourth morning I rose been much accustomed to society, the rules of good at four, as by the grace of God, I have done ever breeding were habitual to him. The abstraction of since: and I lay awake no more. And I do not now a scholar did not appear in his behavior; but he lie awake, taking the year round, a quarter of an was attentive and polite. He spoke a good deal hour together in a month. By the same experiment, where he saw it was expected, which was almost al-rising earlier and earlier every morning, may any ways the case wherever he visited. Having seen one find how much sleep he wants. much of the world in his travels, and read more, “It must, however, be observed, that, for many his mind was stored with an infinite number of years before his death, Mr. Wesley slept more or anecdotes and observations; and the manner in less during the day; and his great readiness to fall which he related them was no inconsiderable addi- asleep at any time when fatigued, was a consideration to the entertainment and instruction they af- ble means of keeping up bis strength, and enabling forded. It was impossible to be long in his compa- him to go through so much labor. He never could ny, either in public or private, without partaking of endure to sleep on a soft bed. Even in the latter his placid cheerfulness, which was not abated by part of life, when the infirmities of age pressed upon the infirmities of age, or the approach of death; him, his whole conduct was at the greatest distance but was as conspicuous at fourscore and seven, as from softness or effeminacy. at one and twenty.
“A writer of Mr. Wesley's life, from whom some “A remarkable feature in Mr. Wesley's charac- observations respecting his general character have ter, was his placability. Having an active, pene- already been taken, has farther observed, perhaps trating mind, his temper was naturally quick, and the most charitable man in England, was Mr. Weseven tending 10 sharpness. The influence of reli- ley. His liberality to the poor, knew no bounds but gion, and the constant habit of patient thinking, had an empty pocket. "He gave away, not merely a cerin a great measure, corrected this disposition. In tain part of his income, but all that he had : his own general he preserved an air of sedateness and tran- wants provided for, he devoted all the rest to the quillity, which formed a striking contrast to the live- necessities of others. He entered upon this good liness conspicuous in all his actions. Persecution, work at a very early period. We are told, that, abuse, and injury, he bore from strangers, not only when he had thirty pounds a year, he lived on without anger, but without any apparent emotion; twenty-eight, and gave away foriy shillings. The and what he said of himself was strictly true, that next year, receiving sixty pounds, he still lived he had a great facility in forgiving injuries. Sub- on twenty-eight, and gave away iwo and thirty. mission, on the part of the offender, presently dis- The third year he received ninety pounds, and gave armed his resentment, and he would treat him with away sixty-two. The fourth year he received one great kindness and cordiality. No man was ever hundred and twenty pounds. Still he lived on more free from jealousy or suspicion than Mr. Wes- twenty-eight, and gave to the poor ninety-two. In ley, or laid himself more open to the impositions of this ratio he proceeded daring the rest of his life; others. Though his confidence was ofien abused, and, in the course of fifty years, it has been supposand circumstances sometimes took place which ed, he gave away between twenty and thirty thou. would have made almost any other man suspicious, sand pounds;* a great part of which, most other yet he suspected no one ; nor was it easy to convince men would have put out at interest, upon good sehim that any one had intentionally deceived him; curity. and when facts had demonstrated that this was ac “In the distribution of his money, Mr. Wesley tually the case, he would allow no more than that was as disinterested as he was charitable. He had it was so in that single instance. If the person ac no regard to family connections, nor even to the knowledged his fault, he believed him sincere, and wants of the preachers who labored with him, in prewould trust him again. If we view this temper of ference to strangers. He knew that these had some his mind in connection with the circumstance that friends; and he ought that the poor destitute his most private papers lay open to the inspection of stranger might have none, and therefore had the those constantly about him, it will afford as strong first claim on his liberality. When a trifling legaa proof as can well be given, of the integrity of his cy has been paid him, he has been known to dispose own mind; and that he was at the farthest distance of it in some charitable way before he slept, that it from any intention to deceive, or impose upon might not remain his own property for one night. others.
He often declared that his own hands should be his “The temperance of Mr. Wesley was extraordi- executors; and though he gained all he could by nary. When at college he carried this so far, that his publications, and saved all he could, not wasthis friends thought him blameable. But he never ing so much as a sheet of paper; yet, by giving all imposed upon others the same degree of rigor he he could, he was preserved from laying up treasures exercised upon himself. He only said, I must be upon earth. He had said in print, that, if he died the best judge of what is hurtful or beneficial to me. worth more than ten pounds, independent of his Among other things, he was remarkable for mode- books, and the arrears of his fellowship, which he ration in sleep; and his notion of it cannot be better then held, he would give the world leave to call him explained, than in his own words. 'Healthy men,' 'a thief and a robber. This declaration, made in says he, 'require above six hours' sleep; healthy the integrity of his heart, and the height of his zeal, women, a little above seven, in four and iwenty. If laid him under some inconveniences afterwards, any one desires to know exactly what quantity of from circumstances which he could not at that time sleep his own constitution requires, he may very foresee. Yet in this, as all his friends expected, he easily make the experiment, which I made about literally kept his word, as far as human foresight sixty years ago. I then waked every night about could reach. His chaise and horses, his clothes, twelve or one, and lay awake for some time. I rea- and a few trifles of that kind, were all, his books dily concluded, that this arose from my being in excepted, that he left at his death. Whatever might bed longer than nature required. To be satisfied, be the value of his books, this altered not the case, I procured an alarum, which waked me the next as they were placed in the hands of trustees, and morning at seven (nearly an hour earlier than I rose the day before,) yet I lay awake again at night. * Money chiefly arising from the constant and large The second morning I rose at six; but notwith- sale of his writings, and the works he abridged.