Two Treatises of Government: By Iohn Locke
printed MDCLXXXVIIII reprinted, the sixth time, by A. Millar, H. Woodfall, I. Whiston and B. White, I. Rivington, L. Davis and C. Reymers [and 16 others in London], 1764 - 416 ページ
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absolute monarch absolute power Adam's heir amongst appeal arbitrary power begetting birth-right body brethren CHAP command common common-wealth conqueror consent creatures divine donation earth eldest Esau executive power fame father fatherly authority fays force gave give God's governors grant hands hath heir to Adam Honour thy inheritance Jacob Jephtha judge king labour land lative law of nature legislative liberty lineal succession living lord magistrate man's mankind ment monarchical power mother natural right never Noah obedience parents paternal power patriarchs peace person plain political society positive laws possession posterity preservation pretence primogeniture princes private dominion prove punish reason regal authority right descending right of fatherhood rule ruler says scripture shew Sir Robert sons sons of Noah sovereignty standing laws subjects supposed supreme power tells ther thereby thing thor tural unto usurpation vernment wherein words
27 ページ - And God made the beast of the earth after his kind, and cattle after their kind, and every thing that creepeth upon the earth after his kind: and God saw that it was good.
217 ページ - And even amongst us, the hare that any one is hunting is thought his who pursues her during the chase. For being a beast that is still looked upon as common, and no man's private possession, whoever has employed so much labour...
217 ページ - It will perhaps be objected to this, that if gathering the acorns, or other fruits of the earth, &c. makes a right to them, then any one may engross as much as he will. To which I answer, Not so. The same law of nature, that does by this means give us property, does also bound that property too. "God has given us all things richly,
214 ページ - The fruit or venison which nourishes the wild Indian, who knows no enclosure, and is still a tenant in common, must be his, and so his (ie a part of him) that another can no longer have any right to it, before it can do him any good for the support of his life.
193 ページ - Political power, then, I take to be a right of making laws, with penalties of death, and consequently all less penalties for the regulating and preserving of property, and of employing the force of the community in the execution of such laws, and in the defence of the commonwealth from foreign injury, and all this only for the public good.
197 ページ - ... what is proportionate to his transgression, which is so much as may serve for reparation and restraint. For these two are the only reasons why one man may lawfully do harm to another, which is that we call punishment.
320 ページ - Fourthly, the legislative cannot transfer the power of making laws to any other hands; for it being but a delegated power from the people, they who have it cannot pass it over to others.
384 ページ - Every one is at the disposure of his own will when those who had by the delegation of the society the declaring of the public will are excluded from it, and others usurp the place who have no such authority or delegation.