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of Southampton. By Percival Lewis, Esq. F. A. S. With a map and plate The Trial of Arthur Hodge, Esq. at 4to, £1 11s. 6d.
Tortola, for the murder of his Negro
Slave Prosper ; taken in shorthand by BIBLICAL LITERATURE.
A. M. Belisario, Esq. This very reThe dedication of the Biblja Poly- markable trial is m
markable trial is published under the glotta, to King Charles the II. By immediate sanction of the government Brian Walton, folio, 75. reprinted from of the Virgin Islands; and the correcta fine original copy, just imported. ness of the report is certified under the
hand of his honour, Judge Hethrington,
who tried the cause. 8vo. 4s. The London catalogue of books, with
MATHEMATICS. their sizes and prices, corrected to Angust 1811. Svo. 7s. 60. half bound.
· An Account of the Trigonometrical
Survey, carried on by order of the CLASSICAL LITERATURE.
master-general of his inajesty's ordP. Virgilius Maro in Usum Scholarum nance, in the year 1800, 1, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, Ex Editione Chr: Gottl. Heynii : ex- and 8. By Lieut-col. William Mudge, * cisis disquisitionibus, excursibus, et of the Royal Artillery, F. R. S. aná notarum iis, quæ Puerorum usibus Capt. Thomas Colby, of the Royal minus accommodatæ videbantur. 8vo. Engineers. Vol. 3. 4to. 21. 2s. 10s. bound. Euripidis Orestes ad fidem manu
MEDICINE. scriptorum emendata, et brevibus notis An account of the ravages committed emendationum potissimum rationes in Ceylon by small-pox previously to reddentibus instructa. In usum stu- the introduction of vaccination; with diosæ juventutis. Elidit Ricardus a statement of the circumstances attendPorson, A. M. Græcarum Literarum ing the introduction, progress, and sucapud Cantabrigienses Professor. 8vo. cess of vaccine inoculation, in that 3s. sewed.
island. By Thomas Christie, M. D. The Universal Piece Writer; the Member of the Royal College of Phy. Reader and Reciter. A collection of sicians, London, and of the Royal Media detached moral sentences, in prose and cal Society, Edinburgh; lately Medical verse, designed for weekly or occasional Superintendant, Geneva, in Ceylon. specimens of penmanship in the four 8vo. 3s. hands usually practised in Schools. To A serious address to the public on the the pieces under each hand is subjoined practice of vaccination; in which the a select number of Latin and French late failure of that operation in the sentences. To which are added, a co- family of Earl Grosvenor is particularly pious number of Poetical extracts, for adverted to. Sold for the benefit of the mottos and quotations, &c. By J. Portuguese Sufferers. 8vo. 2s. Blake, Hallwood Academy, near Runcorn, Cheshire. 8vo, 7s, bound.
The Edinburgh Annual Register, for EDUCATION,
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An Analysis of a New System of summer, by a botanical clock. By General Education ; in which the Lan- Joseph Taylor. 18mo. ls. 6d. casterian principles are discussed and A letter to William Gifford, Esq. on enlarged, in a project for the erection a late edition of Ford's plays; chiefly of a grand public Academy at Glasgow, as relating ty Ben Johnson. By Oca to be supported by public markets in tavius Gilchrist, Esq. 8vo. 2s. 6d. the suburbs of that City, but applicable Part 1, containing five numbers, of to every large Town. Addressed to the Town Talk; or Living, Manners, Svo. Heritors of the Barony of Gorbals, and 2s.6d. accompanied with plans of Glasgow Patriarchal Times; or the Land of and the neighbourhood. 8vo. 10s. 6d. Canaan; in seven books. Comprising balf-bound.
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CORRESPONDENCE. We have received the letter of B. I. R., and feel duly sensible of his kindness in expressing such great solicitude for our reputation and consistency. We assure him that we were not actuated by any personal or unworthy motives in drawing up the article to which he alludes; but we are convinced that so sensible a writer as he is, could not have his judgement so singularly blinded against the admission of truth as his letter proves it to be, unless he were under the most powerful operation of some personal motive, whether worthy or unworthy we pretend not to decide. As to the writers whose cause he advocates, while he condemns their principles, they are doubtless liable to err though they are not, it seems from this writer's account of them, Christians ; we have yet to learn why it should be unchristian to guard the public against their errors.
For NOVEMBER, 1811.
Art. I. The Ramayuna of Valmeeki , with a Prose Translation and
Explanatory Notes. By William Carey and Joshua Marshman. Vol. II. Containing Part of the Second Book. 4to. pp. 522. Price
80 Rupees. Serampore. 1808. SOME time since, a number of our pages were occupied " with an account of the first volume of this work, and with a few observations suggested by it, relative to the quality of those accessions which our literature is beginning to derive by sluices from the vast reseryoir of the Sanscrit,
where every fish is a god, every shell a shrine, and every group of weeds along the edge a sacred grove. We took the opportunity, by the way, of congratulating those exalted and refined spirits who, sickening at the insipidity of all that has been supplied by European intellect and Christian revelation, 'had been confidently hoping for å renovation of life and joy, from quaffing, at last, these sacred waters.
It appears to be the settled intention of the missionaries, to bring the whole of this enormous poem within the confines of English literature, though no less than eight volumes must follow the present one to accomplish the purpose. And for such an intention, they may allege the reasons which are given for selecting the Ramayuna to be the first of a number of works, to be translated in succession-chat it exhibits a lively view of the manners, moral notions, and mythology, of the Hindoos; and that it has been held in the utmost reverence, over an immense space of country, and for a long series of ages. Indeed it is striking to rea fect, that the precise contents of this book, that the extravagant fictions, the pictures of deities and heroes, and the moral maxims, now for the first time drawn out to · VOL. VII.
view from within the darkness of these black and dense lines of Sanscrit characters, which occupy the upper part of the pages before us,-have been the subjects of reverential attention to hundreds of millions of the human race; that the composing of these lines, by one particular mortal, whether in temple, bower, cave, or hut, whether in the hours of morning or evening, was an act which was to operate in creating the mental condition of a countless number of successive generations; that these very sentences, perpetuated in these very letters, have, with invariable power over faith and imagination, been perused and dwelt on in solemn thought as divine emanations, by the authoritative teachers of an immense people, during all the changes of European literature, polity, and religion, from remote ages to the present time. -Regarded in this point of view, a performance still more destitute, if that be possible, of all marks of vigorous intellect, and therefore of all truly sublime or beautiful operations of fancy, than even the Ramayuna, might possibly claim to borrow the English language to interpret a portion of its puerility and raving to the readers of the Bible, and Milton, and Locke.
A slight abstract of the fable, as carried forward in this volume, will perhaps not be unentertaining to some, whose patience would fail in any attempt on the story at large. In this second stage, the narrative acquires a character somewhat different from that which it exhibited in the first book. Not that it becomes substantially much more rational; but it is a good deal more tame. The manner in which it set off, as compared with that in which it is here proceeding, reminds the reader of his having sometimes seen a stage coach starting in the midst of a town, and dashing along the street with a most furious clatter, and shout, and blast of horn, all which impetuosity and uproar have declined into a comparatively sober and noiseless movement by the time the vehicle has got some little distance on the road. Or he may recollect having observed, on the evening of the fifth of November, the reduced spirits and vociferation of a company of imps, after they have expended all their squibs and rockets, and have only a more ordinary kind of combustibles and blaze left to prolong their amusement. The first part was crowded with à mob of prodigious shapes, of the same quality as the Giant Orgoglio in the Fairy Queen, who proved, on Prince Arthur's lopping off his head, only a superficial bulk inflated with air; and the turbulence of these monsters, tossing about islands, continents, or worlds, and beating Chaos itself into a foam, produced events excellently ado apted to exemplify the silliness of greatness essayed by a feeble intelligence.
Amidst the noise of those transactions, prince Rama, the old monarch Dusha-rutha's eldest son, the hero of the work, and who was nothing less than an incarnation of Vishnoo, the Preserving Power, (appointed to fight and destroy Ravuna, a dreadful tyrant that annihilated men and frightened the gods,) had contrived to grow up to the age of seventeen, the favourite of his father and of all, but one or two, of his father's subjects. The poet, having first deeply inhaled the incense of his own praises, styling himself the divine sage, who at one view comprehends the universe' glorious as the sun,' and his work a divine poem, which destroys all sin and fear, and procures wealth, fame, long life, and posterity,'--' an astonishing ocean, filled with the jewels of the Veda,'—a work the 'hearing and repeating of which is holiness, and will obtain present felicity, and after death an entrance among the blessed,'—at the first recitation of which all the sages were astonished, and crowded around by thousands, with eyes fixed through joy and wonder, uniting in a joyful burst of applause, “ Excellent! excellent! oh! this poem! the very expression of nature ! Oh! the exquisite story of the divine Rania!”--the modest bard, having thus settled all questions as to the merits of himself and his work, and forestalled the critics, may afford to lavish his praises on the eldest son of old king Dusha-rutha, with a boundless profüsion. But we must complain that, . in doing this, he most needlessly amplifies his eulogium, by enumerating virtues which every one would have known to belong, as matter of course, to such a personage; for instance, his keeping the most virtuous company, his temperance, and his intense application to study. A slight extract, from about the conclusion of the former volume, will give some notion of the character of this Indian prince."
Rama, the chief of men, possessed of every excellent quality, was the source of pleasure to his father, his mother, his friends, aná the whole kingdom: to all he constantly spake in the most affectionate and pleasing manner; addressed by any in reproachful terms he did not return an unlovely word. With those eminent in wisdom and religion, in age and excellent qualities, he constantly spent his time in conversation. He was learned, generous, and of quick per. ception; first in addressing a person, of pleasing speech, heroic, not elated with his own great valour ; of incomparable address, wise, revering the aged, peculiarly attached to those devoted to him; the delight of his subjects, compassionate, of subdued anger, honouring
obquisite story led all question the critics king Dusha Fulhat,