Contemporary Japanese Politics: Institutional Changes and Power Shifts

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Columbia University Press, 2013/05/14 - 352 ページ
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Decentralized policy-making power in Japan had developed under the long reign of the Liberal Democratic Party (LDP). In the1990s, institutional changes were introduced, fundamentally altering Japan’s modern political landscape. Tomohito Shinoda tracks these slow yet steady changes to today in the operation of and tensions between Japan’s political parties and the public’s behavior in Japanese elections, as well as in the government’s ability to coordinate diverse policy preferences and respond to political crises.

Electoral reform in 1994 resulted in the selection of Junichiro Koizumi, an anti-mainstream politician, as prime minister in 2001, initiating a power shift to the Democratic Party of Japan (DPJ) and ending LDP rule. Shinoda also details these government and administrative institutional changes and reveals how Prime Minister Koizumi took advantage of such developments to practice strong policymaking leadership. He also outlines the new set of institutional initiatives introduced by the DPJ government and their impact on policymaking, illustrating the importance of balanced centralized institutions and bureaucratic support.
 

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目次

Introduction
1
1 Japanese Politics Under the LDP
11
2 The Politics of Institutional Reform
47
3 Institutional Changes and Koizumis Leadership
76
4 Electoral Changes and Their Impact
118
5 Hatoyamas Antibureaucratic Stance
153
6 Kans Struggle in the Government and the DPJ
183
7 Institutions and Political Leadership
215
Developments Under the Abe Cabinet
230
Appendix 1
237
Appendix 2
239
Notes
241
Bibliography
285
Index
319
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著者について (2013)

Tomohito Shinoda is professor of international relations at the International University of Japan and received his Ph.D. from Johns Hopkins University’s School of Advanced International Studies. His publications include Koizumi Diplomacy: Japan’s Kantei Approach in Foreign and Defense Affairs and Leading Japan: The Role of the Prime Minister.

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