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the centre of the chapel is the tomb of King Henry VII., which is composed of black marble, while over it are effigies of himself and his queen, the whole being surrounded by a brass railing of the most beautiful workmanship, as perfect as when it was new, though now three hundred and fifty years old.
In the chapel of St. Edward the Confessor is his shrine, which is very curious. He died in 1066, and this shrine was erected by Pope Alexander III. in 1269. Here is also the tomb of Edward III. But the object of the greatest interest to me was the stone from Scone—the identical one on which, for ages, the Scottish kings were crowned. Some claim even greater antiquity for it, and say that it was one of those that composed Jacob's pillow at Bethel. For this latter statement I do not vouch; but be this as it may, much blood has been shed on account of it, and it is the oldest emblem of Scottish royalty now in existence. Over it stands the coronation chair, which was also brought from Scotland by Edward I. in 1297. At the coronation ceremony it is covered with gold tissue, and placed in front of the altar behind which the British sovereigns are accustomed to stand. The old
chair is still in perfect preservation, and might do good service were it transplanted to some modern parlor. I sat in its venerable arms, and found it quite a comfortable seat.
Green with, Windsor, etc.
“Ye mariners of England !
That guard your native seas,
The battle and the breeze !"
I took a little steamer at Hungerford Market, and after a delightful sail down the Thames, was landed in about half an hour at Greenwich. It is from this place that the longitude is most generally reckoned ; and here the British sailor, when worn out in the service of the country, is permitted to spend the evening of life, surrounded by every comfort which his wants demand. The noble hospital for aged and disabled ceamen is calculated to accommodate, with great convenience, two thousand seven hundred and ten pensioners, and one hundred and five nurses. I need not say that it is usually full. The building has a very imposing appearance from the water, and covers a great area. The park around it affords pleasant rambles for those who are able to walk. It stands on the south bank of the Thames, and a
large number of boats are provided for the use and amusement of the more active inmates. It was very pleasing to see the old men seeking employment according to their several tastes, all seemingly as happy as the infirmities of old age would allow. I went into some of their sleeping apartments, and found them clean and comfortable. In what is termed the “ Painted Room,” they have a collection of pictures, mostly naval scenes, many of them illustrative of Nelson's victories. In this room and the one adjoining are models of the different vessels which Nelson commanded, and in a glass case, the coat and waistcoat worn by him when he received his death-wound on the quarterdeck of the Victory, at the battle of Trafalgar. Such a charity, carrying as it does blessings to thousands, is above all praise, and is a great honor to the British people.
While in London, I one day went down to Windsor, which is twenty-one miles by the Great Western Railway. This palace and stronghold was originally built by William I., and has, during many successive reigns, been a favorite country residence of the British sovereigns. The castle wall encloses thirty-two acres. It overlooks the river Thames, which is here insignificant in point of size, but nevertheless a very pretty stream. An order, which I had procured without charge in London, gave me admission to the state apartments. They are very gorgeously carved, painted, and gilded, though in magnitude they scarcely equalled my expectations. The ceilings, which are generally about thirty-four feet in height, are made of elegantly moulded stucco. The walls in some cases are covered with red silk curtains, in others with beautifully wrought tapestry, chiefly scriptural subjects. The history of Esther and Mordecai is continued through a suite of rooms, and occupies several hundred yards of elegant tapestry. The first room into which I was shown was the “Vandyke Room,” the walls of which are hung with the paintings of this celebrated artist, principally portraits of the royal family. The second, the Queen's drawing-room, contains six landscapes of Italian scenery, by Zuccarelli. The third and fourth, the State ante-room, and the grand vestibule. The fifth, the Waterloo chamber, which is a fine room, 98 by 47, in the Elizabethan style, and is a repository for the portraits of eminent men, sovereigns, statesmen, and celebrated military