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" of the restrictions. On this ground, there “ His Royal Highness is a person not "fore, the Ministers went immediately " easily to be deceived long. His youth “ and diligently to work. The agents of " has been a youth of adversity; and " these intrigues, however, were neither “ from the lessons of that severe but faith" so clumsy in their natures, nor so new “ful monitor, he has learned a quickness " in their business, as to expect to ensnare " of penetration, as well as a rectitude of " his Royal Highness, by presenting to “judgment, which have borne him safe “ him at once all the bitter ingredients of the ihrough all the wiles by which he is en“ cup he wus to swallow. They went on compassed. On the same qualities we w more leisurely, as well as more safely, " rely for his future conduct; but in the " in their operations. The grand object “ mean time the scheme is in progress, al“ was, first, to induce suspicion in the Royal " though, as yet, it has not reached its pro“ mind, that all was not quite right among “per degree of maturity.”-Now,reader, is “his Catholic friends, and then to per not this a droll sort of story? Are you to “ suade the Catholics, that his Royal High- be made believe such a story as this? “ ness had cooled on the subject of religious What! is it to be believed, then, that Mr. “ toleration, and was by no means so Perceval has the power “to weaken the « friendly to the repeal of the penal laws" confidence of His Royal Highness in " as they had supposed him to be. To do those Whig principles which he had “ this efectually, the Irish Government " imbibed" } What! is it to be believed, .“ was to engage itself in a series of mea- then, that Mr. Perceval, or any body “ sures sufficiently within the compass of else, by the means of any contrivance “ that system, which his Royal Highness had wbatever, would be able to persuade His “ consented for a time to endure, to prevent Royal Highness to persevere in the pre· his coming to an open rupture with Mr. sent system even after the restrictions had « Perceval, and, at the same time, suffi- expired? Is it to be believed, I say, that “ ciently hostile to the Catholics to awaken the Prince of Wales was to be intrigued, “their doubts, and to goad and worry coaxed, wheedled, cajoled, humbugged, " them, if possible, into some indiscreet out of “ his recorded principles.” And “ application for the redress of their at what age was he to be thus wheed led “ grievances. It was hoped that the more and cajoled? why, verily, at the age of “ violent party among them might thus only half a century; and, observe, half a “ be tempted to come to some demonstra. century, too, spent in the court of George « tion of ill humour serious enough to enable the Third ! For my part, if such a thing « Ministers to sound the alarm of a plot, and as this was said of me, I should think it “ upon this plot to present to his Royal tantamount to calling me an idiot; or, at “ Highness, for his approbation, a set of least, to an accusation of being so unsettled “ measures with which he must either and so fickle that no man upon earth ought " comply, and thus embark himself in the erer to place any reliance upon my word, “ same bottom with them; or which he inust however solemnly given, and for what“ reject, AND THUS TAKE UPON
-This writer tells us, that --- HÍMSELF THE ENTIRE RESPON. the minister proceeded by slow degrees; - SIBILITY, with but half the powers of for that His Royal Highness was not to be “ the State. Thus they were to go on induced to swallow the bitter cup all at “ step by step, until, by entangling his once. Bitter cup! What bitter cup? What
Royal Highness in their snares, they cup was there for bim to swallow; or, at “ had made it impossible for him to carry least, what cup, that would do him any " on the Government without them, while, barm! And, will this writer make us believe, “ BY SEPARATING HIM FROM AIS that his Royal Highness does not know how « OLD AND TRIED FRIENDS, and to distinguish one cup from another? This
by destroying the foundation on which is all a farce : a very wretched attempt “his high public character is fixed, they to disgaise the fact that the Whigs have • would render bim dependant upon their been supplanted in the favour of his Royal
will and pleasure during his future reign Highness; for is it not a shocking absur. " and life.--Such, in part, was the honour. dity to suppose, that the ministers could “able scheme projected by the Ministers make the Prince swallow any thing against “ as soon as his Royal Highness had noti- his will? It is an old saying that one man “fied to them his intention of retaining can take a horse to the water, but that " them in the King's service! Hisherio twenty cannot make him drink. A njan “their success has not been very brilliant. may be drenched, to be sure, but as to
wheedling a "bitter cup” down his throat, world will see the matter, before it be the absur-lity is too great to be endured for long. This writer himself cannot refrain, a moment. We are told that the minis at the close of his article, from discovering ters excited suspicion in the Royal mind, that he perceives this as clearly as I do. that all was not quite right amongst He tells us, that, hitherto, the ministers his Catholic friends; that then they per have not succeeded very brilliantly in their suaded the Catholics to suspect the sin- scheme of entrapping His Royal Highcerity of the Royal mind ; that then the ness; that the Prince is not a person to Irish government was 80 to contrive it, as. be deceived long; that the writer relies on to worry and goad the Catholics into some the Prince's good qualities for his future act of violence, and yet the said govern. conduct; but (and mark the but) in the ment was to keep within the compass of mean time, the scheme is in progress, althe system which the Prince had con- though, as yet, it has not reached its prosented for a time to endure ; that per degree of maturity. This is just the out of this was to grow the accusation language of a man who is clearing the against the Catholics of a plot; that his way for cutting an old acquaintance; and Royal Highness was then to be inveigled I cannot help thinking, on what foundainto an approbation of a set of measures, tion I must leave the reader to judge, that which would embark him in the same a cutting between the Prince and the bottom with the ministers; that he was Whig party is at no great distance, if it thus to be entangled by them until it was has not already actually taken place.impossible for him to carry on the go. Now, then, reader, look at the motto, and vernment without them; that having him say whether I was not right in my conthus separated from his “old tried friends," jectures, as to the consequences of the the ministers wouid destroy the foundation present ministers being kept in power by of his character, and render him dependant the Prince. What has now taken place upon their will and pleasure, during his fu. it was easy to foresee. It was manifest, ture reign and life. Now, in answer to that the minister who could keep his this pretty story, we may first observe, that place, under the Prince, whom he bad so it necessarily (and most unjustly) supposes restricted in point of power, would not fail a total want of discernment, a total want of to secure the possession of it. What was the ordinary capacities of man, a total ab- the real cause of Mr. Perceval's being sence of common sense, a blindness, a kept in place, alter the establishment of fatuity rarely to be met with even amongst the Regency, no one has yet fully exthe most feeble, the most enervated of the plained to the public. Some of the reamost enervated of men; all these does sons for his being so kept have been stated; this story suppose to meet in the Prince of others might be stated; but it is useless Wales. If he was told that all was not to waste time in mere conjecture. It is a right amongst his Catholic friends, what well known fact, that, after his resolute opprevented him from enquiring into the position to the Prince, the Prince has kept fact? Or would this writer have us be- him in place. All that we can, at present, lieve, that the Prince, all at once, placed say of the matter is, that the Prince has disimplicit reliance upon every thing that covered that Mr. Perceval is the best man the ministers said? If he did ; if he was to be minister; or we must conclude that to be persuaded by them, in the manner
Mr. Perceval is a most winning little man. here described, that is enough, at once, The Morning Chronicle may talk of in. for it is pretty clear they were become trigues and plots as long as it pleases; but, his friends, and that the Whigs had lost what bas Mr. Perceval done more than his friendship. Bút, during all this time ; any other Courtier would do if he could ? during the time that all these shocking in | The Whigs may be sorry for it; but they trigues were going on, where were all cannot justly blame their more happy rival. those “old tried friends” of the Prince ? It is, besides, quite useless for them to Where were they? Had none of them the rail: if they are wise they will keep their loyalıy and public spirit to tell him to temper : instead of revilers of Mr. Percewhat degree he was deceived, and what val, they will become his imitators, or, to danger be was in? He never asked them, use the emphatical old proverb,“ take a perchance: Well, then, it is clear that he leaf out of his book.” looked upon ibem as being no longer bis
WM. COBBETT. friends. -Aye, and this, I am con
State Prison, Newgate, vinced is the light in which all the Friday, 16th August, 1811.
under top sails, and repair what little in
jury we had sustained in our rigging,which From the Kentish Gazette.
was accordingly executed, and we contiAs so much has been said and written nued lying.to on different tacks with a upon the subject of the depreciation of number of lights displayed, in order that our Paper Currency, I am aware that any our adversary might the better discern our farther remarks can have but little claim position, and command our assistance, in to novelty. As the Bank of England case he found it necessary during the has, however, by the Three Shilling night. At day-light on the 17th, he was Tokens, furnished us with complete data, discovered several miles to leeward, when whereby to estimate the value of their I gave orders to bear up and run down to Notes, it may not be uninteresting to him under easy sail; after hailing him ; many of your readers, to see ascertained, I sent a boat on board with Lieutenant in a clear and concise manner, the value Creighton, to learn the names of the ship of Bank Notes in Statute Currency, and and her Commander, with directions to of Guineas in Bank Currency.
ascertain the damage she had sustained, No person can attempt to deny that the and inform her Commander, how much I Tokens are Measures of Bank Notes, as regretted the necessity on my part, which Shillings are of Guineas.
had led to such an unhappy result; and Now a Bank Token weighs 9 dwts. at the same time to offer all the assistance 11 grs. or 227 grs, and the weight of three that the ship under my command afforded, Shillings is 11 dwts. 15 grs. or 279 grs. in repairing the damages his had sustainTherefore 7 Tokens are = to 1589 grains of Silver, ed. At nine A. m. Lieutenant Creighton
and 21 Sbillings 1953 ditto ditto. returned with information, that it was his Therefore a Guinea : 7 Tokens ; : 1953 : 1589. Britannic Majesty's ship Little Belt, comTherefore a Guinea
manded by Captain Bingham, who, in a 7 x 1953
Tokens. polite manner, declined the acceptance of 1589
any assistance; saying, at the same time, = 8 To. Is. 91d. 130;
that he had on board all the necessary reor a Guinea is = tu 25s. 91d. Bank Currency. quisites to repair the damages, sufficiently Now by deducting
to enable him to return to Halifax.—This, 93 grs (the weight of a Shilling) from 1953, and 76 (the weight of ļ Token) from 1589, however, was not the most unpleasant part we shall have a £.1 Note : 20s. :: 1513 : 1860. of Captain Bingham's communication to Therefore
Lieutenant Creighton, as he informed him, 20 x 1513
30460 that in addition to the injury his ship had a £.1 Note is = to
sustained, between 20 and 30 of his crew 16s. 44d. Hi
had been killed and wounded. The re. or a £.1 Note is about equal to 168. 44. gret that this information caused me was Statute Currency:
such, you may be sure, as a man might Φιλοχρυσος. . be expected to feel, whose greatest pride
is to prove, without ostentation, by every
public as well as private act, that be posOFFICIAL PAPERS.
sesses a humane and generous heart; and AMERICAN States and ENGLAND. Letter with these sentiments, believe me, Sir,
of Commodore John Rogers to the Secre- that such a communication would cause tary of the Nady of the United States, me the most acute pain during the rerelative to a rencontre with the English mainder of my life, had I not the consolaShip, Little Belt.-Dated, on board tion to know that there was no alternative the United States Frigate, the PRESIDENT, left me between such a sacrifice, and one off Sandy Hook, 23rd May, 1811.
which would have been still greater, (Concluded from p. 192.)
namely, to have remained a passive spec
tator of insult to the flag of my country, I learned, for the first time, that it was a while it was confined to my protection ship of his Britannic Majesty's; but, and I would have you to be convinced, owing to its blowing rather fresher than it Sir, that however much individually I had done, I was unable to learn ber name. may previously have had reason to feel After having informed her Commander incensed, at the repeated outrages comof the name of this ship, I gave orders mitted on our flag by British ships of war, to wear, run under bis lee and haul by the neither my passions nor prejudices had wind on the starboard tack, and beave to any agency in this affair. -To my coun
try, I am well convinced of the importance of the transaction which has imposed Capt. A. B. Bingham's Letter to Admiral
Sawyer, dated on board the Little Belt, upon me the necessity of making you this
21st May, 1811, communication; I must, therefore, from motives of delicacy, connected with per Sir; I beg leave to acquaint you, that sonal consideration, solicit that you will in pursuance of your orders to join his be pleased to request the President to au- Majesty's ship Guerriere, and being on thorise a formal inquiry to be instituted my return from the Northward, not bavinto all the circumstances, as well as into ing fallen in with her, that at about eleven every part of my conduct connected with A. M. May 16th, saw a strange sail, to the same. The injury sustained by the which I immediately gave chace; at one ship under my command is very trifling, P. x. discovered ber to be a man of war, except to the fore and main masts, which apparently a frigate, standing to the I before mentioned; no person killed, and Eastward, who, when he made us out, but one (a boy) wounded. For further edged away for us, and set his royals; particulars I refer you to Captain Cald- made the signal 275, and finding it not well, who is charged with the delivery of answered, concluded she was an American this communication.
frigate, as he had a Commodore's blue
pendant flying at the main; boisted the ENGLAND AND American States.--Publi- colours and made all sail South, the course
cution by the English Government, July I intended steering round Cape Hatteras, 16, 1811, relating to the Rencontre of the the stranger edging away, bui not making Little Belt with the American frigate, any, more sail. At half past three he PRESIDENT.
made sail in chace, when I made the pri
vate signal, which was not answered. At Letter of Rear Admiral H. SAWYER, Com- half past six, finding be gained so consi
mander in Chief on the North American derably on us as not to be able to elude station, to the Admiralty, daled Ber- him during the night, being within gunmuda, June 11, 1811.
shot, and clearly discerning the star in his Inclosed I transmit to you, for the in- broad pendant, I imagined the more pruformation of the Lords Commissioners of dent method was to bring to, and hoist the Admiralty, a copy of a letter from the colours, that no mistake might arise, Captain Arthur Bait Bingham, Com- and that he might see what we were ; tbe mander of his Majesty's sloop Little Belt, ship was therefore brought to, colours received this day from Lord James Towns. hoisted, guns double shotted, and every hend, Captain of his Majesty's ship Colus, preparation made in case of a surprize. and senior officer at Halifax: by which By his manner of steering down, he evitheir Lordships will perceive he was at- dently wished to lay his ship in a position tacked on the evening of the 16th May for raking, which I frustrated by wearing last, when cruizing between Cape Henry three times. About a quarter past eight and Cape. Hatteras, by the United States he came within hail. I hailed, and asked frigate the President, of 44 guns, com. what ship it was? He repeated my quesmanded by Commodore Rodgers; and tion. I again hailed, and asked what ship that after a close action of three quarters it was? He again repeated my words, and of an hour the American ship made sail fired a broadside, which I immediately from him.Captain Bingham's modest, returned. The action then became genebut full and clear stalement, renders any ral, and continued so for three quarters of comment from me unnecessary; and I an hour, wben he ceased firing, and aphave only to admire the extraordinary peared to be on fire about the main hatchbravery and firmness, with which himself, way. He then filled. I was obliged to his officers, and ship's company supported desist from firing, as the ship falling off, no the honour of the British flag, when op- gun would bear, and had no after-sail to posed to such an immense superiority of keep her to. All the rigging and sails cal force. I have, however, deeply to lament to pieces, not a brace or bowline left, he the number of valuable British Seamen hailed, and asked what ship this was; I and Royal Marines who have been either told him; he then asked me if I had killed or wounded on this unexpected oc- struck my colours? My answer was, no, casion ; a list of whose names is also and asked what ship it was ? As plainly as inclosed, together with a copy of my I could understand (he having shot some. order, under which Captain Bingham was distance at this time,) he answered, the eruizing
United States frigate. He tired no more It would be the greatest injustice, was I guns, but stood from us, giving no reason not also to speak most highly of Lieutefor his most extraordinary conduct. At nant Lovell, second Lieutenant, of Mr. day-light in the morning, saw a ship to M'Queen, master, who, as I have before windward, which having made out well stated, was wounded in the right arm in what we were, bore up and passed within nearly the middle of the action, and Mr. hail, fully prepared for action. About Wilson, master's mate. Indeed, the coneight o'clock be hailed, and said, if I duct of every officer and man was so Dleased, he would send a boat on board; good, it is impossible for me to discrimi. I replied in the affirmative, and a boat ac nate.--I beg leave to enclose a list of the cordingly came with an Officer, and a thirty-two men killed and wounded, most message from Commodore Rodgers, of the of them mortally, I fear. I hope, Sir, in President United States frigate, to say that this affair I shall appear to bave done my he lamented much the unfortunale affair, duty, and conducted myself as I ought to (as he termed it) that had happened, and have done against so superior a force, and that had he known our force was so infe that the honour of the British colours was Fior, he should not have fired at me. Iwell supported. asked his motive for having fired at all';
Return of Officers, Pelly Officers, Scumen, and his reply was, that we fired the first gun
Marines, killed and wounded on board his at him, which was positively not the case. I cautioned both the officers and men to
Majesty's Sloop Little Beit, Arthur Bats
Bingham, Esg. Commander, in action be particularly careful, and not suffer any
with the American frigate President, the more than one man to be at a gun. Nor
16th May, 1811. is it probable that a sloop of war within pistol-shot of a large forty-four gun frigate Killed.--Mr. Samuel Woodward, midshould commence hostilities. He offered shipman; Christ. Bennett, captain of the me every assistance I stood in need of, foretop; Jacob Greaves, carpenter's crew; and submitted to me that I had better put Thomas Shippard, gunner's mate; George into one of the ports of the United States, Wilson, able seaman; Robert Liversage, which I immediately declined. By the able seaman; James Grey, ordinary seamanner in which he apologised, it appear. man; Robert Howard, ordinary seaman; ed to me evident, that had he fallen in John Pardoe, private marinc.-Wounded. with a British frigate, he would certainly - Daniel Kilham, landman, dangerously; have brought her to action; and what fur died ten hours after the action, Richard ther confirms me in that opinion is, that Coody, ordinary seaman, ditto, died his guns were not only loaded with round twenty hours after the action ; John Ranand grape shot, but with every scrap of dal, able seaman, dangerously; Nicholas iron that could possibly be collected - Manager, gunner's crew, ditto; Mr.James have to lament the loss of thirty-two men M.Queen, acting master, severely; James killed and wounded, among whom is the Dunn (2), captain of the maintop, ditto; master. His Majesty's sloop is much James Lawrence, able seaman, ditto; damaged in her masts, sails, rigging, and John Richards, able seaman, ditto ; Thohull, and as there are many shot through mas Ives, able seaman, dino; Michael between wind and water, and many shots Skinners, landman, ditto; William Fern, still remaining in her side, and upper boy, ditto; David Dowd, marine, ditto; works all shot away, starboard pump also, William Harrold, marine, ditto ; Mr. I have judged it proper to proceed to James Franklin, boatswain, slightly ; Mr. Halifax, which will, i hope, meet with Benjamin Angel, carpenter, ditto; Peler your approbation.—1 cannot speak in 'too M'Caskell, captain of the mast, ditto; high terms of the officers and men I have William Andrews, ordinary seaman, ditto; the honour to command, for their steady William Weston, ditto; Edward Graham, and active conduct throughout the whole able seaman, ditto; George Dalany, able of this business, who had much to do, as a seaman, ditto ; George Roberts, boy, gale of wind came on the second night ditto; George Shoard, marine, ditto; after the action. My first Lieutenant, Daniel Long, marine, ditto. Mr. John Moberly, who is in every re: Admiral Sawyer's Orders to the Cruisers on spect a most excellent Officer, afforded
the Station. me very great assistance in stopping the leaks himself in the gale, securing the By Herbert Sawyer, Esq. Rear-Admiral masts, and doing every thing in his power. of the Red, and Commander in Chiof