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sula, are little better than traitors. The , Spain free; and, therefore, when we savs writer, after a great deal of labour 10 little something like a spirit of liberty, breaking effect for the above purpose, has these re- forth amongst the Spaniards, we were, not marks: “ But let us make Spain the test of Silenced, as this writer here says; but, as ! the patriotism of these men; for true he afterwards truly says, in hopes that the “virtue is universal in its operation, and Spaniards would form a new gavernment, “ Spain affords an instance of the clearest though no one talked of a republic. « But" “ villainy on the part of the enemy. When says lie, " this idea soon vanished ; and, “ the French troops began to put in exe- " as soon as it was determined to preserve “cution the designs of their master, then “ the monarchy under Ferdinand, they “ they told us that it was time that the old " withdrew their good wishes, as it should " government of Spain should be destroyed ; " seem for ever.' -No: not for ever. “The French would “regenerate" the That is a unistake: our good wishes the
country and the people would gladly Spaniards always will have as far as they “ receive them. But when the people be- shall be found engaged in the cause of
gan to associate in different parts to op- freedom, which is their cause and our pose the French, our adorers of the cause and the cause of all the nations upon
majesty of the people” were for a time earth; but, between Joseph and Ferdi"silenced. They were, however, relieved nand we do not profess to be able to
by the circumstance of the insurrection judge.---We quitted the cause, it seems, “ not becoming at once general. O! as “ soon as it was determined to preserve “ then, it was not the people who were “ the monarchy under Ferdinand.” But,
resisting the French, but a blinded mob, who was it that came to this determination ? “ infuriated by priests and fanatic monks. Was it the people of Spain? The first that “ At one time there was a hope indulged that we, in England, heard of such a determin“ the refractory Spaniards would forin a reation was at the memorable Turtle Pa. “public, and then, and only then, did British triot dinner in the City of London, where ' patriots seem to feel an interest in their suc- Mr. Canning, then a Secretary of State, “ çess ; but this idea soon vanished; and introduced the new king to us, and toasted
as soon as it was determined to preserve the him as king of Spain, though his father was " monurchy under Ferdinand, they withdrew notoriously still alive, and though he be alive “ their good wishes, as it should seem, forever. yet.* This was the first that we heard of “ Since that period their joy at the success any determination to preserve the Spanish " of the French has been ill disguised, and monarchy under Ferdinand; and, when “ their spleen at the triumphs of the allies we did hear of it; when we did find that “ openly discovered.”Ifour spleen has a war was about to be entered upon for been moved only by the triumphs of the such a purpose, we expressed the opinion allies; there cannot have been much of contained in my motto, and gave very spleen since the French entered the Penin. ample reasons why such a war could sula; and, on the other hand, if we did never succeed. We said, that, to resist rejoice at the success of the French, it the French required a thorough convicmust have been a continual toil to us to tion in the minds of the people that such disguise it. However, this is all asser- resistance would lead to their freedom; tion: it is the offspring of the spite of that to make a people fight in defence of those who live upon the taxes.- their country against an invader, you But, as to the bistory of our wishes must make them feel that his success in the case of the Peninsula, and of Spain would be injurious to them; that the in-, in particular, what does this writer say? fluence of nobles, priests, or of prejudice, Why, that, at first, when the French en though it might serve to rouze the people tered Spain, we said that is good : the sufficiently for the purposes of partial war“old government of Spain will now be fare, and might produce some very san" destroyed, at any rate ; but that when guinary conflicts, would never be suffi" the people began to move against the cient to resist, in the end, the armies of “ French, we were, for a time, silenced.” France; that there wanted, for this pur.
Now, who is in the shape of man, pose, a new soul in Spain, a dislocation of except he be a Public Robber, a down- society, an event, in short, like the French right Robber, that does not think, that it revolution, without its bloodshed, and that would have been a good change for nothing short of that would enable the Spain to get rid of the old government at any rate : But, how much better to see
* See Vol. 14, p. 226.
country to resist the armies of Napoleon. The Spaniards, including the prisoners This was what we said : we did not ask made at the Olivo, have lost about three for republics or any other particular fancy: thousand.
CHARLES ADAM. we only asked for freedom to the people of Spain : and we gave our reasons for be
Tarragona, June 11, 1911. lieving, that, unless freedom was given to
Sir;— The small advanced work on the Spain, the French would become masters stroyed in four hours by the batteries
sea-beach, called the Francoli, was deof the country; an opinion which seems thrown up in the night of the 6th instant; at last, not to be thought so very wild; and it will, I imagine, not be long before but its situation was such as always to
have made its tenure very uncertain, by this “ most thinking nation in Europe,” will pretty clearly perceive, that it would have being very much detached. On this ocbeen better if our advice had been fol- casion the conduct of the Spanish troops lowed.
was particularly gallant; all the men who
occupied the Francoli, to the amount of In my next I shall state, as fully and as
one hundred and forty-five, being either clearly as I am able, the whole of the killed or wounded, and the officer in comcase relating to the Dispute with Ame
mand having left the fort the last person.
The rica, which has been delayed hitherto for
enemy has since made several at. want of certain points of information, tempts to carry these works, which pro
tect the communication between the sea which I now possess
and the town, but by the vigilance and State Prison, Newgate, Friday,
bravery of Brigadier Sarsfield, who com
mands these defences, they have been reAugust 23, 1811.
pulsed with considerable loss; and, in
deed, in one instance, though the enemy OFFICIAL PAPERS.
had rallied three times, he was completely $pain.-Tarragona.--Account of the Siege defeated in his object. But the very hard
and Capture of this place, in letters from work by day in constructing works for the Capt. Adam, Col. Green, and Capt. support of the lines, which becomes neCodrington, to Admiral Cotton, Com- cessary in consequence of the radical de. manding in the Mediterraneun.- From fects of the fortifications, and the constant the 5th to the 28th June, 1811. alarms and attacks by night, causes seInvincible, Tarragona-roads,
rious anxiety for the earliest relief.
E. R. GREEN. June 5, 1811. Sir;-On the 28th in the morning the
Blake, off Villa Neuva, enemy opened his fire on fort Olivo from
June 1:5th, 1811. two batteries, one of four guns and a mor
Sir;-As Captain Adam has informed tar, the other of three guns and an ho- you of the occurrences at Tarragona, durwitzer, placed on the flank of the fort. ing my absence, up to the 5th of June, I About mid day of the 29th, Colonel Green have only to add, that although the examined the works of the Olivo, owing French have advanced their works to to a report from an officer that its defences within half pistol shot of the lines of the were in a bad state, and he found them Puerto, besides having entirely destroyed very much destroyed. At night it was the battery of Francoli, and formed a intended to substitute the regiment of Al. post under the position of its ruins, they meria for that of Iberia, which had been have been beaten off with very serious loss hitherto in the fort ; and after dark the on their part in some desperate attempts to former regiment was marched out of the storm the Orleans and Saint Joseph' battown for that purpose; but I am sorry to teries; and that the Spaniards under Gesạy the enemy found means to mingle neral Sarsfield have made several successhimself with that regiment, and he got ful sorties with the few troops that could possession of the Olivo without firing a be spared for the purpose. My last letter shot, making nine hundred men prisoners. to you, dated the 15th of May, will have
The enemy's force at present is con- informed you of my intention of proceed. sidered to be between ten and eleven ing to Valencia and Alicant with General thousand men; he is supposed to have Doyle, and I have now to make known to Jost four thousand since the commence you the successful result of our visit to ment of the siege in killed and wounded, those places.- Leaving Tarragona on the and deserters.
16th, we reached Peniscola on the fore.
noon of the 17th, where, finding the In- whilst he himself would move forward vincible, with four empty transports, with the remainder of his army to the bound to Carthagena, I direcied Captain banks of the Ebro; where, in concert Adam to remain until he heard farther with the Arragonese ivision, he might from me. From thence General Doyle threaten, and perhaps destroy, the difwrote to General O'Donnel an account of ferent depôts of General Suchet. I therethe situation of Tarragona, and of my de- fore hastened to Tarragona, to collect taining Captain Adam at Peniscola in rea- the necessary shipping, for the purpose of diness to receive any reinforcements giving action to their liberal and patriotic which he miglit be pleased to send to that intentions. Again fortunately meeting garrison. Upon our arrival at Murviedra the Invincible on the night of the Oh, I we found General O'Donnell had already directed Captain Aram to anchor at Peordered the embarkation of two thousand niscola, and wait iny return to that renthree hundredd infantry, and two hundred, dezvous in company with Captain Pringle, ard cleren artillerymen, &c. which, by whom I ordered to do the same with the the zeal and exertion of Captain Adam, Sparrowhawk and the transport William, who received seven hundred of ibem on whenever he should have landed the morboard the Invincible, wete safely landed tars, &c. al Valencia, with which he was at Tarragona on the 22nd.-Delivering to charged. On the morning of the 7th we General O'Donnel two thousand stand of reaches Tarragona, landed the whole of arms, accoutrement, and clothing, to ena- our cargo in the course of the night; and, ble him to bring into' the field as many of alier a consultation with General Conthe recruits already trained as would sup- treras, again left that anchorage at ten ply the place of the regular soldiers thus o'clock in the forenoon of the sih, taking detached from his army, we proceeded to the Paloma along with us.- We reached Valencia, and landed the remainder of Peniscola on the noon of the 9th, where our cargo; by which means the troops of the Invincible had alreaily anchored with General Villa Campa, then dispersed as the four transports, and were joined on the peasantry for want of arms, were enabled 10th by the Centour, Sparrowhank, and again to take the field, and the corps of William transport.- From the crinical si. Mina and Empecinado completed in all tuation of Tarragona, I left orders with the requisites for active warfare, and the
he Captain Bullen, ihat whatever ships of army of Arragon this brought forward to war might arrive before my return, should act in concert with the movements of that join me immediately; and to Captain of Valencia.--At Alicant we procured as White's prompiness in obeying this order, many necessary materials for Tarragona and consenting in common with Captain as the ship would actually stow, besides Adam and myself to receive each a bateighty artillerymen, and a considerable talion of eight bundred troops, with the quantity of powder, ball carıridge, lead, proper proportion of officers, I am in&c. sent in the Paloma Spani-h corvette debied for the power of embaiking the from Carthagena, in company with a whole four thousand on the forenoon of Spanish transport from Cadiz, deeply the 11th, and landing them at the garrison Jaden with similar supplies. 'As it was of Tarragona during ihe night of the 12th. impossible to receive these stores on board -As soon as the troops were ready for the Biake, they were conveyed at my re- embarkation at Peniscola, I seut the Sparquest in the Prom), with the ship under rowbawk forward to prepare the garrison convoy, directly to Tarragona.-After re- and also the Marquis of Campo Verde for turning to Valencia, wliere we landed the our arrival, in consequence of the Mar. additional arms, &c. for the Arragonese quis's letter in auswer to General Miranda army, we moved on to Murviedra; where requesting I would again embark his dithe Count of Bisbal proceeded from Va- vision for the purpose of joining the Marlencia to join us in a consultation with his quis in the neighbourhoou of Villa Neuva brother, although on account of his wound, I de Sitges, in order to threaitn the flank of he was very unft for such a journey. The the besieging army. And this farther result of this conference was a determina- service was so speedily executed by means tion on the part of General O'Donneil 10 of the boats of the squadron, that the commit to my protection, for the succour whole division was again safely landed at of Tarragona, another division of his this place on the evening of yeste:day, best troops, under Major-General Mi- from whence it marched this morning for randa, consisting of four thousand men, Villa Franca, intending to join the Mar
quis of Campo Verde, to-morrow, at Iqua- 1.prey to the merciless and sanguinary lada.-EDWARD CODRINGTON.
enemy. wbo has so greatly circumscribed
its means of detence. Blake, in Tarragona-Roads,
EDWARD CODRINGTON. June 23, 1811. Sir, Besides employing the gun-boats Blake, off Turragona, June 29, 1811. and launches during the whole of erery Sir,-Yesterday morning, at dawn of night in annoying the enemy's working day, the French opened their fire upon parties, I have supplied the garrison with the town; about half past five in the afterabove three thousand sand-bags made by noon à breach was made in the works, the squadron, and sent all the women, and the place carried by assault inimechildren, and wounded people by the diately afterwards. From the rapidity transports to Villa Neuva; added to which with which they entered, I fear they met the boats of the squadron under the par- with but little opposition; and upon the ticular directions of Captain Adam, but Barcelona side a general panic took place. assisted by Captain White and myself, Those already without the walls, stripped took off above two hundred men who re- and endeavoured to swim off to the shiptreated to the Mole after the French had ping, while those within were seen sliding laken the batteries, and who were safely down the face of the batteries; each party landed again during the night at the Mila thus equally endangering their lives more gro, that is, within the works on ihe east than they would have done by a firm reside of the tow). And in order to coun. sistance to the enemy - A large mass of teract the depression which might ensve. people, some with muskets and some withfrom the extensive and unexpected ads out, then pressed forward along the road, vantages gained by the enemy on the suff-ring thenselves to be fired upon by night of ihe 21st, I yesterday led the about isen's French, who continued runsquadron as near to the Mole and Puerto nug beside them at only a few yards disas could be done with safety, and drore
At length they were stopped enthe enemy from the advanced position tirely by a volley of tire from one small they had taken. This position, which was party of the enemy, who had entrenclied taken with the view of picking off the ar- themselves at a turn of the road, suptillerymen at their guns, as ihey did on portest by a serond a little bigher up, who the lines of the Puerto, was inmediately opened a masked batiery of two fieldafterwards, and still remains, occupied hy piers. A borrible buchery then ensued; the Spanish Guerlas.- But the French and shortiv alles wards, we remainder of are making a work near the Fuerte Real these pror wre ches: amounting 10 above battery, from which they will quickly three thousand, tamely subm.tied to be breach the wall of he town, and are dig. I led awav prisoners by less than as many ging their ir ni hes in such a direction as hundred French.--The launches and gonwill secure them from the fire of the ship boats wrot from the ships the instaut the ping. In the mean time they are de- enemy were o vserver by the Invincible stroying the Custom house, the large (which iay :o the westwain) to be collectstores, and all the buildings of the Puerto, ing in their irenches; and yet, so rapid in order, I presume, to ruin the place as was their success, that the whole was ever much as possible; and I have no doubt before we could open our fire with effect. but the town will share the same fare, if | --All the boats of the squadron anú transit should unfortunately fa!l into their poris were sent to assist those who were hands. The Baron de Eroles has taken awimming or concealeil under the rocks; Conroy of five hundred mules Luden, and and, notwithstanding a heavy fire of mus. destroyed some of the escort. The exer- query and field-vieces, which was warmly tion and ability of the French in besieging and sici essfully returned by the launches ibis place has never, I believe, been ass and gun-boa's, from five to six hundred ceeded; and I trust the brave garrison were then brought off to the shipping, will stili inake a defence wortly the brute inany of them badly wounded. -- I cannot liant example which has been set them in conerade my history of our operations at some other parts of the Prinsula: but I Tarragona without assuring you, that the am sorry to say the safety of the place zeal and exertion of those uoder my comnow seems to depend particularly upon mand, in every branch of the various serthe army of the Marquis of Canipo Verde; vices which have fallen to their lot, bas and I fear the town will eventually fall a been carried far beyond the mere dictates of duty.--The Invincible and Centaur | tering the town, and afterwards all those have remained with me the whole time found in uniform or with arms in their immediately off Tarragona, and Captains houses; and that many of the women and Adam, White, and myself have passed young girls of ten years old, were treated most nights in our gigs, carrying on such in the most inhuman way; and that after operations under cover of the dark as the soldiers had satisfied their lust, many could not have been successfully employed of them, it was reported, were thrown into in sight of the enemy; I do not mean as the flames, together with the badly10 mere danger, for the boats have been wounded Spaniards; one thousand men assailed by shot and shells both night and had been left to destroy the works; the day, even during the time of their taking whole city was burnt 10 ashes, or would be off the women and children, as well as the so, as the houses were all set fire to; the wounded, without being in the smallest only chance in their favour was the calm degree diverted from their purpose. It is weather and the sudden march of the impossible to detail in a letter all that has French, by which some houses might passed during this short but tragic period; escape. but humanity bas given increased excite
GENERAL MEMORANDUM. · Whereas, ment to our exertions; and the bodily from the present distressed situation of powers of Captain Adam have enabled him perbaps to push to greater extent Tarragona, many families may be obliged
to embark without the necessary means of that desire to relieve distress which we
existence, until they can be conveyed to have all pariaken in common. ---Our own ships, as well as the transports, have been other places on the coast, where the custhe receptacles of the miserable objects tomary generosity of the people will enwhich saw no shelter but in the English for their own subsistence.
It is my direc
sure them a share of what they may have squadron; and you will see by the orders tion that the ships of the English squadron which I have found it necessary to give, | furnish them with such provision, for the that we have been called upon to clothe
time of their embarkation and the naked, and feed the starving, beyond
transport, the regular rules of our service. -- Our
as the humanity and liberality of our boats have suffered occasionally from the country will dictate.—A separate account shot of the enemy, as well as from the of the provision so expended is hereafter rocks from which they have embarked the the proper officers, for the information of
to be given to me, regularly signed by people ; amongst others the barge of the the Victualling Board, instead of the peoBlake, which however, I was so fortunate as to recover after being swamped and ple being borne for victuals as passengers
- EDWARD CODRINGTON. overset, in consequence of a shot passing Blake, in Tarragona Roads, June 25, 1811. through both her sides, with the loss only of one woman and child killed out of GENERAL MEMORANDUM. Whereas, twelve, which were then on board in ad-in consequence of the town of Tarragona dition to her crew. But the only casualty being taken this evening by assault, numof importance which has happened in the bers of the troops and inhabitants who squadron is that which befel the Centaur's have been received on board the dislerent launch on the evening of the 28th, and I ships and vessels of the squadron perfectly beg to refer you particularly to the ob- naked, it is my direction that they may servations of Captain White respecting be supplied with such articles of clothing Lieutenant Ashworth, whose conduct and as a due regard to decency and humanity whose misfortune entitle bim to every con- may absolutely require. sideration. EDWARD CODRINGTON.
Blake, in Tarragona Rouds, June 28, 1811. Captain Codrington farther states, that he had received intelligence that General SPAIN.- French Oficial News from the ArContreras was wounded and made pri
mies.-- Paris, Oih August, 1811. soner, and that the General personally distinguished himself; that the Governor Madrid, July 16.--Yesterday was a (Gonzales), with a handful of men, de- day of rejoicing for this capital. The fended himself to the last, and was bayo- King, our Sovereign, entered it on his renetted to death in the square near his turn from his journey, at hali-past six in house ;. that man, woman, and child were the evening, amidst the acclamations of put to the sword upon the French first en- an immense multituda, who awaited and