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rounds of cannon: this salute will be heard such communications as may then be made by the English ships on the coast, and the to them, and to consult and determine on assemblages of insurgents at Olot; it will such measures as in their wisdom may be make known to them the recapture of deemed meet for the welfare of the United Figueiras and the termination of the war States. .In testimony whereof, I have in this part of Catalonia. I have the caused the seal of the United States to be honour, &c.—-The Marshal Duke of hereunto affixed, and signed the same with Tarento,
MACDONALD. my hand. Done at the City of WashingP. S. Your Excellency's Aid-de-Camp,
ton, the 24th day of July, in the year of the Chief of Battalion Schneider, bearer
our Lord, 1811; and of the independ
ence of the United States the 36th. of this dispatch, bas shared in the fatigues
James MADISON. of the troops, passing whole nights in the trenches; he has seen the fort, the prisoners, and can give your Excellency all
South AMERICAN REVOLUTION. Correz the information which you may think ne
pondence and Documents relative to the cessary.
Revolution at Buenos Ayres, 1811. Translation of a Letter written by General
Juan Antonio Martinez, Commandant of Buenos Ayres Extraordinary Gazette of the the Fort of San Fernando de Figueiras, to
20th of June, 18:11. the principal Junta of the Principality of In the Extraordinary Gazette of the Catalonia.
18th instant, among other official papers Pont de Moulin, August 19, 1811.
which General Don Jose Artigaz transMost excellent Senor, -After enduring mitted with regard to his operations against more than four months obstinate blockade, Monte Video, there was also given an without any relief on the part of the army, overture made by Don Xavier Elio after I have found myself under the necessiiy the battle of Las Piedras, soliciting the of surrendering the fort of San Fernando armistice. During this, the result of the nede Figueiras, from the total want of pro- gociation also reached him, which in that visions. I have employed even the last extremity he bad set on foot directly with resources; from our horses to the lowest in the most excellent Junta, through the sect, all has been eaten up. On the night of medium of the officer Don Jose Obregon, the 16th I attempted a sally at the point and with which the public has already of the bayonet, with all the garrison; and been made acquainted. As Elio perfectly in spite of the obstacles which the line of foresaw the rejection which his applicacircumvallation opposed, I myself reached tion, so contemptible in many respects, the abattis, or trunks of trees obstructing was doomed to meet with, he visibly atour passage, which could not be effected, tempted to influence the good faith of in
consequence of the great strength of General Artigas by the insidious mode in this impenetrable line. In fine, I have wbich his letter was drawn up, pretending this day surrendered prisoner of war, with that the English Government was emthe garrison, which has been treated by barked in the same cause, by the instructhe French with the generosity which cha- tions which it had actually given to Capt. racterizes that nation.
Heywood, Commander of the Nereus tri(Signed) Juan Antonio Martinez. gate. -Our General, deeply convinced,
as well as the Government, of the true
sentiments of the English nation with reAmerican States.- Proclamation of the gard to the present affairs, returned a very
President for the Meeting of Congress. proper answer: he spoke with a full 24th July, 1811.
knowledge of the daring and cunning chaWhereas great and weighty matters, racter of the man to ubom it was ad. claiming the consideration of the Congress dresse!; and, with all the energy and reof the United States, form an extraordi- solution which animates us in our underpary occasion for convening them, I do taking. But the honourable ollicer of his by these presents appoint Monday, the Britannic Majesty could not view with 4th day of November next, for their indiiterence the inconsiderate audacity of meeting at the City of Washington; here. Elio, who had so falsely compromised his by requiring the respective Senators and reputation in an affair of so much delicacy, the Representatives then and there to as and who, when Capt. Heywood had been semble in Congress, in order to receive expressly charged to observe a complete
neutrality in our affairs, had represented countrymen. Why this eo-operation has him as to a certain degree, taking part in been so suddenly and unexpectedly denied, them. Capt. Heywood, therefore, thought is a question which I have neither the it his duty to clear himself of all such in right nor the inclination to ask, and with terference, and transmitted to the Govern regard to which it becomes me, as an of. ment the following declaration, which is ficer of the English Navy, to be perfectly published for that purpose, and that all indifferent.- I have the honour to be, &c. may be apprised of the sole object of his To the President and Mem- P. Heywood. arrival:
bers of the Provisional
Junta of Government, On board his Britannic Majesty's Frigate
The following is the letter of the Vicethe Nereus, before Buenos Ayres, June 19. Most Excellent Senor ; In the Buenos roy to General Artigas, conveyed by a Ayres Gazette of yesterday I have ob- flag of truce, and to which the preceding served an official document, in which i correspondence refers: am erroneously represented as a negocia
Monte Video, May 20. tor between his Excellency the Viceroy, foot negociations with the Junta of Buenos
I have to inform you, that I have set on Don Xavier Elio, and the Most Excellent Provisional Junta of Government. And Ayres, through the medium of Capt. Hey, as, wherever that Gazette is circulated, it officer has also instructions from his Go
wood, of the British frigate Nereus, which may produce an impression injurious to me as Captain in the Royal Navy of his propositions which he has to make to the
vernment to the same effect. One of the Britannic Majesty, whose duties are of a nature more open, active, and decided of arms should take place till our existing
Junta, is, that an armistice and suspension than those of a crooked policy and diplo- differences can be accommodated. I exmatic intrigue, to which my character is abhorrent; and having, also, received an
pect from day to day accounts of this express prohibition to interfere in these negociation, and in the mean time I hope maiters, have thought it necessary to
you will concur in the humane sentiments observe for the present, that the Viceroy tilities between our troops, as, producing
which animate me, by suspending all hosmust have been greatly mistaken in expressing himself as he has done with re
only a lamentable and useless effusion of gard to me.-I also leave it to
blood; as the Junia must comply with your
Excellency to inform the public (if you think the pacific propositions made by the Eng. it of importance) whether or not your Excellency, since my arrival in this river in Artigas was in substance as follows: the Nereus, has entered into any official
Camp at Las Piedras, May 20. conversation with me, or any other indi. Senor ; The cause of the people does vidual, relative to the existing political not admit of the least delay. If you disputes of these provinces, in which we really desire to avoid the eflusion of blood, disclaim all right, and even inclination, so contrary to the feelings of humanity, to interfere.- Though I have not thought enter into a negociation with me, who am it necessary or proper hitherto to say any well acquainted with the wishes of the thing, yet I now avail myself of this op- Junta, and will give you and Monte Video portunity, that it may be well and clearly a new proof of its generous and pacific understood, that the spirit and tendency views. These are comprised in the reof the orders with which I was sent to establishment of communication and relaand still remain in, the river Plate, have lation between the inhabitants of Monte in truth for their chief and only object the Video and those of the capital; ties marked p!otection of the persons and commerce out by the mutual interests of both, and of the subjects of his Britannic Majesty by nature itself; ties which are broken from any unjust effects of commotion; and by a declaration of war on your part, to lend all possible assistance, by means which has carried desolation and mournof the ship under my command, to such ing into those families which have suffered of them as may wish to remit their pro- from that effusion of blood which you perty or retire from the river Plate.--In profess to lament. This army will shortly the execution of this last part of my orders, bring to a conclusion the work which is I consider it my duty to endeavour to ob- already so far advanced; and you will
ain the co-operation of this Government, bring to a climax the misfortunes of Monte for their own benefit, and that of my Video, unless you resolve that the autho
Tily of the Provincial Junta of these pro- i undivided energy, the power of the convinces be recognised by that city, in order federation formed against France should that it may transmit its wishes by the be weakened by the failure of those remedium of a Representative, conformable sources, which might rationally be exto the regulation which has been pub- pected from those who are in no small lished, and in imitation of the measures degree interested in the event of the strug, which all the provinces in Spain adopted gle, but who, unhappily, cannot contrifor the purpose of preserving entire the bute to its fortunate issue, because they dominions of our august Sovereign Don are plunged in all the evils of civil disFerdinand VII. from the oppression of the sention. Your Excellency knows too well tyrant of Europe. This is the only con- the scrupulous good faith of the Court of dition on which, in virtue of the authority London, the sacred ties which connect it swhich I exercise, I shall cause hostilities with Spain, and the great and universally to cease on the part of my troops. important object of their mutual alliance,
(Signed) Jose ARTIGAS. to believe, ihat Great Britain, without From the Buenos Ayres Gazette of the
violating that faith, sacrificing these obli. 15th June.
gations, and abandoning these objects, can
lend the sanction of her approbation to Letier from his Ercellency Lord Strangford measures productive of dissention between to this Most Ercellent Junta.
the component parts of a coalition, the Most Excellent Senor; I have received happy issue of which depends upon a corthe letter of your Excellency of the 24th dial co-operation and good understanding of February, in which you inform me of among all its constituent members.-But the proceedings of General Elio, in inter- though it is thus impossible for Great rupting the commerce of Buenos Ayres, Britain to act in opposition to her obligaand in wbich, after some observations on tions, and the interests of the just cause the supposed want of legitimate official which she supports, the just claims which authority on the part of that General, you your Excellency has to her friendship, beg me to conmunicate them to my Gó- inspire her with a sincere desire to become vernment. On this point I will comply insirumental to your happiness and proswith your Excellency's wishes; but I am perity in the only way in which she can convinced that I only anticipate the opi. at present promote these objects.--I therenion of my Court, when I assure you, that fore take upon me to offer to your Excelthis communication will be received with lency, in the most ample manner, the the deepest regret and will augment those good offices and friendly interpositions of painful feelings which must be inspired the English Government, for the purpose by the present unfortunate contest be of facilitating an amicable settlement of tween Buenos Ayres and its dependencies. the differences which at present subsist -The confidence which your Excellency between the Spaniards of both hemis. has placed in me, and the conviction that pheres, and delivering them from the I shall acquire a new title to it by the greatest of all calamities-civil discord, proposal which I am about to submit to as the origin of their ruin, and of the your consideration, encourage me to speak greatest danger to the common cause. irankly and without reserve.-Your Ex I offer this mediation to your Excellency cellency, by constantly expressing a fixed in the firm confidence that it will be undetermination 'o adhere io the common dertaken with promptness by the English cause of the Allies against France, to re Government, and in the knowledge of spect the authority and preserve the claims what has been already proposed and acof our legitimate Sovereign, have secured cepted by other parts of the Spanish Mo. an undoubted right to the friendship and narchy, wbich were in circumstances good ofices oi Great Britain, founded on similar to those in which Buenos Ayres is a basis much more solid and extensive, now placed. I beg your Excellency, than that of the advantages and conces. clearly to understand, that the proposal sions which you have so liberally and which I make does not involve any dispowisely granted to its subjects.—But it is sition on the part of my Court to internevertheless to be lamented, that while pose in the political aff is of the Spanish these principles deserve every applause, Monarchy, or to support any system in. their practicalresults have hitherto so little consistent with liberality and justice, and corresponded to their tenour; and that, in with the permanent prosperity of Spanish a crisis which requires united efforts, and America. It does not appear possible,
that your Excellency can confide your your sentiments upon it, as soon as you cause in better hands than those of Eng. conveniently can; and to believe that I Jand. Every motive of interest and policy aín solely actuated by a sincere desire for unites in declaring, that the prosperity of your peace and prosperity, and for the Buenos Ayres must be to us an object prosperous issue of the just contest in of importance; and this consideration, which we are equally engaged, and in founded on identity of interests, is calcu- which we cannot hope to conquer if we lated to produce the most unlimited con are divided among ourselves.--I have the fidence on the part of your Excellency:- honour, &c.
STRANGFORD. Should the proposal which I have had the
Answer of the Junta. honour to make be adopted by your Exeellency, I would suggest as the first step Most Excellent Senor; The Junta has to its actual execution, the adoption of received by Captain Heywood, of the measures for an armistice between your Navy, the confidential letter addressed to Excellency and General Elio; nothing them by your Excellency, acknowledging can be more simple than such a negocia- the receipt of theirs of the 24th of Fetion: the withdrawal of your Excellency's bruary. It is not dislicult to discover the troops on the one side, and the cessation
reasons of your Excellency's silence on of the blockade on the other would be the most material part of its contents, nor just measures of mutual concession. It of your answer to the last, dated March might be stipulated, that this armistice 6th, even had it not been ascertained by should last till the final adjustment, under other channels, that your Excellency, acthe friendly mediation of Great Britain, knowledging those ports to be in a state of the points at present in discussion be- of blockade, even to ships of your own tween the government of Buenos Ayres nation, chose rather to give a silent refu. and that of Spain.-A proposition of this sal, notwithstanding the reasons in opponature, so analogous to the moderation sițion to it.—This unexpected event, and which has characterised the commence the excessive exertions of Adiniral De ment of your Excellency's proceedings, Courcy to free the British flag from the would cover Buenos Ayres with honour; obstructions put many months before, by and even should it be rejected, the very the Government of Monte Video, to there fact of having made so equilable an offer being free ports, present to us a very would prove, that you had left no means mortifying contrast. The Junta can asuntried to avert the calamities of civil war, sign no cause for this retrograde movewhile the party that refused to accede to ment, unless it form part of the plan of so just a measure would be in a great de- the British Government to adopt no meagree responsible for them.--Your Excel. sures that may tend to disunile America lency cannot fail to perceive the various from Spain. The Junta, however, cannot immediate advantages which would result reconcile such inconsistent projects. It is from this proposal. The restoration of certain that the commercial projects of commerce would instantly follow; the Great Britain and America have nothing termination of the difficulties under which to do with this disunion. If Spain should British agents have laboured in this part ever renounce her system of exclusion of the world; and the removal of every with respect to America, it is time for her disposition to interfere in the affairs of to know that in the state of insignificance Spanish America, which may have been in which she is, her true interest consists felt hy any other Stare under the influence in soliciting England to approach these of the jealousies excited by the military sources, whence she may supply that movements and political proceedings of strength which she has exhausted for the its neighbours. I think it proper to ap- interests of Spain, and be enabled to clothe prise your Excellency, that I have also a people left naked by Spanish tyranny; written to General Elio on the subject to at least, in this way, she might acquire which this letter relates, and that I have an idea of gratitude and justice; but she laboured to produce in him a disposition, chuses rather to be deficient on this score, corresponding to that which I confidently than to renounce exclusive rights, to hope and believe is felt by your Excel. | which she believes herself to be entitled lency.-I conclude by again requesting to all eternity, declaring imperiously, by your Excellency's attention to the propo- her emissary, General Elio, those poris sition which I have had the honour to to be in a state of blockade, and issuing make; and that you will favour me with express orders to annihilate the British
commerce in this quarter; while she can Elio is more prejudicial to the interests of not reconcile such conduct with her de. Great Britain, and to Spain herself, than claration of attachment to Great Britain,
it is to us.
If the scrupulous consideraber ally, she gives the highest offence to tions of your nation carries it to dissemble the Colonies, who, as subject to the same such aggressions, the Junta cannot proKing, have equal right with Gallicia, the pose to the people such a species of huAsturias, and Catalonia, to a direct inter- miliation. They can perceive in it nocourse with the nation that affords them thing else than a determination to resist protection. These reasons are of weight the audacious attempts of a Chief, who, sufficient to convince the Junta, that with without any other authority than a simple out any violation of the good faith pledged letter from the Secretary Bardaxi, his reto Spain, and without a breach of any lation, exhibits himself a hosiile Viceroy. positive agreement, the Court of London It was this circumstance which hastened may resist the blockade which General the aversion they formerly bore in their Elio has imposed upon British ships.- minds, and made the people of the eastern Your Excellency observes, that it is matter province take up arms. They demanded of regret, that, in the present crisis, the assistance from this Junta, and they have power of the confederacy against France confined their aggressions to investing the should be weakened for want of resources. walls of Monte Video. In this state of The Junta is of opinion, that, to avoid the things, the armistice which the conciliatprejudices of which your Excellency ing disposition of your Excelency prospeaks, and not to come to a state of the
poses, can produce no other effects than greatest weakness, the most effectual way io frustrate an enterprize already far adis, not to place the resources of America vanced; to expose the safety of many in the hands of Spain, without making patriots to the vengeance of Élio; to exthem pass to England, by means of an cite an universal convulsion among the open and unrestricted commerce. — The provinces, and the abandonment of our whole world is not ignorant how incapa- expectation to fluctuating opinion. This ble Spain is to employ her public funds would surely be acting contrary to the with economy, as well as to direct her principles of our institution, and to raise armies, because she has already dilapi- again the colonial system which our dated the supplies remitted from America hands destroyed. This Junta entertain for her defence. Such contributions of too sublime an idea of the penetration of loyalty and of honour ought to be kept your Excellency, to attribute your proposacred; their disposition was determined sal to any other motive than an acby the same necessities, and the intention quaintance with occurrences which are of those wito granted them. Notwith obscured by distance. In respect to the standing this, no consideration was suffi- mediation which your Excellency has cient to limit the prodigality and covet- proposed to remove the differences which ousness of the Spanish Administrations, subsists between these States and the yet they now haoghtily ask, who has pro- Peninsula, nothing could be more satisvided funds sufficient io support so many factory to this Junta than to place their years the expences of the armies? These cause in hands so faithful and generous as provinces profess entire fidelity to Ferdi- those of the British Cabinet. The good nand the Seventlı; they wish to direct faith which characterize it, and the idenonly by themselves, and without the ha tity of their interests with ours, are causes zard of risking their means to the rapacity which assures us of its fidelity. But the of unfaithful hands; they promise to enter Junta cannot discover reasons to authorise into the coalition against the tyrant so them at present to avail themselves of such long as their civil independence is ac mediation. The Peninsula is no more knowledged. Here your Excellency will than'a part of the Spanish Monarchy, and observe a means of strengthening the that so maimed, that it would be no small power of the confederation, till a final concession to put it upon an equality with success, inuch more secure and more con America. It iherefore follows, from this formable to the principles of equity, than principle, that the Peninsula cannot hold by threatening us with menaces, punish- any authority over America, nor this over ments, and blockades, into a subordination that. Were the English Cabinet to act which no person has a right to require.- the part of an impartial Mediator, it would Your Excellency may be firmly assured be a precise acknowledgment of the inthat the blockade imposed by General dependence of the two States. On the