* of the forecastle and stationed captain of The disposition of the American people “ a gun in the waist.--I am treated very towards England and towards France is a "ill because I will vot enter.—They re matter of ihe greatest importance, and "quest of me to go on board my coun. should, therefore, be rightly understood utry's - ships to list men, which I refused by your Royal Highness, who has it in " to do, and was threatened to be punished your power to restore between America & for it. I remain a true citizen of the and England that harmony, which has so « United States of America, Edwin Boul long been disturbed, and which is so ne"Dix.”—This, may it please your Royal cessary to save the remains of freedom in Highness, is merely a specimen. The the world. I here present to you, Sir, public prints in America abound with do some remarks of a recent date (25 July,) cuments of a similar description ; and thus published in an American print, called the resentment of the whole nation is kept the " BALTIMORE America." You will alive, and wound up to a pitch hardly to see, Sir, that the writer deprecates a war be described.

with England; he does not deceive him

self or his readers as to its dangers ; he Astonishment is expressed, by some makes a just estimate of the relative means persons, in this country, that the Ameri. of the iwo nations; and, I think

your cans appear to like the Emperor Napo. Royal Highness will allow, that he is not leon better than our government; but, if ignorant of the real situation of England. it be considered, that the Emperor Na- I cannot help being earnest in my wishes poleon does not give rise to complaints that your Royal Highness would be pleassuch as those just quoted, this astonish- ed to bestow some attention upon these ment will cease. Men dislike those who remarks. They are, as a composition, not do them injury, and they dislike those unworthy of the honour; but, what renmost who do them most injury. In ders them valuable is, that they do really settling the point, which is most the friend express the sentiments of all the moderaie of real freedom, Napoleon or our Govern part of the people in America; they exment, there might, however, be some dif press the sentiments which predominate ference of opinion in America, where the in the community, and upon which your people are free to speak and write as well Royal Highness may be assured the Ameas to think, and where there are no persons rican government will act : whose trade it is to publish falshoods. But, whatever error any persons might be

- God forbid that we should have war led into upon this subject, the consequence “ with England, or any other nation, if to us would be trifling, were it not for the

" we can avoid it. For I am not of the real solid grounds of complaint that are in temper of that furious federalist, who cessantly staring the American people in « would have unfurled the American cothe face. There may be a very harsh “ lours long ago against a less off er. despotism in France for any thing that “I had rather see her starry flag floating they know to the contrary; though they “ in the serenity of a calm atmosphere are not a people to be carried away by than agitated and obscured in the clouds, mere names. They are a people likely to " the smoke and flashes of war.

But if sit down coolly and compare the present “ Britain's unchangeable jealousy of the state of France with its state under the "prosperity of others, her obdurate pride Bourbons; likely to compare the present “and enmity to us, should proceed upon situation of the great mass of the people " pretence of retaliating upon what she with their former situation; and extremely “ has forced, to more violent and avowed likely not to think any the worse of Na “ attacks, I trust that your older and poleon for his having sprung from parents younger Americans will meet her with as humble as those of their Jefferson or “ equal spirit, and give her blow for blow, Madison. But, if they should make up “ I have never expected her to abstain their minds to a seitled conviction of there “ from injury while our merchants bad a being a military despotism in France, ship or our country a seaman upon

the they

will, though they regret its existence, ocean, by any sense of justice-but have dislike it less than they will any other “ trusted only to the adverse circumsystem, from which they receive more an " stances of her state, to restrain her vionoyance; and in this they do no more “ lence and continue our peace. Heaven than follow the dictates of human nature, grant that it may be preserved, and if which, in spite of all the wishes of man, " possible without the distress of her own will still continue the same.

M 2

“partly innocent people. But if her," instructed officers to become the basis of « crimes will not allow it; if urged by larger armies--a number of ships of war, “ the malignant passions she has long in “ with men and officers trained and pre“ dulged, and now heightened by revenge, “pared for naval enterprize--a people “she throws off all restraint, and loosens "ready in the spirit of independence, to war in all its rage upon us, then, as she “ rush against the enemy that wrongs and “has shed blood like water, give her blood "" challenges them—a government formed, “.to drink in righteous judgment.--I know " established, operating all round, with “ too well, that we must suffer with ber. every material for intelligence, direc“ Dreadful necessity only justifies the “tion and power-revenues, credit, confi" contest. I call you not, young

Ameri “dence-good will at home and abroad “cans, to false glory, to spoil and triumph. “ justice and necessity obliging, and “ You must lay down your lives, endure Heaven, I hope, approving.-- It is a “ defeat, loss and captivity, as the varying common opinion that our enemies are “ fate of war ordains. But this must not “ stronger; but this appears an illusion, “ appal you. Prepare for it, with unsub “ from the fleets of other nations having “ mitting spirit, renew the combat, till “ been vanquished one by one, and left your great enemy, like the whale of the

" the ocean.

Her strength has not in" deep, weakened with many wounds, “creased in proportion. She indeed pos“ yields himself up a prey to smaller foes sesses a thousand ships of war, but no «s. on his own element. This, by the order increase of people. Her commerce is “ of Providence, has been the case before. “ distressed, her manufactures pining, her " When they possessed the sea in full se “ finances sinking under irrecoverable “curity, our sailors issued out in a few “debts; her gold and silver gone, her “small barks, mounted with the pieces “paper depreciating; her credit failing“dug from the rubbish of years, and “ depending upon other countries for “ scanty stores of ammunition, seized their “ food, for materials of manufacture, for " trade, and baffled their power.

From supplies for her navy; her. wants in"such beginnings grew a numerous ship-“creasing ; her means lessening. Every "ping, that fearlessly braved them on “ island and port she takes demands more o their own coasts, and on every sea ; “ from. her, divides her force, increases " that brought plenty into the land, and “ her expence, adds to her cares, and mul. " at once armed and enriched it. What “tiplies her dangers. Her government is « shall prevent tilis again ? Have our ene "embarrassed, her people distracted, her “ mies grown stronger, or we become “seamen unhappy and ready to leave her " weaker? Or has Heaven dropped its

every moment.

The American com“ sceptre, and rules no more by justice "merce has been a staff of support, but “ and mercy? We are now three times as « will now become a sword to wound “ many as in 1775, when we engaged “ her. Instead of supplying, we shall " them before. Our territory is greatly “ take her colonies. Her West India pos“ enlarged, and teems with new and useful " sessions will be able to contribute no"products. Cotton, formerly known only " thing; their labour's turned to raise “ to the domestic uses of a part of the

« bread. Their trade stopped as it passes " people in two or three States, is now in " our coast ; obliged to make a further " sutficiency to supply clothing to all“ division of her forces, her European ene“ America, and from its lightness can be " mies will seize the opportunity to break “ easily conveyed by land to every quarter. upon her there. Ireland is in a ferment “ Wool, flax and hemp are furnished in " and must be watched. The East Indies "increasing quantities every day.-Ma- "bode a hurricane. She is exposed to in“ chines for every work, manufactories for “jury in a thousand places, and has no

every useful article, are invented and es strength equal to the extension. She “tablishing continually. Large supplies - may inflict some wounds on us, but they “ of salt, sugar and spirits are provided for “ cannot go deep; while every blow she « in the western countries, and can never “receives in such a crisis may go to her “ be wanting on the sea coast. Lead,

« vitals. She will encounter us in despair; “ iron, powder and arms we have in abun “ we shall meet her with hope and “dance-parks of artillery for the field “ alacrity. The first occasion that has “ and fortifications-magazines and arse “ presented, proved this fact; though the “ nals ready formed and increasinga "sottishness of her Federal Republican « sufficient force of disciplined troops and “ attempted to prevent the volunteer of

“ sering of our seamen to Decatur, as a upon earth but this, and in this only “proof of our inability to procure men. amongst those, who have always been “ Had we impressed, as England does all ready to receive with open arms, any one “her crews, what would it have proved guilty of treason against his country, be his “ by the same logic?

character or conduct, in other respects, « AN OLD AMERICAN." what it might. This person appears to

have received no injury but what arose Such, Sir, are the sentiments of the peo- from the loss of a place which he was ple of America. Great pains are taken by found unfit to fill, and from which he our venal writers to cause it to be believ seems to have been removed in the gentlest ed, that the people are divided, and that possible manner. Yet, in revenge for this, Mr. Madison is in great disrepute.' This, he assaults the character of the President, as I had the honour to observe to you be- he discloses every thing upon which he fore, is no more than a continuation of the can force a misconstruction; and, after series of deceptions practised upon this all, after having said all be is able to say nation for the last twenty years with such of the conduct of the President, whose complete and such fatal success. If, in confidence he seems to have possessed for deed, the Americans were to say as much nearly eight years, he brings forth nothing of Ireland, there inight be some justifica worthy of blame, except it be the indistion for the assertion; bút, there is no fact cretion in reposing that very

confidence. to justify the assertion as applied to Ame. The publication of Mr. Smith is calculated rica, in the whole extent of which we to raise Mr. Madison and the American hear not of a single instance of any person government in the eyes of the world; for, acting in defiance of the law : no procla- how pure, how free from all fault must the mations to prevent the people from meet. government be, if a Secretary of State, ing; no calling out of troops to disperse who thus throws open an eight years' histhe people; no barracks built in any part tory of the cabinet, can tell nothing more of the country; no force to protect the than this man, animated by malice exgovernment but simply that of the law, ceeding that of a cast-off coquet, has been and none to defend the country bui a poc able to tell! pulation of proprietors voluntarily bearing arms. There can be no division in Ame. The praises, which have, in our public rica for any length of time; for, the mo prints, been bestowed upon the attempted ment there is a serious division, the govern- mischief of this Mr. Smith, are by no ment must give way: those who rule, rule means calculated to promote harmony solely by the will of the people: they with America, where both the governhave no power wbich they do not derive ment and the people will judge of our immediately from that source; and, there wishes by these praises. This man is notofore, when the government of that country riously the enemy of the American godeclares against us, the people declare vernment, and, therefore, he is praised here. against us in the same voice.

This is not the way to prove to the Ame

rican government, that we are its friends, The infinite pains which have been and that it does wrong to prefer Napoleon taken, in this country, to create a belief, to us. That we ought to prefer the safety that the American President has been and honour of England to all other things rendered uppopular by the publications of is certain ; and, if the American govern. Mr. Smith, whom he had displaced, can ment aimed any blow at these, it would hardly hare failed to produce some effect become our duty to destroy that governupon the mind of your Royal Highness, ment if we could. But, Sir, I suspect, that especially as it is to be presumed, that the there persons in this country, who. same movers have been at work in all the hate the American government because it ways at their command. I subjoin, for suffers America to be the habitation of the perasal of your Royal Highness, an freedom. For this cause, I am satisfied, address to this Mr. Smith; and, from it, they would gladly, if they could, annihi. you will perceive, that, by some of his laté both government and people ; and, countrymen at least, he is held in that in my mind there is not the smallest doubt, contempt, which his meanness and his that they hate Napoleon beyond all desimpotent malice so richly merit. And, cription less than they bate Mr. Jefferson Sir, I am persuaded, that his perfidy will or Mr. Madison. This description of meet with commendation in no juntry persons are hostile to the existence of

liberty any where, and that, too, for Order in Council, issued on the 7th instant, reasons which every one clearly un- will, I fear, have this tendency, while it derstands. While any part of the earth cannot possibly do ourselves any.good. remains untrodden by slaves, they are not The impossibility of supplying the West at heart's ease. They hate the Emperor India Islands with lumber and provisions Napoleon because they fear him; but, from our own North American Provinces they hate him still more because they see is notorious. The Order, therefore, will in his conquests a tendency to a re merely impose a tax upon the consumer, forming result. They are the mortal without shifting, in any degree worth noenemies of freedom, in whatever part of lice, the source of the supply. And, inthe globe she may unfurl her banners. deed, the measure will serve to shew what No matter what the people are who shout we would do if we could. for freedom; no matter of what nation or climate ; no matter what language they There is one point, relative to the inspeak; and, on the other hand, the enemy tercourse between America and England, of freedom is invariably, by these persons,

of which I ani the more desirous to speak, hailed as a friend. Such persons are na

because I have heretofore myself enter. turally averse from any measures that tend tained and promulgated erroneous notions to restore harmony between this country respecting it: I allude, to the necessity of and America, which they look upon as the former being supplied with woollens a rebel against their principles. What by the latter. Whence this error arose, such persons would wish, is, that America how it has been removed from my should exclude not only from her ships, mind, and what is the real state of the but also from her soil, all British subjects fact, your Royal Highness will gather without distinction. This would exactly from the Preface (hereunto subjoined) to suit their tyrannical wishes. This would an American work on Sheep and Wool, answer one of their great purposes. But, which I, some time ago, republished, as the this they never will see. No government most likely ineans of effectually eradicat. in America would dare to attempt it. The ing an error which I had contributed to very proposition would, as it ought to do, render popular, and the duration of which bring universal execration down upon the might have been injurious to the country. head of the proposer.

This work, if I could hope that your

Royal Highness would condescend to peThe charge against the Americans of ruse it, would leave no doubt in your entertaining a purtiality for the Emperor of mind, that America no longer stands in France is one well worthy of atten- absolute need of English wool or woollens; tion ; because, if it were true, it would that, if another pound of wool, in any naturally have much weight with your form, were never to be imported by her, Royal Highness. But, from the Address it would be greatly to her advantage; to Mr. Smith, which I subjoin, you will and, in short, that it comports with the perceive, that the same men in America, plans of her most enlightened statesmen who complain the most loudly of Great not less than with her interests and the inBritain, condemn, in unqualified terms, terests of humanity, that she should no the system of government existing in longer be an importer of this formerly France. And, which is of much more in necessary of life. This, Sir, is not one of terest, Mr. JEFFERSON himself (supposed the most trifling of the many recent revoto be the great founder and encourager of Jutions in the affairs of the world ; and, it the partiality for France) expresses the is one, which, though wholly overlooked same sentiments, as appears from a letter by such statesmen as Lord Sheffield, is of his, which I also subjoin.

well worthy of the serious consideration

of your Royal Highness. With these papers before you, Sir, it will, I think, be impossible for you to form a There is no way, in which America is wrong judgment as to the real sentiments now dependent upon us, or upon any of the American government and people; other country. She has every thing with and, I am persuaded that you will per- in herself that she need to have. Her soil ceive, that every measure, tending to produces all sorts of corn in abundance, widen the breach between the two coun- and, of some sorts, two crops in the year tries, can answer no purpose but that of upon the same ground. Wool and flax favoring the views of France. Even the she produces with as much facility as we

do. She supplies us with cotton. She cut off, as she will be, from all the world, has wine of her own production; and, it cannot, I am persuaded, retain her indewill not be long, before she will have the pendence, unless she now exert her oneroil of the olive. To attempt to bind such gies in something other than expeditions a country in the degrading bonds of the to the continent of Europe, where every custom-house is folly, and almost an out creature seems to be arrayed in hostility rage upon nature. In looking round the against her. The mere colonial system is world; in viewing its slavish state; in no longer suited to her state nor to the state looking at the miserable victims of Euro. of Europe. A system that would combine pean oppression, who does not exclaim: the powers of England with those of Ame« Thank God, she cannot so be bound !” rica, and that would thus set liberty to A policy, on our part, that would have wage war with despotism, dropping the prolonged her dependence would have Custom House and all its pitiful regular been, doubtless, more agreeable to her tions as out of date, would give new life people, who, like all other people, love to an enslaved world, and would ensure their ease, and prefer the comfort of the the independence of England for a time present day to the happiness of posterity beyond calculation. But, Sir, even to deWe mighi easily have caused America to liberate upon a system of policy like this, be more commercial; but, of this our po- requires no common portion of energy: licy was afraid; and our jealousy has ren. There are such stubborn prejudices and dered her an infinite service. By those more stubborn private interests to encounmeasures of ours, which produced the for- ter and overcome, that I should despair of mer non-importation act, we taught her to success without a previous and radical have recourse to her own soil and her own change of system at home; but, satisfied hands for the supplying of her own wants; I am, that, to produce that change, which and then, as now, we favoured the policy would infallibly be the ground work of of Mr. Jefferson, whose views have been all the rest, there needs nothing but the adopted and adhered to by his successor determination, firmly adhered to, of your in the Presidential chair.

Royal Highness. The relative situation of the two coun To tell your Royal Highness what I tries is now wholly changed. America no expect to see take place would be useless : longer stands in absolute need of our manu whether we are to hail a change of system, factures. We are become a debtor rather or are to lose all hope of it, cannot be than a creditor with her; and, if the pre- long in ascertaining. If the former, a sent non-importation act continue in force short delay will be amply compensated another year, the ties of commerce will be by the event; and, if the latter, the fact. so completely cut asunder as never more will always be ascertained too soon. to have much effect. In any case they

I am, &c. &c. never can be any thing resembling what

WM. COBBETT. they formerly were ; and, if we are wise, State Prison, Newgate, our views and measures will change with Thursday, 12th September, 1811. the change in the state of things. We shall endeavour, by all honourable means,

SUMMARY OF POLITICS. to keep well with America, and to attach her to us by new ties, the ties of common

Talavera's Wars. The wars of Ta. interest and unclashing pursuits. We shall lavera, seem to travel at a slower and still anticipate those events which nature points slower pace towards that deliverance of out: the absolute independence of Mexi. Europe, which Mr. PERCEVAL-seemed, in co, and, perhaps, of most of the West In. May last, so confidently to anticipate. An dia Islands. We shall there invite her effort has been made by the bireling population to hoist the banners of free-writers to keep up the delusion of their dom; and, by that means, form a coun- dupes, by telling them, that the Viscount terpoise to the power of the Emperor of was going soon to do something ; that he had France. This, at which I take but a mere a vast plan in his eye; that, it was susglance, would be a work worthy of your pected, that he was going to take Rodrigo Royal Highness, and would render your by a siege, and Salamanca by a coup-dename great while you live, and dear to maio! Now, however, these stories have after ages. The times demand a great died away, and the Viscount, who reguand far-seeing policy. This little Lland, larly filled a column or two of every bir

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