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corded with the sentiments of the Spa- , ing at the rich fountain of the learned lanniards at Cadiz. . The Spanish General guages, at Oxford and Cambridge, sup. Lacy, who bad answered the publication ported there too, by the rents of very good of General Graham, we have seen selected farms and houses, commonly called college for choice service by the Spanish governo property.
-Well, but let us not forget ment. There was, however, in the publi- ihe subject before us. The complaint of cation of General Graham itself, quite suf- this our minister is pretty intelligible, I ficient to convince any reasonable man, must confess. It leaves no room for any man not completely hood-winked by doubt. It tells the world, that, at Cadiz, our bired news-papers, that harmony be the language both through the press tween our people and the Spaniards was at and through conversation, is too free for an end. If any doubt of this fact could the English minister to tolerate, or, at least, remain till now, it surely can remain no that it is such that he can no longer hear longer, after the reading of the documents, it without complaint, and that it is levelled which are subjoined to this article, and against the British good name; It tells the upon which I shall now proceed to offer world, in short, that this country is calumthe reader a few observations.- -The niated at Cadiz to such a point, that our Note of our Minister, Mr. Wellesley,con minister can no longer refrain from maktains a formal complaint to the Regency of ing an official complaint of it to the GoSpain against the freedom of the Press and vernment of Spain.- -But, what are these even against the freedom of speech at Cadiz. calumnies? our King is calumniated, we He says, that he has britherto forborne to are told, and so is his government, but what complain of the rumours and writings which arc these calumnies ? Mr. Wellesley says, have for some time been circulated in Ca- that in order 10 " give a specimen of the diz, in the belief that his forbearance and " terms in which these assertions” (meanmoderation might disarm the parties; but ing, I suppose the calumnies) " are conthat the papers that have been published, veyed, he sends the Secretary of State a as well as the reports that have been cir- paper to read.” I wish Mr. Wellesley culated have, at length, become so injurious had sent the paper to us. And why do we to the British good name and character, that not see it? What is the reason for keeping he can no longer look with indifference on it from us? Ours is certainly the basest the unjust and unfounded calumnies, which press that ever existed in this world; for are daily circulated against his country. it is not to be believed that those to whom
Gentle reader, it is the writing of a mi- these state papers were communicated, bad nister plenipotentiary, of a representative not the means of coming at the paper in of your king, that you have just been read- question. Aye, and they have it, too, but ing; and, therefore, you are 10 suppose, it does not suit their purposes to publish it. that in such a case good name and cha- They take good care to publish every thing racter mean different things; for as to tau. flattering io our government, that issues tology, you are not to suppose such a per from the press at Cadiz; and their not have son capable of using such a figure. You ing published this also, is a pretty clear must bring to your aid some such principle proof, that they found it not so very easy to of judging, also, with regard to the unjust refule.----Mr. Wellesley, however, gives, and unfounded calumnies of which this in his Note to the Spanish Secretary of State, gentleman is pleased to talk; for, when, something in the way of description of this amongst common mortals, did you ever offensive publication. He says that it hear of just calumnies, of well. founded ca- imputes to our king, to our government, lumnies. Calumny means, false charge, and to the British Nation, intentions des groundless accusation, and, of course, to talk titute of honour, of justice, and of good. of unjust and unfounded calumnies, was the faith, and entirely subversive of all the same as to tell the Spanish Secretary of principles with which Great Britain has State, that his countrymen had ultered come forward to aid the cause of the Spaụnjus: fuilse charges, and unfounded grond- nish Nation; that it asserts that the Spaless accusations against our country. But, nish provinces bordering on Portugal, reader, these are liberties which I have were placed under the command of Lord observed frequently taken with our poor Wellington; that the Spanish army was to mother tongue, by the bright geniuses, be placed under English officers; that it who have worn black trenchers upon was to be formed into an army, British, in their heads, and long sweeping gowns fact; and that it was the design of the upon their bodies, while they were drink- British Government to send to Cadiz a
reinforcement of troops, sufficient to take duced any evidence or reasoning sufficient possession of the city and Island, and re for the purpose, which he obviously had tain it, in the name and possession of his in view, is more than I can say, but, those Britannic Majesty. The word it in denials and affirmations as they now stand. place of the word them, we owe, I sup unsupported by proof, amount to nothing pose, to some principle of the “ learned beyond assertion; and, though one asis languages. But, to the matter, leav- sertion is as good as another, where there ing the sound, and leaving too the deli- is nothing but assertion on either side, cious grammar of the original description, there can be no refutation. In this case, to those of a taste sufficiently refined to too, it was the more desirable to bave proof relish them. To the matter, I say, and in support of our minister's assertions, ber here are, it must be confessed, some pretty cause the publication is omitted which he thumping charges. They are, by no thinks it necessary to answer. He, indeed, means, of an equivocal nature. Whether gives us the substance, as he says, of a they be true or false, is what I shall not part, at least, of that publication. That pretend to determine. I leave that task which he gives us, amounts to no more io the advocates of the war for Ferdinand; than assertion, unsupported by proof; but, but this I say, that in this state paper, Mr. it does not follow that the publication it. Wellesley has not proved them to be false. self contained no proof in support of its asHe says, that, considering all that Great sertions. In answer to a publication conBritain has done for Spain, he “ought to taining nothing but assertion without proof, “be far from being under the necessity to assertion without proof is as much as we " refute charges such as those contained in have a right to demand; but, in answer to “ this paper.". Now, who would not ima. a publication, of which I myself state no. gine from this exordium, that he was about thing but the assertions, proof may fairly be to enter upon a regular refutation of these demanded at my hands; because by omitcharges?' The exordium does not stop ting to give the whole of the publication here, however, but proceeds, to say, in of wbich I complain, I leave the reader substance, that nothing short of the critical at liberty to infer, that the assertion of my circumstances of the moment could make opponent was backed by proof.Mr. him consent to " suffer the humiliation of Wellesley, concludes his note by request“ dindicating the honour of his country,” | ing that all proper publicity may be given against the calumnies contained in the to it by the Spanish government, in order paper in question.--Now, then, surely to prevent the serious consequences which ihe refutation is coming! Surely, we are must inevitably result, should the Spanish now going to bear our honour vindicated, Nation once believe the offensive publicaby this our minister, in Spain. Let us tions. But, did Mr. Wellesley imagine, bear him, then, he says, that notwithstand that this end would be answered by the pubing the humiliation that he feels in conde- lishing of an answer containing assertions scending to enter the lists with the author without proof? If he did, he judges very of the offensive publication, his desire to differently from the way in which I should preserve undiminished the sentiment of re- have judged in such a case; and, espespect and esteemn with which the two nations cially, when I perceive that his Note is are mutually animated, makes him consi- full of reproaches and insinuations against der himself, “ as under an obligation,” to the persons who have issued the publica...... to do what, think ye, Reader? Why tions complained of.
If these .persons to do what he talked of, to be sure, to re- were contemptible, whether in point of fute the charges contained in the publica. rank, or of character, it is obvious that no tion. Oh! no! To refute means, to prove | answer should have been given them, and the falsehood or error of any thing; and no serious notice taken of eheir efforts. If Mr. Wellesley in this, his state paper, does their rank or character were such as to no such thing. He denies in the most po- niake their influence dangerous, an answer sitive and solemn manner; in other cases to them might become necessary; but, he affirms with equal solemnity; but he, then, the answer should have been full in no case, prores, or attempts to prove, that and complete, carrying conviction to every which he denies, or that which he affirnis. impartial mind of the falsehood of the Proof is derived from evidence or from reue mischievous publications. Any thing short soning, and Mr. Wellesley has produced of this was calculated to do harm rather neither, in support of his denials and af- than good; to inflame rather than assuage firmations. Whether he could have pro- passions at work against us; and whatever
Mr. Wellesley may think of the powers of Cadiz do not contain the offensive publicahis pen, I scruple not to advise him, the tions, nor even the specific one sent to the next time he has the task of preserving Secretary of State by our Minister ; and, harmony to perform, especially amongst as was observed before, it has, through the such a people as the Spaniards, not to talk venality of our press, been suppressed here. too much of consenting to suffer the humi- Just as was the paper of General La Pena, " liation of vindicating the honour of his while the answer of General Graham was
country" against their attacks.-Far published in every print in the kingdom. better would it have been, it appears to me, Therefore it is necessary to be the more if he had followed the example of the particular in attending to articles of home Spanish regency, so significantly pointed manufacture, like this of the Courier, from out to his attention by the Spanish secre- which we shall casily discover what he tary of State, in these words: “ The coun- himself (the silly fellow!) was above all “cil of regency has more than once been things desirous to disguise from our know“ the mark of calumnies, more, or less in- ledge. “ We lameni," says he,
" that “jurious, both in words and writings; but, « our Government should have felt itself " certain of its rectitude of conduct, and “ under the necessity of coniplaining of " thoroughly satisfied that it has its support “ the calumnious reports and publications “ in the opinion of good men,” far from “ circulated at Cadiz against the honour paying attention to the attacks upon it, it “ and good faith of this country.
We has remained perfectly tranquil, in the “ had thought our efforts had been so vigoconviction that nothing but the combined “ rous, our motives so well understood, and efforts of both nations can bring their com- “our disinterestedness so manifest from the mon cause to a successful issue.-Cer- commencement of the contest, that none tainly, this was the conduct for wise and" but the enemy could assert, what not a upright men to pursue, conscious that they "Spaniard would believe, that we were were doing the best for their country ; or,
influenced by one sordid, selfish, or ungeat any rate, it is as clear as day light, that nerous principle. That such rumours and there was no choice between silence, on the “ writings have been instigated by the one hand, and a complete refutation on the enemy there can be no doubt; but even other. The answer of the Spanish go- they, we should think, could no longer vernment is civil. It is, like most papers " impose upon any one after the solemn of the kind, full of expressions of respect, pledge thus given and recorded by our friendship, and confidence; but it is dry- Government, that we have no views of ness itself. The fairest skin in the month aggrandizement or territorial acquisiof March is not dryer. It is dry even to tion, either in Europe or America, at chapping. And
talks too of the con. “ the expence of the Spanish nation; that temptibleness of the
whose public " our whole and sole view is to assist Spain cations and language are complained of, " in recovering her liberty and indepenand who are described as « some indivi- dence; and that the success of these " duals," who aspire to an ephemeral cele. " efforts will be our best and most glorious brity; and it concludes by expressing a
" reward. What, but the most noble princonfidence that this answer of the Regency ciples, could have influenced us in will " suffice to calm the inquietude which mo- doing what we have done, when, if we " mentarily was excited in the mind” of our “ had only consulted our own interests, we Minister. This answer is, in fact, upon might have gratified them to the utmost the score of the complaint, a gentle rebuke, " extent! What, if we had demeaned ourand as such it has been, I see, regarded by " selves not merely as tame spectators, our hired print, the Counter, the Editor “ but as active agents against Spain ! of which remarks, with manifest chagrin, What, if we had said, you have united not to say, malice, that the Spanish yourself with the common enemy of Regency has “ omitted to promise to re- man ; you
have acted as the engines of “ strain, by SEVERE PUNISHMENT," " that accursed fiend, take the reward of such discourse and writings as have been your servility and folly, and follow and the subject of the complaint of our Minis- « feel the fate of those nations whom you ter. But, we inust see the whole of this “ have helped him to subdue! What, if article of the Courier of the 17th instant, “ we had carried our power to the shores because it will enable us to judge of the “ of the new world, invited the American real state of things better than any paper
« Provinces to declare themselves indereceived from Cadiz. The papers from pendent, and promised them our coun
“ tenance and protection ! Here were tempe- | to give the Spaniards any very high notion “ ing baits for our interests and our com- of our vigour.---We must not forget, 100, “ merce, if we had looked only to them. that, upon various occasions, the Spaniards “ But we have soared above them; Spain have not derived much credit from fight“ wanted our assistance, and we immedi. ing in company with us.. At the Battle of
ately forgave and forgot that she had Talavera, we know what was said of Cues“ aided the common enemy against us; ta; we know what our newspapers called “ we flew to her as brothers, before almost him and his soldiers, though it is perfectly " she had returned into the scabbard the notorious that we left the care and protec“ sword she had drawn against us.—The re- tion of our sick and wounded to them, and, “ply of the Spanish Regency to Mr. that they afterwards were upon the same “ Wellesley's note is expressive of confi- route between us and the French. At the “dence in our good faith, and of gralitude battle of Barrosa our language with re“ for our assistance. BUT we remark spect to them was still less equivocal; our " the omission in that reply of all promise newspapers called the Spanish General a “ to restrain by SEVERE PUNISH. traitor, who was called not much better “ MENTS practices which, in the pre- by some of the speeches elsewhere ; our “sent circumstances of Spain, amount to commander, General Graham, appears “ HIGH TREASON of the blackest die.” to have sent home to England, the eagle
- This is a paragraph to be kept con- taken from the French in that battle, stantly before the eyes of the people; be though he himself was under the command fore the eyes of the people of both nations ; of a Spanish General; and, at last, we for, we have here, we may be well assured, saw him engaged in a paper war with the the sentiments of OTHERS besides the Spanish officers commanding at, and in the editor, or, to use Mr. Wellesley's phrase, neighbourhood of Cadiz. At the battle of the sentiments “ of a certain class;” a Albuera, the case was not much better. class, which, God knows, all of us have The Spaniards committed errors; long had but too good reason to know. commander was unable to tell the state of -In our remarks upon this paragraph, them after the battle was over, and in a let us proceed in due order, concluding few days afterwards, our commander in with the chagrin here expressed, that no chief is unable to tell what is become of severe punishments were to be inflicted on them. I do not choose to give my opinion those in Cadiz, who had made such free as to the truth or falshood of what was said use of their tongues and their pens. This of the Spaniards upon these different ocman talks about the vigorousness of our ef- casions; but this all the world knows, forts, and the disinterestedness of our mo- that in the defence of many of their towns tives in a very vigorous style, but he has the Spaniards have shewn great and most not condescended to give us any proofs of obstinate bravery, and, that there is abuneither. We have twice entered Spain dant proof that their Guerillas, as they are with an army, I mean under Sir John called, have, in numerous instances, disMoore, and under the Lord Viscount Ta- played a degree of courage and perseverlavera; and we have twice got out of ance hardly to be equalled. Indeed, it is Spain again, in what manner I shall not notorious, that our newspapers are contie describe ; but this the Spaniards know, if nually representing these Guerillas as we do not, that the vigour we displayed composed of men ready to devote themthere was attended with consequences selves to destruction for the sake of their most fatal to many of them. We have country, and they go so far as to tell us seen Rodrigo taken in sight of our army, that we may expect from the efforts of we have seen Badajoz besieged by our these Guerillas alone the final extirpation army, but not retaken. Tarragona has of the French. These Guerillas are comfallen in sight of our fleet, and after being, posed of Spaniards, and how has it hapas the report of the Spanish commander pened, then, that the Spaniards, when enstates, visited by us, who declined to gaged in company with us, have acted in risk any troops in his defence. Now, the manner, in which they have been deit is not for me to say whether we had it scribed in our newspapers to have acted? in our power to do more in these several This is, to say the least of it, extremely cases : perhaps, we did, in every case, all unfortunate; and, whatever we may think of that we were able to do, but this is quite the matter, the Spaniards, especially those certain, that we did not do much; or, at in Cadiz, have not read with complacency least, that our efforts were not calculated the remarks of our newspapers upon their
conduct when engaged in company with conduct of the Spaniards, and about her
-But, this writer tells us that our drawing the sword against us, is something disinterestedness must have been so manifest too impudent to merit an answer.--We to the Spaniards, that they must have been now come to the complaint of this writer so well satisfied that we have not been in- against the Spanish regency for omitting, fluenced by one.sordid or selfish principle. I in their answer to Mr. Wellesley, "all proVerily this is a very foolish writer; for in “mise to restrain, by SEVERE PUNISH. another part of this very paper of the 17th “ MENTS, practices which, in the preinst. he says in answer :o the Morning “ sent circumstances of Spain, amount to Chronicle, who had asserted that the war “ HIGH TREASON of the blackest dye.” in Spain was of no utility to us; in an. -So, reader! This is the sort of treat. swer to this, he says, that the war is of ment that this hired writer in England, great utility to us, because it compels points out for those who make what our Buonaparté 10 employ his main force minister in Spain deems too free a use of
against Spain, instead of directing the their tongues and pens at Cadiz. A law “ whole against Ireland!" Aye, I know of libel, informations ex officio, jail for very well that this is the notion; and the years, heavy fines, harrassing prosecu. Spaniards know it too; for it has been said tions, bail for a man's life; all these a thousand and a thousand times over, in are not sufficient for this prostituted the Parliament and in the public prints, English writer.
He is for dragging and yet this man in this very same news. the Spaniards to a scaffold or a gallows paper of the 17th instant, tells us that for writing, aye, and for speaking that none but a Frenchman could ever assert, which our minister there deems improper ! that we have been actuated by one selfish | This is the way that he and those who principle, and that the Spaniards must think like him, and of whose words he is now be stupid indeed if they do not be- nerely the repeater, would insure to the lieve that our whole and sole view is to assist people of Spain the blessings of liberty ! them, and that the success of these efforts High treason, of the blackest dye, too, for will be our best and most glorious reward! men to utter their apprehensions about
--But, says he, if we had consulted our the introduction of foreign troops into their own interests we might have gone to South country; about placing part of their counAmerica and invited the provinces there try under the military command of a foto declare themselves independent. And reign General; about placing their native what should we have got by that, unless, Soldiers under the command of foreign Ofindeed, we had resolved to carry liberty ficers; to express their apprehensions of into South America? And if we had done these things is here deemed a crime that, a declaration of independence would, amounting to High Treason of the blackest by no means, have cut off the connection dye, and, of course, meriting the punishbetween Old and New Spain, both coun. ment of an ignominious death, a punishtries being inhabited by Spaniards, and ment for not promising to inflict which the being so closely cconected, by all the ties Spanish government is reproached by this of interest and of blood. Spain, in that venal English writer! This is the liberty, case, would have yielded to Napoleon is it, which we flew “ like brothers' to inwithout a struggle. There would have sure to the people of Spain; the liberty of been no ravages and no bloodshed, and being swung from a gallows-tree, if they the whole force of Spain would have been dare to express their fears at seeing their directed against us, it peace had not taken sea ports, their provinces, and even their place. By the war in Spain we have, armies, put under the command, and into hitherto, prevented this; but, we might the hands of foreigners. It is possible have prevented it for ever by giving lic that the suspicions, and fears of which we berty to Spain; by a war for the people, have been speaking might be groundless. instead of a war for Ferdinand. It is, For my part I believe that ihey were therefore, not at all owing to our disinter. | groundless. But am I to represent a Spaestedness that we forebore that which the niard as a wretch worthy of death, am I to Courier threatens with respect to Spanish call him a traitor and censure his governSouth America, which were no tempting ment for not punishing him as such, merely baits, or, if they were, they were beyond because he entertained such suspicions and our reach, or, at least, not to be made use fears? But, why do I ask these questions? of for our own purposes. What he says There is no man, who is not at bottom the about our forgetting and forgiving the enemy of all liberty amongst men, who