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have allowed themselves to be seduced hy so important a position, will remain tranpeople who intend to destroy the friend- quil in the confidence with which the ship and amity which happily, and with Government must inspire them, and in the out the least interruption, subsists between good faith of the British Cabinet.--The the two allied nations; and without same Council of Regency has more than which, neither union nor concord can once been the mark of calumnies, more or subsist between their respective Govern- less injurious, both in words and writings; ments.— In regard to the imputations to but certain of its rectitude of conduct, and which your Excellency refers in your that nothing could be attached with the note, considering them as injurious to the least foundation, contrary to the decorum august Sovereign as to the Government of and dignity of its representation; thothe British nation, they cannot certainly roughly satisfied that it has its support in be attributed to the generality of the in- the opinion of the good, bis Excellency habitants of Cadiz,-of this bulwark of has in consequence charged me to inform Spanish independence,-much less to the your Excellency, that the Spanish nation, nation in general, which has given so as well as its Government, far from paymany proofs of its gratitude for the gene- ing attention to the insidious remarks with -rous assistance of Great Britain. They which the enemy has continually endeacan, therefore, have their origin only in voured to dissolve the firm bonds which the imagination of some individuals, who, unite the two powers, are completely con. influenced by the enemy, or carried away vinced that nothing but the combined et by the desire of being singular in their forts of both can bring to a glorious conopinions and writings, aspire at an ephe. clusion the arduous enterprise for which meral celeb.ity, to which they sacrifice they have fought; and they are therefore the most sacred interests of their country, penetrated with the just gratitude they which they do not know or prefer to their owe Great Britain, for the lively intercst own. Fortunately, the number of persons with which, from the commencement of engaged in introducing mistrust between the war, it has protected and assisted the two allied nations is very limiied, and Spain in defence of its king, and political so very inferior to those who properly independence. The expressions containappreciate the generous efforts of Greated in this reply, and the sincere protesBritain in the present contest, that they taiion, that the Council of Regency arcan never obtain the end which they have dently desires, as yoor Excellency must proposed: but rather, on the contrary, kuow, to every day draw closer the relathe artifice einployed by the enemy io tions of friendship and reciprocal confisow discord being once known, as well as dence between both nations, will, without the instruments made use of, both will be doubt, suffice to calm the inquietude included in the execration of all good which momentarily was excited in the Spaniards, who, without dispute, consti- mind of your Excellency by the rumours tute the greater part of those who compose and writings which gave occasion to your this vast monarchy.-- Nothing proves so Excellency’s note; and at the same time, much what I have stared, as the injurious 1 flatter mysell, will ensure ihe continuasuspicions which accompany the reports tion of the aids which the painful situation and rumours spread respecting the pre- of Spain renders so indispensable, in order tended occupation of Cadiz by the troops to happily conclude the beroic contest in of his Britannic Majesty, to which the which it is engaged, and whose success French have contributed from the first must necessarily be promoted through the day they presented themselves before this united efforts of the two united nations. I place for the purpose of introducing dis- reiterate to your Excellency my great
and producing mistrust in the minds esteem and consideration. God preserve of its inhabitants. The object of this im- your Excellency many years. posture being known, it will not be diffi
EUSEBIO DE BAKDAXI Y AZARA. cult.tó comprehend the views of those who are so ea zer in circulating and giving SPAIN.credit to them ; but the public in reading
Decree of the Cortes, 19!h of June
1811. the concluding expressions of your Excellency on this point, and well persuaded 1. The Mediation offered by Great before, that the two Governments cannot Britain, for the purpose of conciliating the do less than agree in respect to the num- Provinces of America, is accepted. ber of troops necessary for the defence of 2. The indispensible basis must be, the
submission of the Provinces to acknow. / scorn, and not less impolitic than irrational ledge and sıvear allegiance to the Cortes abuse, with which the speakers and jourand the Government, and to name Deputies nalists attached to the Grenville party or who shall represent them in the said the Burdett faction, have at all times slan. Cortes, and shall incorporate themselves idered the successive governments of Spain, with the other Representatives of the and not seldom the Spaniards in general. Nation,
The giant size of the dangers which assailed 3. That all hostilities shall be recipro- the insurgent nation on all sides we saw cally suspended, and all persons, of either no less plainly than they, and measured party, who are prisuners, shall be set free. far more distinctly, because we did not
4. That the pretensions of the Provinces look at them through the confusion and at variance with the Mother Country exaggerating mist of panic and party(disidentes) shall be heard, and attention passions, and because we reflected on paid to them as far as justice will permit. them, which these writers neither did or
5. At the expiration of eight months could do, from the habitual prostration of from the commencement of the negocia- their spirits before that shapeless blaze tion, or sooner if possible, a Report of the with which unexampled success had inprogress of it shall be made to the Spanish vested unexampled iniquity. Government.
among the first too in preparing the public 6. Great Britain shall be permitted, dur. mind for the obstacles likely to arise from ing the negociation, to trade with the said the prejudices and defects of the Spaprovinces, it being left to the Cortes to niards, obstacleswhich ever appeared to ųs consider whether they shall be admitted more truly formidable than the numbers, to a share of the trade with all the pro- skill
, and veteran courage of their invaders, vinces of America.
and which at all times damped the confi7. The negociation must be concluded dence with which we should otherwise within fifteen inonths.
have predicted the ultimate success of the . 8. If, at the expiration of that time, it is invaded nation. We never presumed to not accomplished, Great Britain shall sus. affirm unconditionally the final triumph of pend all intercourse with the Provinces at the righteous cause; but we did, and still variance with Spain, and shall assist the do venture to anticipate, that if it fail, it Mother Country in bringing them back to will not be solely or principally by the their duty
armies of Napoleon, but through folly, 9. The Government, in its answer to the languor, and treachery on the part of English Minister, shall previously explain Spain itself, through the unnatural aid to him the motives which have induced it afforded to her oppressors, by the indoto accept the mediation, and to preserve lence, mismanagement, bigotry, and cowits honour.
ardly selfishness of her great landed proprieRemarks, on the above Decree, published in not contined to the Peninsula, yet strangely
, , the English hired print, the Couries, of the
overlooked in the common presumptions 4th Sept. 1811.
of patriotism), whose own vast estates, we We are too well aware of the perplex- say, are bribes to them against their own ing difficulties, with which the leading country. The war with France presented Patriots of the Peninsula are environed, to to our minds evils far less fatal than the inculpate harshly or without reluctance civil war between the good and the bad even the present Regency of Spain. With among the Spaniards themselves, than the far greater pain do we feel ourselves called civil war between the heroic and defective on to arraign the measures, or to question qualities of the Spanish character itselfthe motives of the Spanish Cortes, from the between patience and fortitude, and connewness of the members to the science of tempt of death, strong nationality and use. legislation and the arts of government, ful antipathies on the one hand, and lanand the strangeness of the circumstances guor, want of foresight, and indiscreet apwhich require all the helps of the maturest plication to their allies; of feelings which and most manifold experience, united to should have been either suspended or rean intuition and foresight which no expe- served for their enemies, of jealous pride, rience can of itself supply. We have religious zeal, and that ill-timed overweensystematically, and from the very coming sense of their own self-sufficingness, in mencement of their arduous struggle, both which their national haughtiness acts the feprobated and exposed the ungenerous unconscious pandar for their national sloth.
But while we were alive and broad awake, ists, we had expected too much from the to these depressing truths, we could not, convocation of the Cortes in Spain : and however, look at these defects in a sepa- though we still believe,.that this measure rate thought from the virtues with which has been of advantage, and still hope that they are in fact, alas! too indissolubly in- it will become more so, yet on the whole, terblended, or from the honourable feelings we confess that we have been disapwhich are the common source of both-pointed. As to the importance of a Re-twy-streaming fount,
presentative Body during a revolutionary Where good and evil flow, honey and gall! war, our opinions remain unchanged; but Above all, for that can never be too had we at any earlier period have been often' said, which never can be too often as well acquainted with the measures and recollected, we could not forget, and we results of the Cortes summoned in the war have never ceased to remind the public, of the succession, we should have been less that with all their faults and prejudices, sanguine in our expectations of finding in and the miserable blunders or treachery the present Cortes all those essentials, of their leaders, the Spaniards have endur- which must combine to render a body of ed more, done more, and effected more men assembled, a genuine Representative against the common enemy of civilized Body. We may proceed to the measure, humanity, than all the Courts, veteran which has occasioned these prefatory reCommanders, and disciplined armies of the marks. The decree in question respects a whole Continent-more in four years than point of the deepest interest to Great Briall the rest of continental Europe for als iain, and of Spain herself, both directly most twenty. And we have been accus. and indirectly. It is obvious, that had tomed to seal up the whole with the one there been nothing objectionable in the home-truth, that if we are fighting the bat different articles of the Decree, yet the tles of Spain abroad, the Spaniards are Decree itself would remain, in its domestic fighting the battles of Great Britain in bearings, an encroachment of the Legistheir own country, at the price of its de- lature on the Executive Power, and one vastation, and with their own ruined col- sad specimen among too many others, tages, fields, and vineyards before their both of ignorance as to the principles of a eyes.-Our readers will, many of them, just Government, and of that all-meddling perhaps, think it unnecessary for us to disposition incident to bodies of men sud. have ihus anxiously prefaced the follow-denly invested with a power, for which ing animadversions on the general mea- | neither their education had fitted, or their sures of the Cortes, and especially on its former habits prepared them; while in its Decree of June the 19th; but we well foreign relations, it was surely imprudent, knew the triumph, with which any appa- needlessly and prematurely to obtrude on rent deviation on our part from our former the public attention the only point, in hopes and predilections for the Spanish which the interests of Spain, whenever she cause would be blazoned forth by the Party, shall have been re-established in her inwhich has signalized itself by its despair tegrity, and those of her zealous Ally, can and abuse of the Spanish combatants, in be thought to stand in opposition to each the ordinary vehicle of its destruction ; other: the future interests of Spain, not and that it would probably be attributed the present, and in truth according to our to influences which we disown, and to a convictions her supposed rather than her change of opinion elsewhere which, were real interests. What measure more fatal it as true as we believe it false, we have to the hopes of the Peninsula could Napono means of knowing. We held it not leon have dictated to his emissaries and unwise therefore to preclude the charge, secret agents than ere the battle was half as far as it is in our power : that is, to fought to stir up jealousies and heart-burntake away its plausibility, and disarm it for ings among the allied combatants them. the candid and dispassionate. In many selves concerning the fruits of their vicpoints bave our wishes been disappointed tory ?-Such would have been the chain one only our expectations. We confess, racter of the Decree, from its very title that misleid by historical analogies, chiefly and object; and the contents are every of America, and not duly appreciating, or way answerable. The various accessary rather at that time dwelling on the effects and aggravating reasons deducible from of English descent, English laws, customs, the temper, constitution, and past treatliterature, religion, and connection on the ment of the Colonies, and the present circharacter of the first American Revolution cumstances of the Mother Country, we
shall reserve for an after discussion: at lutionary Colonies, first, because we expresent, we confine ourselves to such ob- pect from you a restoration of their exclujections, as lie on, or rather put out from, sive possession to ourselves, and which we the surface of the articles themselves. ourselves cannot achieve; and secondly, We scarcely need notice the hostile feel because it is out of our power to prevent ing and absurd pride, betrayed in the se you, or to receive any advantages from lection of the absolute and offensive word, them but through you :--but whether we submission, in the 2d article, or the same shall grant the privilege, where it as yet haughtiness combine with injustice in the remains in our power to prevent you, that tone and spirit of the fourth. Proposals must be matter for future consideration. so worded might Buonaparté make to an In other words, our decision will depend insurrectionary town, which he had be on the result of a struggle between our leaguered, in the insolence of ostentatious hopes and fears, whether by this very preclemency; but such a body of Represen- vention we shall or shall not be likely to tatives should at no time make to their throw the yet onrevolted into a community constituents or fellow-subjects—how much of means and aims with the revolutionary less then the present imperfect, though colonies. However we in England may perhaps blamelessly imperfect, Cortes in appreciate the wisdom of the scruple, yet the present circumstances of Spain? But the Cortes, as Spaniards, ought assuredly if these articles are to be lamented, as neither to forget or under-rate the notorihaving a direct tendency, and almost ous fact, that we might have acquired the seeming to imply a design, to alienate exclusive trade of the Spanish Settlements, their South American countrymen, far if we would have bribed them from the more must we regret the sixth and eighth, mother country, at that time our open as equally unjust and irritating both enemy, by an offer of independence. to the Colonies and to Great Britain. That our Commanders were prohibited When we recall the enthusiastic gene from making them this offer, lei this prorosity with which the latter, without mak bibition be politic or impolitic, could only ing a single condition, without extorting bave proceeded from the sacred principle a single promise in her own behalf, poured of doing as we would that others should do and has continued to pour into Spain, her to us. But if the sixth article be, as we clothing, arms, treasures, and the very have shewn, at once impolicy and meanpride and pith of her military force, with ness of spirit, the eighth is characterised a confiding liberality which placed its last by the most glaring extravagance, and a step to the utterniost limit of prudence, folly of short-sighted selfishness almost and which halted not but in obedience to suicidal. From Great Britain hitherto we the paramount duty of self-preservation, have received our chief and amplest supwhen we re-peruse the strong and glowing ports. Stripped of our colonies, from Great language, in which the noblest Spanish Britain alone can we receive any assistor patriots, and the very Cortes itsell, con And yet while we add year after veyed their gratitude and expressed their year to her burthens, we demand of her admiration; when we reflect, that the that she shall stop up the very channels conduct of the British Government was by which she may in part recruit her rethe organ and interpreter of an almost uni- sources, and while we want treasures which versal sentiment in the British nation, and we by our own strength are unable to prothat the Tyrant himself has officially at vide, we will prevent our ally from protributed the prolongation of the contest, curing them for us. The blood of her noand the delay of his success, to the circum- blest children is lavished in our behalf, stance, that Great Britain had, for the first and yet as far as in us lies we will deprive time, come forward as a principal in a mi- their mother of the very means, by which litary war; as we could never have ex- she is to furnish them with arms, of the pected, so can we not even now derive gold and silver, for which alone the Spanish from the noble character of uncorrupted farmers will supply them with food. And Spanish Patriots, a niggardly doling out then the modest request, that if we fail to of returns, not in the measures of grati- reconcile the colonists, as a common friend, tude, or even of a wise and liberal policy, we should hasten to cut their throats, as but in the spirit of a hard bargain, so
volunteer enemies and substitute combamuch for necessity, and so much in ex tants against our own interests this really pectation of a greater gain in repayment! is folly that might lead even a reluctant You may trade for 15 months to the reyo. mind to a suspicion of more than Tolly.
Must we not ask, what is the state of those main in the position which I informed colonies? And how came they to this your Lordship that they occupied in my state? and what measures have you taken dispatch of the 25th July, excepting that to amend it?-But of this on a following the division at Placentia has extended day.
through the mountains to Bejar and Banos.
-By a letter from General Silviera of the Portugal. —Extracts of Dispatches from I learnt thal General Santocildes liąd re
21st of July, which I received on the 26th, Baron Douro. of Wellesley and Viscount
tired with the army of Gallicia from the Wellington of Talavera and of Wellington, and Conde de Vimiera, to Earl Linneighbourhood of Astorga to Mancanal
on the 17th, in consequence of Marshal verpool
, one of the Secretaries of State. Bessieres having collected at Benavente Published in the London Gazettes of dif
a force consisting of 11,000 infantry and ferent dures, as under stuted.
1,500 cavalry. Quinta Joao, July 18, 181).
Fuente Guidaldo, Aug. 31, 1811. The Army of Portugal broke up from
The enemy have made no moveinent of their position on the Guadiana on the 14th instant, and have moved towards Truxillo. any importance since I addressed your
Lordslip on the 14th.
On that evening a I have not yet heard that any troops
had passed that town towards Almaraz; or that sand two hundred infantry and cavalry,
detachment, consisting of about one thouthe cavalry which had been about Tala- arrived at Gata, which is on the south side vera and Lobon, had retired further than of the mountains which separate Castile Merida. They are fortifying 'the Old
from Estramadura; and on the following Castle of Medellin, as well as that at Trus. illo.-General Blake embarked his corps in morning they surprised a small picquet in the mouth of the Guadiana on the 6th. As Wood, of the 11th Light Dragoons, whom
St. Martin de Trebejo, under Lieutenant soon as General Blake's
embarked, the body of the enemy's troops, which I they made prisoner with ten men, and
went off that evening to Moralego, and on had marched towards the Guadiana, and
the next morning to Monte Hermoso. had turned towards Cartajı, retired from the frontier towards St. Lucar.-I understand that the troops belonging to the
COUNT DE LILLE (Louis XVIII.) fvurth corps, which Marshal Soult had The London Gazette of Saturday the brought into Estramadura, have marched 7th of September, 1811, contains an Adtowards Granada. There is nothing new vertisement, offering 2001. Reward for the on the side of Valladolid, excepting that discovery of the author or sender of the Joseph Buonaparté had returned to Spain, following Threatening Letters sent to and, it is said, arrived at Burgos with an this person, and which Letters are siated, escort of about three thousand men on the in the Advertisement, to have been as .5th instant.
follows: Portalegre, July 25, 1811.
Whitehall, Sept. 7, 1811. *The enemy's cavalry left Merida on the
Whereas it has been humbly repremorning of ihe 17th.
have since continued their march upon
sented to his Royal Highness the Prince Alma
Regent, that various anonymous threatenraz; and on the 20th, one division of in- ing Letters have been sent to the Count fantry had arrived at Placentia. On the De Lille, and others of the French Princes, same day Marshal Marmont was at Ali of which the following are extracts; maraz, and other divisions had marched upon Truxillo in the same direction. One
No. I. division of infantry and some cavalry still A. Monsr. remained at Truxillo according to the last Count De Lille accounts. There is nothing new in the Hartwell House North. Joseph Buonaparte was at Valla Aylesbury dolid on the 10th, and proceeded on the
Bucks 12th on his journey towards Madrid.
You are of a bad Race, mercy is in the Castello Branco, Aug. 1, 1811. Protestant, you imposing Vagabonds Die I have moved the whole army to iheir by nostra manus. left. I propose that they shall take up I visit your House every week you their cantonments in Lower Beira, instead damn’d Villain-look at your Efügie inof Alentejo.-The army of Portugal re- closed.