increasing need not, therefore, be asserted the more will Colonel M’Mahon continue when one considers the state of the army to thrive; and if the war were to continue and the events of the war. Three years upon its present scale for only a few ago the number of widows of officers in years, the profits of this office would prothe army was 1,100. Now, in all proba- bably amount to 5,000l. a year. But, bility, the number may surpass 2,000. as it is, we may well enquire what Colonel And this suggests a remark not wholly in- M Mahon has done, to entitle bim to such applicable to the subject; and that is, an income from the public purse, granted that, if we reckon 20 non-commissioned him for life. I shall be told, perhaps, that officers, drummers and private soldiers to it is not granted him for life, and only to erery commissioned officer in the army, the time when the restrictions upon the and take the number of commissioned of Regent will cease. But, my answer is, ficers at 12,000, which is not far from the that it has been granted by the Prince mark, we shall find, that there are, at this for as long a time as his Royal Highness time, in this kingdom, not less than 40,000 has the power to grant it. I say that he women, the widows of non-commissioned has done all that he can do, with respect officers, drummers and soldiers; unless, to the perpetuating this burthen upon the indeed, we suppose, that the soldiers people. There is no man in his senses, marry less than the commissioned offi- who, when he views all the circumstances cers. Say, then, there is but half the of the case, will affect to believe, that the number; say there are only 20,000 widows; grant will not be continued at the terininaand then bear in mind that the far great- tion of the restrictions. Every one must perer part of them have been made widows ceive that this will be the case; but, wheby a war begun against the Republicans ther it be or not, I repeat, that the Prince in France, lest they should spread anarchy has done all he car, all that he has the and misery over ihe dominions of Great power to do, in the perpetuating of this Britain! -The profits of the office vary, burthen, and, which I regard as of much then, with the number of widows, because greater consequence, he has, unfortunately, the Paymaster receives a shilling in the done all he can to give countenance to that pound upon the sum paid to the widows. system which has been fostered and main• There has been a mistake as to the source tained by appointments like that, which of this poundage. It is not taken from is the subject of these observations. the pensions of the widows, who receive What, to return to my question, has this the amount of their pensions without any Colonel M‘Makon done, then, to merit this deduction (other than that fearful deduc large sum of money, this splendid income, tion which the paper money is daily make this income equal to that, I believe, of ing) but is paid by the public, upon the twenty Captains in the army, and equal to sum voted on this account in each year. that of seventy Captains widows; what For the present year 58,0001. has been has he done, I say, to merit this at the voted, and, of course, the profits of the hands of the people of England, who are Paymaster will amount to 2,9001. except never backward, God knows, either in acone hundred pounds which he will have knowledging or rewarding services of men to pay to that particular clerk of the war in the public employ? What has he done; office, who does the duty. The Pay. where are we to look for the record of his master's deputy receives his hundred services? For many years he has been an pounds from the public, out of the gum attendant upon the person of the Prince. voted annually for the service; so that He has been a servant, very likely an obethe real profits of Colonel M'Mahon dient and faithful servant, in the household will be 2,8001.---This is a pretty good of His Royal Highness; and, doubtless, sum of money as it now stands; but it we the Prince deemed him worthy of some take into view what the baille of Al. reward. “But, Mr. M-Mahon has been an buera, the battle of Almeida, the siege of | oficer in the army all this while. He has Badajoz, the battle of Barrosa, and the not been losing his time. His rise in the diseases of the peninsula have done for army has gone on, and we may be sure it the Paymaster, we shall find him placed, has not advanced less slowly on account in point of income, upon a level with some of his being so near the fountain of favour. Peers; and above great numbers of coun- What he has gained, in the way of promotry gentlemen of ancient families. The tion, which, let it be observed, has been longer the war continues and the more accompanied with a corresponding aug. destructive its progress, the longer and mentation of pay; what he has thas

gained, has been gained without any risk “chosen servants displaced should reof life or of health; without any hardship plunge him into that state from which, to undergo; without any losses from being « with the assistance of Divine Providence, sent to this place or that place. In short, “we may be permitted humbly to hope he has gradually risen in the army; bis to see him raised. Now, Sir, how stands pay has been gradually augmenting, and “ the case? The ministers advise you to during the time he has enjoyed all the ad grant me the place of Paymaster of vantages and all the pleasures attendant “ Widow's Pensions; worth about three upon a state of life, which leaves a man “ thousand pounds a year more or less. nothing to wish for.--Here, I think, we “ Your Royal Highness, if you were to con. shall find an ample compensation for any “sult nothing but your own wishes, would services that he can have rendered to his “ abolish the place; but, to abolish the Royal Master ; but, at any rate, be. those "place under these circumstances would services what they may, they are utterly “ be to reject the advice of the ministers ; unknown to the public, and, therefore, to “ to reject the advice of the ministers, the public it appears to me he ought not to “ would, in fact, be to turn them out of have come for a reward. Here I should " their places; and thus, your Royal Highhave stopped, had I not perceived that "ness would wholly depart from that rule some endeavours have been made by the • of conduct, which your amiable disposi. out party, through their paper, the Morn. "tion has, upon the grounds just stated, ing Chronicle, to ascribe this extraordi- " led you to prescribe to yourself

. And, nary grant solely to the ministers. Such en o therefore, Sir, whatever pain I may indeavours only tend to expose the insin “dividually experience upon the occerity and the meanness of those who make casion, I cannot, as a faithful servant use of them. Why should the ministers “ to your Royal Highness, and as tenselect Colonel M.Mahon? He has never “ derly alive to your character for con. been a partizan of theirs. I am aware, “sistency, refrain from advising you to that, if their object was to prevail upon the " yield to the advice of your ministers." Prince to perpetuate this burthen upon


The words in the Morning Chronicle people, and thus give his countenance to are not precisely these: but the sense, if these grants so much complained of; I am I may be permitted to call it so, is exactly aware, that if this was their object, they as I have here given it; and if the reader, would be likely enough to chuse a favourite or any body else, can find any thing more of the Prince on whom to confer the despicably hypocritical, I should be very grant. But, it is to degrade the Prince, it much obliged io them if they would point is to undervalue bis intellect, it is to con it out to me; but, at present, I must regard sider him in a light, which, from respect this as the master-piece of its kind.to His Royal Highness, I forbear to'de. The truth is that the Out party are in a scribe; it is to commit the greatest possi- most forlorn condition. The present men ble outrage upon his character to suppose have beat them in all ways whatever. The that his consent was indeigled from him Prince, from whom the Outs expected so. upon this occasion: it is to strip the act much, has left them for their rivals, whoin of its only possible apology, namely, the he finds surrounded by all the old adhegrateful remembrance of past private ser-rents of Pitt, by all the Anti Jacobins, by vices ; it is to do all this to ascribe the all the weak-minded and long-pursed part grant to the insidious influence of the mi- of the community, by all those most thinksisters. And what has been said of the ing people who ihink that Buonaparté eats motives of Colonel M Mabon in accepting children and drinks the blood of their fathe grant; the supposition of the Morning thers and mothers, by all the innumerable Chronicle that the Colonel would naturally swarms of tax-gatherers and deperdants advise bis Royal Master thus : “ Sir, you of every description, making a good half " have said that, from filial tenderness of the ialking part of the nation; while, “ towards your Royal Father, and, from on the side of the Ouls, he sees nobody “ duteous attention to your Royal Mother, but their own greedy relations; the inde-.

you will make no changes in the mi pendent part of the people being all for that re. "nistry, at least, that you will not do it form in The Commons House of Parliament, " while there is the smallest chance of which would be still more destructive, if “ your Royal Father's recovery, lest, upon possible, to the Outs than to their oppo. “his being happily restored to the use nents, the former having even greater “of his Royal faculties, grief at seeing his quantities of sinecures in their possession

than the latter. Both parties wish to pre- , adherents of the Prince was almost that of serve the system; both parties are alike open hostility against those who questionanxious to thwart and defeat every project ed the wisdom of Lord Stanhope's Billof Reform; and, as long as this is the case, This was quite enough, and more than both parties will stand upon the same foot quite enough to satisfy any reasonable ing in eyes of the independent part of the man, that the ministry and the Prince were nation, who will not be persuaded to stir resolved not to part; and the grant to one inch or to utter one word in behalf of Colonel M'Mahon only serves to confirm either. It was the height of indiscre- what ought before to have been believed. tion in the Outs to say a word against this -But, amidst all this, what is to be. grant to Colonel M'Mabon He, to be come of the country? “ The Country!! sure, has his thousands; but have not say the people at Whitehall, “ why, was it they their tens of thousands; and did they, “ever in a more flourishing stale i and, as while they were in place, take any mea “ to the war, have we not taken one of sure to relieve the people from any of “Buonaparte's Great Praams ?" these burthens? No: they disappointed the people, they mocked the people, The Great Praam.In another part they showed that ihey despised the people. of this Number, the reader will find the They fell; and they felt like Lucifer, Official Report of Captain Carteret, relative never to rise again. They would fain re to an engagement off Boulogne, whicha trieve the groand that they lost; they ended in the capture of a French Vessel, would fain call in the people to their as called a Praam. The statement of the sistance; they would fain once more talk Captain is circumstantial and clear, the of Reform. But talking will, they are latter a quality very well worthy of imi. aware, no longer serve their turn; the tation by our land officers.--The affair, people are not again to be gulled by pro- though little in itself, is of great impormises and professions; nothing short of tance of considered as showing what the actions will satisfy them now; nothing French boats are capable of when engaged short of real Reform, a real Reformation with our vessels of war. I am by no of the Commons House of Parliament, and means disposed to under-rate the value of such a Reform the Outs well know would the exertions of our officers and their crews strip them of those thousands and hun. upon this occasion, where they appear to dreds of thousands of the public money, have discovered as much skill as courage, -which constitute the great object of their and a great deal of both. But, I cannot pursuit. This the ministry know very disguise from myself the fact, that these well, and, knowing it, they are not at all gun-boats have shown, that they are not afraid to advise grants like that to Colonel such contemptible things as they have been M'Mahon. They give such advice upon so often represented to be. There were, what is called their responsibility, and it seems, seven of them, and four of our they know well the situation and the inte vessels ; some of the latter small indeed, rests of the parties who alone, in the pre- but one of them a frigate; and, from what sent state of things, can call them to ac we have frequently been told of these count.---- In the passage, which I have boats, one frigate would appear to be suftaken for my motto, I told the fortune of the ficient to destroy a score or two of them. Outs, and though they laughed at me then, This now seems to have been disproved. I should suppose, in spite of their infatua- The boats make resistance. A frigate is, Lion, they would now begin to think that I indeed, too much for one, or, perhaps, two was right. More than four nionths ago, of them; but, they resist; they make the Courier news-paper, and other prints battle; and that is doing much more than of the same stamp, began to talk a new was expected. It is right, therefore, for sort of language about the state of the us to be upon our guard as to this matter ; King. They no longer appeared to have for, if even a score of them be a match for any hopes of his recovery. They gave the one of our ships of the line, we may be world the most melancholy and even dis assured, that, in time, and sooner than gusting descriptions. This shewed which may be thought, scores of them will not way the tide was setting. Before the par. be wanted. They are things that require liament separated, we saw. Mr. Sheridan little time in the construction, and less skill figuring away against the principles of the in the management. They are a sort of Bullion Report, and, I was well informed, floating batteries; and, if they should be at the time, that, the language of the old found capable of resisting our vessels for

any length of time, the effect of them is a sopposed capture of an American Frigate thing certainly to be feared, unless timely and at the disgrace of the Anierican flag. measures are taken to render this mode As to Robert Smith, he seems to be lost to of attack abortive. What those measures every sentiment of honour and of common are, however, I must leave w the wisdom honesty : he has no character to lose; he of our War-Minister and our Commander manifestly cares nothing for his country. in Chief, who understand, or, at least, But, Mr. Pickering is an honest man; a ought to understand, these matters much man who, I believe, sincerely loves his better than I do. How Captain Carteret country, and would, as he has done before, came to be able to know so exactly where stake his life in defence of her liberties. " that Personage" (why so shy of naming I knew bim very well; I had many ophim ?) was, it is not for me to say; but, his portunities of knowing his sentiments; I account falls, in this respect, very short of always saw in his actions proof of great that of our news-papers, who gave us an ac- public spirit and of the strongest attachcount of the very words and even gestures of ment to bis native country and to public " that personage,” upon this occasion; liberty; and, as I am convinced, that he and they told us, that he caused the guns is still the same excellent man, I beg him of the batteries to be fired upon his own des- (if this should happen to have the honour sels, by way of punishing them for their to meet bis eye) to observe, that his preretreat! --The Morning Chronicle of the sent writings are applauded and fostered 26th instant has published a fabricated in England. by those, and those only, paper, entitled the French account of the who are the bitterest enemies of public Battle of Boulogne ;" an Impostor Paper, liberty all over the world, and who hate full as foolish as the one lately fabricated America chiefly because her institutions and published by the Courier. Our press and the happiness of her people are living is free to utter falshoods at any rate, pro- and permanent evidences against their invided they be of a palatable sort,

tolerant and tyrannical principles. The

instance I have given above ought to sufAMERICAN FRICATE. -Last week there fice: it ought to be sufficient for Mr. was, on foot, a rumour of the American Fri- Pickering to know, that his letters are gate, President, Captain Rogers, having carefully

republished and his efforts bighly been captured by the English Frigate, the praised by that same hireling print, which Melampus, and taken into Halifax. The openly exulted at the news of the capture whole story, which was very circum- of an American Frigate and the disgrace stantial, has now been acknowledged of the American Flag. to be false; but, the remarks of the hire. ling writers upon the subject ought not to be SICILY.---There was a time when a forgotten. On the 21st instant, the Cou war, such as we are, and have long been, rier newspaper (who praises the treache- carrying on in this island, would have atrous Smith, late American Secretary of tracted a good deal of public attention. State) said : “ Nothing, we must say, But, I do not know how it is, though we “ could give us more pleasure than the cap maintain, at an enormous expence, an army " ture of Rogers.” And, on the 23rd in of from 12 to 20 thousand men in Sicily, stant, the same paper said : “A very ge the public seem to know little and to care “neral satisfaction was produced on Satur. less about what is there going on.---To “ day, by the report of the capture of the read ihe letters, or prelended letters, in $ American frigate President.. - It is but our news-papers, as relating to Sicily, one justice to the public to say, that this was would naturally be led to suppose, that we false; and, that, so far from general sutis were there in an enemy's country, instead faction, general apprehension was the effect of being there for the purpose of defending of the report. From these wishes and as the country against un enemy.-- I will sertions, however, the American govern. take a little specimen from my friend the nient and people will know what they Courier of last night : “ You will perbaps ought to think of those, from whom they be surprised to hear that a Greek vessel, have proceeded. And, it may not be “ with a British licence, and which was amiss Tor Mr. Timothy PICKERING to be " brought into this port the 15th of May, informed, that the very same writers, in by three Sicilian privateers, after the England, who applaud his and Robert Owner (Mr. R. Campbell) and the crew Smith's attacks upon Mr. MADISON ; these " had been turned adrift at sca und left to very same persons express their joy at ibe the mercy of the waves, has been condemned,

“ and thus British, licenses declared useless I speak truth, our minister is expected to e and null. During the night of the 19th complain of the conduct of the court. « and 20th inst. five of the first Barons in And, yet, in both cases, we are keeping « the land, viz. Princes Belmonte, Villa- up armies to defend those who are accused “ nosa, Villafranca, Augio, and Jaci, who of using us ill!--As to the fate of Sicily, o have been considered firmly attached to the the reader will, perhaps, recollect, that British interest, and highly respected by the the Emperor Napoleon finally decided people, were seized in their beds and upon it on the 27th of Dec. 1805, in a « carried on board a Sicilian Corvette, proclamation to his army, dated at Schoen“ which sailed with them immediately for brun. In a few weeks after that, the king, « the desert Island of Pantelleria. A dis- queen and courtiers, together with the “ patch has been laid before the King for English army, under Sir James Craig, « his signature, giving to the Cav. Cas- who had been sent to defend the country

trani, the liberty of ordering away any against the French, or to assist in doing

foreigners who have not been ten years it, thought it prudent to betake themselves o established in the country, whom he to the shipping and to get off to Sicily. “ should think unfit subjects. The King Napoleon said that the Dynasty of Naples “ required forty-eight hours to reflect had ceased to reign; and, he is a man “thereon, and during this interval Lord very apt to make good his sayings. They “ Wm. Bentinck fortunately arrived. He bave, however, not yet ceased to reign in “ is to be presented at Court to-morrow ; Sicily; and, it is possible, that they may we hope that his instructions are strong not. But, the question is, should we refuse “ and positive."--Now, what can all this peace, unless Sicily were preserved to that mean? British licenses declared null! The family? Are we prepared to say, that we friends of England seized in their beds and will, on no account, sheath the sword unpacked off to a desert Island! Hopes of less Sicily be left in the hands of the Lord Win. Bentinck having strong and reigning people? This is the question; positive instructions! About what, I should because, if we are not prepared 10 say be glad to know? Why, our government this, the court of Palermo play a ticklish used to be upon a most cordial footing game; and, if we are prepared to say it, with the king and queen of Sicily, who we may safely count upon a war of a were amongst the most zealous of their als comfortable duration. lies during the Anti-jacobin war. All the

WM. COBBETT. world must remember how cordially they

State Prison, Newgate, Friday, co operated at the time of the counter-ré 27th September, 1811. volution at Naples in 1799, when Lady Hamilton and her husband and Lord Nel

PAPER SYSTEM, son were in the Bay of Naples with the King and Queen of Sicily. All the world Article translated from a German Print, pubknows, how cordially they then co-operated;

lished in the London newspapers on the and, what can bave disturbed their har

24th Sept. 1811. mony now? There are men of the very The financial measures of which the same school, nay, mostly the very same English Ministers procured the adoption men, in power in England now that were in Parliament, during its last session, are in power then. I can, for my part, see

of a character so singular, that they cannothing that should render it probable not escape general attention. We pere that the Queen of Naples, whom the news

ceive in them,- The crcation of a paperpapers sometimes describes as disliking us, money, by giving bank notes a forced cirshould dislike te Wellesleys and the Jen- culation (1) ;-The abolition of the law which kinsons and the Percevals, whom, on the imposed on the Bank the obligation to recoincontrary, I should suppose to be, of all mence its payments in specic two years after a men, the most likely to stand high in her peace. This is a necessary consequence of esteem. Indeed, I can see nothing for her to object to, either in the members or sys (1, 2) See Lord Stanhope's Bill on the tem of our government.--It is, however, circulation of gold and that of bank notes, a strange state of things that we are got agreed to on the 8th of July by the House into. At Cadiz our minister is complaining of Lords, and on the 19th by the Com. that the people write and talk against our mons, and the debates which took place in King and government and arraign their mo Parliament on that occasion, in different tives; and, at Palermo, if these news-papers numbers of the Journal de l'Empire.

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