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Whereas certain intelligence has been to increase the means of defence, and yet received of an intended attack of the enemy we are told that our assistance has created upon this Island, Lieutenant General sir no feeling of gratitude, and that proposals John Doyle, feeling the most perfect re and plans obviously calculated for the im liance upon the zeal and courage of the provement of the defence of the Island, Loyal Inhabitants in the defence of every are either received in the outset with susibing that is dear to them, and upon the picion, or thwarted in their execution, or gallantry and discipline of the Troops, altogether rejected. This will scarcely can have no doubts as to the issue of the be believed, except upon the supposition contest. But in order to prevent the con- of treachery on the part of the Siciliun Gofusion incident to an invasion, by indivi-vernment ; and yet what could be gained by duals unattached to Corps, not knowing treachery towards this Country Subju. their exact point of Rendezvous, it is gation by the enemy, dependence upon hereby directed that all Strangers, as well Buonaparté — the lowest degradation, and Subjects of his Majesty as Foreigners, who the vilest slavery. But folly and supineare not enrolled in any Regiment or Corps ness, and misplaced confidence on the part of Militia, do forthwith send in their names of a Government, may enable men, (who and places of residence to the Office of bave traitorous views) to subvert that gor Colonel Sir Thomas Saumarez, the Inspec- vernment without any participation on the tor of Militia, in order that in the event of part of the person at the head of it. Look. an alarm, their services may be made avail at the example of Prussia ! - However, able to the general cause.— The Alarm Post without meaning to compare that unforof persons of this description, will be the cunate and abused Monarch with the SiciExercising Ground at Fort George.--The lian Government, we shall quote some exConstables are earnestly requested to en
tracts from a Work published by Capt. force the Ordinances of the Royal Court Pasley, in which our past, present, and furespecting the notice required to be given ture relations with Sicily are treated with by all owners of Hotels, Lodgings, and considerable ability.-"Nothing (see page Public Houses, of the lodgers who may be 347, second edition) can be more precarie resident with them.--Persons having on ous than our present footing in that Island. hand any quantity of Flour and Provisions By the late operations of the combined for sale, will be pleased to give in a return armies in the Spanish peninsula, the absoof the quality and quantity, in order that lute necessity of having the chief comthe same may be purchased by the Deputy mand, when we act in concert with an alCommissary-General
, should circumstan lied force inferior to ourselves in the art ces render it necessary.—And whereas of war, has been fully proved. Now, the it appears that Fuel has been frequently native Sicilian army, although composed stolen from the furnaces for heating shot of old soldiers, is, on account of the vices around the Coast, notice is hereby given, of its military constitution, and of a disthat any person detected in the commis contented spirit arising from bad usage, sion of such an offence, will be prosecuted, still less to be depended upon than the not as an ordinary thief, but as a traitor to rawest levies that ever took the field in
the Spanish peninsula; the officers at its
head are more jealous of us, and will prove, Sicily.— Publication in the Courier News tractable than any of the Spanish chiefs,
when put to the test, infinitely more unpaper of the 1st of October, 1811, con
for they are without the patriotic and taining an Extract from a Work of Capt. manly spirit which checks these selfish Pasley.
feelings in the latter,* and a total inde. Our connection with the Sicilian Government is reported to be so precarious, * “The men highest in office and comas to render a state of open hostility with mand, or, at least, in influence with the it preferable to that in which, without any Court of Sicily, are equally foreign by of the benefits of alliance, without any of the birth, both to that Island and to Great cordiality or co-operation of friendship, we Britain, it is their interest to keep us as have all the expences of a subsidy; we much in the back ground as possible, lest employ a force (capable of making our. we should look into the management of selves masters of the Island), in defend ourown money, the countries from whence ing it for the lawful sovereign, we pay him a these men sprung, and whither they will large sum for the purpose of enabling him naturally wish to retire, in order to enjoy
pendence of command, with a most com- | enemy in some other point, with any deplete want of concert, at present exists be- gree of prudence. In short, all things tween the Sicilian and the British troops. considered, our present alliance with the Hence, that we should derive any effec-Government of Sicily, is upon the very tual resistance from our allies, in case the worst terms which the imagination of man island were attacked, is a perfect chiinera; could have contrived for ourselves, for nor can we, as things now stand, diminish the people of that island, and for its King, our force, for the purpose of attacking the as far as he takes any interest in the pre
servation of the remaining part of his dothe rich harvest of their diplomatic and minions.--Having safficiently lamented official labours, which they have reaped these evils, let us now enquire into the out of the taxes levied boih in England proper mode of remedying them — The and Sicily, being subject to Buonaparté; first step is to point out to the Court of it is natural that they should seek oppor Palermo, the total insecurity of the Island tunities to do hiin some service in order to under the present circumstances, and to make their peace with him.-At a time request they will for the common good of when we were paying a large subsidy to the allied Powers, appoint the British Gethe government of Naples, as our secret neral in Sicily, Commander in Chief of their friends, they kept their friendship so very army; at the same time placing their own secret, i1191 it looked like the bitterest en. Commissariat and Paymaster General's de. mity. Tvey refused us eren the most partments, under the direction of the genpaltry accommodations, which could have tlemen who are at the head of the same put the!n to no nossible expense or trouble. departments in the British army; if the They would not permit a British Captain Sicilian Government accede to these reof a Man of War, anchored in Naples Bay, quests, we shall subsidize them on the the trifling convenience of repairing a only terms we ought ever to subsidize a boat with his own carpenters and with his foreign Power; by having the chief comown materials, in their dock yard, normand of their army entirely in our bands, would they even allow him to make use of and by providing for all its wants oura raft in the Mole for that purpose; and selves, without allowing a single guinea of the only reason alleged hy the Minister of our subsidy to enter the Treasury of our Ally. Marine for his refusal was, that this insig. By these means although the improdement nificant act of civility would give offence of many of the Officers, who have grown to the French party, so completely were grey under the present vicious system, they the friends or vassals of France. may be despaired of; the great body of Soon after the time alluded to, they took the Officers, and all the soldiers, when the preliminary step for excluding us from they find themselves well-treated, may rethe ports of Sicily, by putting Malta in cover, or acquire a proper spirit, and bequarantine; a thing which can be ac. come zealous in the cause; and the concounted for by no public reason, except ditions of all ranks being bettered, the their fear or love of the French, and ha- envy and perhaps hatred, with which the tred of us. It was certainly a hostile act; Sicilian now look upon the British troops may and the odium of it was not diminished, I give place to attachment, and a necessary when we knew, that all the ports of Sicily emulation may be excited in the minds of were at that time swarming with French the former.-Should our alliance with Siprivateers, and heard that a British squa. cily be modified in this manner, the terms, dron had been actually refused the com- although better than they are at present, mon refreshments of water and vegetables would still remain very disadvantageous at Palermo. This squadron had not come
to Great Britain'; for nothing can be more from Malta, consequently the quarantine, unfair, and unjust, than that the whole rehad it been a just one, could not have ap- sources of so rich and great an island as Siplied to it. This state of affairs cannot be cily, should be solely applied to the pomp called neutrality. In my humble opinion, and pleasures of its. Court, and to the it was open war against us, for the refusal charges of its civil alministration ; without of water may cause the destruction of a leaving, ai least, some surplus of revenue fleet. But as the British Commander was for us, who have been, and are still, protold, the Government of Naples and Sicily viding the whole of the troops necessary were our secret friends; and this it seems for its defence. By such an arrangement, gave them a right to do us as much mis- however, we should find ourselves much ehief as they pleased."
more secure in Sicily, as a military station.
-But as it is likely from their former di- | by the Court of Palermo, would be very plomatic transactions with us, that the much to our advantage ; for they would Court of Palermo may have formed a very thereby forleit all claim to our national gepoor opinion of our firmness and penetra- nerosity, which they have already so much tion, it is by no means improbable, that abused. It may be said, that should we they may endeavour to evade or baffle us withdraw our subsidy, in consequence of in our requests, or that they may even such a refusal, the Court of Palermo might give us a downright refusal. Toey inay feel themselves so much aggrieved by this tell us for instance, “ that they are not just and necessary measure as to make peace convinced by our arguments, as to the with Buonopariė, and call the French into necessity of the measures which we pro- Sicily. This rash step, by which they pose; that the proper time to have made would insure their own destruction, would such stipulations was when we first en- be the most fortunate thing for us that tered into an alliance with them; that we could happen; for, as I have before obare now bound by a treaty which we can served, in treating of the state of that not in justice infringe; ihat no alteration Island, we shall have a much better chance can be made without mutual consent; of success, by fighting there, as the enemies, and that they, as one of the high con than as the allies, of the present Government. tracting parties, do not admit of the pro- This would be the case even if the French priety of any."-Such a refusal on the part had an army of 30,000 men in Sicily ; of the Court of Palermo, although very but it must be recollected, that they are pernicious to the defence of Sicily, would, at present blustering on the opposite shore, in point of justice, be perfectly correct; and before the Sicilian Government could provided they, themselves, have at all profit by the assistance of French troops times preserved good faith towards us : io drive us out of their Ísland, which they but treaties are binding upon two parties; must beg our permission to let them cross and they, on their side, by the articles of over, wbich it
presumed, shall their treaty with us, engaged to keep, not be weak enough to grant. As for the constantly on foot, a well-disciplined re. Government of Sicily making war against us, gular arıny of a certain strengih. If on without the assistance of the French, by enquiry into the present and past state of their own resources alone, unless they have their army, we should find that its disci- been most egregionsly duping us for the pline is bad, that the soldiers have not last five years, that is a thing absolutely been properly clothed, fed, and paid, and impossible; for, by their own account, that the just claims of the officers have they have never been able to maintain not been attended to; so that, upon the their troops without our subsidies, so that whole, their conduct to their troops hus been the moment they declare against us, their shameful and oppressive; as both officers and army must disperse without a battle, for want soldiers have no scruple in publicly asserting; of pay. · Admitting, however, that their if we further find that they have always poverty was a mere pretext, in order to deceived us by false musters, never at any delude us out of our money; and that time keeping on foot the number of troops Sicily might have been very well able to engaged; a thing which I have heard from support an army without our assistance, the best authorities in the British army, and to say nothing of the peasants, whom we which is talked of as a matter of notoriety mighi easily arm in our favour. The regu. all over Sicily; then it will be absurd in lar native army in Sicily is not now, and us to admit of any refusal on the part of never has been, strong enough to match us in the Court of Palermo lo our proposals, for the field. And any hostilities, therefore, they having failed in their engagements on the part of the Court of Palermo, are by to us, we shall be no longer bound to ad. no means a thing to be dreaded ; on the here to ours; and, consequently, the least contrary, they would give us a right once thing which we can do, is to wiihdraw our more, to take possession of Sicily for ourselves, subsidy, and to leave them to maintain which would be attended with the most benefitheir army the best way they can by their cial effects to our national powers and prosperiown resources.-We may then by means ty: NOR OUGHT WE TO HAVE THE of the money thus saved, in a short time, SMALLEST SCRUPLE IN ADOPTraise a much more efficient army of our ING THIS VIGOROUS MEASURE, if own, than we should ever be able to make the Court of Palermo, by their MISCONout of theirs, were it put under our com DUCT, gire us JUST REASON for it. mand. Hence the refusal of our demands, Unless they even know, and feel, that we
are prepared for acting in this way, it will Schools, admission to which has hitherto be impossible for us ever to depend upon been confined to the descendants of the their sincerity. It is absurd to suppose Nobility, decreemIst, That in all Schools that any allied government in this world and Seminaries, by land and sea, Spawill not either shake us off or betray us, niards of respectable families be admitted, when it fancies it to be for its interest so provided they conform to the established to do; unless it is fully convinced, that regulations.—2nd, That they be also ad. we are not merely powerful, sincere, and mitted as Cadets into all the corps of the good-natured friends, but that our enmity, army, provided they possess the qualificawhen provoked, is terrible, and our ven- tions requisite, without being obliged to geance destructive. If the Court of Palermo, produce any proofs of Nobility, and into after having received nearly two millions the Royal Navy, the regulations, both gesterling of British money, without having neral and particular, on this subject being fulfilled the stipulations by which they suspended.—The Council of Regency will bound themselves, when they became our take the necessary steps to enforce this allies, should think proper to treat with Decree, causing it to be printed, pubcontempt our moderate and reasonable re- lished, and circulated. quest, that we should command an army which we ourselves pay; and should ag- SPAIN. -IIcads of the New Constitution. gravate the whole by going over with their
August, 1911. booty to the French, they would certainly On the 19th of August, 1811, apcommit a most gross violation of the law pointed for the reading of the two Sections of nations and of the faith of treaties; and of the Constitution which have been if we meanly and tamely allowed them to finished by the Committee appointed to offer us all these insults and injuries with draw it up, (and the occasion attracted a impunity, our own conduct would be con- great number of auditors,)-Senior Argutrary to every principle of reason and jus- elles delivered a most eloquent and erudite tice, and would make us the laughing. discourse, explanatory of the object of the stock of the whole world."
Covstitution, its principal bases, and the
documents which had been consulted in SPAIN. -Decree of the Cortes, relative to preparing it. --Senor Perez de Casto, read
the admission of others thun Nobles as in succession the two Sections, consisting Officers in the Army and Navy. 17th of 242 articles, and including the followAug. 1811.
ing. D. Fernando the VIIth, by the Grace Preliminary and fundamental Principles. of God, King of Spain and of the Indies, Spain belongs to the Spanish people, and and, during his absence and captivity, the is not the Patrimony of any Fumily. The Council of Regency, authorised to act in Nation only can make Fundamental Laws. his name, to all to whom these presents - The Roman Catholic and Apostolic Re. shall coine : Know, that in the General ligion, unmixed with any other, is the only and Extraordinary Cortes, assembled in Religion which the Nation professes or the City of Cadiz, the following resolution will profess.---The Government of Spain was decreed :-The General and Extraor- is an hereditary Monarchy:-The Cortes dinary Cortes in the present situation of shall make the Laws, and the King shall affairs, taking into consideration the pleas- execute them. ing necessity of giving every possible
Spanish Citizens. proof of the estimation, united by the he The Children of Spaniards, and of roic exertions which all ranks of Spaniards Foreigners married to Spanish women, or have made, and are now making in every who bring a capital in order to naturalize possible way, in the critical circumstances themselves to the soil, or establish themof the country, against their unjust op- selves in trade, or who teach any useful pressors; and being desirous that the road art, are Citizens of Spain.--None but Citito honour and glory should be laid open zens can fill municipal offices.-The rights to the children of so many gallant men, of Citizenship may be lost by long absence that they may combine, with the bravery from the country, or by condemnation they inherit from their fathers, the know- to corporeal or infamous punishments. ledge to be acquired in these Military
(To be continued.)
Published by R. BAGSHAW, Brydges-Street, Covent - Garden :-Sold also by J. BUDD, Pall-Mall,
LONDON :-Printed by Ti C. Hansard, Peterborough-Court, Fleet-Streer.
COBBETT'S WEEKLY POLITICAL REGISTER.
Vol. XX. No. 15.)
LONDON, SATURDAY, OCTOBER 12, 1811.
“ The Members of the Cortes" (or Representatives of the people) can neither accept for them. selees, nor solicit for any other any employment from the king, not even any honour, as there are no “ gradations of rank amongst the Members of the Cortes. In the same manner, they cannot, during “ the time that they are Members, nor for e year after their functions have ceased, accept for themselves " or solicit for any other, any pension or honorary distinction, that may be in the gift of the king."'Spanish Constitution, just published. Tile VI. Articles 129, and 130. 419)
(450 SUMMARY OF POLITICS.
it be borne in mind, that we are now fiunto
ing in Spain for the establishment of this Con. SPANISH CONSTITUTION. Look at the stitution; or, we are fighting against the Mótto, English reader; look at the motto! government of Spain ; and, another thing is And, when you have looked well at it, I as clear as day-light, namely, Spain must pray you to bestow, for some few mo. have this Constitution, or Napoleon will huve ments, the use of those thinking faculties Spain. So that the Anti-jacobins are refor which you are so renowned, upon the duced to this dilemma : either they must subject of the war, which we have been wish to see this free, this republican (for and are, at such an enormous expence, so it is all but in name) Constitution estacarrying on in Spain. I beg you to look blished in Spain; or they must wish for back to the out-set of this war; to call to the success of Napoleon in his endeavours your mind what were the objects then to subdue that country. Not a word do professed by those who were the advo we see, in the venal prints, nor even in the cates of the war; and to consider above Morning Chronicle, in the way of com. all things what we are now fighting for in ment upon this Constitution ; thougti, as that country.
- It is not my intention one would imagine, the subject is of full now to enter upon an analysis of the New as much importance to us as is that of Mr. Constitution of Spain; but, I have here Lancaster's schools or of the adventures of given you a specimen of it. I have here Mr. Trotter. Not a wo:d do they utter given you quite sufficient to awaken your upon the subject. Bo'h the parties seem curiosity, and 10 exrite in you a most to be dumb-founderl, and well they may, lively interest
. The whole of the Consti- if they only look at the passage taken tution is in the same spirit; it is a most for
Their silence, howable composition; it contains proof of exo ever, must not be suffered to answer its tensive knowledge and of profound reflec. 1 intended purpose. The evidence here aftion. The Junta at Seville' did, as you will forded in suppore of the neces-ily of free. remember, publicly invite the friends of down to the defence of nations must not freedom, in all parts of the world, to give thus be smo: hered. I invite these prints their assistance in suggesting a fit consti to a declaration of their sentiments upon tution for Spain. I believe that MAJOR this important subject; and, if they deCartwright sent in his plan; and, really, cline the invitation, their motive will not there does appear good reason to suppose, be equivocal. To say the truth, the subthat the excellent Major's plun has been ject is equally thorny for both parties. If adopled with very feru alterations; and, they condemn the Constitution, they not 'where the Cortes have at all deviated from only condemn the principles of real freehis plan, it has been to render their go- dom, but they condemn that for which we vernment more of a republican cast. are fighting, and, of course, they might as But, I shall say no more upon the subject well propose, at once, for us to join Napoat present. My intention is to lay before leon against the Spaniards. if they apthe people of England an Analysis of this prove of the Constitution; if they say it famous instrument, which, the reader may provides for a form of governmeni for the be well assured, will proluce more effect, establishment of which the sweat and will be productive of greater and more blood of the people of England ought 10 lasting consequence, than any thing that has be expended, then let them recotleci, that taken place, even during the last twenty they have represented us as traitors because eventful years.-- In the meanwhile, let we ask for only a very, very small part of